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Coordinates: 51°55′05″N 1°27′14″W / 51.918°N 1.454°W / 51.918; -1.454

Enstone
Enstone is located in Oxfordshire
Enstone

 Enstone shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid reference SP3724
Parish Enstone
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chipping Norton
Postcode district OX7
Dialling code 01608
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
Website Enstone village website
List of places: UK • England • Oxfordshire

Enstone is a village and civil parish in Oxfordshire about 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Chipping Norton.

The civil parish is the largest in Oxfordshire, comprising the villages of Church Enstone and Neat Enstone (referred to collectively as Enstone) and the hamlets of Chalford, Cleveley, Fulwell, Gagingwell, Lidstone, and Radford.

Contents

History

A backstreet in Church Enstone
A view of Neat Enstone

Enstone's toponym is derived from a standing stone called the Ent Stone, part of the ruins of a neolithic tomb just off the Charlbury Road. The site is also known as the Hoar Stone.[1]

The earliest parts of the Church of England parish church of Saint Kenelm are Norman, but the building has been rebuilt in stages since the 12th century. The bell tower dates from the middle of the 16th century. A stained glass window installed in the north aisle as a First World War memorial may have been made by Morris & Co.[2]

East of St. Kenelm's church is a mediaeval barn that was built for Winchcombe Abbey, a Benedictine monastery in Gloucestershire that owned the manor of Enstone. The barn has a cruck roof and a date stone fom 1382 but its manner of construction suggests it is a late 15th century building. It may therefore have been rebuilt at that time, retaining the date stone from an earlier structure.[3]

In 1657 an attempt to merge the Benefices of Enstone and Heythrop was abandoned in the face of local opposition.[4] They were finally merged in 1964.[4] In 2001 the Benefice of Enstone and Heythrop merged with that of Ascott-under-Wychwood, Chadlington, and Spelsbury to form the Chase Benefice.[5]

Enstone is at the junction of two old main roads: one between Oxford and Chipping Norton and the other between Enstone and Bicester. Both were once turnpikes, the Act of Parliament for the latter having been passed in 1797. Since the 1920s the Oxford - Chipping Norton road has been classified as part of the A44 and the Enstone - Bicester Road has been the B4030.

RAF Enstone, northeast of Church Enstone, was a Bomber Command Operational Training Unit in the Second World War.[6] It was decommissioned in 1947[7] and is now the civilian Enstone Airfield. The area of the former RAF buildings has been redeveloped as an industrial estate, and the northeastern perimeter of the airfield has been redeveloped as a poultry farm.

South of the airfield is a disused quarry. It is now the Whiteways Technical Centre, where the Renault F1 motor racing team is based.

Amenities

The Harrow Inn, Neat Enstone

Enstone has two public houses: the Crown at Church Enstone and the Harrow at Neat Enstone. The village also has a County Council primary school.[8] There is also a Post Office and general store, an art gallery[9] and a retirement home. Enstone has a Women's Institute.[10] [11]

Enstone Sports Sunday Football Club plays in Cherwell Trophies Sunday Morning League Division Two.[12] Enstone also has a Cricket Club.[citation needed]

Sources

  • Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 624–628. ISBN 0 14 071045 0. 
  • Stewart, Sheila (1988). Lifting The Latch: A Life on the Land - Based on the Life of Mont Abbot of Enstone, Oxfordshire. Oxford Paperbacks. ISBN 019289161X. 

References

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