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Church of St Mary of Bendones
Iglesia de Santa María de Bendones (Spanish)
Basic information
Location Spain Bendones, Spain
Geographic coordinates 43°20′9.6″N 5°48′22.7″W / 43.336°N 5.806306°W / 43.336; -5.806306Coordinates: 43°20′9.6″N 5°48′22.7″W / 43.336°N 5.806306°W / 43.336; -5.806306
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Province Asturias
Year consecrated 9th century
Ecclesiastical status Inactive
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Pre-Romanesque
Direction of facade E
Specifications
Length 18 metres (59 ft)
Width 18 metres (59 ft)

The Church of St Mary of Bendones (Spanish: Santa María de Bendones) is a Roman Catholic Asturian pre-romanesque church situated in Bendones, Asturias, build between 792 and 842.

It was appointed Spanish National Monument in 1958. It has an arcade with side chapels as well as a three-part head with a large transept.

Architecture

Very similar to the church of San Julián de los Prados, although the ground plan is not the typical basilica of the Pre-Romanesque churches, but has three enclosures at the western end, the central one as an entrance vestibule and two side areas possibly to house parishioners or ecclesiastics. This entrance leads into a single nave with a wooden ceiling, covered by an interesting roof, the same length as the entrance enclosures. The nave adjoins two rectangular side areas, also with a wooden ceiling, whose use seems to associated with the liturgical rites of the period. this nave joined with the sanctuary by three semicircular brick arches, each of which leads into its corresponding chapel, of which only the main or central one is covered with a brick barrel vault, the other two with wooden ceilings.

Above the main chapel is the "typical" chamber, only accessible from outside, through a trefoil window with the standard Pre-Romanesque features; central arch larger that the side ones, resting on two free-standing capitals with rope moulding, and the upper rectangle framed by simple moulding.

Independent from the church structure, though close to its southern facade, stands the bell tower, on a rectangular ground plan.

References

  • Menéndez Pidal y Alvarez, Luis (1974). Santa María de Bendones, Oviedo: Reconstrucción. Instituto de Estudios Asturianos. ISBN 9788460060093.  
  • Arias Paramo, Lorenzo (1992). "Geometría y proporción en la arquitectura prerrománica asturiana" (in Spanish). Actas del III Congreso de Arqueología Medieval Española (Oviedo: Universidad de Oviedo): 27–37. ISSN 8460419169. http://books.google.be/books?id=2diqpqpbMeMC&pg=PA27. Retrieved 2009-05-31.  
  • Arias, Lorenzo (1999). La Pintura Mural En El Reino De Asturias En Los Siglos IX y X. Oviedo: Libreria Cervantes. ISBN 849236081X.  
  • Gutierrez, Sara (2002). Rutas Del Prerromanico En Asturias. Clearwater: Jaguar Books. ISBN 8489960321.  
  • Prerrománico Asturiano. El arte de la monarquía Asturiana. Gijón, 1999. Editorial Trea ISBN 84-9517-839-7
  • A la búsqueda del prerrománico olvidado (2 Tomos). Gijón, 1999. Author: Francisco Monge Calleja ISBN 84-9313-500-3
  • Guía del prerómanico: Visigodo, Asturiano, Mozárabe. Madrid, 2005. Editorial: Anaya

External links

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