From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cinema in Burkina Faso is an important part
of West African and
African film industry.
The cinema of Burkina Faso is an important part of the history
of the post-colonial West African and African film industry.
Burkina's contribution to African cinema started with the
establishment of the film festival FESPACO (Festival Panafricain du
Cinéma et de la Télévison de Ouagadougou), which was launched as a
film week in 1969 and gained government support and permanent
structures in 1972. It is largest film exhibition venue in
sub-Saharan Africa, with more than half a million attendants and
takes place in odd numbered years in March. Burkina is also one of
the countries producing most feature films in Africa. Many of the
nation's filmmakers are known internationally and have won
international prizes. For many years the headquarters of the
Federation of Panafrican Filmmakers (FEPACI) was in Ouagadougou,
rescued in 1983 from a period of moribund inactivity by the
enthusiastic support and funding of President Sankara (In 2006 the
Secretariat of FEPACI moved to South Africa but the headquarters of
the organization is still in Ouagaoudougou). Between 1977 and 1987
Burkina Faso housed a regional film school Institut d'Education
Cinématographique de Ouagadougou (INAFEC), which was instigated by
FEPACI and funded in part by UNESCO, but eighty percent of its
funding came from the government of Burkina Faso (no other African
country participated in its funding and few sent students).
In the late 1990s, local private production companies began to
proliferate and digital production became increasingly prevalent.
By 2002 over twenty-five small production companies existed in the
country, many pooling their resources and expertise in order to
produce. The best known directors from Burkina Faso are: Mamadou
Djim Kola, Gaston Kaboré, Kollo Daniel Sanou, Paul Zoumbara,
Emmanuel Kalifa Sanon, Pierre S. Yameogo, Idrissa Ouedraogo, Drissa
Toure, Dani Kouyate, and Régina Fanta Nacro. Burkina
also produces popular television series such as Bobodjiouf. The
internationally known filmmakers such as Ouedraogo, Kabore,
Yameogo, and Kouyate make also popular television series.
Many films shot in Burkina Faso by local directors have found
distribution in Francophone Europe and several have
received assistance from the French Ministry of Co-operation.
However, while these films have won awards in Europe and are
regularly featured in African Studies courses, in Africa itself
they are little known outside of academic circles.
Burkina Faso hosts the Panafrican
Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou (FESPACO) every two
years in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso's capital.
In 2005, director Gaston Kaboré, who won the top prize at
FESPACO in 1997 for his film Buud Yam, opened a training school for
new filmmakers in Ouagadougou. The school, named Imagine, was built
with millions of CFA of Kaboré's own
money and opened its doors for the Panafrican Film and Television
Festival of Ouagadougou 2005.
Spaas,Lieve, "Burkina Faso," in The Francophone Film: A
Struggle for Identity, pp. 232-246. Manchester: Manchester
University Press, 2000
Turégano, Teresa Hoefert, African Cinema and Europe: Close-Up
on Burkina Faso, Florence: European Press Academic, 2005.
Faso · Burundi ·
Verde · Central African
Republic · Chad ·
Democratic Republic of the
Congo · Republic of the
Congo · Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory
Coast) · Djibouti ·
Guinea · Eritrea ·
Gambia · Ghana ·
São Tomé and
Príncipe · Senegal ·
Leone · Somalia ·
Africa · Sudan ·
Sahrawi Arab Democratic
Republic · Zambia ·
Canary Islands /
Ceuta / Melilla / Spanish Africa
(Spain) · Madeira
(Portugal) · Mayotte / Réunion
(France) · Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da
Kingdom) · Southern Sudan
(Sudan) · Zanzibar
Italics indicate an unrecognised or
partially recognised state.