The Full Wiki

More info on Cinnamomum parthenoxylon

Cinnamomum parthenoxylon: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cinnamomum parthenoxylon
Cinnamomum parthenoxylon
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Cinnamomum
Species: C. parthenoxylon
Binomial name
Cinnamomum parthenoxylon
Meisn.

Cinnamomum parthenoxylon known in English as Selasian wood[1], Saffrol Laurel[2], or as Martaban camphor wood[3]. It has the outdated heterotypic synonym Laurus porrecta (Roxb.). The species name parthenoxylon derives from parthenos xylon (Greek: παρθενός ξύλον), meaning "virgin wood." The common name is Spanish is alcanforero amarillo[4] (in English: "yellow camphor") and it is thought to be the tree known in Khmer as mreah prew phnom (Khmer: ម្រះព្រៅភ្នំ). It is an evergreen tree in the genus Cinnamomum. It is native to Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam. In Vietnam, the tree is considered Critically Endangered[5].

the trunk

The tree has gray to brown bark. Its leaves are a glossy green ovals 7-10 cm long with a point at the end. Like many plants in the Laurel Family, the leaves give off a pleasant smell when crushed. The flowers appear in clusters and are green and very small. The fruits are blackish drupes.[6]


In Indonesia the flowers of Cinnamomum parthenoxylon symbolize love and connection between the living and the dead. Traditionally, in the Kudus Regency on the island of Java, the flowers we scattered on tombs by family members.[7]


The tree is of special concern, as it is being harvested at a high rate to obtain safrole, a primary ingredient in the manufacture of the psychoactive drug MDMA. Much of this illicit harvesting is happening in the Cardamom Mountains in Cambodia[8].


An extract from the bark has been shown in rats to be a possible treatment for hyperglycemia[9].

External links

References

  1. ^ Schimmel (April 1911), Annual report on essential oils, synthetic perfumes, etc: 43  
  2. ^ Coster, B (1993). "Diskettes with commercial Woodnames". Tervuren Xylarium Wood Database. Hoofddorp, Holland. http://www.metafro.be/f48/xylarium/species/SN2793. Retrieved 4 December 2009.  
  3. ^ Kurz, Sulpice (1875). Preliminary report on the forest and other vegetation of Pegu. Calcutta: C.B. Lewis, Baptist Mission Press. pp. xcix. http://www.archive.org/stream/preliminaryrepor00kurzuoft#page/xcviii/mode/2up/search/parthenoxylon.  
  4. ^ Porcher, Michel H. (30 April 2007). "Sorting Cinnamomum names". The University of Melbourne. http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Cinnamomum.html. Retrieved 3 December 2009.  
  5. ^ Asian Regional Workshop (Conservation & Sustainable Management of Trees, Viet Nam) (1998). "Cinnamomum parthenoxylon". IUCN 2009. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/33198/0/full. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  
  6. ^ Sánchez de Lorenzo-Cáceres, José Manuel. "CINNAMOMUM PARTHENOXYLON". arbolesornamentales.com. http://www.arbolesornamentales.com/Cinnamomumparthenoxylon.htm. Retrieved 3 December 2009.  
  7. ^ Hamdani, Sylviana (27 November 2009). "Five-Star Tradition at Le Meridien Hotel in Jakarta". The Jakarta Globe. http://thejakartaglobe.com/city/five-star-tradition-at-le-meridien-hotel-in-jakarta/344079. Retrieved 3 December 2009.  
  8. ^ Campbell, Sam (30 August 2009). "Harvested to make Ecstasy, Cambodia's trees are felled one by one.". GlobalPost. http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/asia/090812/drugs-ecstasy-cambodia?page=0,0. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  
  9. ^ Jia, Q; Liu X, Wu X, Wang R, Hu X, Li Y, Huang C. (August 2009). "Hypoglycemic activity of a polyphenolic oligomer-rich extract of Cinnamomum parthenoxylon bark in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats". Phytomedicine (Elsevier GmbH) 16 (8): 744–750. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2008.12.012. http://www.phytomedicinejournal.com/article/S0944-7113%2808%2900244-4/abstract. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  
Advertisements

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus:Magnoliids
Ordo: Laurales
Familia: Lauraceae
Genus: Cinnamomum
Species: Cinnamomum parthenoxylon

Name

Cinnamomum parthenoxylon (Jack) Meisn.

Synonyms

Heterotypic

Laurus porrecta Roxb.

References

  • Hort. Beng. 30; Fl. Ind. 2:308. 1814
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message