Cirrus SR22: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SR22
Role Civil utility aircraft
Manufacturer Cirrus Design
Produced 2001-Present
Unit cost USD$530,100 (base price: 2009 SR22 GTS)[1]
Developed from Cirrus SR20
2003 model Cirrus SR22
Cirrus SR22 G2 showing how the doors open
Instrument panel

The SR22, by Cirrus Design, is a single-engine, four-seat, composite aircraft. It is a more powerful version of the Cirrus SR20, with a larger wing, higher fuel capacity, and a 310 horsepower (231 kW) engine. It is extremely popular among purchasers of new aircraft and has been the world's best-selling single-engine, four-seat aircraft for several years.[2] Like the Cessna 400, but unlike most other aircraft in its class, the SR22 has fixed (non-retractable) landing gear.

The aircraft is perhaps best known for being equipped with the Cirrus Aircraft Parachute System (CAPS), an emergency parachute capable of lowering the entire aircraft (and occupants) to the ground in an emergency.[3]

Contents

Design and development

The SR22 was certified in November 2000 and is a higher-powered version of the earlier S20. The SR22 is a low wing cantilever monoplane of composite construction with tricycle landing gear, featuring a castering nose wheel and steering via differential braking on the main wheels. It is powered by a nose-mounted 310 hp (230 kW) Continental IO-550-N piston engine. The cabin for four is accessed through a door on each side.

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Turbo option

The SR22 turbo uses a Tornado Alley turbonormalizing upgrade kit featuring twin turbonormalizers and twin intercoolers.[4] The turbo conversion will allow pilots to fly higher, faster, and farther. The Cirrus SR22 Turbo installation is similar to that in the Mooney Acclaim and the Cessna 400. Also included with the conversion is built-in oxygen and a Hartzell 3-blade light weight composite propeller. The weight of the conversion will reduce the SR22's useful load. Air conditioning is available with the SR22 Turbo, but this further reduces the useful load. The turbo version has a certified ceiling of 25,000 feet (7,600 m), a maximum cruise speed of 211 knots (391 km/h), and a top speed of 219 knots (406 km/h).[5] This is 23 knots (43 km/h) slower than the Mooney Acclaim, the fastest aircraft in this category (piston-powered propeller with turbocharged engine.)[6][7][8][9]

Glass cockpit upgrading

SR22s that were built before 2003 were not equipped with the Avidyne Entegra primary flight display that was standard equipment on later SR22 model years. Retrofits are available for the older aircraft that replace the instrument panels with a new one that will include the PFD, a new multifunction display and the installation of back-up mechanical instruments.[10]

On May 22, 2008, Cirrus Design and Garmin revealed a new kind of cockpit known as the Garmin Perspective.[11] The previously offered Avidyne cockpit remains standard equipment, while the Perspective cockpit is an option on the SR22-GTS and SR22-GTS Turbo models.

Flight into known icing

The completion of testing for flight into known icing was announced by the company on 12 January 2009. The equipment change involved installation of a larger fluid tank for the TKS weeping wing system and more areas of the aircraft protected. The new installation was FAA approved in April 2009.[12][13 ][14]

Variants

SR22
Original version
SR22 G2
Improved variant
SR22 G3
Improved variant for 2007 with increased fuel capacity and lighter wing.[15]
SR21 tdi
Proposed diesel powered variant

Aircraft type club

The Cirrus aircraft are supported by an aircraft type club, the Cirrus Owners and Pilots Association (COPA).[16]

Operators

 United States

Accidents and incidents

Between 2001 and April 2009 62 Cirrus SR22 aircraft crashed, resulting in 48 fatalities.[19]

Specifications (SR22-G3)

Cirrus.sr22.n147vc.arp.jpg

General characteristics

  • Crew: One (pilot)
  • Capacity: Three (passengers)
  • Length: 26 ft 0 in (7.9 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 4 in (11.7 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 9 in (2.6 m)
  • Empty weight: 2230 lb (1021 kg)
  • Gross weight: 3400 lb (1542 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental IO-550-N with a three-bladed constant speed propeller, 310 hp (231 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 232 mph (372 km/h)
  • Range: 1150 miles (1852 km)
  • Rate of climb: 1400 ft/min (7.1 m/s)

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

References

  1. ^ Cirrus Design (2009). "SR22 Domestic Price List". http://www.cirrusaircraft.com/resources/pdf/SR22_pricelist.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-21.  
  2. ^ General Aviation Manufacturers Association (January 2008). "2007 GAMA Shipment Report". http://www.gama.aero/resources/statistics/dloads/2007ShipmentReport.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-07.  
  3. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (May 2008). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. A00009CH Revision 13". http://www.airweb.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgMakeModel.nsf/0/0e89bd1a6ab4916c8625745d0047b84c/$FILE/A00009CH.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-14.  
  4. ^ Cirrus Design (2007). "SR22 features & options". http://www.cirrusdesign.com/sr22turbo/features.aspx. Retrieved 2007-11-14.  
  5. ^ Cirrus Design (2007). "SR22 performance". http://www.cirrusdesign.com/sr22turbo/performance.aspx. Retrieved 2007-11-14.  
  6. ^ Russ Niles (2007-10-02). "Mooney Expands the Acclaim's Speed Envelope". http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/MooneyAcclaim_TypeS_196265-1.html. Retrieved 2007-10-04.  
  7. ^ Mary Grady (2007-10-04). "Mooney Acclaim Type S: "Unquestionably the Fastest"". http://www.avweb.com/news/aopa/AOPAExpo2007_MooneyAcclaimTypeS_Fastest_196298-1.html. Retrieved 2007-10-05.  
  8. ^ Cirrus Design (2007). "turbo normalizing". http://www.cirrusdesign.com/sr22turbo/learn/turbotech.aspx. Retrieved 2007-11-14.  
  9. ^ Cirrus Design (2007). "the speed you need". http://www.cirrusdesign.com/sr22turbo/learn/speedyouneed.aspx. Retrieved 2007-11-14.  
  10. ^ Goyer, Robert: Avidyne Glass for Steam Gauge Cirrus Airplanes, Flying magazine February 2008, pages 18-19. Hachette Filipacchi US Media
  11. ^ Cirrus Design (2008). "Cirruis Perspective by Garmin". http://www.cirrusdesign.com/perspective/. Retrieved 2008-10-25.  
  12. ^ Niles, Russ (January 2009). "Cirrus Introduces FIKI, Announces Layoffs". http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/CirrusIntroducesFIKI_AnnouncesLayoffs_199554-1.html. Retrieved 2009-01-12.  
  13. ^ Cirrus Design (January 2009). "CIRRUS AIRCRAFT ANNOUNCES KNOWN ICE PROTECTION AVAILABILITY FOR SR22 AND TURBO AIRCRAFT MODELS". http://www.cirrusaircraft.com/about/news/press/default.aspx?id=1562. Retrieved 2009-01-12.  
  14. ^ Grady, Mary (April 2009). "Cirrus Announces FAA OK For FIKI System, Update on Jet". http://www.avweb.com/news/snf/SunNFun2009_CirrusAnnouncesFAAOKForFIKISystem_UpdateOnJet_200194-1.html. Retrieved 2009-04-13.  
  15. ^ Cirrus Website G3 What's New Page accessed 20 September 2007
  16. ^ Cirrus Owners & Pilots Association (2008). "COPA - Cirrus Owners & Pilots Association". http://www.cirruspilots.org/. Retrieved 2008-10-11.  
  17. ^ Imagine Air Jet Services (2005). "Company Background". http://www.flyimagineair.com/background.php. Retrieved 2009-11-04.  
  18. ^ Niles, Russ (October 2009). "SATSAir Shuts Down". http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/SATSAirShutsDown_201394-1.html. Retrieved 2009-10-26.  
  19. ^ NTSB (2008). "NTSB Accident Database Query". http://www.ntsb.gov/ntsb/query.asp. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  

External links


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