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A Citadis 403 in Strasbourg
Paris T3 Balard.ogg
A Citadis 402 in Paris

The Citadis is a low-floor tram built by Alstom in La Rochelle, France, and Barcelona, Spain. 1,140 Citadis are currently in use in 28 cities,[1] among others: Bordeaux, Lyon, Montpellier, Orléans, the Paris area, and Barcelona, Dublin, Gdańsk, Katowice, Adelaide, Melbourne and Rotterdam outside France.

Contents

Citadis types

The Citadis family includes both partially low-floor and 100% low-floor trams, in versions with three, five, and seven sections.

The Citadis family comprises:

The 70% low-floor “Regio-Citadis” variant allows for tram-train operation, in which trams run also on mainline railway tracks; it is used in the German city Kassel, and has been delivered for The Hague. This train type are having possibilities of duo-powering (diesel/600 VDC, 600 VDC/1,5 kV 16 Hz or 600 VDC/Bioenergy/diesel).

The Regio-Citadis model has now been superseded by “Citadis-Dualis”, redesigned to operate on the same lines as regional trains (on the TER (Transport express régional) network) and intended for running at up to 100 km/h (62 mph, compared to 70 km/h (43 mph) for the Citadis tram), and for stop spacings ranging from 0.5 km to 5 km (460 yds to 3.1 mi). 31 have been ordered (plus 169 on option [4]) by the SNCF at an average cost of 3·2 million per car (about $4.94 million or £2.5 million) [5].

Like most trams, Citadis vehicles are usually powered by overhead electric wires, but the trams in Bordeaux (and in the future Angers, Reims and Dubai) use the “Aps” (ground-level power supply), a third rail which is only powered while it is completely covered by a tram so that there is no risk of a person or animal coming into contact with a live rail. In outer areas, the trams switch to conventional overhead wires [6].

Competitors to the Citadis include Bombardier Transportation's Flexity family (Outlook, Swift, Classic, and the Link tram-train), Siemens Combino and Avanto trams, Ansaldo Sirio and TMK 2200 from Crotram.

Ordered Citadis trams

Country City Type Serie Number Year Length (m) Width (m)
Algeria Algiers 41 2009
Australia Adelaide 302 201 - 206 6 2009 32.3 2.4 Purchased second hand from MetroLigero in Madrid.
Australia Melbourne 202 3001 - 3036 36 2001 23,0 2,65
Brazil Brasilia 16 2009
Germany Kassel RegioCitadis 701 - 718 18 2004 - 2005 36,8 2,65
Germany Kassel RegioCitadis 751 - 760 10 2004 - 2005 36,8 2,65 Hybrid with diesel engine
France Angers 302 17 2009 - 32,4 2,40
France Bordeaux 402 2201 - 2262 62 43,9 2,40
France Bordeaux 302 2301 - 2312 12 32,8 2,40
France Grenoble 402 6001 - 6035 35 2005 40 ~
France Le Mans 302 01 - 23 23 2007 32,0 2,40
France Lyon 302 38 2000 32,4 2,40
France Lyon 302 0848 - 0857 10 32,4 2,40 T3
France Lyon 302 0858 - 0870 13 32,4 2,40 T4
France Montpellier 301 2001 - 2028 28 1999 - 2000 40,9 T1, In 2002 and 2003 extended from 29,8 to 40,9 m
France Montpellier 301 2029 - 2030 2 2000 40,9 T1, In 2002 and 2003 extended from 29,8 to 40,9 m
France Montpellier 302 2031 - 2033 3 2006 - 2007 32,5 T1
France Montpellier 302 2041 - 2064 24 2006 - 2007 32,5 T2
France Mulhouse 302 27 32,5 ~ 2 trams to Buenos Aires, 1 in 2007 to Utrecht, 5 in Melbourne
France Nice 302 01 - 20 20 33
France Orléans 301 24 2000 30 2,40 Line A
France Paris 302 0401 - 0413 13 2002 32,2 T2
France Paris 302 0414 - 0426 13 2003 32,2 T2
France Paris 302 0427 - 0460 34 2007 38 ? T2
France Paris 402 43,7 2,65 T3, Tramway des Maréchaux
France Reims 18
France Rouen 402 27 2010 42 2,4
France Strasbourg 403 41 2005 45,1 2,65
France Toulouse 302 18 2009?
France Valenciennes 302 33 2006 33 2,40
Ireland Dublin 301 26 2004 40 Red line, in 2007 extended from 30 to 40 m
Ireland Dublin 401 14 2004 40 Green line
Ireland Dublin 402 26 2009 43 Green line
Israel Jerusalem 302 46 2010
Morocco Rabat 40 2010 60
The Netherlands The Hague RegioCitadis 4001 - 4054 54 2006 36,8 2,65
The Netherlands Rotterdam 302 2001 - 2060 60 2003 31,6 2,4 One way
The Netherlands Rotterdam 302 53 2009 30
Spain Barcelona 302 19 2004 32 2,65 Trambaix network
Spain Barcelona 302 18 2007 32 2,65 Trambesos network
Spain Madrid 302 70 2007 6 trams sold to TransAdelaide, in Adelaide Australia.
Spain Tenerife 302 20 2007 32,2 2,4
Tunisia Tunis 302 30 2007 30 2,47
Turkey Istanbul X-04 30 2009

Totally: >1058

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Argentina

A Citadis 302 in Buenos Aires

Australia

  • Adelaide: It has been announced that the state government is buying six surplus Citadis 302 trams from Madrid for use on the Glenelg line. [9] They will initially be used as "sweepers" but will be incorporated into a new timetable, once the extension on the Glenelg Tramline to the AEC is complete in February / March 2010. The new timetable will be in use from Monday 22/03/2010 (Just after the State Election).
  • Melbourne: C class Melbourne tram, operated by Yarra Trams. Between 2008 and 2011, Melbourne is renting five of Mulhouse's Citadis 302 trams [10].

France

A Citadis 302 in Valenciennes
A Citadis 401 in Montpellier

The Alstom Citadis has close to a monopoly in France, where all new trams are low-floored and almost all of them are Citadis trams.

Ireland

A Citadis 301 in Dublin

Israel

  • Jerusalem: CityPass is in the final stages of the Jerusalem Light Rail. Initial rolling stock are to be 46 Citadis 302 100% low-floor five-module units manufactured at Alstom's Aytré factory. All axles are driven to handle up to 9% inclines. It is scheduled to begin operation in 2011.

Netherlands

Poland

Spain

A Citadis 302 in Barcelona

Tunisia

United Arab Emirates

  • Al Sufouh Tram (Ar.: ترام الصفوح) in Dubai is expected to have 25 Citadis 402. It will use APS. Phase 1 will open in April 2011 [22].

See also

References

  1. ^ "Planète CITADIS". Alstom, Citadis Mag № 10. 2008-04-10. http://www.citadismag.transport.alstom.com/V10/index.html. Retrieved 2008-05-03.  (French)
  2. ^ Note: the Dublin Trams are currently being converted to 401s in a programme which will be completed during 2008
  3. ^ CITADIS Dualis Information Sheet
  4. ^ f>"CITADIS Dualis, Speed and smoothness from the city centre to the suburbs". Alstom. 2008. http://www.transport.alstom.com/home/elibrary/technical/products/32031.EN.php?languageId=EN&dir=/home/elibrary/technical/products/. Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  5. ^ Harry Hondius (2007-07-02). "Dualis extends the reach of the Citadis family". Railway Gazette International. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view//dualis-extends-the-reach-of-the-citadis-family.html. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  6. ^ CJ Wansbeek (2002-12-01). "Bordeaux: Fronting the French tramway revolution". Light Rail Transit Association. http://www.lrta.info/articles/art0212.html. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  7. ^ "Citadis Cars for an experimental line in Buenos Aires". Alstom. 2006-12-28. http://www.alstom.com/home/news/business_news/39125.EN.php?languageId=EN&dir=/home/news/business_news/. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  8. ^ Atta, Carlos (2008). "Francia quiere una red de tranvías en Buenos Aires". La Nación. http://www.lanacion.com.ar/Archivo/nota.asp?nota_id=979883. Retrieved 2008-03-06.  (Spanish)
  9. ^ European trams to bolster our City-Glenelg fleet
  10. ^ See also Trams in Melbourne
  11. ^ Fiche technique 302
  12. ^ Fiche technique 402 (French)
  13. ^ Fiche technique Grenoble 2 (French)
  14. ^ Fiche technique (French)
  15. ^ Fiche technique 401 (French)
  16. ^ Fiche technique Orléans (French)
  17. ^ Fiche technique CIT-RATP (French)
  18. ^ Fiche technique Strasbourg (French)
  19. ^ "Reims tramway sparkles with colour". Alstom. 2007-01-29. http://www.transport.alstom.com/home/news/Hot_news/28229.EN.php?languageId=EN&dir=/home/news/Hot_news/. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  20. ^ "Reims, sa cathédrale, son tram...". Admirable Design. 2007-05-14. http://www.admirabledesign.com/Reims-sa-cathedrale-son-tram. Retrieved 2007-09-09.  (French)
  21. ^ "Rouen orders trams to increase capacity". Railway Gazette International. 2010-01-05. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/10/rouen-orders-trams-to-increase-capacity.html. 
  22. ^ "Al Safouh tram project consortium selected". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-29. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view//al-safouh-tram-project-consortium-selected.html. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 

External links


tram in Melbourne, Australia]]

in Poland]]

The Citadis is a low-floor tram built by Alstom in La Rochelle, France, and Barcelona, Spain. 1,140 Citadis are currently in use in 28 cities,[1] among others: Bordeaux, Lyon, Montpellier, Orléans, the Paris area, and Barcelona, Dublin, Gdańsk, Katowice, Melbourne and Rotterdam outside France.

Contents

Citadis types

The Citadis family includes both partially low-floor and 100% low-floor trams, in versions with three, five, and seven sections.

The Citadis family comprises:

The 70% low-floor “Regio-Citadis” variant allows for tram-train operation, in which trams run also on mainline railway tracks; it is used in the German city Kassel, and has been delivered for The Hague. This train type are having possibilities of duo-powering (diesel/600 VDC, 600 VDC/1,5 kV 16 Hz or 600 VDC/Bioenergy/diesel).

The Regio-Citadis model has now been superseded by “Citadis-Dualis”, redesigned to operate on the same lines as regional trains (on the TER (Transport express régional) network) and intended for running at up to 100 km/h (62 mph, compared to 70 km/h (43 mph) for the Citadis tram), and for stop spacings ranging from 0.5 km to 5 km (460 yds to 3.1 mi). 31 have been ordered (plus 169 on option [4]) by the SNCF at an average cost of 3·2 million per car (about $4.94 million or £2.5 million) [5].

Like most trams, Citadis vehicles are usually powered by overhead electric wires, but the trams in Bordeaux (and in the future Angers, Reims and Dubai) use the “Aps” (ground-level power supply), a third rail which is only powered while it is completely covered by a tram so that there is no risk of a person or animal coming into contact with a live rail. In outer areas, the trams switch to conventional overhead wires [6].

Competitors to the Citadis include Bombardier Transportation's Flexity family (Outlook, Swift, Classic, and the Link tram-train), Siemens Combino and Avanto trams and TMK 2200 from Crotram.

Ordered Citadis trams

Country City Type Serie Number Year Length (m) Width (m)
Algeria Algiers 41 2009
Australia Melbourne 202 3001 - 3036 36 2001 23,0 2,65
Germany Kassel RegioCitadis 701 - 718 18 2004 - 2005 36,8 2,65
Germany Kassel RegioCitadis 751 - 760 10 2004 - 2005 36,8 2,65 Hybrid with diesel engine
France Angers 302 17 2009 - 32,4 2,40
France Bordeaux 402 2201 - 2262 62 43,9 2,40
France Bordeaux 302 2301 - 2312 12 32,8 2,40
France Grenoble 402 6001 - 6035 35 2005 40 ~
France Le Mans 302 01 - 23 23 2007 32,0 2,40
France Lyon 302 38 2000 32,4 2,40
France Lyon 302 0848 - 0857 10 32,4 2,40 T3
France Lyon 302 0858 - 0870 13 32,4 2,40 T4
France Montpellier 301 2001 - 2028 28 1999 - 2000 40,9 T1, In 2002 and 2003 extended from 29,8 to 40,9 m
France Montpellier 301 2029 - 2030 2 2000 40,9 T1, In 2002 and 2003 extended from 29,8 to 40,9 m
France Montpellier 302 2031 - 2033 3 2006 - 2007 32,5 T1
France Montpellier 302 2041 - 2064 24 2006 - 2007 32,5 T2
France Mulhouse 302 27 32,5 ~ 2 trams to Buenos Aires, 1 in 2007 to Utrecht, 5 in Melbourne
France Nice 302 01 - 20 20 33
France Orléans 301 24 2000 30 2,40 Line A
France Paris 302 0401 - 0413 13 2002 32,2 T2
France Paris 302 0414 - 0426 13 2003 32,2 T2
France Paris 302 0427 - 0460 34 2007 38 ? T2
France Paris 402 43,7 2,65 T3, Tramway des Maréchaux
France Reims 18
France Strasbourg 403 41 2005 45,1 2,65
France Toulouse 302 18 2009?
France Valenciennes 302 33 2006 33 2,40
Ireland Dublin 301 26 40 Red line, in 2007 extended from 30 to 40 m
Ireland Dublin 401 14 40 Green line
Ireland Dublin 401 26 2009?
Israel Jerusalem 302 46 2008?
The Netherlands The Hague RegioCitadis 4001 - 4054 54 2006 36,8 2,65
The Netherlands Rotterdam 302 2001 - 2060 60 2003 31,6 2,4 One way
The Netherlands Rotterdam 302 53 2009 30
Spain Barcelona 302 19 2004 32 2,65 Trambaix network
Spain Barcelona 302 18 2007 32 2,65 Trambesos network
Spain Madrid 302 70 2007 6 trams sold to TransAdelaide, in Adelaide Australia.
Spain Tenerife 302 20 2007 32,2 2,4
Tunisia Tunis 302 30 2007 30 2,47
Turkey Istanbul X-04 30 2009

Totally: >1058

in Buenos Aires]]

Argentina

  • Buenos Aires: Tranvía del Este [7]. The service is provided by two Citadis 302 model trams, manufactured by the French [8] company Alstom and granted under a free concession by the city of Mulhouse.

Australia

France

]] The Alstom Citadis has close to a monopoly in France, where all new trams are low-floored and almost all of them are Citadis trams.

Ireland

, Ireland]]

Israel

  • Jerusalem: CityPass is in the final stages of the Jerusalem Light Rail. Initial rolling stock are to be 46 Citadis 302 100% low-floor five-module units manufactured at Alstom's Aytré factory. All axles are driven to handle up to 9% inclines. It is scheduled to begin operation in 2010.

Netherlands

Poland

  • Gdańsk: ZKM Gdańsk (Zakład Komunikacji Miejskiej w Gdańsku), ZTM (Zarząd Transportu Miejskiego w Gdańsku)
  • Katowice: Tramwaje Śląskie

Spain

]]

Tunisia

  • Tunis: Métro léger de Tunis / المترو الخفيف المدينة تونس

United Arab Emirates

  • Al Sufouh Tram (Ar.: ترام الصفوح) in Dubai is expected to have 25 Citadis 402. It will use APS. Phase 1 will open in April 2011 [21].

See also

References

  1. "Planète CITADIS". Alstom, Citadis Mag № 10. 2008-04-10. http://www.citadismag.transport.alstom.com/V10/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-03.  (French)
  2. Note: the Dublin Trams are currently being converted to 401s in a programme which will be completed during 2008
  3. CITADIS Dualis Information Sheet
  4. f>"CITADIS Dualis, Speed and smoothness from the city centre to the suburbs". Alstom. 2008. http://www.transport.alstom.com/home/elibrary/technical/products/32031.EN.php?languageId=EN&dir=/home/elibrary/technical/products/. Retrieved on 2008-05-03. 
  5. Harry Hondius (2007-07-02). "Dualis extends the reach of the Citadis family". Railway Gazette International. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news_view/article/2007/07/7583/dualis_extends_the_reach_of_the_citadis_family.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-09. 
  6. CJ Wansbeek (2002-12-01). "Bordeaux: Fronting the French tramway revolution". Light Rail Transit Association. http://www.lrta.info/articles/art0212.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-09. 
  7. "Citadis Cars for an experimental line in Buenos Aires". Alstom. 2006-12-28. http://www.alstom.com/home/news/business_news/39125.EN.php?languageId=EN&dir=/home/news/business_news/. Retrieved on 2007-09-09. 
  8. Atta, Carlos (2008). "Francia quiere una red de tranvías en Buenos Aires". La Nación. http://www.lanacion.com.ar/Archivo/nota.asp?nota_id=979883. Retrieved on 2008-03-06.  (Spanish)
  9. See also Trams in Melbourne
  10. http://www.news.com.au/adelaidenow/story/0,22606,25529055-2682,00.html
  11. Fiche technique 302
  12. Fiche technique 402 (French)
  13. Fiche technique Grenoble 2 (French)
  14. Fiche technique (French)
  15. Fiche technique 401 (French)
  16. Fiche technique Orléans (French)
  17. Fiche technique CIT-RATP (French)
  18. Fiche technique Strasbourg (French)
  19. "Reims tramway sparkles with colour". Alstom. 2007-01-29. http://www.transport.alstom.com/home/news/Hot_news/28229.EN.php?languageId=EN&dir=/home/news/Hot_news/. Retrieved on 2007-09-09. 
  20. "Reims, sa cathédrale, son tram...". Admirable Design. 2007-05-14. http://www.admirabledesign.com/Reims-sa-cathedrale-son-tram. Retrieved on 2007-09-09.  (French)
  21. "Al Safouh tram project consortium selected". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-29. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news_view/article/2008/04/8374/al_safouh_tram_project_consortium_selected.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-02. 

External links


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