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Cithaeronidae: Wikis


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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Gnaphosoidea
Family: Cithaeronidae
Simon, 1893

see text

2 genera, 6 species

The Cithaeronidae are a small spider family with only six species in two genera.



Cithaeronidae are fast moving spiders which actively hunt at night and rest during the day in silken retreats they construct below rocks.[1]. Female Cithaeron are about 5 to 7 mm long, males about 4 mm. They are pale yellowish, and have a preference for very hot, dry stony places.[2]


While Inthaeron occurs only in India, members of the genus Cithaeron can be found in Africa, India and parts of Eurasia. Three adult females of C. praedonius were found in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. As they were found in and near human housings, they presumably were accidentally introduced.[1] This is probably also the case for finds in the Northern Territory of Australia.


Cithaeron O. P-Cambridge, 1872

Inthaeron Platnick, 1991

  • Inthaeron rossi Platnick, 1991 — India


  1. ^ a b Carvalho et al. 2007
  2. ^ Murphy & Murphy 2000: 134


  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Platnick, N.I. (2002): A revision of the Australasian ground spiders of the families Ammoxenidae, Cithaeronidae, Gallieniellidae, and Trochanteriidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 271. PDF (26Mb)Abstract
  • Carvalho, L.S.; Bonaldo, A.B. & Brescovit, A.D. (2007): The first record of the family Cithaeronidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea) to the new world. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 24(2): 512–514. PDF (124kb)
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2009): The world spider catalog, version 10.0. American Museum of Natural History.

External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Gnaphosoidea
Familia: Cithaeronidae
Genera: Cithaeron - Inthaeron


Cithaeronidae Simon, 1893


  • Simon, E. 1893. Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris, 1: 257-488. [384]
  • Platnick, N. I. 1991. A revision of the ground spider family Cithaeronidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea). American Museum Novitates 3018: 1-13. PDF
  • Platnick, N. I. 2009. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History. [1]


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