The Full Wiki

Cities of the Ancient Near East: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Uru was the Sumerian term for a city or city state, written with the cuneiform ideogram URU 𒌷 B071ellst.png. According to some recent Sumerological studies, the actual pronunciation of this word in Sumerian may originally have been "Iri."[citation needed]

In Akkadian and Hittite orthography, URU𒌷 became a determinative sign denoting a city, or combined with KUR𒆳 "land" the kingdom or territory controlled by a city, e.g. 𒄡𒆳𒌷𒄩𒀜𒌅𒊭 LUGAL KUR URUHa-at-ti "the king of the country of (the city of) Hatti".

The largest cities in the Bronze Age Ancient Near East housed several tens of thousands. Memphis in the Early Bronze Age with some 30,000 inhabitants was the largest city of the time by far. Ur in the Middle Bronze Age is estimated to have had some 65,000 inhabitants; Babylon in the Late Bronze Age similarly had a population of some 50–60,000, while Niniveh had some 20–30,000, reaching 100,000 only in the Iron Age (ca. 700 BC).




Lower Mesopotamia

NC Mesopotamia sites.jpg

(ordered from north to south)

Upper Mesopotamia

(ordered from north to south)

Zagros and Elam

NC Iran sites.jpg

(ordered from north to south)



(ordered from north to south)

The Levant

NC Egypt Levant sites.jpg

(all ordered alphabetically)


Chalcolithic Age




see Cities of Ancient Egypt

Kush + Ethiopia

See Also

External links


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address