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Cities of the Ancient Near East: Wikis

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Uru was the Sumerian term for a city or city state, written with the cuneiform ideogram URU 𒌷 B071ellst.png. According to some recent Sumerological studies, the actual pronunciation of this word in Sumerian may originally have been "Iri."[citation needed]

In Akkadian and Hittite orthography, URU𒌷 became a determinative sign denoting a city, or combined with KUR𒆳 "land" the kingdom or territory controlled by a city, e.g. 𒄡𒆳𒌷𒄩𒀜𒌅𒊭 LUGAL KUR URUHa-at-ti "the king of the country of (the city of) Hatti".

The largest cities in the Bronze Age Ancient Near East housed several tens of thousands. Memphis in the Early Bronze Age with some 30,000 inhabitants was the largest city of the time by far. Ur in the Middle Bronze Age is estimated to have had some 65,000 inhabitants; Babylon in the Late Bronze Age similarly had a population of some 50–60,000, while Niniveh had some 20–30,000, reaching 100,000 only in the Iron Age (ca. 700 BC).

Contents

Mesopotamia

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Lower Mesopotamia

NC Mesopotamia sites.jpg

(ordered from north to south)

Upper Mesopotamia

(ordered from north to south)

Zagros and Elam

NC Iran sites.jpg

(ordered from north to south)

Anatolia

Hatti.JPG

(ordered from north to south)

The Levant

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(all ordered alphabetically)

Canaan

Chalcolithic Age

Philistia

Phoenicia

Egypt

see Cities of Ancient Egypt

Kush + Ethiopia

See Also

External links


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