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Batac
—  Component City  —

Seal
Map of Ilocos Norte showing the location of Batac.
Batac is located in Philippines
Batac
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°03′N 120°34′E / 18.05°N 120.567°E / 18.05; 120.567Coordinates: 18°03′N 120°34′E / 18.05°N 120.567°E / 18.05; 120.567
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos Region (Region I)
Province Ilocos Norte
District 2nd District
Founded
Cityhood June 23, 2007
Barangays 43
Government
 - Mayor Jeffrey Jubal C. Nalupta
Area
 - Total 161.06 km2 (62.2 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 50,675
 Density 314.6/km2 (814.9/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 2906
Income class 1st class
Population Census of Batac
Census Pop. Rate
1995 45,534
2000 47,682 0.99%
2007 50,675 0.84%

City of Batac is a 4th class city in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. The city is located in the northwest corner of the island of Luzon, about 11.2 km from the eastern shores of the South China Sea. The municipalities of Banna, Currimao, Paoay, Pinili and San Nicolas form its boundaries.

According to the latest census, it has a population of 50,675 in 9,882 households.

City of Batac is known as the "Home of Great Leaders", as it is the hometown of many significant figures in the history of the Philippines. Among them is the former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos. It is also the birthplace of Gregorio Aglipay, the founder of the Philippine Independent Church, better known as the Aglipayan Church, and Gen. Artemio Ricarte, the "Father of the Philippine Army".

Batac is well-known for being the home of the Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU), a high-degree granting university that has several branches throughout the province.

Contents

History

Batac is one of the oldest towns in Ilocos Norte. It was founded by the conqiustador Juan de Salcedo in 1577, shortly after he had consolidated Spanish rule in Vigan, Ilocos Sur.[citation needed]

In the early 1867, the first site of the town of Batac was San Josef, now Brgy. Palpalicong. Two separate communities existed at the time. One was a Christian community headed by a chief called Captain Bazar, and the other a non-Christian community called "Itneg", headed by Captain Tagley, at Sitio Nagalisan, now a part of Brgy. Payao.[citation needed]

As Spain pushed further into the hinterlands, the non-Christians were converted and assimilated into the growing Christian community. The united communities grew into the town of Batac.[citation needed]

In 1998, Municipality of Batac qualified to become a city. Nine years later, Republic Act 9407, the law that converted the Municipality of Batac into a component city in the Province of Ilocos Norte, to be known as Batac City, was overwhelmingly ratified by the people in a plebiscite conducted on June 23, 2007.

However, Batac lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the cityhood law (RA 9389) which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood, as mandated by Republic Act 9009, which increased the income requirements for prospective cities.

More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Batac is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[1] As such, the cityhood status of Batac is effectively restored.

Origin of the town's name

The word "Batac" in a local dialect translates as "pull". More loosely, it refers to "the people's pulling their efforts together."[citation needed]

Batac has an interesting colloquial origin of its name. According to a legend, set in pre-settlement Batac, a man fell into a deep hole while he was digging for the root crop "camangeg". He struggled to get out but could not despite his best efforts. He cried for help but nobody was around. He waited for hours and had given up hope of being saved. Fortunately, two men from the neighboring town of Paoay happened to pass by. They heard the man shouting and traced it to where he was trapped. Upon seeing him, they heard the man say "Bataquennac! Bataquennac!" The two men did not understand until the man explained that he was saying, "Pull me up! Pull me up!" They did just that. When the two men reached their hometown, they told their story to their friends. Since then, the town has been called "Batac," which is derived from the word "bataquennac." but that is only a tale, the true origin of the Batac was named by the Batak tribe who exist five hundred years a ago. Before the Spanish colonization. And the ancient tribe of Batak in Ilocos Norte is related to the Batak Tribe of Toba Lake In the province of North Sumatra Indonesia.

Geography

Batac is located in the mid southwestern portion of the province of Ilocos Norte. It lies approximately within altitude 17º17’ north and longitude 120º28’ east. Its boundaries include the Municipality of San Nicolas on the north; Municipality of Sarrat on the northeast; Municipality of Marcos on the east-northeast; Municipality of Banna on the east; Municipality of Pinili on the southeast; Municipality of Currimao on the southwest; and the Municipality of Paoay on the west. It is about 472 kilometers north of Metro Manila, about 18 km. south of Laoag City, the capital of the province; 275 km. north of San Fernando City, the regional center of Ilocos Region and 11.2 km east of the eastern shore of South China Sea.

Travel time by motor vehicle at this time is very convenient because of well paved roads and is 15 – 20 minutes to Laoag City and 8 – 9 hours to Metro Manila.

Batac has a total land area of 16, 101 hectares. The terrain of the municipality ranges from flat to rolling and hilly and to very steep. The broad valleys are mostly located in the poblacion with a slope of 0-8%. All the rural barangays except those in the eastern part have a slope of 0 -30%. There are various soil types that are poorly drained due to the heavy texture of most of the subsoil. There are two rivers that cut across the city of Batac, the Quiaoit River (Pagdanuman) and the Garasgas River.

Batac City lies within the tropical rain forest climate zone (Köppenzone Af), and experiences two distinct seasons. From the later part of May to October is the wet season, with an annual average rainfall of 114.07 inches (PAG-ASA, 2000). The dry season lasts from November to April.

Local Government Officials

Batac Government Building South Wing

Term of Office: June 30, 2007 - June 30, 2010
Mayor: Jeffrey Jubal C. Nalupta
Vice-Mayor: Ronald Allan M. Nalupta
Councilors:

  • Joel R. Garcia
  • Ramon M. Gaoat
  • Eugenia Violeta D. Nalupta
  • Bismark Angelo A. Quidang
  • MacArthur A. Aguinaldo
  • Bernardo K. Marders
  • Mary Coleen Columbia L. Cajigal
  • Florencio P. Laud

ABC President: James Paul C. Nalupta
SK President: Jed Arnel V. Raquel

Barangays

Batac is politically subdivided into 43 barangays, 14 of which constitute the poblacion.

  • Brgy.1-S, Valdez (Caoayan) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.1-N, Ricarte (Nalasin) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.2, Ablan (Labucao) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.3, Cangrunaan (Pob.)
  • Brgy.4, Nalupta (Suabit) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.5, Callaguip (Pob.)
  • Brgy.6, San Julian (Pob.)
  • Brgy.7, Caunayan (Pob.)
  • Brgy.8, Acosta (Iloilo) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.9, Aglipay (Pob.)
  • Brgy.10-S, Barani (Pob.)
  • Brgy.10-N, Lacub (Pob.)
  • Brgy.11 Ben-Agan (Pob.)
  • Brgy.12, Palpalicong (Pob.)
  • Brgy.13, Baay
  • Brgy.14, Bungon
  • Brgy.15, Baligat
  • Brgy.16-S, Quiling Sur
  • Brgy.16-N, Quiling Norte
  • Brgy.17, Tabug
  • Brgy.18, Magnuang
  • Brgy.19, Pimentel (Cubol)
  • Brgy.20-S, Mabaleng
  • Brgy.20-N, Colo
  • Brgy.21, Quiom
  • Brgy.22, Maipalig
  • Brgy.23, Bininggan
  • Brgy.24, Sumader
  • Brgy.25-S, Payao
  • Brgy.26, Parangopong
  • Brgy.27-E, Capacuan
  • Brgy.27-W, Naguirangan
  • Brgy.28, San Mateo
  • Brgy.29, San Pedro
  • Brgy.30-E, Baoa East
  • Brgy.30-W, Baoa West
  • Brgy.31, Camandingan
  • Brgy.32, Palongpong
  • Brgy.33-S, Rayuray
  • Brgy.33-N, Nagbacalan
  • Brgy.34, Dariwdiw
  • Brgy.35, Bil-loca

People from Batac

References

External links

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