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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of Westminster
Westminster
Shown within Greater London
Geography
Status London borough
City (1540)
Area
— Total
Ranked 318th
21.48 km2 (8.3 sq mi)
ONS code 00BK
Admin HQ City Hall, Victoria Street
Demographics
Population
— Total (2008 est.)
Density
Ranked 55th (of 326)
236,000
10,988 /km2 (28,459 /sq mi)
Ethnicity
White British
White Irish
Other White
White & Black Caribbean
White & Black African
White & Asian
Other Mixed
Indian
Pakistani
Bangladeshi
Other Asian
Black Caribbean
Black African
Other Black
Chinese
Other
(2005 estimates)[1]
49.0%
2.8%
19.4%
0.8%
0.7%
1.5%
1.4%
4.8%
1.4%
2.3%
2.1%
2.5%
3.4%
0.7%
3.2%
4.1%
Politics
Westminster City Council
Logo of Westminster City Council
Leadership Leader & Cabinet
Mayor Cllr Carolyn Keen
Executive Conservative
MPs Karen Buck (Lab)
Mark Field (Con)
London Assembly
— Member
West Central
Kit Malthouse (Con)
Coat of Arms
Coat of arms of Westminster City Council
Official website http://www.westminster.gov.uk/

The City of Westminster (pronounced /ˈwɛstmɪnstər/ ( listen)) is a London borough occupying much of the central area of London, England, including most of the West End. It is located to the west of and adjoining the ancient City of London, and its southern boundary is the River Thames. It is an Inner London borough and was created in 1965 when Greater London was established. At its creation Westminster was awarded city status, which had been previously held by the smaller Metropolitan Borough of Westminster. Aside from a number of large parks and open spaces, the density of the district is high. It is the location of the London home of the British monarch at Buckingham Palace and of the United Kingdom's government. The city is divided into a number of localities including the ancient political district of Westminster around the Palace of Westminster; the shopping areas around Oxford Street, Regent Street and Bond Street; and the night time entertainment district of Soho. Much of the borough is residential and in 2008 it was estimated to have a population of 236,000.

Contents

History

In 1965 the London borough was created from the former area of the metropolitan boroughs of St Marylebone, Paddington and the smaller City of Westminster. The earlier Westminster metropolitan borough was itself the result of an amalgamation in 1900.

Demography

According to the 2001 census, the borough had a population of 181,279. Westminster City Council undertook several studies, supported by both political parties on the council, that indicated that this figure was too low. The Office for National Statistics eventually added 17,500 people to Westminster's population, increasing its grant from the United Kingdom Government. The official population is now 198,779, but some estimates put it at 220,000. 71% of the population are white, 16% any Asian ethnicity, 7% Black, 6% racially-mixed, and 4% belong to other racial groups. About 35% of households are occupied by their owners.

Politics

The city is divided into 20 wards. The council is composed of 49 Conservative Party members and 11 Labour Party members.[2][3]

The council is known for its infamous "homes for votes" scandal. Shirley Porter was involved in the illegal "Building stable communities" exercise of the 1980s.

Evolution of Parliamentary representation 2010
1918 1950 1974 1979 1997
Paddington North Paddington Westminster North Regent's Park and Kensington North Westminster North
St Marylebone
Cities of London and Westminster
Paddington South Paddington
St George's Cities of London and Westminster Cities of London and Westminster
Westminster Abbey
City of London

Summary results of elections

Overall control Conservative Labour Residents
2006 Conservative 48 12 -
2002 Conservative 48 12 -
1998 Conservative 47 13 -
1994 Conservative 45 15 -
1990 Conservative 45 15 -
1986 Conservative 32 27 1
1982 Conservative 43 16 1
1978 Conservative 39 19 2
1974 Conservative 37 23 -
1971 Conservative 37 23 -
1968 Conservative 55 5 -
1964 Conservative 41 19 -

Districts

The City of Westminster covers all or part of the following areas of London:

Economy

Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, London is located in Westminster.[4][5] BP is headquartered in St. James's, Westminster.[6] Diageo has its head office in Westminster.[7] Pearson PLC and subsidiary Penguin Group are headquartered in a facility in Westminster.[8][9] Economist Group, publisher of The Economist and other materials, is headquartered in Westminster.[10] SABMiller has its head office in Westminster.[5][11] British American Tobacco has its head office in the Globe House in the City of Westminster.[12] Pret a Manger has its head office in Westminster.[13] Global Infrastructure Partners has an office in Westminster.[14] EasyGroup has its head office in Mayfair, City of Westminster.[15] Gulf Oil International has its head office in the city.[16] AstraZeneca has its head office in Westminster.[5][17][18]

In the 1960s British Midland had its headquarters at 78 Buckingham Gate in the City of Westminster.[19] During the same time period British United Airways had its head office in the Portland House.[20] At one time British Mediterranean Airways had its head office in Westminster.[21]

Landmarks

Westminster contains many of the most famous sites in London. Some of the popular tourist sites are Buckingham Palace, Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament) and Big Ben and nearby Westminster Abbey.

Parks and open spaces

These include Green Park, Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens, Regent's Park and St James's Park. In addition to parks and open spaces within the borough, the City owns and maintains East Finchley Cemetery and crematorium in the London Borough of Barnet.

Transport

Bridges

These include Chelsea Bridge, Hungerford Bridge, Grosvenor Bridge, Lambeth Bridge, Vauxhall Bridge, Waterloo Bridge and Westminster Bridge.

Main line stations

These are Charing Cross, Marylebone, Paddington and Victoria.

London Underground

The City of Westminster is served by 27 tube stations, and 10 of the 12 Underground lines (the East London line and Waterloo and City line are the exceptions).

Electric charging points

Westminster City Council now has electric vehicle charging points in 15 locations through the city (13 car parks and two on-street points). Users pay an annual fee to cover administration costs to register and use the points.[22]

Education

LSE's Old Building entrance

Westminster Children's Services operates many community primary and secondary schools. In addition, several voluntary-aided Church of England (CE), Roman Catholic (RC), and Christian non-denominational (ND) schools are in the city.[23]

Universities and colleges

Public libraries

The London Library, an independent lending library, is located at 14 St. James's Square in the City of Westminster.[5][24]

The city operates one reference library, the Westminster Reference Library.[25] City-operated public lending libraries in Westminster include the Charing Cross Library,[26] the Church Street Library,[27] the Maida Vale Library,[28] the Marylbone Library,[29] the Mayfair Library,[30] the Paddington Library,[31] the Pimlico Library,[32] the Queen's Park Library,[33] St. James's Library,[34] St. John's Wood Library,[35] and the Victoria Library.[36] In addition the city has two specialist libraries, the Westminster Music Library, the largest music library in the United Kingdom,[37] and the Westminster Chinese Library in the Charing Cross Library.[38]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Data Management and Analysis Group, Greater London Authority, Demography Update October 2007, (2007)
  2. ^ City Council Elections 2006 - Results at westminster.gov.uk
  3. ^ Previous Elections (for by-election results) at westminster.gov.uk
  4. ^ "Contact Us." Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, London. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d "Maps." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 28 August 2009.
  6. ^ "Contact BP in the United Kingdom." BP. Retrieved on 18 August 1009.
  7. ^ "Contact us." Diageo. Retrieved on 15 December 2009.
  8. ^ "Investor Contacts." Pearson PLC. Retrieved on 28 August 2009.
  9. ^ "26. What is Penguin Books Limited's company registration number?." Penguin Books. Retrieved on 28 August 2009.
  10. ^ "Locations." Economist Group. Retrieved on 12 September 2009.
  11. ^ "United Kingdom." SABMiller. Retrieved on 20 October 2009.
  12. ^ "Contact us." British American Tobacco. Retrieved on 15 December 2009.
  13. ^ "Welcome to Pret." Pret a Manger. Retrieved on 27 February 2010.
  14. ^ "Contact Us." Global Infrastructure Partners. Retrieved on February 27, 2010.
  15. ^ "About Us." EasyGroup. Retrieved on 10 March 2010.
  16. ^ "Privacy Policy." Gulf Oil International. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
  17. ^ "Legal Notice." AstraZeneca. Retrieved on 12 March 2010.
  18. ^ "United Kingdom." AstraZeneca. Retrieved on 12 March 2010.
  19. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 28 September 1967. 530.
  20. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 28 September 1967. 530.
  21. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 29 March-4 April 1995. 62.
  22. ^ City of Westminster: Additional on street charging points for electric vehicles
  23. ^ Westminster Education service accessed 17 May 2007
  24. ^ "Visit." The London Library. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  25. ^ "Westminster Reference Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  26. ^ "Charing Cross Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  27. ^ "Church Street Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  28. ^ "Maida Vale Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  29. ^ "Marylebone Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  30. ^ "Mayfair Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  31. ^ "Paddington Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  32. ^ "Pimlico Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  33. ^ "Queen's Park Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  34. ^ "St. James's Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  35. ^ "St. John's Wood Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  36. ^ "Victoria Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  37. ^ "Westminster Music Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.
  38. ^ "Westminster Chinese Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.

External links

Video clips

Coordinates: 51°30′N 00°08′W / 51.5°N 0.133°W / 51.5; -0.133


Simple English

City of Westminster
[[Image:|200px|Westminster]]
Shown within Greater London
Official website http://www.westminster.gov.uk/
Geography
Status London borough
City (1540)
Area
— Total
Ranked 346th
21.48 km²
ONS code 00BK
Admin HQ Victoria
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 44th (of 354)
244,400
11,378 / km²
Ethnicity 73.2% White
48.5% White British
3.7% Irish
21.0% all other white backgrounds
8.9% South Asian
7.4% African-Caribbean
2.2% Chinese
Politics
Leadership Leader & Cabinet
Mayor Cllr Carolyn Keen
Executive Conservative
MPs Karen Buck (Lab)
Mark Field (Con)
London Assembly
— Member
West Central
Angie Bray (Con)

The City of Westminster is a London Borough. It is to the west of the City of London. Its most important area, Westminster, contains the Houses of Parliament, Whitehall, Downing Street and Westminster Abbey.

Greater LondonLondonCity of London







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