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Civil Nuclear Constabulary
Cnc logo1.jpg
Logo of the Civil Nuclear Constabulary.
Agency overview
Formed 2005
Annual budget £44m (entire Civil Nuclear Police Authority)[1]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
United Kingdom
PoliceCNC.PNG
Map of Civil Nuclear Constabulary's jurisdiction.
Legal jurisdiction UK civil nuclear sites
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
Operational structure
Headquarters Culham
Sworn members 750[2]
Agency executive Richard Thompson, Chief Constable
Divisionss 3
Facilities
Stations 16
Website
Official website
CNC police authority

The Civil Nuclear Constabulary (CNC) is a specialist police force responsible for providing law enforcement and security at civil nuclear installations and substances throughout the United Kingdom.[3]

The CNC was established on 1 April 2005,[4] replacing the former Atomic Energy Authority Constabulary established in 1955. The CNC does not guard the United Kingdom nuclear deterrent, which is the responsibility of the British Armed Forces, and the Ministry of Defence Police.

Contents

Role

The role of the CNC is to provide law enforcement and security at civil nuclear establishments and materials, throughout the United Kingdom.[5] From 3 April 2007 the CNC is headed by Chief Constable Richard Thompson, and authorised in the Energy Act 2004[1] with its own Police Authority, it falls under the remit of the Department of Energy and Climate Change instead of the Home Office.

Unlike the majority of the British police territorial forces, CNC officers are routinely armed while carrying out duties. CNC officers also operate the armament on board the ships of the company Pacific Nuclear Transport Limited,[6] which specialise in transporting spent nuclear fuel and reprocessed uranium on behalf of the British Nuclear Fuels organisation.[7] Such ships have an onboard escort of armed police.[8][9]

The uniform of the force is similar to that of forces in Scotland. This replaced the traditional Metropolitan Police style uniforms in July 2008.

Legal jurisdiction

CNC police officers have the same powers as regular police officers, whilst within their limited jurisdiction which is set out in the Energy Act 2004.

The act sets out the legal jurisdiction of the CNC police officers as being:

  • Civil nuclear sites
  • Land around such sites up to 5km from the boundary.
  • Shipyards when safeguarding such nuclear materials
  • Any place when escorting nuclear materials in transit.
  • Any place when pursuing or detaining subjects who have unlawfully removed or interfered with materials guarded by the CNC, or have been reasonably suspected of being guilty of doing so.

Locations

The CNC operates at a total of 16 sites in the United Kingdom. Of these, 6 are classed as Operational Units, where an ordinary police presence is maintained, while 9 are Support Units, which have an overt armed police presence.

In 2007, the CNC adopted a structure similar to other police forces when it introduced three Basic Command Units, each headed by a Superintendent, based around the geographical locations it polices:

  • BCU Scotland - responsible for nuclear sites in Scotland
  • BCU North - responsible for nuclear sites in the north of England and Wales
  • BCU South - responsible for nuclear sites in the south of England
CNC Support Unit

Notes

^  The constabulary is established in Chapter 3 ('sections 51 - 71') of the Energy Act 2004. The act sets up the police authority and the position of Chief constable, defines the powers of members of the constabulary, mandates that Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary must inspect the force and amends several other acts.

See also

External links

References

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