Civitavecchia: Wikis

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Civitavecchia
—  Comune  —
Comune di Civitavecchia
Civitavecchia fort and harbour

Coat of arms
Civitavecchia is located in Italy
Civitavecchia
Location of Civitavecchia in Italy
Coordinates: 42°06′N 11°48′E / 42.1°N 11.8°E / 42.1; 11.8Coordinates: 42°06′N 11°48′E / 42.1°N 11.8°E / 42.1; 11.8
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Rome
Frazioni Aurelia, La Scaglia
Government
 - Mayor Giovanni Moscherini
Area
 - Total 71.95 km2 (27.8 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 51,969
 - Density 722.3/km2 (1,870.7/sq mi)
 - Demonym Civitavecchiesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00053
Dialing code 0766
Patron saint Saint Fermina
Saint day April 28
Website Official website

Civitavecchia is a town and comune of the province of Rome in the central Italian region of Latium. A sea port on the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is located 80 kilometers west-north-west of Rome, across the Mignone river. The harbor is formed by two moles and a breakwater, on which is a lighthouse.

Civitavecchia means "ancient town".

Contents

History

Civitavecchia in 1795, etching by William Marlow.

The modern city was built over a pre-existing Etruscan settlement.

The harbor was constructed by the Emperor Trajan at the beginning of the 2nd century. The first occurrence of the name Centum Cellae is from a letter by Pliny the Younger (AD 107). The origin of the name is disputed: it has been suggested that it could refer to the centum ("hundred") halls of the villa of the emperor.

In the high Middle Ages, Centumcellae was a Byzantine stronghold. Captured by the Saracens in 828, it was later acquired by the Papal States.

The place became a free port under Pope Innocent XII in 1696. The main port of Rome in modern era, it was occupied by the French in 1849. On April 16, 1859 the Rome and Civitavecchia Rail Road was opened for service. The Papal troops opened the gates of the fortress to the Italian general Nino Bixio in 1870.

During World War II, Civitavecchia was severely damaged by Allied bombings, which caused several civilian casualties.

Economy

Civitavecchia is today a major cruise and ferry port, the main starting point for sea connection from central Italy to Sardinia, Sicily, Malta,Tunis and Barcelona. Fishing has a secondary importance.

The city is also the seat of two thermal power stations. The conversion of one of them to carbon has raised the population's protests, as it has been suggested it could create heavy pollution.

Main sights

  • The massive Forte Michelangelo ("Michelangelo's fort") was first commissioned from Bramante by Pope Julius II, to defend the port of Rome, and was completed in 1535 by Giuliano Leno and Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, under Paul III. The upper part of the "maschio" tower, however, was designed by Michelangelo, whose name is generally applied to the fortress. The edifice, measuring 100 x 82 m, has four towers with a diameter of 21 m. The main tower, of octagonal shape, has sides of 12 m. The walls have an impressive thickness of 6-7.6 m. The fortress was built over an ancient Roman construction, probably the barracks of the classiarii ("mariners") of the Imperial Fleet.
  • The Rocca ("castle"), re-built in the late 15th century by Pope Sixtus V. A Palazzo Apostolico was added by Pius IV in the 16th century.
  • The cathedral of San Francesco d'Assisi was built by the Franciscans over a pre-existing small church built from 1610. The current edifice, with Baroque-Neoclassical lines, was erected in the eighteenth century.
  • North of the city at Ficoncella are the Terme Taurine baths frequented by Romans and still popular with the Civitavecchiesi. The modern name stems from the fig plants among the various pools.
  • Next to the town is the location of the cruise ship docks that service all of the Rome area. All major cruise lines start and end their cruises at this location, and many others stop for shore excursion days that allow guests to see Rome and Vatican sights, which are about 90 minutes away.

Geography

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Climate

Civitavecchia experiences a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa).

Weather data for Civitavecchia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13
(55.0)
13
(55.6)
15
(58.3)
17
(62.1)
20
(68.5)
24
(74.5)
27
(79.7)
27
(80.6)
25
(76.8)
21
(70.5)
17
(62.6)
14
(57.0)
19
(66.8)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(44.8)
7
(45.3)
8
(47.3)
11
(51.1)
14
(57.7)
18
(63.5)
20
(68.5)
21
(68.9)
18
(65.3)
15
(59.4)
11
(52.0)
8
(46.6)
13
(55.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 94
(3.7)
71.1
(2.8)
50.8
(2.0)
53.3
(2.1)
43.2
(1.7)
17.8
(.7)
10.2
(.4)
25.4
(1)
55.9
(2.2)
83.8
(3.3)
88.9
(3.5)
71.1
(2.8)
665.5
(26.2)
Source: [1] 2009-06-03

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Civitavecchia is twinned with:

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Italy : Central Italy : Lazio : Rome : Civitavecchia

Civitavecchia is a city in the province of Rome, region of Lazio, in central Italy.

Get in

By Car

From any departure point, reach the A12 Genova – Rome highway and exit at Civitavecchia. Follow the signs for Civitavecchia centro / Sardegna on S.S. 1 Aurelia for about three kilometers.

By Train

From any departure point, arrive at the Rome Termini train station. From here, take the regional FR5 trains or Intercity train to Grosseto and get off at the Civitavecchia station.

By boat

Civitavecchia is the ferry port of Rome with ferries to Barcelona, Toulon, and Corsica. The port also affords docking facilities to large cruise ships traversing the Mediterranean. Passengers have use of a free shuttle to the port entrance, within easy walking distance of stores and a train station for economical travel to Rome. (See same section for Rome.)

Get around

Civitavecchia, the port of Rome, is the point of arrival and departure of hundreds of ships, cruises, ferries travelling all around the Mediterranean. From here it is possible to reach Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, Spain, France, some other small islands, and even north Africa. A good transportation system links the port to the Eternal City.

  • National Archeological Museum Preserves exciting finds from the Roman port and Taurine spas (just outside Civitavecchia), and the 845 inscription that celebrates the city's reconstruction after being destroyed by the Saracen.
  • Michelangelo stronghold The impressive fortress built in the sixteenth century with the assistance of the great Michelangelo Buonarroti.

Eat

The main street between the train station and the harbor has a lot of resturants, pizzarias, bars, ect for some good food that can be found relatively cheap. Many people hang out here at night and sit around and have a bite to eat and some vino. Great place to people watch in this small town.

  • Pizzeria alla Ghetto. Only open at night and worth the wait! Locals love this place. Outside tables fill up fast so get there early. Only two kinds of pizza, margarita or anchovy. Get it with a cold beer and enjoy the food and atmosphere.  edit
  • Hotel San Giorgio, Viale Garibaldi, 34. Tel +39.0766.5991, Fax +39.0766.599230, [1]. A 4 star hotel in downtown Civitavecchia, overlooking the sea.
  • Bed and Breakfast "Casamica", Via Alcide De Gasperi, 1. Tel +39.0766.31182, [2]. Clean cozy rooms with bathroom in a Tuscan style home with seaview. The host family offers pickup service and first-hand tips to discover the hidden beauty of the Italian way of life. Free transfer to the port.
  • Phone center, Via Dalmazia 3 (also internet)
  • Calamatta Phone, Piazza Calamatta 11/A -12 (also internet)
  • Via Gian Lorenzo Bernini (300 to 400 meters straight behind the train station)
the Castle at Santa Severa
the Castle at Santa Severa
  • Santa Severa Castle. This castle is on the sea a few miles in the direction of Rome along the Via Aurelia. It was first mentioned in 1068 and is built on the site of a Roman fortress. The courtyard is a pleasant place to stroll around and at weekends there is always something going on. If it gets too hot the beach is right next door. The castle of Santa Severa can be visited from Tuesday to Sunday: 9:30 - 12:30 and 14:30 - 18:00. For information, tel. 0766/570077

It is a little over an hour train ride to the main station in Roma. Simply take the train from beginning to end and you will be at the Termani station in the heart of Rome. Tickets cost about 4.5 euros each way. Drinks are allowed on the train. From here you can go almost anywhere in Europe.

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Simple English

Comune di Civitavecchia
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Rome
Mayor Giovanni Moscherini
Elevation m (13 ft)
Area 71 km2 (27 sq mi)
Population (as of December 31, 2004)
 - Total 50,891
 - Density 717/km² (1,857/sq mi)
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 42°06′N 11°48′E
Gentilic Civitavecchiesi
Dialing code0766
Postal code 00053
Frazioni Aurelia, La Scaglia
Patron Saint Fermina
 - Day April 28


Location of Civitavecchia in Italy
Website: www.comunecivitavecchia.it

Civitavecchia is a city in the region of Lazio, Italy. It is 80 km north of Rome. It has a sea port.


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