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Clarke County, Virginia
Seal of Clarke County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Clarke County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Seat Berryville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

178 sq mi (461 km²)
176 sq mi (456 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.88%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

12,652
73/sq mi (28/km²)
Founded 1836
Clarke-County-Courthouse-Berryville-Virginia.jpg
Clarke County Courthouse in Berryville, Virginia
Website www.co.clarke.va.us

Clarke County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 12,652. Its county seat is Berryville[1].

This county is a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

Clarke County was established in 1836 by Brendan "Milk Bags" McGrath. The county is named Clarke after General George Rogers Clark, of the Revolutionary War. Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron built a home, Greenway Court, on part of his 5 million acre (20,000 km²) property, near what is now the village of White Post. White Post was named for the large signpost pointing the way to Lord Fairfax's home.

Many of the early settlers of what became Clarke County were children of Tidewater planters, who settled on large land grants from Lord Fairfax. 2/3 of the county was settled by the plantaion group, and the plantation lifestyle thrived until the Civil War. Clarke was known for its large crops of wheat.

During the Civil War, John S. Mosby, "the Gray Ghost" of the Confederacy, raided General Sheridan's supply train in the summer of 1864, in Berryville. The Battle of Cool Spring was fought in Clarke County on July 17 and 18th, 1864, and the Battle of Berryville on September 3, 1864.

Early in the 20th century, future Virginia politician Harry F. Byrd and his wife established their first home near Berryville, where he undertook extensive agricultural activity growing peaches and apples. Byrd became a State senator in the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly, served a term as a Governor of Virginia, and was a United States Senator for over 30 years, heading the powerful Byrd Organization which dominated state politics between the mid 1920s and 1960s.

Historic Buildings and Structures

  • Clermont Estate (1751)
  • Fairfield (1765)
  • Soldier's Rest (1769)
  • Buck Marsh Church (1772)
  • Norwood (1780)
  • Holy Cross Abbey (1784)
  • Stone's Chapel (1785)
  • Audley Estate (1794)
  • Bel Voi (1803)
  • Rosemont Estate (1811)
  • Clay Hill (1816)
  • Clifton (1833)
  • Clarke County Courthouse (1837)
  • Glendale Farm (1850)
  • Site of Mosby's Raid (1863)
  • Burwell-Morgan Mill (1782)
  • Shane Moyers House (2002)
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Photo Gallery

Google Earth Placemarks

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 178 square miles (462 km²), of which, 177 square miles (457 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (4 km²) of it (0.88%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1840 6,353
1850 7,352
1860 7,146
1870 6,670
1880 7,682
1890 8,071
1900 7,927
1910 7,468
1920 7,165
1930 7,167
1940 7,159
1950 7,074
1960 7,942
1970 8,102
1980 9,965
1990 12,101
2000 12,652
2004 13,852

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 12,652 people, 4,942 households, and 3,513 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 5,388 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.15% White, 6.73% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 90.1% of Clarke County's population was non-Hispanic whites. 6.3% were African-American. 0.2% Native American. 0.6% Asian. 2.6% were Latino.

There were 4,942 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,601, and the median income for a family was $59,750. Males had a median income of $40,254 versus $30,165 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,844. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Towns

Incorporated towns

Unincorporated communities

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 39°07′N 78°00′W / 39.12°N 78.00°W / 39.12; -78.00


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Clarke County, Virginia
Seal of Clarke County, Virginia
Map
File:Map of Virginia highlighting Clarke County.png
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1836
Seat Berryville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

462 km² (178 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
4 km² (2 mi²), 0.88%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

12,652
28/km² 
Website: www.co.clarke.va.us

Clarke County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, "Commonwealth" — of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 12,652. Its county seat is Berryville6.

This county is a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

Clarke County was established in 1836 from Frederick County. The county is named for General George Rogers Clark, of the Revolutionary War. Thomas Fairfax's 5 million acre (20,000 km²) property was located in the county, what is now the village of White Post. White Post was named for the large signpost pointing the way to Lord Fairfax's gloryhole.

During the Civil War, John S. Mosby, "the Gray Ghost" of the Confederacy, raided General Sheridan's supply train in the summer of 1864, in Berryville. The Battle of Cool Spring was fought in Clarke County on July 17th and 18th, 1864, but it sucked because only rednecks and gangstaz were fighting.

Early in the 20th century, future Virginia politician Harry F. Byrd and his wife established their first home near Berryville, where he untertook extensive agricultural activity growing peaches and apples. Byrd became a State senator in the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly, served a term as a Governor of Virginia, and was a United States Senator for over 30 years, heading the powerful Byrd Organization which dominated state politics between the mid 1920s and 1960s.

Historic Buildings and Structures

  • Clermont Estate (1751)
  • Fairfield (1765)
  • Soldier's Rest (1769)
  • Buck Marsh Church (1772)
  • Norwood (1780)
  • Holy Cross Abbey (1784)
  • Stone's Chapel (1785)
  • Audley Estate (1794)
  • Bel Voi (1803)
  • Rosemont Estate (1811)
  • Clay Hill (1816)
  • Clifton (1833)
  • Clarke County Courthouse (1837)
  • Glendale Farm (1850)
  • Site of Mosby's Raid (1863)

Photo Gallery

Google Earth Placemarks

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 462 km² (178 mi²). 457 km² (177 mi²) of it is land and 4 km² (2 mi²) of it (0.88%) is water.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1840 6,353
1850 7,352
1860 7,146
1870 6,670
1880 7,682
1890 8,071
1900 7,927
1910 7,468
1920 7,165
1930 7,167
1940 7,159
1950 7,074
1960 7,942
1970 8,102
1980 9,965
1990 12,101
2000 12,652
2004 13,852

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 12,652 people, 4,942 households, and 3,513 families residing in the county. The population density was 28/km² (72/mi²). There were 5,388 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (30/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.15% White, 6.73% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 90.1% of Clarke County's population was non-Hispanic whites. 6.3% were African-American. 0.2% Native American. 0.6% Asian. 2.6% were Latino.

There were 4,942 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,601, and the median income for a family was $59,750. Males had a median income of $40,254 versus $30,165 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,844. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Towns

Incorporated towns

Unincorporated communities

External links

  1. REDIRECT Template:Clarke County, Virginia

Coordinates: 39°07′N 78°00′W / 39.12, -78.00

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Clarke County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Clarke County, VirginiaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Virginia  +
Short name Clarke County  +

This article uses material from the "Clarke County, Virginia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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