The Full Wiki

Classical music: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Classical music

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Periods of European art music
Early
Medieval   (500–1400)
Renaissance (1400–1600)
Baroque (1600–1760)
Common practice
Baroque (1600–1760)
Classical (1730–1820)
Romantic (1815–1910)
Modern and contemporary
20th-century (1900–2000)
Contemporary (1975–present)
21st-century (2000–present)
.Classical music is the art music produced in, or rooted in, the traditions of Western liturgical and secular music, encompassing a broad period from roughly the 9th century to present times.^ This refers to classical music of the classical period.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ Women Making Music: the Western Art Tradition, 1150-1950 .

^ Classical” is one period in the history of Western music.
  • Taming iTunes for Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC oakroadsystems.com [Source type: General]

[1] .The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common practice period.^ Music notation only became common in Europe in the middle ages, when the Catholic church used it to standardize music practices across a large area.
  • Classical Music and the Music of the Classical Era 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

^ Hampartzum Limonciyan introduced a very practical notation system into Turkish music which became the most widely-used notation of the tradition.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

^ Common Practice Period .
  • 20th Century Classical Music@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.European music is largely distinguished from many other non-European and popular musical forms by its system of staff notation, in use since about the 16th century.^ What about non-classical music?

^ Classical Music encompasses many forms of music from as early as the 9th Century.
  • Classical Concert Tickets - Buy Classical Concert Tickets 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.showtimetickets.com [Source type: General]

^ What distinguishes classical music from popular music?
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

[2] .Western staff notation is used by composers to prescribe to the performer the pitch, speed, meter, individual rhythms and exact execution of a piece of music.^ Fughetta will allow you to search among 70,000 pieces of music by composer, nationality, year of composition, tone, opus number, genre, or using any possible combination of instruments, voices or ensembles.
  • Links to Other Sites - General Sites about Classical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.bach-cantatas.com [Source type: General]

^ The musical institutions today primarily train students to be one of the three: either performers or theoreticians or composers.

^ I saw this performed live last weekend, along with two related pieces he composer wrote later, and so I quote from the program notes for that performance: .

.This leaves less room for practices, such as improvisation and ad libitum ornamentation, that are frequently heard in non-European art music (compare Indian classical music and Japanese traditional music) and popular music.^ Unlike most Western classical music , most Indian classical music is improvisational.
  • Listening to Indian Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

^ Furthermore, the tradition of Indian classical music is an oral one.
  • Indian classical music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cosmopolis.ch [Source type: General]

^ What about non-classical music?

[3][4][5]
.The term "classical music" did not appear until the early 19th century, in an attempt to "canonize" the period from Johann Sebastian Bach to Beethoven as a golden age.^ This refers to classical music of the classical period.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ Practically, the term is restricted to 18th and early 19th centure music, roughly from Bach through Beethoven.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Forum Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Classical Music Discussion Forum .
  • The New Classical Music Forums - powered by vBulletin 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC classicalmusicforums.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] The earliest reference to "classical music" recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary is from about 1836.[1][7]

Contents

Characteristics

.Given the extremely broad variety of forms, styles, genres, and historical periods generally perceived as being described by the term "classical music," it is difficult to list characteristics that can be attributed to all works of that type.^ Classical” genres (see musical periods below ) .
  • Taming iTunes for Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC oakroadsystems.com [Source type: General]

^ This refers to classical music of the classical period.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ Classical music has served Chicagoans in a broad variety of ways.

.Vague descriptions are plentiful, such as describing classical music as anything that "lasts a long time," a statement made rather moot when one considers contemporary composers who are described as classical; or music that has certain instruments like violins, which are also found in other genres.^ Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music .
  • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

^ And definitely, the classical music made them just brilliant, especially with the timing.
  • 10 Best Uses Of Classical Music In Classic Cartoons - Listverse 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC listverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hammer-ons and pull-offs are used in classical music the same as in other genres.
  • Classical Guitar Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.However, there are characteristics that classical music contains that few or no other genres of music contain.^ However Classical Music is not as easy to understand.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ There was no other alternative but to improvise.
  • Philip Tagg | Open Letter about 'Black Music', 'Afro-American Music' and 'European Music' (1987) 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC tagg.org [Source type: General]

^ But there is no confusing it with stuffy classical music from Europe.
  • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

Instrumentation

.The instruments used in most classical music were largely invented before the mid-19th century (often much earlier), and codified in the 18th and 19th centuries.^ Before the 19th century, hardly anyone performed music of the past.
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

^ This is the most famous Classical Music piece ever.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ Croatian Classical Music, 11th-19th centuries .

.They consist of the instruments found in an orchestra, together with a few other solo instruments (such as the piano, harpsichord, and organ).^ They wanted me to do piano solo.
  • Randy Weston: Afropop Artist -- 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.afropop.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such was also the case with other instruments than the piano such as the harp.
  • The Classical Romantic music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Many compositions based on French dance suites and concertos , where one or more solo instruments are backed by an orchestra.
  • How to Talk About Classical Music | Primer 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.primermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Electric instruments such as the electric guitar appear occasionally in the classical music of the 20th and 21st centuries.^ Croatian Classical Music, 20th-21st centuries .

^ Where are our characteristic 20th century instruments, saxophones and electric guitars and synthesizers?
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

^ Where will composer music go in the 21st century ?
  • 20th Century Classical Music@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Both classical and popular musicians have experimented in recent decades with electronic instruments such as the synthesizer, electric and digital techniques such as the use of sampled or computer-generated sounds, and the sounds of instruments from other cultures such as the gamelan.^ Classical musicians have been sounding (no pun intended) the alarm for decades.
  • Classical music belongs to the people | Tom Service | Music | guardian.co.uk 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ By the 1980s, electronic computers were made available for home use, as were digital synthesizers.
  • A History of European Music, Part 5 | The Brussels Journal 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]
  • Fjordman: A History of European Music, part 5 | EuropeNews 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC europenews.dk [Source type: General]

^ Improvisation in classical music performance was more common during the Baroque period than in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and recently the performance of such music by modern classical musicians has been enriched by a revival of the old improvisational practices.
  • http://www.billevans.nl/Classical.htm 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.billevans.nl [Source type: General]

None of the bass instruments existed until the Renaissance. .In Medieval music, instruments are divided in two categories: loud instruments for use outdoors or in church, and quieter instruments for indoor use.^ Medieval Music category.

^ The legend has it that the Catholic Church was considering banning all music that was polyphonic, or exhibiting two or more independent melody lines running simultaneously.
  • Top 10 Pieces of Classical Music Every Man Should Know | Primer 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.primermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Music notation only became common in Europe in the middle ages, when the Catholic church used it to standardize music practices across a large area.
  • Classical Music and the Music of the Classical Era 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

.Many instruments which are associated today with popular music used to have important roles in early classical music, such as bagpipes, vihuelas, hurdy-gurdies and some woodwind instruments.^ Many instruments, many musical styles.
  • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

^ What distinguishes classical music from popular music?
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ The term "classical" has many connotations and is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, but there are a number of ways that classical music is identified.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

.On the other hand, instruments such as the acoustic guitar, which used to be associated mainly with popular music, have gained prominence in classical music through the 19th and 20th centuries.^ An introduction to the music and technique of the acoustical guitar.
  • CCSF Catalog Music Courses 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.ccsf.edu [Source type: General]

^ Croatian Classical Music, 20th-21st centuries .

^ Techniques used in playing classical music on the guitar .
  • Classical Guitar Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.While equal temperament became gradually accepted as the dominant musical temperament during the 19th century, different historical temperaments are often used for music from earlier periods.^ It was only during the 19th century that he became popular in the current sense.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ Improvisation in classical music performance was more common during the Baroque period than in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and recently the performance of such music by modern classical musicians has been enriched by a revival of the old improvisational practices.
  • http://www.billevans.nl/Classical.htm 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.billevans.nl [Source type: General]

^ A Boston-born graduate of both Harvard and Cambridge, Dwight was first ordained a Unitarian minister, and later became one of 19th-century America’s most significant music critics and promoters of music education.
  • Classical Music | Circle of Scholars 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.professorcarol.com [Source type: General]

.For instance, music of the English Renaissance is often performed in mean tone temperament.^ English lecture on Chinese classical music, featuring a short introduction to the history of Chinese music, a classical ensemble performance, a Q&A session and a demonstration on how to play traditional Chinese instruments.
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

^ Josquin Desprez, often called the Prince of Music, is a leading composer of the Renaissance.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipea/A0151192.html 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ In the case of Indian classical music, this means very long, improvised performances on a single raga .
  • Listening to Indian Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

.Keyboards almost all share a common layout (often called the piano keyboard).^ Eighteenth-century pianos are often called fortepianos to distinguish them from the larger, louder forms of pianos developed during the nineteenth century.
  • A History of European Music, Part 3 | The Brussels Journal 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

Form

.Whereas the majority of popular styles lend themselves to the song form, classical music can also take on the form of the concerto, symphony, sonata, opera, dance music, suite, étude, symphonic poem, and others.^ Pwning classical music 1337 style.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ I’m taking a class where we have to listen to classical music.
  • Classical Music | Circle of Scholars 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.professorcarol.com [Source type: General]

^ It is broadcasting all styles of classical music.
  • Classical Online Music Radio Stations from Europe - Free classical streaming live radio 20 September 2009 10:50 UTC www.classical.dj [Source type: General]

.Classical composers often aspire to imbue their music with a very complex relationship between its affective (emotional) content and the intellectual means by which it is achieved.^ Very hard for classical music institutions to do.

^ That actually is a question that belies the very relationship between a poem and its music.

^ To create music means working with a raw material that is much more elusive yet also much more direct in the way it reaches the audiences’ emotions.

.Many of the most esteemed works of classical music make use of musical development, the process by which a musical idea or motif is repeated in different contexts or in altered form.^ This is the most famous Classical Music piece ever.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ Do you know what’s the difference in classical music?
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ Wrote music of many different genres.
  • Classical composer biographies 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.cl.cam.ac.uk [Source type: General]

.The sonata form and fugue employ rigorous forms of musical development.^ In a performer, contemporary classical music develops a completely different feel of structure, how to shape and form the piece and a different concept of sound.

^ Franco of Cologne and Pierre de la Croix develop the musical form of the motet.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Both genres have developed their own styles and composition forms although they have common musical characteristics as well.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

Technical execution

.Along with a desire for composers to attain high technical achievement in writing their music, performers of classical music are faced with similar goals of technical mastery, as demonstrated by the proportionately high amount of schooling and private study most successful classical musicians have had when compared to "popular" genre musicians, and the large number of secondary schools, including conservatories, dedicated to the study of classical music.^ This is the most famous Classical Music piece ever.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ FAQ rec.music.classical.performing FAQ .
  • rec.music.classical.performing newsgroup FAQ 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cello.org [Source type: General]

^ Filomusica - A technical classical music magazine for musicians, where philosophy and music converge.
  • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

.The only other genre in the Western world with comparable secondary education opportunities is jazz.^ In the journey through the wonderful world of fine music, western classical music, contemporary music, Chinese music, jazz and world music are presented within its scope of broadcast.
  • Classical Live Online Radio Onepage. Free Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classicalwebcast.com [Source type: General]

^ WMHT Educational Telecommunications, located in New York State's Capital Region, is the only full-service public broadcaster serving eastern New York and Western New England.
  • Classical Live Online Radio Onepage. Free Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classicalwebcast.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Online Radio in the USA. Free CLassical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.classicalwebcast.com [Source type: General]

^ Even from then on Istanbul has been the center for new musical genres to be introduced to Turkey: jazz music and Western pop music.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

Complexity

.Performance of classical music repertoire often demands a significant level of technical mastery on the part of the musician; proficiency in sight-reading and ensemble playing, thorough understanding of tonal and harmonic principles, knowledge of performance practice, and a familiarity with the style/musical idiom inherent to a given period, composer or musical work are among the most essential of skills for the classically trained musician.^ An essential work of reference for the classical guitarist.
  • Classical Guitar Sheet Music, Tab Books, Videos and DVDs at Chord Melody Guitar Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.chordmelody.com [Source type: General]

^ This refers to classical music of the classical period.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ Pwning classical music 1337 style.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

.Works of classical repertoire often exhibit artistic complexity through the use of thematic development, phrasing, harmonization, modulation (change of key), texture, and, of course, musical form itself.^ Extensive repertoire of classical and modern works.

^ Large repertoire of classical and modern works.

^ CLASSICAL music is an English term that we use to describe a particular form of music.
  • Harivallabh Sangeet Samelan - Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.harballabh.org [Source type: General]

.Larger-scale compositional forms (such as that of the symphony, concerto, opera or oratorio, for example) usually represent a hierarchy of smaller units consisting of phrases, periods, sections, and movements.^ Detailed study of selected larger musical forms such as the opera, symphony, concerto, and chamber works.
  • CCSF Catalog Music Courses 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.ccsf.edu [Source type: General]

^ The mixed choir consists of around 150 members who work in smaller groups and periodically assemble together to form a large choral body for orchestral concerts.

^ Musical score consisting of excerpts from operas such as Barber of Seville by Rossini, Don Giovanni by Mozart, and Tosca by Puccini.

.Musical analysis of a composition aims at achieving greater understanding of it, leading to more meaningful hearing and a greater appreciation of the composer's style.^ I have had training as a concert pianist that greatly aided me in composing this work, however I have previously always conceived my new musical compositions in a more symphonic venue, so this was also an exercise in new ways of thinking about the art of composition in broader terms.
  • James V. Signorile, Composer. MP3 Renderings of New Classical Music Compositions 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC jamessignorile.com [Source type: General]

^ Between 1943 and 1947, he conducted seminars on musical analysis and composition to a small, private group that included Pierre Boulez and Karlheinz Stockhausen .
  • Olivier Messiaen - Download Olivier Messiaen Music on iTunes 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ax.itunes.apple.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coleman wins music Pulitzer •Fischer to lead NSO •BBC music mag awards •Divas more prone to G/I ills?
  • This Week in Classical Music - KBAQ 89.5 FM - Your Classical Companion 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kbaq.org [Source type: General]

Society

.Often perceived as opulent or signifying some aspect of upper-level society, classical music has generally never been as popular with working-class society.^ What are the best reference works on music in general?
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ I’m taking a class where we have to listen to classical music.
  • Classical Music | Circle of Scholars 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.professorcarol.com [Source type: General]

^ REPRISE Classical music may never be the most popular music.
  • Regional Review: A Requiem for Classical Music? 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.bos.frb.org [Source type: General]

.However, the traditional perception that only upper-class society has access to and appreciation for classical music, or even that classical music represents the upper-class society, may not be true, given that many working classical musicians fall somewhere in the middle-class income range in the United States,[8] and that classical concertgoers and CD buyers are not necessarily upper class.^ This will be an evening of the highest-class music-making.
  • Classical Music in Oxford | What to See and Do | Oxford City Guide 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.oxfordcityguide.com [Source type: General]

^ United States: Musical Heritage Society, 1989.

^ However Classical Music is not as easy to understand.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

.Even in the Classical era, Mozart's opere buffe such as Così fan tutte were popular with ordinary people.^ Miller has been one of the most successful and sought-after, if hotly debated, directors of opera since the early 1970s, when he accepted an invitation from the conductor Roger Norrington to direct Mozart’s “Così Fan Tutte.” .

^ About the Book Western classical music has become as Chinese as Peking Opera, and it has woven its way into the hearts and lives of ordinary Chinese people.
  • Algora Publishing - Rhapsody in Red: How Western Classical Music Became Chinese 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.algora.com [Source type: General]

^ People are always thinking about learning to play classical piano music, or just popular piano music.

.Classical music regularly features in pop culture, forming background music for movies, television programs and advertisements.^ Also featuring classical music and hymns.

^ Muse · Pop and rock · Classical music · Indie Television & radio .
  • The indie kid's guide to classical music | Music | The Guardian 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ A festival featuring classical and contemporary music.

.As a result most people in the Western World regularly and often unknowingly listen to classical music; thus, it can be argued that the relatively low levels of recorded music sales may not be a good indicator of its actual popularity.^ Unlike most Western classical music , most Indian classical music is improvisational.
  • Listening to Indian Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

^ Results for users interested in "classical music" .

^ I'm new to classical music and don't have any classical recordings.
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

.In more recent times the association of certain classical pieces with major events has led to brief upsurges in interest in particular classical genres.^ Music features legendary and emerging artists in every genre: classic rock to classical,indie to international, soundtracks to spiritual, jazz to country and many more.
  • The 100 Best of Classical Music mp3s, The 100 Best of Classical Music music downloads, The 100 Best of Classical Music songs from eMusic.com 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.emusic.com [Source type: General]

^ WNYC, the major New York public radio station, is taking over WQXR, the classical music station of The New York Times.

^ In the short term, strengthening the signal must be a major priority, so that more of the city’s classical music fans can tune in and judge for themselves.
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.A good example of this was the choice of Nessun dorma from Giacomo Puccini's opera Turandot as the theme tune for the 1990 Soccer World Cup, which led to a noticeable increase in popular interest in opera and in particular in tenor arias, which led to the huge sellout concerts by The Three Tenors.^ José Carreras, Placido Domingo, and Luciano Pavarotti, the three tenors of world renown, first sang together as a trio for the 1990 World Cup in Rome.
  • Regional Review: A Requiem for Classical Music? 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.bos.frb.org [Source type: General]

^ Squidoo is the world's most popular site for creating single pages on your interests, hobbies, job, favorite books, and any of a billion other things.
  • Classical Guitar Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Dumbing down opera singing : Three Tenors should have quit after their first collaboration ...
  • Welcome to Classical Voice - THE destination for serious music lovers! 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classicalvoice.org [Source type: General]

.Such events are often cited as helping to drive increases in the audiences at many classical concerts that have been observed in recent times.^ Satellite radio excels at music programming and has sufficient channels to create separate programming streams for niche classical audiences such as all-Baroque, all-opera, etc.

^ Many times their audience was small, composed mostly of the upper class and individuals who were knowledgeable about music (Schmidt-Jones 3).
  • The Classical Romantic music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Meredith: “I have learned so much about music in just the past 4 years from QXR and its wonderful hosts.” That is precisely what many cite as the value of classical music on the radio.

History

.The major time divisions of classical music are the early music period, which includes Medieval (476 – 1400) and Renaissance (1400–1600), the Common practice period, which includes the Baroque (1600–1750), Classical (1730–1820) and Romantic (1815–1910) periods, and the modern and contemporary period, which includes 20th century classical (1900–2000) and contemporary classical (1975 – current).^ The Classical period falls between the Baroque and the Romantic periods.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This refers to classical music of the classical period.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ But Järvi doesn’t seem to be that interested in Baroque and Classical-period music.
  • Classical Music » 2008 » May » WKSU 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.wksu.org [Source type: General]

.The dates are generalizations, since the periods overlapped and the categories are somewhat arbitrary.^ The precise dates of the beginning and end of each period are a source of major academic debate, and many argue (and perhaps correctly) that there is no precise date but rather a long overlap.
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

.For example, the use of counterpoint and fugue, which is considered characteristic of the Baroque era, was continued by Haydn, who is classified as typical of the Classical period.^ Instead, we want to name as many characteristics of classical music as we can, in an attempt to describe as fully as possible what it is in the present era, and how it functions.
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

^ The Classical period falls between the Baroque and the Romantic periods.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The present study controlled for that difference by specifically defining classical and popular music with operant musical examples which the subjects were (for the purposes of this study) to consider typical of that musical style.
  • Effects of Popular and Classical Background Music on the Math Test Scores ofUndergraduate Students 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC music.arts.usf.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Beethoven, who is often described as a founder of the Romantic period, and Brahms, who is classified as Romantic, also used counterpoint and fugue, but other characteristics of their music define their period.^ The main characteristics of Romantic music .
  • The Classical Romantic music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Ludwig van Beethoven is generally considered to be the most prominent founder of the Romantic style; his early works are considered to be clearly Classical, while his later compositions (the Third Symphony is sometimes used as a dividing line) are considered to be the inspiration for later Romantic composers.
  • Classical Music and the Music of the Classical Era 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

^ Using the history of his father's homeland and soaking in the spirit of his mother's French roots, Onra has established himself as a harmonious maestro who can adapt to any type of music.

.The prefix neo is used to describe a 20th century or contemporary composition written in the style of an earlier period, such as Classical or Romantic.^ Ludwig van Beethoven is generally considered to be the most prominent founder of the Romantic style; his early works are considered to be clearly Classical, while his later compositions (the Third Symphony is sometimes used as a dividing line) are considered to be the inspiration for later Romantic composers.
  • Classical Music and the Music of the Classical Era 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

^ It should be kept in mind that this article presents an overview of 20th century classical music and many of the composers listed under the following trends and movements may not identify exclusively as such and may be considered as participating in different movements.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Most of what is commonly called classical music is indeed old, dating back to the sixth century when church chants were first written down and codified.
  • Regional Review: A Requiem for Classical Music? 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.bos.frb.org [Source type: General]

.Stravinsky's Pulcinella, for example, is a neoclassical composition because it is stylistically similar to works of the Classical period.^ Austrian ; Vienna-based Style/Period:   Viennese Light Classical Best Known For:   orchestral waltzes , marches , quadrilles , polkas & galops Notable Work:   .
  • Classical Music Navigator: Composers 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC web2.wku.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In art, architecture, and literature, ancient Rome and Greece are considered to be the Classical period, and the late eighteenth century is often referred to as the neoclassical.
  • Classical Music and the Music of the Classical Era 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

^ For example, musical plays are more popular than classical music at each income level, with similar relative participation rates.
  • Regional Review: A Requiem for Classical Music? 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.bos.frb.org [Source type: General]

Roots

.The roots of Western classical music lie in early Christian liturgical music, and its influences date back to the Ancient Greeks.^ CSU/UC MUS 22A. Medieval and Renaissance music: early Christian chant to 1600 MUS 22B. Baroque and Classical music: the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries MUS 22C. Nineteenth Century Romanticism: Beethoven to Mahler For music of the twentieth century, see MUS 28 .
  • CCSF Catalog Music Courses 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.ccsf.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Phrygian mode is equivalent to the Dorian mode in ancient Greek musicology (due to a misinterpretation of the Latin texts of Boethius, medieval modes were given the wrong Greek names by the early Christian church in the 8 th century).

^ Most of what is commonly called classical music is indeed old, dating back to the sixth century when church chants were first written down and codified.
  • Regional Review: A Requiem for Classical Music? 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.bos.frb.org [Source type: General]

Development of individual tones and scales was done by ancient Greeks such as Aristoxenus and Pythagoras.[9] .Pythagoras created a tuning system and helped to codify musical notation.^ You had to read the liner notes to realize he had a whole other career working with his brother Ira to create show tunes and popular music.
  • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

^ For more technical information on tuning, please see Tuning Systems and Indian Classical Music: Tuning and Ragas .
  • Listening to Indian Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC cnx.org [Source type: General]

^ It provides four folk tunes accompanied with musical notation.

.Ancient Greek instruments such as the aulos (a reed instrument) and the lyre (a stringed instrument similar to a small harp) eventually led to the modern-day instruments of a classical orchestra.^ Typical greek instruments aulos, cithara, lyre.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

^ Modern North Indian classical music no doubt stems from ancient Indian music.
  • Harivallabh Sangeet Samelan - Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.harballabh.org [Source type: General]

^ CONCERTO A composition for one or more solo instruments and orchestra, usually in three movements, established in its modern .
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .The antecedent to the early period was the era of ancient music from before the fall of the Roman Empire (476 AD).^ San Antonio Vocal Arts Ensemble Texas-based early music ensemble performs selections from their new CD "Ancient Echoes"...
  • Welcome to Classical Voice - THE destination for serious music lovers! 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classicalvoice.org [Source type: General]

^ Yes yes, I'm aware that "classical" is a sub-style of orchestral music, and defines a musical period that came after the Baroque period but before the Romantic period.
  • [Classical Music Pack] Recommend unto me your favorite modern and/or minor composers! - RPGnet Forums 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC forum.rpg.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems that the Roman Rite in the Middle Age Croatia was preceded by a separate rite which emerged in Dalmatia in Early Christian period, simulataneously with other Eastern and Western Rites.

.Very little music survives from this time, most of it from Ancient Greece.^ Considered the world's most important composer for moving music from "Classical" to "Romantic" composition, Beethoven was deaf by the time he finished his famous 5th Symphony.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ This event had a very profound effect on music: there were major improvements in the mechanical valves, and keys that most woodwinds and brass instruments depend on (Schmidt-Jones 3).
  • The Classical Romantic music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ It is the most universal, democratic, and time-independent musical language of all.
  • Alexander Feht: Russian classical music, poetry, etc.: My Take on Current Situation in Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.feht.com [Source type: General]

Early Period

.The Medieval period includes music from after the fall of Rome to about 1400. Monophonic chant, also called plainsong or Gregorian Chant, was the dominant form until about 1100.[11] Polyphonic (multi-voiced) music developed from monophonic chant throughout the late Middle Ages and into the Renaissance, including the more complex voicings of motets.^ Polyphonic singing replaces Gregorian chant.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

^ An international, early-music magazine specialising in the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque perios, that is, all music composed up until 1750: over 1000 years of music!
  • Links to Other Sites - General Sites about Classical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.bach-cantatas.com [Source type: General]

^ These new forms required a simpler texture than the older polyphonic music, and a new kind of sound emerges which we call "homophonic."
  • Music of the Classical Period 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.wsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Renaissance period was from 1400 to 1600. It was characterized by greater use of instrumentation, multiple interweaving melodic lines, and the use of the first bass instruments.^ The cello evolved from an early "bass violin" to the instrument in use since the seventeenth century.
  • SOS, Missouri - Wolfner Library (Classical Music Memoirs) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.sos.mo.gov [Source type: General]

^ The greater harmonic elusiveness and fluidity, the longer melodies, poesis as the basis of expression, and the use of literary inspirations were all present prior to this period.
  • The Classical Romantic music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The percussion instruments include the marimbula - an instrument from the Caribbean area used in son and rhumba groups - as well as steel drum, vibes and bass marimba.

.Social dancing became more widespread, so musical forms appropriate to accompanying dance began to standardize.^ His music changed and became more challenging.
  • A History of European Music, Part 3 | The Brussels Journal 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ Martins' playing flows much more lyrically the music has so much more of the chamber quality so appropriate to it here.

^ Music as a form of communication and as a social and cultural force in the Americas.
  • CCSF Catalog Music Courses 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.ccsf.edu [Source type: General]

.It is in this time that the notation of music on a staff and other elements of musical notation began to take shape.^ Time values given to musical notation.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

^ WNYC, the major New York public radio station, is taking over WQXR, the classical music station of The New York Times.

^ Even bands such as Nightwish, Cradle of Filth, Lacuna Coil and Within Temptation have wonderful elements of classical music that take their sounds to new heights.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

[12] .This invention made possible the separation of the composition of a piece of music from its transmission; without written music, transmission was oral, and subject to change every time it was transmitted.^ Kuffner – or Zemi17, to give him his robotic pseudonym – has created music that makes the most of the noisy potential of his cyber-gamelan (and which he can control and change in the real time of performance); he's also written a whimsical creation myth for his instrument.
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

^ While the vast majority of the cartoons of the 1930s-1950s made excellent use of popular music and original compositions, they...
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

^ Considered the world's most important composer for moving music from "Classical" to "Romantic" composition, Beethoven was deaf by the time he finished his famous 5th Symphony.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

.With a musical score, a work of music could be performed without the composer's presence.^ The musical institutions today primarily train students to be one of the three: either performers or theoreticians or composers.

^ Pondering great classical music, I was wondering if there is a work of American classical music that critics could agree is our best work.
  • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

^ One that many contemporary composers and performers are drawn to it as such - a tool, instrument, and mode of musical experience and presentation.

[11] .The invention of the movable-type printing press in the 15th century had far-reaching consequences on the preservation and transmission of music.^ By the end of the century, music publishing had become a significant industry, complemented by a fast-developing music press.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All American imprints of secular music to 1800 are included and selected early 19th-century American printed and manuscript sources.
  • Early American Secular Music and Its European Sources, 1589-1839: An Index
    Introduction
    26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.colonialdancing.org [Source type: General]

^ VIII A small Croatian glagolitic fragment from 15th century with musical notation (neums) is held also in the library of Franciscan convent of Sv.

[13]
.Typical stringed instruments of the Early Period include the harp, lute, vielle, and psaltery, while wind instruments included the flute family (including recorder), shawm (an early member of the oboe family), trumpet, and the bagpipe.^ Well, Band music simply means anything originally scored for winds and percussion only, usually but not always with the following instrumentation: 1st and 2nd flutes, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd clarinet oboe bassoon alto sax, tenor sax, and bari sax bass clarinet 3 to 5 trumpet/cornet parts 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trombones 4 horns tuba mixed percussion including tympani does that help?
  • Alexander Feht: Russian classical music, poetry, etc.: My Take on Current Situation in Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.feht.com [Source type: General]

^ These royalty free music renditions are performed by full symphony orchestra and highlight the versatility of instruments such as violins, cellos, violas, oboes, trumpets and the lute.
  • Royalty Free Classical, Symphonic, and Orchestral Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.royaltyfreemusic.com [Source type: General]

^ The lyra, which reaches back to the Minoan period, is probably the oldest surviving European member of the violin family, a three-stringed, mandolin-shaped, bowed instrument that he rests on his knee to play.
  • Elijah Wald • European music Writing Archive 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC www.elijahwald.com [Source type: General]

Simple pipe organs existed, but were largely confined to churches, although there were portable varieties.[14] .Later in the period, early versions of keyboard instruments like the clavichord and harpsichord began to appear.^ The Saeculum Aureum Players - The Saeculum Aureum Players is a Seattle-based group specializing in the performance of late 18th century and early 19th century chamber music on period instruments.
  • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

^ Looks (and sounds) a little more like a clavichord, actually, and while I'm pleased about the retuning, each string appears to have only about a whole tone's leeway.

^ Mozart lived during the transitional period between harpsichords and fortepianos, and was a master of both instruments.
  • How to Talk About Classical Music | Primer 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.primermagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Stringed instruments such as the viol had emerged by the 16th century, as had a wider variety of brass and reed instruments.^ We have a greater variety of instruments (while still largely retaining those of previous centuries) and better technology for every aspect of music making.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ Re-discovered for the 21st century, musicians, composers and even visual artists are embracing one of the oldest and grandest instruments in the Western musical tradition.

^ By the late nineteenth century the harp and the wind, brass and percussion instruments of the orchestra had almost reached their present form.
  • A History of European Music, Part 3 | The Brussels Journal 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

.Printing enabled the standardization of descriptions and specifications of instruments, as well as instruction in their use.^ The percussion instruments include the marimbula - an instrument from the Caribbean area used in son and rhumba groups - as well as steel drum, vibes and bass marimba.

^ The essence of the miking is that styles of singing that lack great projection can be used in spaces where that singing wouldn't be heard well; also, so that the singing can be heard against over instrumentation that they would be heard with difficulty naturally.
  • Vocal Music: Songs, Choral Music, and Operas: Why is it so hard to like or appreciate these works? - classical music Discussion Forum 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

[15]

Common Practice Period

.The Common Practice Period is when many of the ideas that make up western classical music took shape, standardized, or were codified.^ Classical” is one period in the history of Western music.
  • Taming iTunes for Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC oakroadsystems.com [Source type: General]

^ What are the major periods of "classical" music?
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ The term "classical" has many connotations and is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, but there are a number of ways that classical music is identified.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

.It began with the Baroque era, running from roughly 1600 to the middle of the 18th century.^ The era of Romantic music is defined in this article as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to around the end of the 19th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period.
  • The Classical Romantic music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ International Baroque Institute ''Passions of the Soul," vocal and instrumental music of the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • Classical music events - Boston.com - 2005 Summer Arts Preview - A&E 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.boston.com [Source type: General]

^ But special effects were also part of Baroque opera, and they were realized with all the glamour that 18th century technology could muster.
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

The Classical era followed, ending roughly around 1820. The Romantic era ran through the 19th century, ending about 1910.

Baroque music

.Baroque music is characterized by the use of complex tonal counterpoint and the use of a basso continuo, a continuous bass line.^ I agree with the loss of values and the mistakes of music of being too complex for a normal person, but I really disagree about stating tonal music as the real absolute answer.
  • Alexander Feht: Russian classical music, poetry, etc.: My Take on Current Situation in Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.feht.com [Source type: General]

^ Musicalische Exequien [funeral music for v or vv & basso-continuo] SWV279-81 (1636) .
  • Classical Music Navigator: Composers 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC web2.wku.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The pope forbids the use of counterpoint in church music.
  • ClassicaL Music Online - Free MP3 Downloads - Ringtones - News - Artists - ClassicalMusic Videos 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classical.music.us [Source type: General]

The beginnings of the sonata form took shape in the canzona, as did a more formalized notion of theme and variations. .The tonalities of major and minor as means for managing dissonance and chromaticism in music took full shape.^ As the century ended, however, composers began to believe that the romantics had fully explored the limits of major-minor tonality.
  • Essays and Papers on MUSIC: CLASSICAL Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In face of the challenges of twelve-tone, serial and dissonant music, Bernstein always believed in the power of tonality as an artistic vehicle to redeem mankind.
  • Leonard Bernstein, A Total Embrace of Music, Classical Notes, Peter Gutmann 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classicalnotes.net [Source type: General]

^ Key signatures: Capital letters mean major keys and lower-case letters mean minor; I use # and b for sharp and flat.
  • Taming iTunes for Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC oakroadsystems.com [Source type: General]

[16]
.During the Baroque era, keyboard music played on the harpsichord and pipe organ became increasingly popular, and the violin family of stringed instruments took the form generally seen today.^ He can also be seen playing at various musicals on Broadway.
  • NewYork Classical music-NewYork Asian Symphony Orchestra- 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC nyaso.org [Source type: General]

^ The Primavera is a solo concerto scored for Violino principale, two other violins (ripieno), violas, violoncellos and double basses with continuo (usually played on harpsichord).
  • Essays and Papers on MUSIC: CLASSICAL Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was natural enough, since this region was the main European centre for the manufacture and playing of stringed instruments.

.Opera as a staged musical drama began to differentiate itself from earlier musical and dramatic forms, and vocal forms like the cantata and oratorio became more common.^ But clearly vocal music itself is not "hard to like."
  • Vocal Music: Songs, Choral Music, and Operas: Why is it so hard to like or appreciate these works? - classical music Discussion Forum 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ He may not like opera, but that's just a sliver of vocal music.
  • Classical Music Recommendations - Catholic Answers Forums 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His music changed and became more challenging.
  • A History of European Music, Part 3 | The Brussels Journal 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

[17] .Instrumental ensembles began to distinguish and standardize by size, giving rise to the early orchestra for larger ensembles, with chamber music being written for smaller groups of instruments where parts are played by individual (instead of massed) instruments.^ Topaz chamber music group.
  • (Mostly) Bay Area Classical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC kzsu.stanford.edu [Source type: General]

^ The name classical guitar does not mean that only classical repertoire is performed on it, although classical music is a part of the instrument's core repertoire (due to the guitar's long history); instead all kinds of music (folk, alternative, jazz, flamenco, etc.
  • Classical Guitar Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ English lecture on Chinese classical music, featuring a short introduction to the history of Chinese music, a classical ensemble performance, a Q&A session and a demonstration on how to play traditional Chinese instruments.
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.The concerto as a vehicle for solo performance accompanied by an orchestra became widespread, although the relationship between soloist and orchestra was relatively simple.^ Many compositions based on French dance suites and concertos , where one or more solo instruments are backed by an orchestra.
  • How to Talk About Classical Music | Primer 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.primermagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ While we’re on the subject of Tchaikovsky, I must recommend a recording of his 1812 Overture and March Slav , performed by the Mariinsky Orchestra, Soloists, and Chorus.
  • WOSU Public Media - Classical » Classical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.wosu.org [Source type: General]

^ A pianist who played with the Boston Symphony when she was 16, she also composed symphonies and a concerto which were performed by major orchestras in her lifetime.

.The theories surrounding equal temperament began to be put in wider practice, especially as it enabled a wider range of chromatic possibilities in hard-to-tune keyboard instruments.^ Piano studies for the beginner, including playing through reading, elementary theory, beginning ear training, and an historical view of keyboard instruments and their music.
  • CCSF Catalog Music Courses 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.ccsf.edu [Source type: General]

^ Composers were also influenced by technological advances, including an increase in the range and power of the piano and the improved chromatic abilities and greater projection of the instruments of the symphony orchestra .
  • The Classical Romantic music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ The modern theory and practice of ballet were largely developed in mid-eighteenth-century Paris, especially by the royal ballet master Jean Georges Noverre (1727-1810)….
  • Fjordman: A History of European Music, part 5 | EuropeNews 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC europenews.dk [Source type: General]

.For example, equal temperament made possible Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier.^ Canadian pianist Angela Hewitt Embarks on a year-long world tour playing Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier...
  • Welcome to Classical Voice - THE destination for serious music lovers! 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classicalvoice.org [Source type: General]

^ Perhaps the difficulty of the Well-Tempered Clavier lies with the fugue form.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, Bach and Mozart did not use a blues scale, although it’s interesting to contemplate what they might have made of it.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

[18]

Classical period music

.The Classical period, from about 1750 to 1820, established many of the norms of composition, presentation and style, and was when the piano became the predominant keyboard instrument.^ Normally, this solo instrument was the violin, but the Classical period witnessed the growing sophistication of the pianoforte — so called because its action enabled it to be played softly (piano) or loudly (forte) - and this offered scope for wider variation.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Romantic Music is a musicological term referring to a particular period, theory, compositional practice, and canon in European music history, from about 1820 to 1900.
  • The Classical Romantic music Dictonary Page on Classic Cat 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classiccat.net [Source type: General]

^ Instead, we want to name as many characteristics of classical music as we can, in an attempt to describe as fully as possible what it is in the present era, and how it functions.
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

.The basic forces required for an orchestra became somewhat standardized (although they would grow as the potential of a wider array of instruments was developed in the following centuries).^ And speaking of orchestras, they developed gradually during the 18th and 19th century, incorporating new instruments -- clarinets, trombones (as a regular part of the ensemble, and not just an occasional special effect), the tuba, the harp, and, in the 20th century, the celesta and all kinds of percussion.
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

^ And besides, all the pieces were originally written for a single clavier (keyboard), so to render it with an orchestra would require some re-arrangement.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ These lessons generally follow the grade-by-grade topics in the Core Knowledge Sequence, but they have been developed independent of the Core Knowledge Foundation.
  • http://www.cstone.net/~bcp/2/2DMusic.htm 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.cstone.net [Source type: General]

.Chamber music grew to include ensembles with as many as 8-10 performers for serenades.^ By performing chamber music in bars and cafes, Classical Revolution aims to alter people's perception of classical music; namely, that it's inaccessible and the bastion of gray-haired octogenarians.
  • Classical News - Topix 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: General]
  • Classical News - Topix 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: General]

^ Performers: Gees, Michael; Prégardien, Christoph A selection of compositions ranging over almost two centuries, with eleven compositions and many musical forms.

^ English lecture on Chinese classical music, featuring a short introduction to the history of Chinese music, a classical ensemble performance, a Q&A session and a demonstration on how to play traditional Chinese instruments.
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.Opera continued to develop, with regional styles in Italy, France, and German-speaking lands.^ As Owen Wright has recently shown, it was time towards the end of the sixteenth century, or at the latest at the beginning of the seventeenth century, to speak of a distinct Ottoman style developed in Istanbul.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

^ Region: All Picture Format: NTSC, 4:3, Color Sound Format(s): LPCM Stereo, Subtitles: German, English, French ...continue...

^ Region: All Picture Format: NTSC, 16:9, Color Sound Format(s): LPCM Stereo, Dolby Digital 5.1 Subtitles: French, English, German, Span...continue...

.The opera buffa, a form of comic opera, rose in popularity.^ Pergolesi was one of the most important early composers of opera buffa (comic opera).
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.stockmusicsite.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

.The symphony came into its own as a musical form, and the concerto was developed as a vehicle for displays of virtuoso playing skill.^ This new style soon developed into several genres: secular classical music, military music, religious music, urban light music, and instrumental music.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

^ Once Serbia and Austria had begun hostilities, the complex system of alliances came into play, and within a week the continent was at war.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How such a caricature of a once living and extremely popular music tradition came into being is a matter which cannot be discussed here.
  • Philip Tagg | Open Letter about 'Black Music', 'Afro-American Music' and 'European Music' (1987) 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC tagg.org [Source type: General]

.Orchestras no longer required a harpsichord (which had been part of the traditional continuo in the Baroque style), and were often led by the lead violinist (now called the concertmaster).^ The Moldau is one of those pieces that has perhaps been too often played over the years to the point where its strength and beauty is no longer fully appreciated.
  • Today's Classical Music Video 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.scena.org [Source type: General]

^ The modern concertmaster the choice of a first violinist is the most important appointment of any orchestra...
  • Welcome to Classical Voice - THE destination for serious music lovers! 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classicalvoice.org [Source type: General]

^ Yes, orchestras are doing their own recording and creating their own labels, because they no longer have any other option.

[19]
.Wind instruments became more refined in the Classical period.^ The highly ornate style of the Baroque period gives rise to the more simple, clarified styles of the Classical period, which sees the emergence of symphonies and string quartets.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipea/A0151192.html 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ It seems that the more the piano asserted itself, the more jazz became skewed in a harmonic, Western classical direction, culminating in be-bop and the forms which followed.
  • Vocal Music: Songs, Choral Music, and Operas: Why is it so hard to like or appreciate these works? - classical music Discussion Forum 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ One obvious point is that "classical" means two things -- the music of the classical period (Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven), and, more generally, the entire repertory of western concert music.
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

.While double reeded instruments like the oboe and bassoon became somewhat standardized in the Baroque, the clarinet family of single reeds was not widely used until Mozart expanded its role in orchestral, chamber, and concerto settings.^ In 1756, its make-up consisted of 20 violins; four each of violoncellos, violas, and double basses; a pair of oboes, flutes, horns, and bassoons; and a harpsichord.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The clarinet , a single-reed wind instrument, was introduced around 1710 and by the 1780s took its place alongside the oboe, bassoon and flute as the standard woodwind instruments.
  • A History of European Music, Part 3 | The Brussels Journal 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ The tuba-like instrument used in marching bands is called a "sousaphone."
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

Romantic era music

.The music of the Romantic era, from roughly the second decade of the 19th century to the early 20th century, was characterized by increased attention to an extended melodic line, as well as expressive and emotional elements, paralleling romanticism in other art forms.^ Classical Music encompasses many forms of music from as early as the 9th Century.
  • Classical Concert Tickets - Buy Classical Concert Tickets 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.showtimetickets.com [Source type: General]

^ Donald Jay Grout, in A History of Western Music (Norton, 1960), calls the late 19th and early 20th centuries “The End of an Era” and traces three main streams: the post-Romantic idiom of Germany after the establishment of the second empire in 1870; the new nationalist schools of Bohemia, Russia, the Baltics, Scandinavia, Spain, Italy, Hungary, England, and the US; and the “new school of composition in France”.
  • Taming iTunes for Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC oakroadsystems.com [Source type: General]

^ In his Norton Lectures at Harvard in 1973, Bernstein argued persuasively that tonality was the basis of all music, and in this excerpt he also probes deeply into the life-changing elements in the music of the early 20th century, and how this music is related to literature and film.
  • Today's Classical Music Video 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.scena.org [Source type: General]

.Musical forms began to break from the Classical era forms (even as those were being codified), with free-form pieces like nocturnes, fantasias, and preludes being written where accepted ideas about the exposition and development of themes were ignored or minimized.^ Music in the Classical era .
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ January 18th, 2010 As we recognize and honor the achievements of Dr. Martin Luther King on this day, I’d like to bring your attention to an African-American composer of classical music who has written a beautiful piece for string orchestra that seems appropriate for this day as well.
  • WOSU Public Media - Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.wosu.org [Source type: General]

^ Instead, we want to name as many characteristics of classical music as we can, in an attempt to describe as fully as possible what it is in the present era, and how it functions.
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

[20] .The music became more chromatic, dissonant, and tonally colorful, with tensions (with respect to accepted norms of the older forms) about key signatures increasing.^ His music changed and became more challenging.
  • A History of European Music, Part 3 | The Brussels Journal 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ Also, you talk about fans of "more left-field popular music", whereas the article referred to "indy kids".
  • The indie kid's guide to classical music | Music | The Guardian 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The music is less intellectual and a decade ago and more near to the emotions, but it probably won't ever return to absolute I-IV-V-I tonal music.
  • Alexander Feht: Russian classical music, poetry, etc.: My Take on Current Situation in Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.feht.com [Source type: General]

[21] .The art song (or Lied) came to maturity in this era, as did the epic scales of grand opera, ultimately transcended by Richard Wagner's Ring cycle.^ Wagner: "Ring" cycle selections 16.
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ But who else could have composed the magical eight-song cycle, The Four Seasons , he wrote in memory of former Canadian Opera Company general director Richard Bradshaw.
  • Sound Mind - A Classical Music Blog 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC thestar.blogs.com [Source type: General]

^ From Ludwig van Beethoven's late compositions to the enormous scale of Richard Wagner's epic operas, romanticism represents the movement of music into the modern world.
  • Essays and Papers on MUSIC: CLASSICAL Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]
.In the 19th century, musical institutions emerged from the control of wealthy patrons, as composers and musicians could construct lives independent of the nobility.^ Classical music became a foil against which popular musicians could assert their earthy cool.
  • Alex Ross: The Rest Is Noise: "Listen To This" 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.therestisnoise.com [Source type: General]

^ As a matter of fact, Turkish religious music and secular music cannot be decisively separated from each other in that the composers of both genres were almost the same musicians.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

^ Many jazz musicians and composers wrote music at that time.
  • Randy Weston: Afropop Artist -- 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.afropop.org [Source type: Original source]

.Increasing interest in music by the growing middle classes throughout western Europe spurred the creation of organizations for the teaching, performance, and preservation of music.^ It is a part of common musical heritage created in Western Europe.

^ Middle-class music-making had arrived.
  • A History of European Music, Part 3 | The Brussels Journal 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ And what music did the middle class like?
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

.The piano, which achieved its modern construction in this era (in part due to industrial advances in metallurgy) became widely popular with the middle class, whose demands for the instrument spurred a large number of piano builders.^ Classical music had given the middle class aristocratic airs; now popular music helped the middle class to feel down and dirty.
  • Alex Ross: The Rest Is Noise: "Listen To This" 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.therestisnoise.com [Source type: General]

^ He is best known for his work The Virtuoso Pianist In 60 Exercises, which have become the most widely used exercises in modern piano teaching.
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.stockmusicsite.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

^ Even if a significant number of industry participants follow the rules, a large percentage will not.

.Many symphony orchestras date their founding to this era.^ She has appeared as concerto soloist with many ensembles including The Philadelphia Orchestra, Pittsburgh Symphony, Israeli Kibbutz Orchestra, and The New England Conservatory Symphony.
  • NewYork Classical music-NewYork Asian Symphony Orchestra- 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC nyaso.org [Source type: General]

^ Since then she has performed with many orchestras including the New World Symphony, the Aspen Festival Orchestra, the Juilliard Orchestra, the Tanglewood Music Center Orchestra and the Verbier Festival Orchestra.
  • NewYork Classical music-NewYork Asian Symphony Orchestra- 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC nyaso.org [Source type: General]

^ Fortunately, he lived long enough to make many fine recordings, mostly with the Berlin Philharmonic and the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra, and mostly for Deutsche Grammophon.
  • Today's Classical Music Video 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.scena.org [Source type: General]

[21] .Some musicians and composers were the stars of the day; some, like Franz Liszt and Niccolò Paganini, fulfilled both roles.^ As a matter of fact, Turkish religious music and secular music cannot be decisively separated from each other in that the composers of both genres were almost the same musicians.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

^ Home: Genoa, Italy Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini (1782 – 1840) was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist and composer.
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.stockmusicsite.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

^ Opera, dominated in those years by Rossini, and also performances by showy virtuosos like Liszt and Paganini.
  • Greg Sandow --  "Classical Music in an Age of Pop," second class,9/21 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.gregsandow.com [Source type: General]

[23]
The family of instruments used, especially in orchestras, grew. A wider array of percussion instruments began to appear. .Brass instruments took on larger roles, as the introduction of rotary valves made it possible for them to play a wider range of notes.^ An opportunity to play in guitar duos, trios, quartets, and, when possible, with other instruments.
  • CCSF Catalog Music Courses 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.ccsf.edu [Source type: General]

^ In the early 1800s, brass instrument makers applied the valve technology of the steam engine to the design of trumpets and horns.
  • A History of European Music, Part 3 | The Brussels Journal 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ Religious prejudice may have played a role, but the more likely reason was, ironically, the very factor that had made Bernstein a national hero.
  • Leonard Bernstein, A Total Embrace of Music, Classical Notes, Peter Gutmann 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classicalnotes.net [Source type: General]

The size of the orchestra (typically around 40 in the Classical era) grew to be over 100.[21] Gustav Mahler's 1906 Symphony of a Thousand, for example, has been performed with over 150 instrumentalists and choirs of over 400.
.European cultural ideas and institutions began to follow colonial expansion into other parts of the world.^ No mean number of these Europeans took their cultural luggage with them when they settled in the New World.
  • Philip Tagg | Open Letter about 'Black Music', 'Afro-American Music' and 'European Music' (1987) 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC tagg.org [Source type: General]

^ All the composers are of Eastern European extraction and rather than associations with ancient Greece or Parisian salons the flute in that part of the world comes out of the folk music cultures.

^ Nor do we need to accept that the dominant music culture in our part of the world today should necessarily have its origins in European history traced to a geographically and socially warped concept of where the 'centre' of our continent's music traditions are to be found.
  • Philip Tagg | Open Letter about 'Black Music', 'Afro-American Music' and 'European Music' (1987) 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC tagg.org [Source type: General]

.There was also a rise, especially toward the end of the era, of nationalism in music (echoing, in some cases, political sentiments of the time), as composers such as Edvard Grieg, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, and Antonín Dvořák echoed traditional music of their homelands in their compositions.^ Scheherazade – Nikolai Rimsky Korsakov 32.

^ Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai (1844-1908) Russian Flight of the Bumblebee Please install flash ...
  • MIDIWORLD.COM :: Classical MIDI Files at MIDIWORLD 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.midiworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The music came before the rules, and composing music in such a way as not to break the rules thus derived was a later convention.
  • Modes in Traditional and Early Music 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC clem.mscd.edu [Source type: Academic]

[24]

20th century, modern, and contemporary music

.The modern era began with Impressionist music from 1910 to 1920, which was dominated by French composers (against the traditional German ways of art and music).^ German-born French composer.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ German composer of Protestant church music.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ I have had training as a concert pianist that greatly aided me in composing this work, however I have previously always conceived my new musical compositions in a more symphonic venue, so this was also an exercise in new ways of thinking about the art of composition in broader terms.
  • James V. Signorile, Composer. MP3 Renderings of New Classical Music Compositions 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC jamessignorile.com [Source type: General]

.Impressionist music by Erik Satie, Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel used pentatonic scales, long flowing phrases and free rhythms.^ RAVEL , Maurice (1875-1937) Pronounced "ruh-VELL." Generally considered the greatest French composer since Debussy.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ He is often grouped with fellow French composer Maurice Ravel (1875-1937), and his work overlapped in time and sometimes in thought with that of Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers.
  • A History of European Music, Part 5 | The Brussels Journal 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]
  • Fjordman: A History of European Music, part 5 | EuropeNews 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC europenews.dk [Source type: General]

^ Claude Debussy was greatly attracted to the work of the Impressionists.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Modernism (1905–1985) marked a period when many composers rejected certain values of the common practice period, such as traditional tonality, melody, instrumentation, and structure.^ One that many contemporary composers and performers are drawn to it as such - a tool, instrument, and mode of musical experience and presentation.

^ While I was there, I spoke to him of many things, certain pieces and certain composers, and you see that this person really knows.

^ Some of his melodies, such as "O mio babbino caro" from Gianni Schicchi and "Nessun Dorma" from Turandot, have become part of modern culture.
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.stockmusicsite.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

.Composers, academics, and musicians developed extensions of music theory and technique.^ An amateur musician knowledgeable about classical music, Storr ponders theories about the origins of music, takes a scientific look at its relationship to the mind and body, and studies its role in developing the intellect.
  • SOS, Missouri - Wolfner Library (Classical Music Memoirs) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.sos.mo.gov [Source type: General]

^ As a matter of fact, Turkish religious music and secular music cannot be decisively separated from each other in that the composers of both genres were almost the same musicians.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

^ Many jazz musicians and composers wrote music at that time.
  • Randy Weston: Afropop Artist -- 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.afropop.org [Source type: Original source]

.20th century classical music, encompassing a wide variety of post-Romantic styles composed through the year 1999, includes late Romantic, Modern and Postmodern styles of composition.^ He was the foremost French composer of his generation, and his musical style influenced many 20th century composers.
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.stockmusicsite.com [Source type: General]

^ He’s a post Beatles composer,writing classical music for today.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ His work helped to move classical music from the Romantic period to the Modern period.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

.The term "contemporary music" is sometimes used to describe music composed in the late 20th century through to the present day.^ What about new music, contemporary composers?

^ CLASSICAL music is an English term that we use to describe a particular form of music.
  • Harivallabh Sangeet Samelan - Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.harballabh.org [Source type: General]

^ The A–Z of Conductors surveys the history of recording during the twentieth century, from the earliest days of capturing orchestral music on disc to the present era of the iPod, through the biographies of 310 of the most significant conductors whose art is preserved on record.

Significance of written notation

.Classical music is considered primarily a written musical tradition, preserved in music notation, as opposed to being transmitted orally, by rote, or by recordings of particular performances.^ HBDirect.com Classical Music Recordings .
  • Classical Music :: The Classical Source :: Members' Adverts :: Classical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.classicalsource.com [Source type: General]

^ Complete list of works by Opus Number Musical Performances History Reviews and articles Recordings The James Signorile fan club!
  • James V. Signorile, Composer. MP3 Renderings of New Classical Music Compositions 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC jamessignorile.com [Source type: General]

^ English lecture on Chinese classical music, featuring a short introduction to the history of Chinese music, a classical ensemble performance, a Q&A session and a demonstration on how to play traditional Chinese instruments.
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.While there are differences between particular performances of a classical work, a piece of classical music is generally held to transcend any interpretation of it.^ This is the most famous Classical Music piece ever.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ Do you know what’s the difference in classical music?
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ What's the difference between a musical and an opera?
  • Welcome to Classical Voice - THE destination for serious music lovers! 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classicalvoice.org [Source type: General]

.The use of musical notation is an effective method for transmitting classical music, since the written music contains the technical instructions for performing the work.^ To say it is not suggests that any classical music written since Vivaldi is not classical either.
  • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

^ But the best work of American classical music?
  • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

^ E Minor is the best classical music that has ever been written.
  • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

.The written score, however, does not usually contain explicit instructions as to how to interpret the piece in terms of production or performance, apart from directions for dynamics, tempo and expression (to a certain extent); this is left to the discretion of the performers, who are guided by their personal experience and musical education, their knowledge of the work's idiom, and the accumulated body of historic performance practices.^ To create music means working with a raw material that is much more elusive yet also much more direct in the way it reaches the audiences’ emotions.

^ Complete list of works by Opus Number Musical Performances History Reviews and articles Recordings The James Signorile fan club!
  • James V. Signorile, Composer. MP3 Renderings of New Classical Music Compositions 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC jamessignorile.com [Source type: General]

^ I'll talk, purely in musical terms, about what classical music from expensive performances - star quality, works of huge scale (Mahler 8th), seasoned and polished orchestras.

.However, improvisation once played an important role in classical music.^ However Classical Music is not as easy to understand.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ English lecture on Chinese classical music, featuring a short introduction to the history of Chinese music, a classical ensemble performance, a Q&A session and a demonstration on how to play traditional Chinese instruments.
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

^ And, aside from thoughts of this whole orchestras-playing-classical-music thing dying out, it made me wonder: what’s so great about classical music?
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

.A remnant of this improvisatory tradition in classical music can be heard in the cadenza, a passage found mostly in concertos and solo works, designed to allow skilled performers to exhibit their virtuoso skills on the instrument.^ Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music .
  • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

^ The exercises listed here consists of several ideas, approaches, as well as a number of exercises which may help to facilitate a musician's skill on the area of improvisatory music.
  • classical music - Lulu.com 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ I'll talk, purely in musical terms, about what classical music from expensive performances - star quality, works of huge scale (Mahler 8th), seasoned and polished orchestras.

Traditionally this was improvised by the performer; however, it is often written for (or occasionally by) the performer beforehand.
.Its written transmission, along with the veneration bestowed on certain classical works, has led to the expectation that performers will play a work in a way that realizes in detail the original intentions of the composer.^ Marilynn Stark - Original keyboard works by classical composer.
  • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

^ Movie music was a real American divide, and is the genre where the best American composers play their talents.
  • Alexander Feht: Russian classical music, poetry, etc.: My Take on Current Situation in Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.feht.com [Source type: General]

^ In many ways he may have played the role of Antonio Salieri, whose works (at least according to the movie Amadeus ) were overshadowed by the vastly more talented Amadeus Mozart.
  • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

.During the 19th century the details that composers put in their scores generally increased.^ He was one of the most influential composers of popular music in Europe in the 19th century, and many of his works remain in the repertory.
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

^ It was only during the 19th century that he became popular in the current sense.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ He was the foremost French composer of his generation, and his musical style influenced many 20th century composers.
  • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

.Yet the opposite trend — admiration of performers for new "interpretations" of the composer's work — can be seen, and it is not unknown for a composer to praise a performer for achieving a better realization of the original intent than the composer was able to imagine.^ More than 150 illustrations of composers and performers, including some rare archive photos.
  • Classical Music :: Rough Guides Shop 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Music :: Rough Guides Shop 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: General]

^ As a piano solo was a new form of composing for me, I turned to an old and familiar setting in choosing the form in which to set the work, the Baroque Dance Suite.
  • James V. Signorile, Composer. MP3 Renderings of New Classical Music Compositions 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC jamessignorile.com [Source type: General]

^ Marilynn Stark - Original keyboard works by classical composer.
  • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

.Thus, classical performers often achieve very high reputations for their musicianship, even if they do not compose themselves.^ First atonalists and other "sick" composers, however talented individually, prepared a ground for something even they didn't anticipate.
  • Alexander Feht: Russian classical music, poetry, etc.: My Take on Current Situation in Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.feht.com [Source type: General]

^ The fact that some of the great composers haven't had as much attention as perhaps they should have is because I've often been preoccupied with jewels I've found, or have found the public to be very responsive to.

^ Even the famous composers of the past could not support themselves solely through composition.

.Generally however, it is the composers who are remembered more than the performers.^ Both a CD buyer's guide and a who's who, it features: • Concise biographical profiles of more than 200 composers , explaining their social and musical contexts.
  • Classical Music :: Rough Guides Shop 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Music :: Rough Guides Shop 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: General]

^ More than 150 illustrations of composers and performers, including some rare archive photos.
  • Classical Music :: Rough Guides Shop 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Music :: Rough Guides Shop 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: General]

^ He was one of the most representative members of the generation of northern composers who moved to Italy and transplanted the polyphonic Franco-Flemish style there.
  • Classical Music in Lossless format (FLAC, APE etc.) rapidshare 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.zona-musical.com [Source type: General]

.Another consequence of the primacy of the composer's written score is that improvisation plays a relatively minor role in classical music, in sharp contrast to traditions like jazz, where improvisation is central.^ The same with classical music and jazz.
  • Alexander Feht: Russian classical music, poetry, etc.: My Take on Current Situation in Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.feht.com [Source type: General]

^ E Minor is the best classical music that has ever been written.
  • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

^ January 18th, 2010 As we recognize and honor the achievements of Dr. Martin Luther King on this day, I’d like to bring your attention to an African-American composer of classical music who has written a beautiful piece for string orchestra that seems appropriate for this day as well.
  • WOSU Public Media - Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.wosu.org [Source type: General]

.Improvisation in classical music performance was far more common during the Baroque era than in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and recently the performance of such music by modern classical musicians has been enriched by a revival of the old improvisational practices.^ You have to do far more than advertise.

^ Covers music in the style of the classic, romantic and modern eras.
  • CCSF Catalog Music Courses 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.ccsf.edu [Source type: General]

^ More people downloaded classical music than ever bought it in stores.

.During the classical period, Mozart and Beethoven sometimes improvised the cadenzas to their piano concertos (and thereby encouraged others to do so), but they also provided written cadenzas for use by other soloists.^ During the Classical period it became usual for the cadenza to be written down.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In each movement the soloist may play a cadenza — initially an opportunity to display his or her virtuosity by improvising on some of the themes from the movement.
  • History of Art: History of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.all-art.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lastly, my first introduction to classical music which helped me to love it from the first day I heard it was the J.S. Bach _Brandenberg Concerti_ (with Yehudi Menuhin) and the Beethoven fifth -"Emperor" - piano concerto (with Rudolf Serkin.
  • Classical Music Recommendations - Catholic Answers Forums 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Popular music

.Classical music has often incorporated elements or material from popular music of the composer's time.^ What distinguishes classical music from popular music?
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ Criteria: - Classical Music Works are ranked for their innovation and influence, as well as their aesthetic importance, historical significance and lasting popularity.

^ For those wanting to simultaneously relive their childhood AND hear some great music by a living composer, Metropolis Symphony by Michael Daugherty is worth your time.
  • WOSU Public Media - Classical » Classical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.wosu.org [Source type: General]

.Examples include occasional music such as Brahms' use of student drinking songs in his Academic Festival Overture, genres exemplified by Kurt Weill's The Threepenny Opera, and the influence of jazz on early- and mid-twentieth century composers including Maurice Ravel, exemplified by the movement entitled "Blues" in his sonata for violin and piano.^ Weill: Threepenny Opera 17.
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ In the third movement of the Maslanka Sonata the composer was influenced by the madrigals of Gesualdo.

^ Fughetta will allow you to search among 70,000 pieces of music by composer, nationality, year of composition, tone, opus number, genre, or using any possible combination of instruments, voices or ensembles.
  • Links to Other Sites - General Sites about Classical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.bach-cantatas.com [Source type: General]

[25] .Certain postmodern, minimalist and postminimalist classical composers acknowledge a debt to popular music.^ Criteria: - Classical Music Works are ranked for their innovation and influence, as well as their aesthetic importance, historical significance and lasting popularity.

^ Classical music became a foil against which popular musicians could assert their earthy cool.
  • Alex Ross: The Rest Is Noise: "Listen To This" 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.therestisnoise.com [Source type: General]

^ People are always thinking about learning to play classical piano music, or just popular piano music.

[26]
.There are numerous examples of influence in the opposite direction, including popular songs based on classical music, the use to which Pachelbel's Canon has been put since the 1970s,[27] and the musical crossover phenomenon, where classical musicians have achieved success in the popular music arena (notable examples are the Hooked on Classics series of recordings made by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in the early 1980s and the classical crossover violinists Vanessa Mae and Catya Maré).^ Popular Music Albums (27) .

^ I'm new to classical music and don't have any classical recordings.
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ Are cyber-orchestras the future of classical music?
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.Some rock bands such as Emerson, Lake & Palmer have recorded classical compositions.^ There are also magazines such as Fanfare, Gramophone, Stereo Review, Audio, and some of the high-end audio journals that review new recordings on a regular basis.
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ Even bands such as Nightwish, Cradle of Filth, Lacuna Coil and Within Temptation have wonderful elements of classical music that take their sounds to new heights.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ Some compositional forms of urban entertainment music such as the tavsanca and kocekce were designed to accompany urban folk dances.
  • Golden Horn Productions - Istanbul: Center of Middle-Eastern Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.goldenhorn.com [Source type: General]

Folk music

.Composers of classical music have often made use of folk music (music created by musicians who are commonly not classically trained, often from a purely oral tradition).^ Commonly used as wedding music or processional music .
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ For me, the most compelling use of voice in music is in classic rock and in folk music.
  • Vocal Music: Songs, Choral Music, and Operas: Why is it so hard to like or appreciate these works? - classical music Discussion Forum 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Both a CD buyer's guide and a who's who, it features: • Concise biographical profiles of more than 200 composers , explaining their social and musical contexts.
  • Classical Music :: Rough Guides Shop 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Music :: Rough Guides Shop 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: General]

.Some composers, like Dvořák and Smetana,[28] have used folk themes to impart a nationalist flavor to their work, while others (like Bartók) have used specific themes lifted whole from their folk-music origins.^ It's not like some others.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ While the vast majority of the cartoons of the 1930s-1950s made excellent use of popular music and original compositions, they...
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

^ For those wanting to simultaneously relive their childhood AND hear some great music by a living composer, Metropolis Symphony by Michael Daugherty is worth your time.
  • WOSU Public Media - Classical » Classical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.wosu.org [Source type: General]

[29]

Commercialism

.Certain staples of classical music are often used commercially (either in advertising or in movie soundtracks).^ Classical piano music has inspired countless gifted people over the years to use their talent and their enthusiasm for the art to go on to become masters in their own right.

^ I am a huge fan of classical music, but never cared much for opera either.
  • Classical Music Recommendations - Catholic Answers Forums 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are also modes based on this scale pattern, e.g., Phrygian with a major 3 rd , often used in Eastern European dance music.
  • Modes in Traditional and Early Music 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC clem.mscd.edu [Source type: Academic]

In television commercials, several passages have become clichéd, particularly the opening of Richard Strauss' Also sprach Zarathustra (made famous in 2001: A Space Odyssey) and the opening section "O Fortuna" of Carl Orff's Carmina Burana; other examples include the Dies Irae from the Verdi Requiem, Edvard Grieg's In the Hall of the Mountain King from Peer Gynt, the opening bars of Beethoven's Symphony No. .5, Wagner's Ride of the Valkyries from Die Walküre, Rimsky-Korsakov's Flight of the Bumblebee, and excerpts of Aaron Copland's Rodeo.^ Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai (1844-1908) Russian Flight of the Bumblebee Please install flash ...
  • MIDIWORLD.COM :: Classical MIDI Files at MIDIWORLD 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.midiworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aldo Ciccolini, piano Angel/EMI 49702 CD 11:07AM Aaron Copland: Rodeo excerpts Morton Gould Orchestra /Morton Gould RCA/BMG 61667 CD 11:28AM Robert Schumann: Novelette No.
  • Classical Music - Playlist for WCQS NPR Public Radio Asheville, Hendersonville, Western North Carolina 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.wcqs.org [Source type: General]

^ And then there was Wagner's Ride of the Valkyries used when Robert Duvall napalmed Vietnam.
  • The indie kid's guide to classical music | Music | The Guardian 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

Similarly, movies and television often revert to standard, clichéd snatches of classical music to convey refinement or opulence: some of the most-often heard pieces in this category include Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik, Vivaldi's Four Seasons, and Mussorgsky's A Night on Bald Mountain.

Education

.Throughout history, parents have often made sure that their children receive classical music training from a young age.^ I teach young children, I expose them to Classical music, I expose them to contemporary music (not pop).
  • Classical music belongs to the people | Tom Service | Music | guardian.co.uk 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The soothing melodies, the upbeat marches, and the diverse variety of music included in the realm of the classics have given great pleasure to many throughout the generations.

^ English lecture on Chinese classical music, featuring a short introduction to the history of Chinese music, a classical ensemble performance, a Q&A session and a demonstration on how to play traditional Chinese instruments.
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.Some parents pursue music lessons for their children for social reasons or in an effort to instill a sense of self-discipline.^ When I taught music in public schools, I found that most children couldn’t even recognize the melodies from some of these noted pieces.
  • 10 Best Uses Of Classical Music In Classic Cartoons - Listverse 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC listverse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Common sense definitions - 'Black' as some black people and not others - 'Afro-American music ' .
  • Philip Tagg | Open Letter about 'Black Music', 'Afro-American Music' and 'European Music' (1987) 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC tagg.org [Source type: General]

^ Imagine that we are similarly endowed with some shared sense of musical appreciation (or, put another way, emotional susceptibility).
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

.February 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Some believe that knowledge of important works of classical music is part of a good general education.^ Educates as to source, theory and nature of classical music style.
  • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

^ Pwning classical music 1337 style.
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ What are the best reference works on music in general?
  • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

.During the 1990s, several research papers and popular books wrote on what came to be called the "Mozart effect": an observed temporary, small elevation of scores on certain tests as a result of listening to Mozart's works.^ Furthermore, whoever said that it has been proven that classical music is good for you and everything else is bad for you is referring to something called the Mozart effect.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ The first version of this text was finished on 4 May 1987 and sent to certain popular music research colleagues for feedback.
  • Philip Tagg | Open Letter about 'Black Music', 'Afro-American Music' and 'European Music' (1987) 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC tagg.org [Source type: General]

^ Stravinsky then wrote the ballets that made him famous and are still among his most popular works: The Firebird , Petrushka and The Rite of Spring .
  • A History of European Music, Part 5 | The Brussels Journal 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]

.The approach has been popularized in a book by Don Campbell, and is based on an experiment published in Nature suggesting that listening to Mozart temporarily boosted students' IQ by 8 to 9 points.^ I’d suggest going for Mozart first, since it’s probably the easiest to listen to.
  • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

^ And it has been suggested that Bernstein's emphatic style of conducting was itself pedagogic, as if to ensure that the listener wouldn't miss the point.
  • Leonard Bernstein, A Total Embrace of Music, Classical Notes, Peter Gutmann 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classicalnotes.net [Source type: General]

[30] .This popularized version of the theory was expressed succinctly by a New York Times music columnist: "researchers...^ XiangLing Kong is an active orchestral and chamber music performer in New York area.
  • NewYork Classical music-NewYork Asian Symphony Orchestra- 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC nyaso.org [Source type: General]

^ And so it was that the musical world was surprised to learn at a press conference on November 20, 1957 that Leonard Bernstein had been named music director of the New York Philharmonic.
  • Leonard Bernstein, A Total Embrace of Music, Classical Notes, Peter Gutmann 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classicalnotes.net [Source type: General]

^ After completing his studies at Curtis and Tanglewood, Bernstein was out of work and took odd jobs as a music transcriber and dance accompanist in New York.
  • Leonard Bernstein, A Total Embrace of Music, Classical Notes, Peter Gutmann 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classicalnotes.net [Source type: General]

have determined that listening to .Mozart actually makes you smarter."^ Note: If you're looking for the "Rachmaninov" piece from the 1971 film "Willy Wonka And The Chocolate Factory," you actually want Mozart's "The Marriage Of Figaro Overture" ( above ).
  • Classical Music - Popular, Famous, Best, Top 100 - Kickass Classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.kickassclassical.com [Source type: General]

^ We're not sure if it makes you smarter, but we're willing to bet it makes you happier.
  • Classical Live Online Radio Onepage. Free Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC classicalwebcast.com [Source type: General]
  • Classical Online Radio in the USA. Free CLassical Music 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.classicalwebcast.com [Source type: General]

[31] Promoters marketed CDs claimed to induce the effect. .Florida passed a law requiring toddlers in state-run schools to listen to classical music every day, and in 1998 the governor of Georgia budgeted $105,000 per year to provide every child born in Georgia with a tape or CD of classical music.^ What are you listening to by Gillian - Classical Music .
  • Classical Music - BellaOnline Forums 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC forums.bellaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Classical music survives tough year .
  • Classical Music // Current 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

^ I have been listening to classical music CD for 20 years.

.One of the co-authors of the original studies of the Mozart effect commented "I don't think it can hurt.^ Don't think I don't like it, I'm a musician and a music-lover as you all, and I do appreciate tonal music, and I don't know one single person on earth that totally hate it.
  • Alexander Feht: Russian classical music, poetry, etc.: My Take on Current Situation in Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.feht.com [Source type: General]

^ If the album title actually matters to you — and for art music I don’t really think it does — you can always put it in the Comments tag.
  • Taming iTunes for Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC oakroadsystems.com [Source type: General]

^ I think the end of the Sibelius 5th has also been used in a Beach Boys song but I don't know which one.
  • The indie kid's guide to classical music | Music | The Guardian 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

I'm all for exposing children to wonderful cultural experiences. But I do think the money could be better spent on music education programs." [32]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Classical", The Oxford Concise Dictionary of Music, ed. Michael Kennedy, (Oxford, 2007), Oxford Reference Online, accessed 23 July 2007
  2. ^ Chew, Geffrey & Rastall, Richard. "Notation, §III, 1(vi): Plainchant: Pitch-specific notations, 13th–16th centuries", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed July 23 2007), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  3. ^ Malm, W.P./Hughes, David W.. "Japan, §III, 1: Notation systems: Introduction", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed July 23 2007), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  4. ^ IAN D. BENT, DAVID W. HUGHES, ROBERT C. PROVINE, RICHARD RASTALL, ANNE KILMER. "Notation, §I: General", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed July 23 2007), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  5. ^ Middleton, Richard. "Popular music, §I, 4: Europe & North America: Genre, form, style", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed July 23 2007), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  6. ^ Rushton, Julian, Classical Music, (London, 1994), 10
  7. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary (2007). "classical, a.". The OED Online. http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50040930?single=1&query_type=word&queryword=classical&first=1&max_to_show=10. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 
  8. ^ Chesky, Kris S; Stephen Corns (2007). "Income From Music Performance: Does Attending College Make Cents?". Reports of Research in Music Education (University of Texas at Austin: Texas Music Educators Association). http://www.tmea.org/080_College/Research/che1999.pdf. 
  9. ^ Grout, p. 28
  10. ^ Grout (1988)
  11. ^ a b Grout, pp. 75-76
  12. ^ Grout, p. 61
  13. ^ Grout, pp. 175-176
  14. ^ Grout, pp. 72-74
  15. ^ Grout, pp. 222-225
  16. ^ Grout, pp. 300-332
  17. ^ Grout, pp. 341-355
  18. ^ Grout, p. 378
  19. ^ Grout, p. 463
  20. ^ Swafford, p. 200
  21. ^ a b c Swafford, p. 201
  22. ^ Grout, pp. 595-612
  23. ^ Grout, p. 543
  24. ^ Grout, pp. 634,641-2
  25. ^ Kelly, Barbara. L. "Ravel, Maurice, §3: 1918–37", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed July 23 2007), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  26. ^ See, for example, Siôn, Pwyll Ap. "Nyman, Michael", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed July 23 2007), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  27. ^ 'Pachelbel Rant', performed by Comedian Rob Paravonian, http://youtube.com/watch?v=JdxkVQy7QLM
  28. ^ Yeomans, David (2006). Piano Music of the Czech Romantics: A Performer's Guide. Indiana University Press. p. 2. ISBN 0253218454. 
  29. ^ Stevens, Haley; Gillies, Malcolm (1993). The Life and Music of Béla Bartók. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 129. ISBN 0198163495. 
  30. ^ Prelude or requiem for the 'Mozart effect'? Nature 400 (1999-08-26): 827.
  31. ^ Ross, Alex. "CLASSICAL VIEW; Listening To Prozac... Er, Mozart", New York Times, 1994-08-28. Retrieved on 2008-05-16.
  32. ^ Goode, Erica. "Mozart for Baby? Some Say, Maybe Not", New York Times, 1999-08-03. Retrieved on 2008-05-16.

References

  • Lebrecht, Norman (1996). .When the Music Stops: Managers, Maestros and the Corporate Murder of Classical Music.^ Stop talking about classical music as if it was something special.

    ^ Classical music survives, again like classic literature, because it manages from generation to generation to find new listeners.
    • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Then they stopped playing the classical music altogether because the back of the store had morphed into something else.
    • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

    Simon & Schuster. .ISBN 9780671010256. 
  • Grout, Donald Jay (1973).^ A good all-around historical reference book is "A History of Western Music" by Donald Jay Grout and Claude V. Palisca.
    • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    .A History of Western Music.^ He is widely regarded as one of history's greatest composers, and was the predominant figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western classical music.
    • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.stockmusicsite.com [Source type: General]
    • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A good all-around historical reference book is "A History of Western Music" by Donald Jay Grout and Claude V. Palisca.
    • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ According to A History of Western Music: The changes that Debussy introduced in harmonic and orchestral usage made him one of the seminal forces in the history of music.
    • Fjordman: A History of European Music, part 5 | EuropeNews 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC europenews.dk [Source type: General]

    Norton. .ISBN 0393094162. 
  • Grout, Donald J.; Palisca, Claude V. (1988).^ A good all-around historical reference book is "A History of Western Music" by Donald Jay Grout and Claude V. Palisca.
    • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ According to A History of Western Music, Seventh Edition, by Donald J. Grout, Peter J. Burkholder and Claude V. Palisca, “The advent of recording technology had the most significant impact on musical culture of any innovation since the printing press.
    • A History of European Music, Part 5 | The Brussels Journal 12 October 2009 11:011 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: General]
    • Fjordman: A History of European Music, part 5 | EuropeNews 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC europenews.dk [Source type: General]

    .A History of Western Music.^ He is widely regarded as one of history's greatest composers, and was the predominant figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western classical music.
    • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.stockmusicsite.com [Source type: General]
    • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A good all-around historical reference book is "A History of Western Music" by Donald Jay Grout and Claude V. Palisca.
    • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ According to A History of Western Music: The changes that Debussy introduced in harmonic and orchestral usage made him one of the seminal forces in the history of music.
    • Fjordman: A History of European Music, part 5 | EuropeNews 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC europenews.dk [Source type: General]

    Norton. ISBN 9780393956276. 
  • Swafford, Jan (1992). .The Vintage Guide to Classical Music.^ Please give us a beginner's guide to Indian classical music.
    • The indie kid's guide to classical music | Music | The Guardian 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ The White Hat Guide to Classical Music in Melbourne & Victoria .

    ^ Classical Convert - A beginner's guide to classical music Buy New & Second Hand Dance Vinyl - Global Groove Records buy new & second hand dance vinyl releases.
    • Classical music links at Cadenza - classical music and contemporary music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.cadenza.org [Source type: General]

    Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-72805-8.
     

Further reading

.
  • Kamien, Roger (2008) - Music: An Appreciation Sixth Brief Edition ISBN 978-0-07-340134-8
  • Lihoreau, Tim; Fry, Stephen (2004) - Stephen Fry's Incomplete and Utter History of Classical Music.^ KCSN radio station in Northridge California appreciates classical music.

    ^ This discussion Discussion in: the classical music forum Participants: 15 Total posts: 29 Initial post: July 2008 Latest post: August 2008 .
    • Vocal Music: Songs, Choral Music, and Operas: Why is it so hard to like or appreciate these works? - classical music Discussion Forum 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A life in music: Composer and conductor Pierre Boulez 28 Aug 2008: Rare archive images of one of the major forces in contemporary classical music .
    • Classical music belongs to the people | Tom Service | Music | guardian.co.uk 10 February 2010 13:30 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

    Boxtree. ISBN 978-0752225340
  • Taruskin, Richard (2005, rev. Paperback version 2009) - Oxford History of Western Music. Oxford University Press (USA). ISBN 978-0195169799 (Hardback), ISBN 978-0195386301 (Paperback)
  • Hanning, Barbara Russano; Grout, Donald Jay (1998 rev. 2009) - Concise History of Western Music. W.W. Norton & Company. .ISBN 0393928039 (hardcover).
  • Grout, Donald Jay; Palisca, Claude V. (1996) - A History of Western Music, Fifth Edition.^ He is widely regarded as one of history's greatest composers, and was the predominant figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western classical music.
    • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.stockmusicsite.com [Source type: General]
    • Classical Masters Library - Great Composers of Classical Music 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC ultimatesoundarchive.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A good all-around historical reference book is "A History of Western Music" by Donald Jay Grout and Claude V. Palisca.
    • FAQ: rec.music.classical 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ According to A History of Western Music: The changes that Debussy introduced in harmonic and orchestral usage made him one of the seminal forces in the history of music.
    • Fjordman: A History of European Music, part 5 | EuropeNews 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC europenews.dk [Source type: General]

    W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0393969045 (hardcover).
  • Scholes, Percy Alfred; Arnold, Denis (photographer) (1988) - The New Oxford Companion to Music. Oxford University Press. .ISBN 0193113163 (paperback).
  • Copland, Aaron;(1957) - What to listen for in music.^ Unlike Aaron Copland however they were largely inspiration for the creation of new music.
    • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

    ^ Aaron Copland once dismissed Bernstein's music as "conductor's music – eclectic in style and facile in inspiration."
    • Leonard Bernstein, A Total Embrace of Music, Classical Notes, Peter Gutmann 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.classicalnotes.net [Source type: General]

    ^ So like Aaron Copland he heard authentic American music and integrated them into his own music.
    • Occam's Razor: Classical Music Tag Archive 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: General]

    McGraw Hill. ISBN-10: 7018981026 (paperback).

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.It has been suggested that this article or section should be merged with Music.^ Sign In Articles Writers   Browse Sections Home Music Classical Music Classical Music Performances Write For Us » Classical Music Performances .

(Discuss)
.Quotes about classical music and musicians.^ What about non-classical music?

^ About.com: Classical Music .

^ The list author says: "We're actually talking about two things here: first, the tradition of European Classical Music and European Conductors and artists.
  • Amazon.com: Classical Music in America 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

Attributed

  • "When I composed that, I was conscious of being inspired by God Almighty. .Do you think I can consider your puny little fiddle when He speaks to me?"^ You didn’t think to consider any of this.
    • In Offense of Classical Music (Aaron Swartz's Raw Thought) 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.aaronsw.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Q: Do you think of your country when you compose?
    • Schiller Institute interview with Korean Master Composer of Classical Music Lee Soo-in 26 January 2010 2:11 UTC www.schillerinstitute.org [Source type: General]

    ^ If you grip your guitar pick between the tip of your finger and your thumb you will probably drop it because you have very little grip.

  • "All the good music has already been written by people with wigs and stuff."

Simple English

Classical music is a very general term which normally refers to the standard music of countries in the Western world. It is music that has been composed by musicians who are trained in the art of writing music (composing) and written down in music notation so that other musicians can play it. Classical music can also be described as "art music" because great art (skill) is needed to compose it and to perform it well. Classical music differs from pop music because it is not made just in order to be popular for a short time or just to be a commercial success. It is different from folk music which is generally made up by ordinary members of society and learned by future generations by listening and copying.

Contents

What is classical music?

Meaning of "classic"

The word “classic” tends to mean: an art which is so good that it will always be enjoyed by future generations. It is something that has become a model for future artists. The period of Ancient Greece and Rome is known as the Classical Period because, many centuries later, people looked back to those ancient civilizations and thought they were perfect. In recent European history the 18th century was known as the Classical Period because musicians, artists, writers and philosophers were inspired by the art forms of the Classical Period of Ancient Greece and Rome. Something that is a “classic” is therefore something that will always be remembered as something great. Famous books such as the novels of Charles Dickens are called "classics". “Classical music” therefore tends to mean music that will not be forgotten soon after it is written, but is likely to be enjoyed by many future generations.

Compare to pop music and jazz

Although people sometimes think of classical music as the opposite of pop music, it can still be very popular. Like all kinds of music, classical music can be in many different moods: happy, sad, scary, peaceful, thoughtful, simple etc. Mozart wrote his serenades and divertimentos to entertain people at parties. Classical pieces of music can be quite short, but they can also be very long, like a big, musical story. A symphony by Mahler or Shostakovich can last for nearly an hour, and an opera is a whole evening’s entertainment.

Classical music is also different from jazz because true jazz is improvised. However, the differences are not always obvious. Classical music has often been inspired by jazz, and jazz by classical music. George Gershwin wrote music which is both jazz and classical. Classical music, too, can be improvised. The great composers Bach, Mozart and Beethoven often improvised long pieces of music on the organ, harpsichord or piano. Sometimes they wrote these improvisations down. They were, in effect, compositions which were composed in one go.

Religious and non-religious music

File:Poznan Cathedral
Poznan Cathedral Choir

In Western countries a vast amount of music was written for Christian worship in churches and cathedrals. This is called “sacred” (religious) music. All other music is “secular” music. The word “secular” means things that are not sacred. Sacred and secular music have influenced one another in many ways during the course of music history. Secular music was largely influenced by dance, and this in turn changed the style of sacred music. For example: the church music of the 16th century composer Giovanni da Palestrina has nothing to do with dance music, but both the sacred and secular music of Johann Sebastian Bach two centuries later is full of dance rhythms. At some times in music history there have been different styles of composing for sacred and for secular music. Claudio Monteverdi uses two different styles for his church and for his non-church music. When composers were experimenting with new ways of writing music they usually did this with secular music, and sacred music caught up later.

Use of the term "classical music"

The term "classical music" was not used until the early 19th century. People then started talking about classical music in order to praise the great composers such as Bach, Mozart and Beethoven. In the 20th century many different ways of composing were used, including music played by electronic instruments or very modern music using strange sounds (experimental or "avant garde" music), for example the music of John Cage. Some people feel that this kind of music cannot really be described as "classical music".

Instruments used

[[File: |thumb|350px|left|The New York Youth Symphony play Beethoven under the conductor Ryan McAdams, 2008]] Classical music can be for instruments or for the voice. The symphony orchestra is the most common group of instruments for the playing of classical music. It has four families of instruments: the string instruments which include the violins, violas, cellos and double basses, the woodwind which includes flutes, oboes, clarinets and bassoons together with related instruments of different sizes, the brass instruments: trumpet, trombone, tuba and French horn, and percussion instruments which nearly always includes timpani as well as many other possible instruments which are hit or shaken. This is very different from a typical rock band which has a drummer, a guitarist, one or two singers and an electric bass and keyboard. Instruments that play classical music are not normally amplified electronically.

The same applies to the voice. Singers may be sopranos, altos, tenors or basses, depending on their vocal range. Their voices are not amplified. Opera singers, in particular, have to develop very powerful voices which will be heard over the orchestra and project right to the back of an opera house.

The instruments used in classical music developed at different times. Some of the earliest were known in Medieval music. The trombone and the triangle have hardly changed for hundreds of years, but the violin family developed from folk instruments such as fiddles and gradually replaced the viols to form the basis of the modern orchestra. This was happening by the beginning of the 17th century, which was the time when opera was invented.

In general, musical instruments have become louder as concert halls have become bigger. Violins are louder than viols. Modern violins are louder than the early 17th century violins, largely because of they have metal strings instead of gut strings. The piano developed from the clavichord which was very quiet indeed. Woodwind instruments developed from Renaissance instruments, while the clarinet was invented in the middle of the 18th century, and the saxophone and tuba came even later. Modern trumpets sound much brighter than the straight trumpets of the 18th century.

Form (shape) of classical music pieces

Most popular music is based on song form, but classical music has many different forms, some of which can be used over a long time span to make big compositions. Classical music can have many forms, including the symphony, concerto, oratorio, opera, sonata, fugue or any combination of dance movements such as suites. In many of the longer compositions, short tunes are developed and changed during the course of the piece. Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is a good example of a piece which develops from just four notes into a large piece lasting about half an hour.

Musical training and general use of classical music

People who want to be good at performing classical music have to practise hard for many years. They normally have formal training at a music college or conservatoire and have lessons from well-known music teachers.

Classical musicians often spend a lot of time thinking carefully about pieces of music, especially about pieces of music that they perform. They study such things as harmony and counterpoint to help them understand the way that the composers were thinking when they put the piece together. When they look at pieces of music in this way this is called “musical analysis”. People who specialize in thinking and writing about music may become professors or lecturers of music at universities.

Classical music is often heard in popular culture. It is used as background music for movies, television programs, advertisements and even for mobile phone ringing tones. Most people in the Western world recognize many classical tunes, possibly without even realizing it. Some classical pieces of music have become enormously popular, e.g. the song Nessun dorma from Giacomo Puccini's opera Turandot which was sung by the three tenors Luciano Pavarotti, Placido Domingo and José Carreras, and used as the theme tune for the 1990 Soccer World Cup. This made many people who had never been interested in opera start to become curious about it.

Outline of the history of classical music

Middle Ages

File:Guillaume de
An early example of written music: manuscript of a piece by the medieval composer Guillaume de Machaut

The history of classical music really started in the late Middle Ages. Music written for the church was almost always vocal (singing), because instruments were thought to be wicked. This is because the devil played them, and because they were used for dancing. There was a lot of dance music, but most of it is lost because it was never written down.

Medieval composers who are remembered today include Léonin, Pérotin and Guillaume de Machaut

Renaissance

The Renaissance was from the 15th century until the 17th century. This period saw a massive increase in the composition of music, both sacred and secular. Many great cathedrals had been built in Europe and composers wrote music for them, mostly vocal music. Secular music also became extremely popular, especially songs and madrigals, which would sometimes be accompanied by instruments.

The greatest composers of this period include: Giovanni da Palestrina, Orlando di Lasso, Thomas Tallis and William Byrd.

Baroque period

The Baroque period was from about the 17th century until the mid-18th century. This was the time when the modern orchestra was formed, more or less as we know it. It was also the time when opera was invented. Most musicians worked either for the church or for rich people who had their own orchestras. Many of them also started to work for opera houses.

The greatest composers of this time include: Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Henry Purcell, Antonio Vivaldi, George Frideric Handel, Johann Sebastian Bach, Domenico Scarlatti and Georg Philipp Telemann

Classical period

The mid-18th century until around 1820 was known as the Classical period. Composers thought a lot about the forms of their pieces and were influenced by the classical art of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. The symphony was invented and various forms of chamber music including the string quartet.

The greatest composers include: Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven

Romantic period

From 1820 to 1910 was known as the Romantic period. Composers continued to use the forms that had been invented in the 18th century, but they also thought that personal feeling and emotion were very important. Music for orchestra sometimes told a story (programme music). Musicians who played their instruments brilliantly (such as Paganini) were worshipped like heroes. Beethoven and Schubert belong, in many ways, to this period as well as to the Classical period. It was a time when there were a lot of changes in society. After the wars that Napoleon had waged, there were not so many ruling aristocratic families. There was a lot of feeling of nationalism as countries united. 19th century music is often nationalistic: composers wrote music that was typical of their own country.

Some of the greatest composers include: Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Hector Berlioz, Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann, Felix Mendelssohn, Anton Bruckner, Johannes Brahms, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Edward Elgar, Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss.

20th century

What is known as 20th century classical music (or “modern music”) is music from about 1910 onwards. At this time many composers felt that everything had already been done by the composers of the past, so they wanted to find new ways of composing. Claude Debussy, Arnold Schoenberg and Igor Stravinsky, in particular, found new ways of writing music which was not necessarily tonal (in any particular key). Classical music was influenced by jazz, especially with American composers. Later in the century people such as Pierre Boulez and Karlheinz Stockhausen experimented in many other ways, including with electronic music (tape recorders etc). Today’s composers have combined some of these ideas to develop their own styles.

Some of the most important composers are: Claude Debussy, Jean Sibelius, Maurice Ravel, Arnold Schoenberg, Igor Stravinsky, Béla Bartók, Aaron Copland, Benjamin Britten, Dmitri Shostakovich, Leonard Bernstein, Philip Glass, Dmitri Kabalevsky, James MacMillan, Judith Weir, Peter Maxwell Davies

Conclusion

It has never been possible to say exactly what is meant by “classical music”. Many different kinds of music influence one another. Since 1970 it has been even harder to make clear dividing lines between rock, pop, classical, folk, jazz and world music. This shows that classical music, like other kinds of music, continues to develop and reflect the society from which it comes.

References

The New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie; 1980; ISBN1-56159-174-2


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 16, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Classical music, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message