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Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (21 July 1824 - 16 February 1904) was a British peer. He was the 13th holder of the Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne.

He was born in Redburn, Hertfordshire. He was the second surviving son of Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis (son of the 11th Earl) and his wife Charlotte Grimstead.

His paternal grandparents were Thomas Bowes-Lyon, 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and his first wife Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter. His maternal grandparents were Joseph Valentine Grimstead and Charlotte Sarah Jane Walsh.

Note: Charlotte Sarah Jane Grimstead (née Walsh) was Claude's favourite grandparent. Mrs Grimstead was a Widow ever since 1809 and she became known as a weeping Widow. Claude managed to help her through her long Widowhood until she died on 1848 aged around 81 years old.

Marriage and family

On 28 September 1853, Claude married Frances Dora Smith. Together they had 11 children:

  • Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (14 March 1855 - 7 November 1944). He was the father of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the Queen consort of King George VI and through her, maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II.
  • Francis Bowes-Lyon (23 February 1856 - 18 February 1948). Married Lady Anne Catherine Sybil Lindsay, daughter of Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford.
  • Ernest Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1858 - 27 December 1891). Married Isobel Hester Drummond, a male-line descendant of James Drummond, 1st Lord Madderty.
  • Herbert Bowes-Lyon (15 August 1860 - 14 April 1897).
  • Patrick Bowes-Lyon (5 March 1863 - 5 October 1946). A Major of the British Army. He married Alice Wiltshire, daughter of George and Charlotte Wiltshire.
  • Constance Frances Bowes-Lyon (8 October 1865 - 19 November 1951). Married Robert Francis Leslie Blackburn (27 April 1864 - 21 March 1944) , son of Robert Blackburn.
  • Kenneth Bowes-Lyon (26 April 1867 - 9 January 1911).
  • Mildred Marion Bowes-Lyon (6 October 1868 - 9 June 1897). Married Augustus Edward Jessop.
  • Maud Agness Bowes-Lyon (12 June 1870 - 28 February 1941).
  • Evelyn Mary Bowes-Lyon (16 July 1872 - 15 March 1876).
  • Malcolm Bowes-Lyon (23 April 1874 - 23 August 1957). A Lieutenant Colonel of the British Army. Married Winifred Gurdon Rebow (born 10 October 1876, died 30 May 1957), daughter of Hector John Gurdon-Rebow. Had one daughter, Clodagh Pamela Bowes-Lyon (born 15 July 1908, died 10 May 2003).

In 1865 he succeeded his elder brother Thomas. In 1887 he was created Baron Bowes, of Streatlam Castle and Lunedale, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was a Scottish representative peer from 1870 until 1892, and Lord Lieutenant of Angus from 1874 until his death.


Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Dalhousie
Lord Lieutenant of Angus
Succeeded by
The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghrone
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Bowes
Succeeded by
Claude George Bowes-Lyon
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Thomas George Lyon-Bowes
Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Succeeded by
Claude George Bowes-Lyon


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