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Claude of Valois
Duchess of Lorraine
Spouse Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
House House of Valois
Father Henry II
Mother Catherine de' Medici
Born 12 November 1547(1547-11-12)
Died 21 February 1575 (aged 27)

Claude of Valois was born at Fontainebleau on 12 November 1547 and died in Nancy on 21 February 1575. She was the second daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.



Claude was raised alongside her sister Elisabeth, future Queen of Spain and sister-in-law Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland. She was married at the age of 11 to Charles III, Duke of Lorraine on 19 January 1559. Claude was victim of the unhealthy traits that Catherine appeared to pass on to her children (with the exception of Marguerite) and suffered from a hunchback and club foot.

This very discreet princess was the favourite daughter of her mother. She often left Nancy, the capital of Lorraine, in order to live near her in the heart of France. Catherine de' Medici also liked to visit her daughter in Lorraine. Against her mother's wishes, though, Claude did try to warn her younger sister Marguerite de Valois of the danger she would face as the new wife of the Huguenot King of Navarre on the night of the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre.

Claude died in childbirth in 1575.


Claude and her husband had nine children:

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