Claxton Shield: Wikis

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Claxton Shield
ClaxtonShield.jpg
Champions
1934 South Australia
1935 South Australia
1936 South Australia
1937 New South Wales
1938 New South Wales
1939 New South Wales
1940 to 45
Series Suspended
1946 New South Wales
1947 Victoria
1948 Victoria
1949 Victoria
1950 New South Wales
1951 New South Wales
1952 Western Australia
1953 New South Wales
1954 Victoria
1955 New South Wales
1956 Victoria
1957 South Australia
1958 Victoria
1959 South Australia
1960 South Australia
1961 South Australia
1962 Victoria
1963 New South Wales
1964 South Australia
1965 Victoria
1966 South Australia
1967 South Australia
1968 Victoria
1969 South Australia
1970 South Australia
1971 South Australia
1972 Victoria
1973 Victoria
1974 Victoria
1975 Western Australia
1976 South Australia
1977 Western Australia
1978 Western Australia
1979 Western Australia
1980 South Australia
1981 Victoria
1982 Queensland
1983 Queensland
1984 Victoria
1985 Western Australia
1986 Victoria
1987 Queensland
1988 New South Wales
ABL Champions
1989/90 Waverley Reds
1990/91 Perth Heat
1991/92 Daikyo Dolphins
1992/93 Melbourne Monarchs
1993/94 Brisbane Bandits
1994/95 Waverley Reds
1995/96 Sydney Blues
1996/97 Perth Heat
1997/98 Melbourne Reds
1998/99 Gold Coast Cougars
IBLA Champions
1999/00 Western Heelers
2000/01 IBLA Internationals
2002 Victoria Aces
Champions
2003 Queensland Rams
2004 New South Wales Patriots
2005 New South Wales Patriots
2006 Queensland Rams
2007 Victoria Aces
2008 Perth Heat
2009 Perth Heat
Note: Each series starts in or about November of the preceding year.

The Claxton Shield is an annual event held by the Australian Baseball Federation and is competed for by South Australia, Western Australia, Victoria Aces, New South Wales Patriots, Queensland Rams and formerly Australian Provincial between 2001 and 2008 and the Northern Territory between 1981 and 1988.

Throughout the 1990s the Shield was awarded to the winner of the Australian Baseball League (1989–1999) and then later from 2000 to 2002 the winner of the International Baseball League of Australia. However, after the collapse of these leagues the event has reverted to a State v State based competition and was generally played in the week leading up to the Australia Day long weekend in January. In 2008 the competition was changed to a home and away season held over several weeks, during the local summer as a precursor to the reintroduction of a national league. This format was retained for the 2009 season.

Contents

Championships by State

History

The first president of the South Australian Baseball League in 1913 was Norrie Claxton, an avid South Australian sportsman who played both cricket and Australian rules football for South Australia. In 1934, Claxton donated a trophy to be awarded to the State winning the annual Australian Championship. Claxton originally intended that the team that won the trophy for three successive years become the permanent holder, however after South Australia won the first three years of competition, all States agreed that it become a permanent competition and named it the Claxton Shield.[1]

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1930s

The 1930s were a golden era for baseball in Australia as players in the Claxton Shield were mostly club and Sheffield Shield cricketers, who played baseball in the winter to keep fit for cricket which was played traditionally in the summer. By 1939, all five present day Claxton Shield states were part of what had become a truly national competition.

1940s

The early part of the decade was interrupted by World War II, however the post war years provided many new players to the competition and brought Australian baseball to new heights. The Victoria Aces began their rise to the dominance of Claxton Shield by achieving their first hat-trick of titles between 1947 and 1949.

1950s

In 1950, the Claxton Shield was restored to a national competition after the Queensland Rams returned to the competition after a four year absence. It was a decade of close competition with each capital city holding at least one series during the decade. In 1952, Western Australia won their first title.

1960s

The series in 1961 marked an expansion in the competition as all teams played each other twice that year. In 1962, the longstanding tradition of hosting the event in August was broken when host Adeliade scheduled the series in October, perhaps the first step in a long march to create the sports eventual move in Australia to the summer season. South Australian teams dominated the decade, winning six championships. The decade also marked the introduction of the Helm's Award, which is presented to the Claxton Shield's MVP every year.[2]

1970s

South Australia's decade may well have been the 1960s, but the 1970s belonged to Western Australia who captured a title in 1975 and a hattrick from 1977 to 1979 thanks to what was arguably one of the strongest Claxton squads of all time.

1980s

The era saw a new dimension of Claxton Shield with corporate involvement and interstate rivalries becoming strong. After a 42 year drought, the Queensland Rams won their first national title in 1982 before capturing two others in 1983 and 1987. It also saw the introduction of the Northern Territory between 1981 and 1988. The 1980s saw the likes of such names as Tony Adamson, Dave Nilsson, Graeme Lloyd, Adrian Meagher and Phil Dale. New South Wales Patriots won the last championship in 1988 before the introduction of the Australian Baseball League.

2000s

The "State vs State" format of Claxton Shield returned in 2002 during the IBLA season. It then truly became the top tier baseball competition in Australia again in 2003 when the IBLA folded. The decade has brought close to a hundred young Australians playing baseball in Major League Baseball and Japan, most of who return home to showcase their talents to local fans.

The 2004 Olympic Games signaled a coming of age for Australian baseball when the Australian national baseball team won silver medals. More recently, the 2008 series saw the return of a "home & away" format so that the game can be showcased nationwide.[3]

Individual series (1934–present)

See: Category:Claxton Shield

ABL years

After the 1988 Claxton Shield the Australian Baseball League was formed to take over from the traditional Claxton Shield, the first game was between Perth Heat and Adelaide Giants at Parry Field in Perth 27 October 1989 with the giants winning 8–5.

The league ran for 10 seasons before being bought out by Dave Nilsson and his company Nilcorp due to the declining financial state of the league.

IBLA years

In late 1999 Australian Baseballer David Nilsson purchased the rights to the Australian Baseball League for AUS$5,000,000[4], Nillsson with Glenn Partridge had the vision of creating the International Baseball League of Australia ran the next 3 Claxton Shields each using a different format.

1999/2000

The first format used was the most similar to the former Australian Baseball League, 6 teams divided into 2 divisions, southern and northern division playing home and away games with a total of 17 games, followed by a best of 3 division championship with the winner of each division meeting in the best of 3 championship series to decide the Claxton Shield champion and IBLA champion.

2001

The second format was a 4 team competition played exclusively on the Gold Coast at Palm Meadows Baseball Stadium. Teams involved in this championship were 3 composite teams; IBLA Australia, IBLA Internationals, MLB All-Stars and the 4th team was the Taiwanese National team. A cut-throat finals system was used in this championship with a 3rd place play-off.

2002

The third and final format was run jointly with the Australian Baseball Federation, The championship was held in Melbourne at the Melbourne Ballpark and used a more traditional Claxton Shield format, 6 teams over 1 week playing each other once again using a cut-throat finals system.

Post ABL/IBLA

After the final collapse of the IBLA the shield reverted to its traditional format (last used in 1988) for 2003, The shield was held in New South Wales at Blacktown Olympic Park Baseball Stadium over the last week in January, this format was used until 2007 when the Shield left New South Wales to be contested in Perth at Baseball Park.

See also

References

  1. ^ 8 December 2008. 75 years of Claxton 75th Claxton Shield Tournament Program. pg 7
  2. ^ 8 December 2008. 75 years of Claxton 75th Claxton Shield Tournament Program. pg 7
  3. ^ 8 December 2008. 75 years of Claxton 75th Claxton Shield Tournament Program. pg 8
  4. ^ Australian Broadcasting Corporation (2000). "David Nilsson". www.abc.net.au. http://www.abc.net.au/news/olympics/athletes/nilsson.htm.  

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