Clayton, West Yorkshire: Wikis

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Coordinates: 53°46′55″N 1°48′48″W / 53.782000°N 1.813450°W / 53.782000; -1.813450

Clayton
Clayton is located in West Yorkshire
Clayton

 Clayton shown within West Yorkshire
Population 15,191 
OS grid reference SE123317
Parish Clayton
Metropolitan borough City of Bradford
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRADFORD
Postcode district BD14
Dialling code 01274
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
Website http://www.clayton-village.co.uk/
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Clayton is a civil parish in the City of Bradford metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England, situated 3 miles to the west of the city centre. It is listed in the Domesday Book, meaning it dates back to at least the 11th century and was privately owned from 1160 to 1866.[1] It was noted for its clay. More recently, Clayton was a key location in the British and international wool trade, being the home of the British Wool Marketing Board headquarters. The old building was demolished and converted into housing in the late 1990s.

Though no longer a village, as it has now been absorbed into the West Yorkshire conurbation of Bradford, the area maintains a village feel, and is often referred to as such. The village re-acquired civil parish status with a parish council in 2004.

The main street of the village – Clayton Lane – which runs alongside the park, includes several traditional pubs, a popular crawl route for many residents. Starting at the top of the lane is The Fleece, moving down past The Royal Hotel to The Albion and The Black Bull – the oldest pub in the area. Other pubs include The Fiddlers Three and The Quarry Arms. There are also several shops, churches, and a nearby golf club and reservoir at Clayton Heights with views of the city of Bradford and the village of Thornton across the valley.

Contents

History

Evidence of presence of prehistoric people in Clayton was found in 1951 when a Neolithic stone axe was found in Thornlea Grove, the axe is now in the Cartwright Hall Museum.[2] Clayton was established prior to the Norman conquest in 1066 as it is listed in the Domesday Book in 1086 as the Manor Claitone when William the Conqueror granted it to Ilbert de Lacy.[3] Claitone probably derives from claeg meaning clay and tun, meaning farmstead, and so meant farmstead on clay.[4] The village was privately owned from 1160 to 1866 when a local board was formed to manage the village. The Local Government Act 1894 the Board was replaced by Clayton District Council.[1] During the 1870s "the wells", on the central village roundabout, was used as a site for open air preaching.

Governance

Clayton is situated within the Bradford Metropolitan District Council area having been incorporated into Bradford in 1930.[3] The village re-acquired civil parish status including a parish council in 2004 and the council designated the area an urban village in February 2007.[5] The village was privately owned from 1160 to 1866 when a local board was formed to manage the village. The board managed Clayton's roads, sewers, lighting and refuse collection. The board also laid gas and water pipes in the village. In the Local Government Act 1894 the Board was replaced by Clayton District Council. The council created a crew of local fire fighters for the village until Clayton grew too large for these to be able to cope at which point Bradford Corporation was paid to cover the village with their fire brigade and ambulance service.[1]

Geography

Station Road, Clayton showing the steep valley sides with Clayton Heights at the top of hill.

Clayton is located at about 220 meters above sea level at the south end of a relatively flat ridge of land on the south side of Clayton beck valley. The valley drops steeply below this shoulder of land and rises steeply to the south, south east and south west.[6] The soil is mainly of a clay character but there are deposits of sandstone and gritstone.[4]

The village is three miles from Bradford city centre, with the village of Thornton located on the other side of the valley and the village of Queensbury further up the hill that Clayton is situated on. Clayton Beck runs though the bottom of the valley below Clayton and tributaries for this stream, including Bull Grieve Beck, run through the village.[7]

The centre of the village is designated as a conservation area in 1977.[3][8] The main street of the village – Clayton Lane – which runs alongside the park, includes several traditional pubs, a popular crawl route for many residents. Starting at the top of the lane is The Fleece, moving down past The Royal Hotel to The Albion and The Black Bull – the oldest pub in the area. Other pubs include The Fiddlers Three and The Quarry Arms. There are also several shops, churches, and a nearby golf club and reservoir at Clayton Heights with views of the city of Bradford and the village of Thornton across the valley.

Demographics

The 2001 census recorded 15,191 people living in the Clayton area in 5,926 households.[9]

Clayton population
1831-1871
Year Population
1831 3609[10]
1891 7,484
1901 5,119
1911 4,863
1921 5,043
1931 5,491
1951 7,103
1971 14,332
Data for Clayton parish
from UK Census results[11]

Transport

Clayton is lies within the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive area that is known as Metro. It has no rail service but the terminus for two regular bus routes. Buses to the village are run by First Group and are designated the orange route within Bradford district. The two bus services are the 636 and the 637 both of which follow the same route out of Bradford until the junction of Bradford Road and Pasture Lane at the end of Clayton Road and the start of the village. The 636 service terminates at the end of The Avenues in Clayton as do some of the buses in the 637 services with the rest terminating at Town End. Both services terminate, after passing through Bradford City centre, at Bradford Lane, Gain Lane, and Thornbury Leisure Complex. As of 2008 buses run from the village from around 5 am on weekdays and Saturday, then every 20 minutes from 9 am to around 6pm and the last bus just before 11 pm, the last bus for the village leaves Bradford city centre at around 11 pm. On Sunday the services are less regular and start around 8 am.[12][13]

Education

The village has three schools, all of which are state primary schools, Clayton Church of England Primary School, Bradford Road, Clayton Village Primary School, John Street, and St. Anthony's Roman Catholic Primary School, Bradford Road.[14] The first school in the village was built from public subscription in 1819, and was located on donated by the Lord of the Manor, Richard Hodgson.[1] In 1859 the original school was replaced by 1859 Clayton Village Primary School and this was joined by in 1897 by Methodist board school at Chrisharben Park.[3] St. Anthony's Primary School was opened on the 27 April 1954 and was named after the local Catholic Church.[15]

Religious sites

Clayton Baptist Church

The village has several Christian religious buildings representing different denominations of Christianity.

The Anglican Parish Church was opened on 19 January 1851 and is dedicated to St John the Baptist. Currently, fundraising is taking place so that an extension can be built.[16]

The independent Clayton Gospel Hall is on Bradford Road, by the edge of the estate, and was opened by Mr. Richard Stammers on 10 March 1928. Since 1978 the Gospel Hall has been used by a formerly Brethren congregation that began in Girlington.[17]

Clayton Baptist Church is located on School Street and was opened for worship on the 1 September 1984 replacing the previous Baptist Church building that dated from 1891 which had to be demolished due to dry rot.[18]

The village also has a Methodist church, on Clayton Lane, and St Anthony's Roman Catholic church is situated in the dip on Bradford Road.

Sports

Clayton has amateur sports teams in football, rugby, cricket and bowls. The local football team is Royal Clayton F.C.. Clayton Rugby League Club play on Lidget Green Cricket Club their home kit is striped Burgundy Amber and their away kit is Blue.[19] Between 1973 and 2003 the club was coached by Paul Gill and during this time won two Pennine Premier Division Championships and were in finals including nine Bradford Cup and a Yorkshire County Cup.[20] The Club has several teams including those for those under sixteen years old.

A nine-hole parkland golf course with a par of 65, managed by Clayton Golf Club, is located at Thornton View Road. The club, founded in 1906, is members only and their facilities include a club house at the course.[21]

Community facilities

Clayton Library occupies the original village school building on Clayton Lane and it's services include free computer and internet access.[22]

The Village Hall, on Reva Syke Road, serves tea & coffee every weekday morning and is available for function hire.

The Friendship Centre on Thornaby Drive hosts a range of activities for all the various age groups which inhabit the estate. These, along with summer trips, are organised by Clayton Estate Community Action Group.

Noted Clayton people

Clayton was the birthplace and home of Albert Pierrepoint, the Great Britain's last state executioner, he held the position between 1945 and 1963. His father Henery Albert Pierrepoint, born in Clayton in 1876, was also a state executioner.[23] Abe Waddington was born Clayton February 4, 1893 and was a bowler in the English cricket team between 1920 to 1921. Other famous Claytonians include Linda Barker, the television presenter of Changing Rooms, more tedious claim to fame is that Peter Sellers' aunt lived there. As his only living relative (other than his wife and children) he could often be seen visiting during his lifetime.

Although not directly associated with the Brontës, the long distance Bronte Way footpath passes close by, and – with the nearby village of Thornton (where the Brontë sisters were born) being within walking distance – Clayton must have been well known to the Brontës' rebellious brother Patrick when he lived in the area.

During his life time the cat's eyes inventor Percy Shaw frequented one of the public houses in Clayton, The Old Dolphin. He was driven there most evenings in his Rolls Royce from his home in nearby Boothtown, Halifax.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Dalgety, Margaret; Downey, Stuart (2005). Images of Clayton. Stoud: Tempus Publishing Limited. p. 7.  
  2. ^ "MONUMENT NO. 49735". Pastscape - English Heritage. http://pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=49735&search=all&criteria=clayton&p=4. Retrieved 2008-07-31.  
  3. ^ a b c d "Key dates in the Clayton Village Story...". Clayton Village Online. http://www.clayton-village.co.uk/. Retrieved 2008-08-01.  
  4. ^ a b "Clayton: Conservation Area Assessment". City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. February 2006. p. 8. http://www.bradford.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/35F3D3BF-0C5C-48ED-8875-84D41204EC9F/0/ClaytonConservationAreaAssessmentFinal.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-03.  
  5. ^ "Clayton Urban Village". Bradford Metropolitan District Council. February 2007. http://www.bradford.gov.uk/life_in_the_community/neighbourhood_forums/bradford_west_nf/Projects/Urban_Villages/clayton_urban_village.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  6. ^ "Clayton: Conservation Area Assessment". City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. February 2006. p. 15. http://www.bradford.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/35F3D3BF-0C5C-48ED-8875-84D41204EC9F/0/ClaytonConservationAreaAssessmentFinal.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-03.  
  7. ^ "Search". Ordnance Survey. 2008. http://leisure.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/leisure/searchProcessing.jsp?q=BD14+6LJ&gazName=pc. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  8. ^ "Environment: Clayton". Bradford Metropolitan District Council. 2008. http://www.bradford.gov.uk/the_environment/planning_service/heritage_and_conservation/clayton.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-01.  
  9. ^ The area recorded was the Clayton and Fairweather Green (Ward) "Area: Clayton and Fairweather Green (Ward) - Key Figures for 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics". UK: Office for National Statistics. 2001. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=6074677&c=BD14+6LJ&d=14&e=16&g=378896&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1217540205906&enc=1. Retrieved 2008-07-31.  
  10. ^ Samuel, Lewis (1831). A Topographical Dictionary of England: Comprising the Several Counties, Cities, Boroughs, Corporate & Market Towns ...& the Islands of Guernsey, Jersey, and Man, with Historical and Statistical Descriptions; Illustrated by Maps of the Different Counties & Islands; ... and a Plan of London and .... S. Lewis & co.. p. 466. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=L88qAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA466&dq=Clayton,+Bradford&lr=&as_brr=3.  
  11. ^ "Clayton Tn/CP: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_cube_table_page.jsp?data_theme=T_POP&data_cube=N_TPop&u_id=10411105&c_id=10001043&add=N. Retrieved 2008-07-31.  
  12. ^ "Timetables". First Group. 2008. http://www.firstgroup.com/ukbus/yorkhumber/bradford/timetables/timetable.php?source_id=2&service=636/637&routeid=52431&operator=2&op_id=2&from_timetable1=1&day=1. Retrieved 2008-08-03.  
  13. ^ "Bradford Network Map". First Group. 2008. http://www.firstgroup.com/ukbus/yorkhumber/bradford/map/Bradford_Network_Map.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-03.  
  14. ^ "State Primary Schools". Bradford Metropolitan District Council. 2008. http://www.bradford.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/E4DD30AC-D403-42E4-9089-9CC96D84CA8B/0/Stateprimaryschools.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-01.  
  15. ^ "School History 1954 - 2004 (50 years)". St. Anthony's Roman Catholic Primary School. 2004. http://www.laurelmount.com/bradford/stanthonysclayton/home/history.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  16. ^ Dalgety, Margaret; Downey, Stuart (2005). Images of Clayton. Stoud: Tempus Publishing Limited. p. 96–97.  
  17. ^ Rushton, Christopher (2008) |The Complete History of Clayton Gospel Hall
  18. ^ Dalgety, Margaret; Downey, Stuart (2005). Images of Clayton. Stoud: Tempus Publishing Limited. p. 110–113.  
  19. ^ "Clayton A Team Info". Pennine Amateur Rugby League. 2008. http://www.pennineleague.co.uk/team.index.php?team=64. Retrieved 2008-07-31.  
  20. ^ "Gill gutted by `out of blue' sacking". Telegraph and Argus. 28 May 2003. http://archive.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/2003/5/28/112298.html. Retrieved 2008-08-01.  
  21. ^ "Clayton Golf Club". Clayton Golf Club. http://www.claytongolfclub.co.uk/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-01.  
  22. ^ "Clayton Library". Bradford Metropolitan District Council. 2008. http://www.bradford.gov.uk/information_and_communication/library_and_information_services/libraries_clayton_library.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  23. ^ Hill, Marion (2004). The Honeypot Killers. Next Century Books Limited. p. 227. ISBN 9780954401146. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=WlmlYuT7oKwC&pg=PA227&dq=Clayton,+Bradford&lr=&as_brr=3&sig=ACfU3U3lwDgrwuTLWBGC_ERnPFQ67_4B-w#PPA227,M1.  

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