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City of Clearlake
—  City  —
Location in Lake County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°57′30″N 122°37′35″W / 38.95833°N 122.62639°W / 38.95833; -122.62639Coordinates: 38°57′30″N 122°37′35″W / 38.95833°N 122.62639°W / 38.95833; -122.62639
Country United States
State California
County Lake
Area
 - Total 10.6 sq mi (27.5 km2)
 - Land 10.2 sq mi (26.4 km2)
 - Water 19.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation [1] 1,417 ft (432 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 13,142
 Density 1,239.8/sq mi (477.9/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95422
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-13945
GNIS feature ID 1657240

Clearlake is a city located in Lake County, California.[1] Clearlake is located 4.5 miles (7.2 km) north-northwest of Lower Lake,[2] at an elevation of 1417 feet (432 m).[1] As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 13,142.

Contents

Geography

Clearlake is located at 38°57'30" North, 122°37'35" West.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.6 square miles (27.5 km²), of which, 10.2 square miles (26.4 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²) of it is water. The total area is 4.05% water.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there are 13,142 people, 5,532 households, and 3,313 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,290.9 people per square mile (498.4/km²). There are 7,605 housing units at an average density of 288.4/km² (747.0/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city is 82.35% White, 5.20% Black or African American, 2.69% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, and 4.80% from two or more races. 11.03% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 5,532 households out of which 26.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% are married couples living together, 15.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% are non-families. 32.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 16.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.35 and the average family size is 2.96.

In the city the population is spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $19,863, and the median income for a family is $25,504. Males have a median income of $24,694 versus $18,207 for females. The per capita income for the city is $12,538. 28.6% of the population and 23.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 39.8% of those under the age of 18 and 8.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Politics

In the state legislature Clearlake is located in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Pat Wiggins, and in the 1st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Patty Berg. Federally, Clearlake is located in California's 1st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +10[4] and is represented by Democrat Mike Thompson.

History

The Clearlake post office opened in 1923, changed its name to Clearlake Park in 1937, and changed it back in 1980 when Clearlake incorporated.[2]


The first inhabitants of Clearlake were the Pomo Indians who gave the name to many of the areas features including Mt. Konocti. The Pomo suffered mistreatment at the hands of Spanish and European settlers which resulted in a massive wave of deaths. The result of this was massive amounts of land freed up for the white settlers who arrived during the gold rush. [5]


In 1879, John C. Allen arrived and made his homestead in the foothills of what is today Clearlake Park. After procuring a loan from the First Bank of Clearlake, Allen invested the money in farming. Unfortunately, the soil on his land was poor and rocky, unlike that of neighboring Kelseyville which had bountiful nutrients as the result of volcanic activity. Bankrupt and desperate, Allen began to work on a steamer ship which ferried tourists around Clear Lake. After hearing the tourists on the boat discussing the healing powers of the hot springs in neighboring Calistoga, Allen decided that he would open a health spa on the land he had purchased. Shortly after, Allen procured an investment from a wealthy patron and built several structures on his land. The club however, was a flop. The wealthy vacationers who Allen had wanted to attract had no interest in coming to Clearlake and Allen had to sell his possessions off to pay the debt he owed. This final event caused John Allen to have a mental breakdown and he spent two years in a mental institute. Upon his return to Clearlake, he proclaimed himself King and spent the rest of his life issuing proclamations from his bed. [6] The legacy of John C. Allen spawned a local tradition, the appointment of a "King of Clearlake". This tradition continues to this day.


In November of 2009 Jackson Maxwell Kaiser was announced to take the title of "King of Clearlake". Kaiser was known for his blue cape and scowl, ruling his kingdom with poise, albeit indifference. This was until he was defeated by the highly coveted Joe Riggs who took the title in early 2010, advocating jelly sandwiches and butternut squash. Riggs is also the leader of the League of Extraordinary Gentlemen and Ordinary Women. (LEGOW). [7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Clearlake, California
  2. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 39. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  5. ^ "About Lake County: History and Heritage". Lake County Visitor Center. http://www.lakecounty.com/AboutLC/Heritage.htm. Retrieved 2010-2-23. 
  6. ^ "Human Influences to Clearlake California, a 20th Century History". UC Davis. http://celake.ucdavis.edu/files/69230.pdf. Retrieved 2010-2-23. 
  7. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2010-2-13. 

See also

External links








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