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Coordinates: 48°54′16″N 2°18′23″E / 48.9044444444°N 2.30638888889°E / 48.9044444444; 2.30638888889

Commune of Clichy

Location
Clichy map.svg
Paris and inner ring départements
Administration
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Hauts-de-Seine
Arrondissement Nanterre
Canton Clichy
Mayor Gilles Catoire
Statistics
Land area1 3.08 km2 (1.19 sq mi)
Population2 58,957  (2006)
 - Density 19,142 /km2 (49,580 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 92024/ 92110
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Clichy (sometimes unofficially Clichy-la-Garenne) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 6.4 km (4 miles) from the center of Paris. It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe.

The headquarters of the L'Oréal Group, the world's leading company in cosmetics and beauty, Bic, one of the biggest pen producers in the world, and Sony France, the world's leading company in electronics and music, are located in Clichy.

Contents

Name

The name Clichy was recorded for the first time in the 6th century as Clippiacum, later corrupted into Clichiacum, meaning "estate of Cleppius", a Gallo-Roman landowner.

In the 13th century, the plain of Clichy was used as a garenne (a word which gave English warren), i.e. a hunting park, a game preserve for the exclusive use of the king or a lord, and so Clichy became known as Clichy-la-Garenne ("Clichy the Warren").

Between 1793 and 1795, during the French Revolution, Clichy-la-Garenne was renamed Clichy-la-Patriote (meaning "Clichy the Patriot"), perhaps because the word garenne reminded of the feudal privileges abolished in 1789.

After the Revolution, the French administration officially recorded the name of the commune as Clichy only, dropping the "la-Garenne". This is still the case today. However, in many instances the municipality of Clichy refers to the commune as Clichy-la-Garenne, although this is not the official name.

History

Clichy was the capital of the Merovingians during the rule of Dagobert I.

In 1830, part of the territory of Clichy was detached and became the commune of Batignolles-Monceau. On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighboring communes. Most of Batignolles-Monceau was annexed by the city of Paris, and now forms the major part of the 17th arrondissement of Paris, although a small part of the territory of Batignolles-Monceau was returned to Clichy.

On 11 January 1867, part of the territory of Clichy was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Neuilly-sur-Seine to create the commune of Levallois-Perret.

Demographics

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Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Clichy in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
70.9% 29.1%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.4% 2.6% 4.1% 20.0%
¹This group is made up largely of pieds-noirs from Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
² An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Administration

The canton covers a part of the commune; the other is in the northern part of Levallois-Perret

Twinnings

Germany Heidenheim, Germany (1959)
Austria Sankt Pölten, Austria (1968)
Portugal Santo Tirso, Portugal (1991)
Spain Rubí, Barcelona, Spain (2005)
United Kingdom Southwark, England, United Kingdom (2005)

Decentralized cooperation

Senegal Ouakam, Dakar, Senegal (2004)
Cameroon Douala, Cameroon (2006)

Geography

Clichy has a lot of low income housing, eight lane highways, and warehouses. Nils Klawitter of the Der Spiegel stated that Clichy is "barely visible on the edge of maps of the French capital" and that there are no postcards that depict the city as its contents "are hardly the stuff of tourist brochures."[1]

Economy

L'Oréal Group has its head office in a building referred to as the "Beauty Factory." Nils Klawitter of Der Spiegel said "the building, with its brown glazed façade of windows, is every bit as ugly as its neighborhood."[1] In addition, Monoprix has its head office in Clichy.[2]

At one time Fnac had its head office in Clichy.[3] In 2008 the head office moved to Ivry-sur-Seine.[4]

Transport

Clichy is served by Mairie de Clichy station on Paris Métro Line 13

It is also served by Clichy – Levallois station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Klawitter, Nils. "L'Oréal's Great Bluff." Der Spiegel. 7 March 2005. 1. Retrieved on 27 November 2009.
  2. ^ "Informations légales." Monoprix. Retrieved on 4 February 2010.
  3. ^ L.C. "Le siège de la Fnac pressenti." Le Parisien. 2 November 2006. Retrieved on 10 March 2010. "Et c'est le siège social de la Fnac qui aurait décroché la timbale. Actuellement installé à Clichy-la-Garenne (Hauts-de-Seine), le siège de l'agitateur culturel chercherait à déménager.
  4. ^ "150 salariés de la Fnac arrivent encore à Ivry." Le Parisien. 17 June 2008. Retrieved on 10 March 2010. "HIER, c'était le dernier jour d'aménagement au nouveau siège social de la Fnac, au bord de la Seine à Ivry-Port." and "Ils rejoignent ainsi les 850 autres employés qui sont déjà installés depuis le début du mois à Ivry."

External links

(French)


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