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Coordinates: 48°55′00″N 2°33′00″E / 48.9167°N 2.5500°E / 48.9167; 2.5500

Commune of Clichy-sous-Bois

Location
Clichy-sous-Bois map.svg
Paris and inner ring départements
Administration
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-Saint-Denis
Arrondissement Le Raincy
Canton Le Raincy
Intercommunality Clichy-sous-Bois – Montfermeil
Mayor Claude Dilain
(2001–2007)
Statistics
Elevation 66–121 m (217–397 ft)
(avg. 98 m/322 ft)
Land area1 3.95 km2 (1.53 sq mi)
Population2 29,849  (2006)
 - Density 7,557 /km2 (19,570 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 93014/ 93390
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Clichy-sous-Bois (formerly Clichy-en-Aulnois) is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.The vast majority of its population is made up of Arab Muslims of Algerian,Tunisian and Moroccan heritage. It is located 15.8 km (9.8 mi). (9.8 miles) from the center of Paris.

Contents

Geography

The commune has an area of 3.95 km2 (1.53 sq mi) with 1.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi) of woods. The woods are remnants of the Bondy forest (Forêt Départementale de Bondy, Parc de la Fosse Maussoin, Parc de la Mairie).

History

The name of Clichy-sous-Bois comes from Roman Cleppius, seventh century Clippiacum superius, twelfth century Clichiacum.

Flint tools from the Neolithic have been found here. Clichy en Aulnois belonged to the lords of Livry in the early Middle Ages. Subject to the Knights Templar in the 13th century, Clichy subsequently passed into possession of the Knights Hospitaller order. Up to the 16th century, it was a hunting resort of the French kings. In the 18th century, it belonged to the Duc d'Orléans. In 1820, the village had about 150 inhabitants.

On 20 May 1869, a part of the territory of Clichy-sous-Bois was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Livry-Gargan and a small part of the territory of Gagny to create the commune of Le Raincy.

In 1870, Clichy was affected by the Franco-Prussian war.

In 1912, a population of 1,434 was counted.

Urbanization of the commune began in 1955.

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Heraldry

Arms of Clichy-sous-Bois

The arms of Clichy-sous-Bois are blazoned :
Per pale vert and argent, a cinqfoil counterchanged, and on a chief gules a latin cross voided between two bunches of grapes slipped and leaved argent.

Crime and civil unrest

Clichy-sous-Bois has a high unemployment rate compared to other banlieues. The incidence of violent crime in Seine-Saint-Denis is among the highest in France. The Clichy-sous-Bois synagogue was attacked in October 2001, and again in August 2002.[citation needed]

The suburban riots of October 2005 originated in Clichy-sous-Bois and spread to other communes of the département, and then to virtually every major urban area in France.

Demographics

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Clichy-sous-Bois in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
63.7% 36.3%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.6% 2.0% 4.0% 27.7%
¹This group is made up largely of pieds-noirs from Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
² An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Transport

Clichy-sous-Bois is served by no station of the Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network. The closest station to Clichy-sous-Bois is Le Raincy – Villemomble – Montfermeil station on Paris RER line E[1]. This station is located in the neighboring commune of Le Raincy, 3.2 km (2.0 mi).(2 miles) from the town center of Clichy-sous-Bois. The only direct transport in and out of Clichy-sous-bois is the 601AB bus.

See also

References

External links


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