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Cliff Richard

Sir Cliff Richard in 2006.
Background information
Birth name Harry Rodger Webb
Born 14 October 1940 (1940-10-14) (age 69)
Lucknow, United Provinces, British India
Genres Skiffle, rock and roll, pop, gospel
Occupations Singer-songwriter, actor, entrepreneur
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active 1958–present
Labels EMI, Decca, Columbia, Epic, Rocket, Papillon
Associated acts The Shadows, Olivia Newton-John
Website CliffRichard.org

Sir Cliff Richard, OBE (born Harry Rodger Webb; 14 October 1940)[1] is an Indian born English singer-songwriter and entrepreneur.

With his backing group The Shadows, Richard dominated the British popular music scene in the late 1950s and early 1960s (i.e. the 5 year "Before-Beatles" period: 1958-1962), before and during The Beatles' first year in the charts in 1963. John Lennon once claimed that "before Cliff and the Shadows, there had been nothing worth listening to in British music."... - The Times. Nov 30th 2005.[2]

A conversion to Christianity and subsequent softening of his music led to his having more of a pop than rock image. He never achieved the same impact in the United States despite several chart singles there such as Devil Woman and We Don't Talk Anymore, but he has remained a popular music, film, and television personality in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Europe, Asia and he retains a following in other countries also. Over his 52-year career he has amassed hundreds of gold and platinum discs and awards, making him one of the most successful singers of all time.

During six decades, Cliff Richard has charted many singles, and holds the record (with Elvis Presley) as the only act to make the UK singles charts in all of its first six decades (1950s–2000s). He is the only singer to have had a number one single in the UK in, officially, five consecutive decades, doing so from the 1950s through to the 1990s (though if you discount digital downloads and only count CDs, he has had a number one single in the UK in six consecutive decades, from the 1950s through to the 2000s—see the first paragraph of 'Works: Chart accomplishments' below --, a record generally considered impossible to be beaten). In the British charts, Richard has had more than 130 [single], albums and EPs make the UK top 20, more than any other artist.[3] He has had 8 US Top 40 single entries, of which 3 peaked in the Top 10. He has won 3 Brit awards, 2 Ivor Novello awards and is the biggest selling singles artist of all time in the UK (over 21m). He has sold more than 260 million records worldwide.[4]

Contents

Biography

1940–58: Childhood

Cliff Richard was born to Anglo-Indian parents, at the King George Hospital, Victoria Street, in Lucknow, British India, to Rodger Oscar Webb, a manager for a catering contractor that serviced the big Indian Railways, and Dorothy Marie (born Dazely) Webb the family lived in a modest house with other Anglo Indians at Maqbara close to the main shopping centre of Hazratgunge. Cliff's father was 17 years senior to his mother. He was christened on 2 November 1940 at St Thomas' Church, Dehradun, India. Rodger Webb was educated at Christ Church School Lucknow. The Anglo Indians living at Maqbara often were employed as musicians and a band from there played at the Royal Cafe Restaurant Lucknow and another band at the Mohmmad Bagh club which was the officers' military club serving the large garrison at Lucknow.[5] Dorothy Marie's mother served as the dormitory matron at the La Martinier Girls School. Anglo Indians did not enjoy any social status in India and were looked down upon by the British.[5] In 1948, following Indian independence, the family moved to England. The Webbs moved from comparative wealth in India where they had servants and lived in a company supplied flat at Howrah near Calcutta, to the semi-detached house of Harry's grandmother in Carshalton, Surrey. In 1949 his father obtained employment in the credit control office of Thorn Electrical Industries and the family moved in with other relatives in Hertfordshire until a three-bedroom council house in Cheshunt was allocated to them in 1950. Harry then attended Riversmead School (which was later renamed Bishopslea School) from 1952 to 1957. As a member of the top stream he stayed on beyond the mimimum leaving age to take GCE Ordinary Level examinations and he gained a pass in English. He then started work as a filing clerk for a company called Atlas Lamps.[6] A development of flats, Cliff Richard Court, has been named after him in Cheshunt.[7]

Webb became interested in skiffle, his father bought him a guitar at 16 and he formed the Quintones vocal group in 1957. He then sang in the Dick Teague Skiffle Group.

1958–1963: Success and stardom

Harry Webb became lead singer of a rock and roll group, The Drifters (not to be confused with the U.S. group of the same name). Before their first large scale appearance, at the Regal Ballroom in Ripley, Derbyshire, in 1958, they adopted the name "Cliff Richard and the Drifters". The four members were Webb, Ian "Sammy" Samwell on guitar, Terry Smart on drums and Norman Mitham on guitar. None of the other three played with the later and better known Shadows, although Samwell wrote songs for Richard's later career.

For his début session, Norrie Paramor provided Richard with "Schoolboy Crush", a cover of an American record by Bobby Helms. Richard was permitted to record one of his own songs for the B-side; this was "Move It", written by the Drifters' Samwell on a number 715 Green Line bus on the way to Richard's house for a rehearsal. For the Move It session Paramor used the session guitarist Ernie Shears on lead-guitar and Frank Clark on bass.

There are a number of stories about why the A-side was replaced by the intended B-side. One is that Norrie Paramor's young daughter raved about the B-side; another was that influential TV producer Jack Good, who used the act for his TV show Oh Boy!, wanted the only song on his show to be "Move It".[8]

The single went to No. 2 on the UK charts. Music critics Roy Carr and Tony Tyler wrote that it was the first genuine British rock classic, followed by Johnny Kidd and the Pirates' "Shakin' All Over". John Lennon was quoted as saying that "Move It" was the first English rock record.

In the early days, Cliff Richard was marketed as the British equivalent to Elvis Presley. As did previous British rockers such as Tommy Steele and Marty Wilde, Richard adopted Presley-like dress and hairstyle. In performance he struck a pose of rock attitude, rarely smiling or looking at the audience or camera. His late 1958 and early 1959 follow-up singles, "High Class Baby" and "Livin' Lovin' Doll", were followed by "Mean Streak", which carried a rocker's sense of speed and passion, and Lionel Bart's "Living Doll". It was on "Living Doll" that the Drifters began to back Richard on record. It was his fifth record,and became his first number 1 single . By that time the group's lineup had changed with the arrival of Jet Harris, Tony Meehan, Hank Marvin, and Bruce Welch. The group was obliged to change its name to "The Shadows" after legal complications with the U.S. Drifters as "Living Doll" entered the American top 40, licensed by ABC-Paramount. Living doll was used in his debut film Serious Charge, but as a country standard, rather than a rock n roll standard.

The Shadows were not a typical backing group. They would become contractually separate from Richard, and the group received no royalties for records backing Richard. In 1959, The Shadows (then still the Drifters) landed an EMI recording contract of their own, for independent recordings. That year, they released three singles, two of which featured double-sided vocals and one of which had instrumental A and B sides. In 1960, they recorded and released "Apache". Reaching the top of the charts in more than one country, the single set The Shadows on a path of their own. They thereafter had several major hits, including five UK No. 1s. The band also continued to appear and record with Richard and wrote many of his hits. On more than one occasion, a Shadows' instrumental replaced a Richard song at the top of the British charts.

Richard's fifth single "Living Doll" triggered a softer, more relaxed, sound. Subsequent hits, the No. 1s "Travellin' Light" and "I Love You" and also "A Voice in the Wilderness" and "Theme for a Dream" cemented Richard's status as a mainstream pop entertainer along with contemporaries such as Adam Faith and Billy Fury. Throughout the early sixties his hits were consistently in the top five.

Typically, The Shadows closed the first half of the show with a 30-minute set of their own, then backed Richard on his show-closing 45-minute stint. Tony Meehan and Jet Harris left the group in 1961 and 1962 respectively and later had their own chart successes for Decca. The Shadows added bass players and took on Brian Bennett on drums.

In the early days, Richard sometimes recorded without The Shadows in order to cater to other styles. Even after the Beatles' rise he continued to achieve hits, although more often with an orchestra rather than The Shadows: a revival of "It's All In The Game" and "Constantly". A session under the direction of Billy Sherrill in Nashville yielded two more top two hits: "The Minute You're Gone" and "Wind Me Up" in 1965.

Cliff Richard and in particular, The Shadows never achieved star status in the United States. In 1960 they toured the U.S. and were well-received; however, lacklustre support and distribution from a revolving door of American record labels proved an obstacle to long-term success Stateside despite several chart records by Cliff including the aforementioned "It's All In The Game" on Epic, via a renewed linking of the worldwide Columbia labels after Philips ended its distribution deal with CBS. To the Shadows' chagrin, Apache reached #1 in The U. S. via a cover version by Danish guitarist Jorgen Ingmann which was virtually unchanged from their worldwide hit, save a sound effect Ingmann added evoking whooshing arrows in flight created by flicking his fingers on the fretboard. Cliff and the band appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show, which was crucial for The Beatles', but these performances did not help them gain sustained success in North America.

Richard and The Shadows appeared in six feature films, including a rather odd début in the 1959 film Serious Charge but most notably in The Young Ones, (the title song being his biggest hit up to "Mistletoe and Wine"); Summer Holiday (which featured a slimmed-down Richard with visible dancing skills), Wonderful Life and Finders Keepers. These films created their own genre known as the "Cliff Richard musical" and led to Richard being named the number one cinema box office attraction in Britain for both 1962 and 1963. The irreverent 1980s TV sitcom The Young Ones took its name from Richard's 1962 movie, and also made references to the singer. In 1966, Richard and the Shadows appeared as marionettes in the Gerry Anderson film Thunderbirds Are GO. In the summer of 1963 Cliff and the Shadows appeared for a season in Blackpool, where Cliff had his portrait modelled by Victor Heyfron, M.A.

1964–1975: Changing circumstances

As with the other existing rock acts in Britain, Richard's career was affected by the sudden advent of The Beatles and the Mersey sound in 1963 and 1964. However, his popularity was established enough to allow him to weather the storm and continue to have hits in the charts throughout the 1960s, albeit not at the level that he had enjoyed before. Nor did doors open to him in the U.S. market; he was not considered part of the British Invasion, despite four Hot 100 hits (including the top 25 "It's All In The Game") between August 1963 and August 1964, the U.S. public had little awareness of him. However, he continued having international hits, including 1967's "The Day I Met Marie", which reached #10 in the UK Singles Chart and #5 in the Australian charts, and is considered a quintessential summer hit, due to its summery nature.

Although baptised as an Anglican, Richard did not appear to practise the faith in his early years. However, in 1964, he became an active Christian and this conversion has become an important aspect of his life. Standing up publicly as a Christian affected his career in several ways. Initially, he believed that he should quit rock 'n roll, feeling he could no longer be the rocker who had been called a "crude exhibitionist" and "too sexy for TV" and a threat to parents' daughters. However, by the time Richard converted, his image had become tamer due to his film roles and well-spoken manners on radio and TV. Richard intended at first to 'reform his ways' and become a teacher, but Christian friends advised him not to abandon his career just because he had become a Christian. Soon after, Cliff Richard re-emerged, performing with Christian groups and recording some Christian material. He still recorded secular songs with the Shadows, but devoted a lot of his time to Christian work, including appearances with the Billy Graham crusades. As time progressed, Richard balanced his faith and work, enabling him to remain one of the most popular singers in Britain as well as one of its best-known Christians. He was a leading figure in the Nationwide Festival of Light during 1971, protesting against the commercial exploitation of sex and violence in Britain, and advocating the teaching of Christ as the key to recovering moral stability in the nation.[citation needed]

Cliff Richard's first serious acting role took place in the 1967 film Two a Penny, released by Billy Graham's World Wide Pictures,[9] in which he played a young man who gets involved in drug dealing while questioning his life after his girlfriend changes her attitude. He released the live album "Cliff in Japan", which featured Olivia Newton-John as backing singer and John Farrar on guitar (Farrar would later be Newton-John's producer).

Also in 1968 he sang the UK's entry in the Eurovision Song Contest: "Congratulations" by Bill Martin and Phil Coulter; it lost by just one point to Spain's "La La La". According to John Kennedy O'Connor's The Eurovision Song Contest — The Official History, this was the closest yet result in the contest and Richard locked himself in the toilet to avoid the nerves of the voting.[10] In May 2008 a Reuters news report claimed that voting in the competition had been fixed by the host country's dictator leader, Francisco Franco, to ensure that the Spanish entry won, allowing them to host the contest the following year (1969). In particular, it is claimed that Spanish TVE television executives offered to buy programmes in exchange for votes.[11][12].This has not been proved beyond doubt, but it is thought likely. The story was widely covered and featured on UK Channel 4 News as a main story, with Jon Snow interviewing author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor about the matter.[13] Eurovision later ended voting by national juries in a bid to eradicate such alleged scams. Nevertheless, "Congratulations" was a huge hit throughout Europe and yet another No.1 in April 1968.


In 1973 he sang the British entry Power to All Our Friends; the song finished third, close behind Luxembourg's "Tu Te Reconnaîtras" and Spain's "Eres Tú". This time, Richard took Valium in order to overcome his nerves and his manager was almost unable to wake him for the performance.[14] Richard also hosted the BBC's qualifying heat for the Eurovision Song Contest, "A Song for Europe," in 1970, 1971 and 1972 as part of his BBCTV variety series. He presented the Eurovision preview programmes for the BBC in 1971 and 1972.

After the Shadows split in 1968, Richard continued to record. He had already become accustomed to the Shadows' absence, and was able to record in a variety of settings. Although many of his earliest fans regretted that Richard had tried out songs which were not strictly in the rock 'n roll genre, most had got used to his habit of recording rockier material with the Shadows, while producing more middle-of-the-road material at other times; this versatility extended Richard's career prospects.

During the 1970s, Richard took part in television shows, such as It's Cliff, many of which also starred Hank Marvin and Una Stubbs, and which included A Song for Europe. These shows, for a time, branded Cliff Richard as a television personality more than a recording artist. He began 1970 by appearing on the BBC's highly rated review of the sixties music scene Pop Go The Sixties, performing Bachelor Boy with The Shadows and Congratulations solo, live on the show broadcast across Europe and BBC1, on January 1, 1970. In 1972, he made a short BBC television comedy film called The Case with appearances from comedians and his first-ever duets with a woman, Olivia Newton-John. In 1973 he starred in the film Take Me High.

1976–1994: Comeback

In 1976 the decision was made to repackage Cliff Richard as a "rock" artist. That year he produced the landmark album I'm Nearly Famous, which included the successful but controversial guitar-driven track "Devil Woman" (Richard's first true hit in the United States) and the ballad "Miss You Nights". Richard's fans were excited about this revival of a performer who had been a part of British rock from its early days. Many music names such as Jimmy Page, Eric Clapton, and Elton John were seen sporting I'm Nearly Famous badges, pleased that their boyhood idol was getting back into the heavier rock in which he had begun his career.

Notwithstanding this, Richard continued to release Gospel-tinged albums in parallel with his rock and pop albums, for example: Small Corners from 1978 contained the single "Yes He Lives". Despite his 1976 comeback, this single failed to chart in the United Kingdom. In 1980, the singer officially changed his name by deed poll from Harry Webb to Cliff Richard.[15]. On December 31, 1976, Cliff performed his latest single Hey, Mr. Dream Maker on BBC1's A Jubilee Of Music, celebrating British pop music for Queen Elizabeth II's impending Silver jubilee.

In 1979, Richard teamed up with the producer Bruce Welch for the pop hit single "We Don't Talk Anymore", which hit #1 in the UK and #7 in the U.S. Brian Ferry added the backing vocals to the song, however, he only hummed the backing vocals, he didn't actually ever sing. The record gave Richard the distinction of becoming the first act to reach the Hot 100 in the 1980s who had also reached the Hot 100 in each of the three previous decades. The song was quickly added onto the end of his latest album Rock 'n' Roll Juvenile. It was his first time at the top of the UK singles chart in over ten years, and the song would become his biggest-selling single ever. The accompanying music video was the sixth to appear on American cable channel MTV when it débuted Aug. 1, 1981.

At long last he had some extended success in the United States following "Devil Woman". The follow-up "Dreaming" also reached the top ten, peaking at #10. His 1980 duet "Suddenly" with Olivia Newton-John, from the film Xanadu, was a Top 20 hit in America, peaking at #20. Richard continued with a string of top ten albums, including I'm No Hero, Wired For Sound, Now You See Me, Now You Don't, and, marking his 25th year in show business, Silver. The singles chart also saw his most consistent period of top twenty hits since the mid 1960s, with three of them on the Hot 100 at the same time at the end of 1980. His 1985 single "She's So Beautiful" reached No.17 in the UK. 1987 saw Richard record his Always Guaranteed album, which became his best selling album of all new material. It contained the two top ten hit singles, "My Pretty One" and "Some People". Richard concluded his thirtieth year in music in spectacular chart style, reaching number one on the British singles chart with "Mistletoe and Wine", while simultaneously holding the number one positions on the album and video charts with the compilation Private Collection summing up his biggest hits from 1979-1988. "Mistletoe and Wine" was his biggest seller to that point.

In 1986, Richard teamed up with The Young Ones to re-record his smash hit "Living Doll" for the charity Comic Relief. Along with the song, the recording contained comedy dialogue between Richard and The Young Ones. The release went to no.1. That same year he opened in the West End as a rock musician called upon to defend Earth in a trial set in the Andromeda Galaxy in the multi-media Dave Clark musical Time. Two Richard singles: "She's So Beautiful" and "Born To Rock 'n Roll" were released respectively in 1985 and '86 from the concept album recorded for "Time".

Further top ten albums included Stronger in 1989, which included the UK No.2 hit "Best Of Me", and UK No.3 "Just Don't Have The Heart" written and produced by Mike Stock, Matt Aitken and Pete Waterman , From a Distance in 1990. Later that year, Richard scored his second UK Christmas No. 1 single with Saviour's Day. Richard unsuccessfully bid for the Christmas No.1 spot again with We Should Be Together and Healing Love in 1991 and 1993 respectively - the latter being taken from his No.1 studio album Cliff Richard - The Album. The next few years saw Richard concentrate on bringing the musical Heathcliff to the stage. The production was a resounding success, but the time it took seemed to take a toll on his reinvigorated chart status. Back in the UK during the next years and throughout the 1980s, Richard remained one of the best-known music artists in the country. In the space of a few years he worked with Elton John, Mark Knopfler, Julian Lennon, Freddie Mercury, Stevie Wonder, Phil Everly, Janet Jackson, Sheila Walsh, and Van Morrison. Richard also reunited with Olivia Newton-John. In 1989, he filled the Wembley Stadium for a few nights with a spectacular titled "The Event". Meanwhile, the Shadows later re-formed (and again split). They recorded on their own, but also reunited with Richard in 1978, 1984, and 1989-90 for some concerts. On 14 June 2004 Cliff Richard joined the Shadows on-stage at the London Palladium. The Shadows had decided to re-form for one final tour of the UK, with this concert heralded as their final ever concert as "Cliff and the Shadows."

1995 - present: Sir Cliff Richard

Cliff Richard was knighted on 25 October 1995, the first rock star to be so honoured (Bob Geldof had received his honorary knighthood a full nine years earlier, but not being a British subject, he is not permitted to use the accolade 'Sir', whether in the UK or abroad). Richard was knighted ahead of Paul McCartney (1997), Elton John (1998), Mick Jagger and Tom Jones. In 1998, Richard demonstrated that radio stations were refusing to play his music by releasing his latest single "Can't Keep This Feeling In" on a white label under the pseudonym of Blacknight. The single was well regarded and featured on playlists until the true artist was revealed.[16]

In 1999, controversy arose regarding radio stations refusing to play his releases when EMI, Richard's label since 1958, refused to release his latest song, "Millennium Prayer". Richard took it to an independent label, Papillon, which released the charity recording (in aid of Children's Promise). The single went on to top the UK chart for three weeks, his fourteenth No.1, and the third highest-selling single of his career. Richard's next album (2001) was a covers project, Wanted, followed by another top ten album with Cliff at Christmas. The holiday album contained both new and older recordings, including the single "Santa's List", which reached No.5 in 2003. Richard decamped to Nashville, Tennessee for his next album project in 2004, employing a writer's conclave to give him the pick of all new songs for the album Something's Goin' On. Though the collection was critically well-received, it had disappointing sales. Nevertheless it was yet another top ten album, and produced three top fifteen singles: "Something's Goin' On", "I Cannot Give You My Love", with Barry Gibb of the Bee Gees, and the lively "What Car". Richard did not hide his disappointment with the album's lacklustre sales, and it was speculated that it might have been his last ever album of original songs.

Cliff Richard finished number 56 in the 2002 100 Greatest Britons list, sponsored by the BBC and voted for by the public. Adored especially by baby boomer women, many of whom camp out for his concert tickets, he has become a fixture of the British entertainment world and once led the Wimbledon Centre Court crowd in singing during a rain delay in 1996 when asked by Wimbledon officials to entertain the crowd. Richard was not aware this performance was actually televised by the BBC and after singing six of his golden greats, TV presenter Des Lynam commented on this and added jokingly "we'll probably get one hell of a bill". The performance was front page headlines on many of the major British newspapers the following day.

2006 saw Richard's album of duets, (another top 10 success) including newly-recorded material with Brian May, Dionne Warwick, Anne Murray, Barry Gibb and Daniel O'Donnell, plus some previously recorded duets with artists such as Phil Everly, Elton John and Olivia Newton-John. 'Two's Company' was released to coincide with the UK leg of his latest world tour, 'Here and Now' which included a number of lesser known, but fan-favourite songs including, My Kinda Life, How Did She Get Here, Hey Mr. Dream Maker, For Life, A Matter Of Moments, When The Girl In Your Arms, Every Face Tells A Story, Peace In Our Time and the Christmas single 21st Century Christmas, which debuted at No.2 on the UK singles chart.

Richard's mother, Dorothy Webb, suffered from dementia. In a September 2006 interview with the Daily Mail, he spoke about the difficulties he and his sisters had in dealing with their mother's condition.[17] On 18 October 2007 a statement on the star's website read, "We are sad to report that Cliff's mother, Dorothy, passed away early on 17 October; she was 87."

Another compilation album, Love... The Album was released on 12 November. Like Two's Company before it, this album includes both previously released material and newly-recorded songs, namely Waiting For A Girl Like You, When You Say Nothing At All, All Out Of Love, If You're Not the One and When I Need You (the latter was released as a single, reaching Number 38), (the album peaked at number 13). The concept of the project has divided fans who anticipate an album of new material.

In 2008, Richard's 50th year in music, there was the release of the 8CD box set, And They Said It Wouldn't Last (My 50 Years In Music).[18]

50th Anniversary Tour, Wembley
50th Anniversary Tour, Wembley

In September, a single celebrating his 50 years in pop music, titled * Thank you for a Lifetime was released. On the 14th of September, 2008, Thank You For A Lifetime, reached No.3 on the UK music charts.

On 2 November 2008, British newspaper The Mail on Sunday gave away a free promotional CD entitled '50th Anniversary' containing 12 tracks picked by Sir Cliff himself.

On 11 November 2008, Cliff Richard's Official Homepage announced that 20 years since their latest concert together, Cliff & The Shadows would reunite to celebrate their 50th anniversary in the music business. In the late '50s and early '60s, Cliff & The Shadows dominated the English pop-music scene with their record-breaking careers - together and as solo acts, establishing their impressing place in history of pop. They picked up no less than 19 No 1 hits, like Living Doll, Travellin' Light, Please Don't Tease, Bachelor Boy, Wonderful Land and Apache. They starred together in the still popular films Summer Holiday and The Young Ones.

On 11 December 2008, Cliff Richard and the Shadows performed at the Royal Variety Performance. In 2009 Cliff & The Shadows will bring their partnership to an end with the "Golden Anniversary concert tour of the UK". A new album by Cliff Richard and the Shadows was released in September, titled 'Reunited' it was their first studio project in forty years. The 28 tracks recorded comprises 25 re-recordings of their earlier classics, with three 'new' tracks, originally from that era (and earlier), the single Singing the Blues, along with Eddie Cochran's C'mon Everybody and the Frankie Ford hit Sea Cruise. The tracks are to be spread across the single and its bonus tracks, a limited edition version of the album, as well as a standard CD release. The album charted at number six in the UK charts in its opening week and peaked at number 4 in the charts. The reunion tour is to continue into Europe in 2010.

In June 2009 it was reported by Sound Kitchen Studios in Nashville that Cliff was to return there shortly to record a new album of original recordings of jazz songs. He was to record fourteen tracks in a week. He also stated his intention to record with bluegrass singer Alison Krauss.

According to The Sunday Times Rich List 2009 he is worth £40m

Entrepreneur

Richard has become joint owner of the Arora International Hotel in Manchester, which opened in June 2004. He also owns a Quinta in the Algarve, Portugal, where he is involved in the production of wines at the Adega do Cantor (“Winery of the Singer”), a state-of-the-art winery in Guia, near Albufeira. In 2006, Cliff Richard received Portugal’s equivalent of a knighthood in recognition of his 40 years of personal and business involvement in that country.

Lack of commercial support

Cliff Richard openly complains about the lack of commercial support he receives from radio stations and record labels. He spoke about this on The Alan Titchmarsh Show on ITV in December 2007, pointing out that while new bands needed airplay for promotion and sales, long-established artists like himself also relied upon airplay for the same ends. He did note, however, that so-called eighties radio stations did play his records and that this went some way to help sales and maintain his media presence. In the recent BBC Radio 2 documentary "Cliff - Take Another Look", he pointed out that many documentaries charting the history of British music fail to even mention him.[19]

Cliff Richard's protracted chart success undermines radio stations' claims that he does not enjoy the support of their target audiences. Richard believes he is "the most radical rock star there has ever been".[19] Richard's premise is that his decision not to adopt the "sex, drugs and alcohol" image expected of rock stars, then and now, was the truly avant-garde choice.

Personal life

Richard is a lifelong bachelor.[4] He has said that he once considered marriage to the dancer Jackie Irving and later to the former tennis player Sue Barker. Richard currently lives with a former Roman Catholic priest, John McElynn, whom he met in 2001 while doing charity work in the United States.[4] He has been described as Cliff's property manager and looks after the properties whilst Richard is away. The friendship has fuelled persistent rumours that Richard is homosexual, which he denied in 1996. Describing McElynn as a close friend and companion, Richard has said: "I am sick to death of the media’s speculation about it...what business is it of anyone else’s what any of us are as individuals? I don’t think my fans would care either way."[4]

He has also gone on record to suggest the Church of England affirm a commitment to same-sex marriage.[4][20] In his autobiography he states that "... many of my friends are gay - let's face it, homosexuality has been legal for more than thirty years. For me, the commitment is what counts - and I'll leave the judging to God." [21]

Richard's father Roger Webb died in 1961 and his mother Dorothy died in 2007.

Humanitarian Interests

  • Annually Cliff donates around £500,000 to charitable causes (It was claimed in 1990 that he gave away £10,000 a week), this is around 10% of his annual earnings. In 1991 alone Cliff donated over £80,000 to the Chernobyl disaster, £110,000 to PHAB and the british deaf association and £10,000 to the evangelical arts centre.
  • The Sir Cliff Richard Charitable Trust is Sir Cliff's personal charity which helps over 50 independant charities every 3 months of the year. Priority is given to charities working in medical research, with children and the elderly, and those involved with the physically and/or mentally disabled.
  • Sir Cliff Richard - Vice President of Tearfund
  • Sir Cliff Richard - Vice President of The Cliff Richard Tennis Foundation which was founded in 1991 by Cliff Richard, the UK-based charity has a team of coaches is on the road throughout the year, taking tennis into state primary schools. So far over 200,000 children have had the chance to try their hand at playing tennis.
  • Sir Cliff Richard is a Patron of the Roy Castle Lung Foundation, The Roy Castle Lung Cancer Centre was officially opened in Liverpool on 12 May 1998 by Sir Cliff, who said: "he was a brave guy who died in front of us all, this building will be a wonderful, wonderful memorial to him."
  • Sir Cliff Richard is also a supporter of the Olivia Newton John Cancer Centre, he walked the great wall of china to raise money for the project during March 2008. In February 2010 Sir Cliff visited the centre in Melbourne.
  • In October 2008 Sir Cliff Richard became Patron of the Alzheimer's Research Trust, he made a televised plea on BBC televison.
  • Sir Cliff Richard - a Patron of world peace and environmental causes.
  • On 13 Feb 2003, Sir Cliff Richard became a Patron of Sharon Davson's creative and charitable endeavours towards world peace and environmental initiatives. He donated his handprints to the of this internationally acclaimed Australian artist at the Australian Institute of Sport arena in Canberra. Davson, the artist, started this Hands Up initiative in 1992 with Neil Diamond.
  • On 21 February 2010, during Sir Cliff Richard's recent tour to Australia, he was delighted to see Davson had incorporated one of his handprints incorporated into her art. Sir Cliff Richard is now also a Parton of the Davson Arts Museum peace and environment centre located in Newcastle , NSW, and thus named to honour the art and achievements of Sharon Davson.

Career Line-Ups

pre-Drifters

The Quintones
  • 1957/? - Cliff Richard(v)+?
the Dick Teague Skiffle group
  • 1957/? - Cliff Richard(g/v)+?

w/Drifters

The Drifters(#1) - live only
  • 1958/3 - Cliff Richard(g/v)+Ian Samwell(g)+Terry Smart(d)
The Drifters(#2) - live only
  • 1958/5 - CR(g/v)+Ian Samwell(g)+Ken Pavey(g)+Terry Smart(d)
The Drifters(#3) - HMV Acetate
  • 1958/6 - CR(g/v)+Norman Mitcham(g)+Ian Samwell(b)+Terry Smart(d)
CR&The Drifters(#4) - 2 Columbia singles
  • 1958/7 - CR(v)+Ian Samwell(g)+Terry Smart(d)&{Ernie Shear(g)+Frank Clark(d)}
CR&The Drifters(#5) - Live
  • 1958/9 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+Samwell(b)+Terry Smart(d)
CR&The Drifters(#6) - Livin lovin doll single
  • 1958/11 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+J.Harris(b)+Terry Smart(d)
CR&The Drifters(#7) - Mean streak=>
  • 1959/1 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+J.Harris(b)+T.Meehan(d)
CR&The Drifters(#7) - Live(temp)/Scandinavian Tour
  • 1959/7 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+J.Harris(b)&{Laurie Jay(d)}

w/The Shadows(phase.1-50/60's)

CR&The Shadows(#1) - Livin doll=>
  • 1959/8 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+J.Harris(b)+T.Meehan(d)
CR&The Shadows(#2) -
  • 1961/9 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g/kb)+B.Welch(g)+J.Harris(b)+B.Bennett(d)
CR&The Shadows(#2temp) -
  • 1961/11 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g/kb)+B.Welch(g)+J.Harris(b)+{Laurie Jay(d)}
CR&The Shadows(#3) -
  • 1962/3 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g/kb)+B.Welch(g)+B.Locking(b)+B.Bennett(d)
CR&The Shadows(#4) -
  • 1963/11 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g/kb)+B.Welch(g)+J.Rostill(b)+B.Bennett(d)
CR&The Shadows(#4temp1) -
  • 1968/8 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g/kb)+B.Welch(g)+B.Bennett(d)&{B.Locking(b)}
CR&The Shadows(#4temp2) -
  • 1968/8 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g/kb)+B.Welch(g)&{B.Locking(b)+T.Meehan(d)}
CR&The Shadows(#5) -
  • 1968/9 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+A.Hawkshaw(kb)+J.Rostill(b)+B.Bennett(d)

Various Orchestras

CR(solo) (live) with....
  • 1967 - Mike Leander Orchestra.
  • 1968 - Norrie Paramor Orchestra.
  • 1970 - Brian Bennett Sound Orchestra.
  • 1972 - Brian Bennett Sound Orchestra.
  • 1976 - Brian Bennett Band.

w/Marvin & Farrar

CR&Hank Marvin and John Farrar - Live(Japan) w/Olivia Newton-John + Pat Carroll.
  • 1972/9 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+J.Farrar(g)&{A.Hawkshaw(kb)+J.Rostill(b)+B.Bennett(d)}

1973 Eurovision Song Contest

CR - Cilla Black show(winning entry... Power to all our friends) & also Final in London.
  • 1973/4 - CR(v)+Kevin Peek(g)+John Farrar(g)+Alan Tarney(b)+Trevor Spencer(d).

w/The Shadows(phase.2-70/80/90/00's reunions)

CR&The Shadows(re1) - Live(london palladium)
  • 1974/6 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+J.Farrar(g)+B.Bennett(d)&{Alan Tarney(b)}
CR&The Shadows(re2) - Live(london palladium)
  • 1978/3 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+B.Bennett(d)&{Mo Foster(b)+Cliff Hall(kb)}
CR&The Shadows(re3) - Live(london palladium)
  • 1981/11 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+B.Bennett(d)&{Alan Jones(b)+Cliff Hall(kb)}
CR&The Shadows(re4) - Live(Wembley Arena/NEC)
  • 1984/5 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+B.Bennett(d)&{Alan Jones(b)+Cliff Hall(kb)}
CR&The Shadows(re5) - Live(The Event/Wembley stadium)
  • 1989/6 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+B.Bennett(d)&{Mark Griffiths(b)+Cliff Hall(kb)}
CR&The Shadows(re6) - Live(Knebworth)
  • 1990/6 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+B.Bennett(d)&{Mark Griffiths(b)+Cliff Hall(kb)}
CR&The Shadows(re7) - Live(World Tour)
  • 2009/9 - CR(v)+H.Marvin(g)+B.Welch(g)+B.Bennett(d)&{Mark Griffiths(b)+Warren Bennett(kb)}

1974 Japan Tour

CR(v)(solo) -
  • 1974 - Kevin Peek(g)+B.Welch(g)+Alan Tarney(b)+Trevor Spencer(d)+Cliff Hall(kb)+Barrie Guard(kb).

2008 UK Tour

CR(v)(solo) -
  • 2008 - Keith.Hayman(MD/kb)+Phil Denis(kb)+John Clarke(g)+Mark Griffiths(b)+Pete May(d) +Mike.Haughton(sax)+[P.Howarth+K.Murrell+A.Osmok+S-J.Skeete](v)+6xdancers.

Collaborations

Duets with Cliff Richard

Cliff Richard has duetted on singles and albums with many singers during his career: Hank Marvin, Olivia Newton-John, Phil Everly, Sheila Walsh, Janet Jackson, Elton John, Cilla Black, Tammy Wynette, Daniel O'Donnell etc.

Works

Chart accomplishments
  • Cliff Richard has scored 14 No.1 singles in the UK (but if you include The Shadows' 'Apache', on which he played, uncredited, the Chinese Drum; Band Aid II's 'Do They Know It's Christmas?', on which he appeared; and '21st Century Christmas' and 'Thank You For A Lifetime', which reached No.1 on CD sales (i.e. not including downloads), he has had 18 No.1s).
  • As a performer, Cliff Richard has scored the most top 10 hits on the UK singles charts (70), the most top 20 hits (97) and the most top 40 hits (125). (Double A-sides count as two hits; Richard has charted two double A-sides in the top ten, and five double A-sides in the top forty.)
  • Based solely on data used to compile the Official UK Singles Charts, Richard has sold more singles in the UK than any other act, with sales exceeding twenty million copies. Interestingly enough, he has scored only one million-selling single: "The Young Ones". This does not reflect his total sales as the data used to compile the charts in the early part of his career was only partial. Sales from his 1950s singles would be significantly understated in this figure.
  • Cliff Richard has had top two hits in each of the six decades from the 1950s onwards.
  • Cliff Richard is the only act in the UK to score a No.1 single in each of (officially—but see the first paragraph of 'Chart accomplishments' above) the first five decades since the inception of the UK Singles chart in 1952. His chart peak in the 2000s is No.2. The following list shows the number of chart toppers Richard has achieved in each decade.

Cliff Richard has spent the second longest time on the British charts of any act. The acts with the most aggregate time spent on the British record charts:

  1. Elvis Presley (2,574 days)
  2. Cliff Richard (1,983)
  3. Queen (1,755)
  4. The Beatles (1,749)
  5. Madonna (1,660)
  6. Elton John (1,626)
Christmas songs

Cliff Richard has aimed for the Christmas number one single on several occasions, sometimes successfully. His first Christmas number one (on some charts) was in 1960, but that single, "I Love You," was not a yuletide-themed song.

In later years, Richard often released songs with a Christmas or other religious theme:

  • 1969: "With the Eyes of a Child" (#20)
  • 1982: "Little Town" (#11)
  • 1988: "Mistletoe and Wine" (#1)
  • 1989: "Whenever God Shines His Light" (#20) (duet with Van Morrison)
  • 1990: "Saviour's Day" (#1)
  • 1991: "We Should Be Together" (#10)
  • 1999: "The Millennium Prayer" (#1)
  • 2003: "Santa's List" (#5)
  • 2006: "21st Century Christmas" (#2)

He also featured on the 1989 Christmas number one by Band Aid II, thus appearing at the top of the charts for three consecutive Christmases.

Discography

Awards

Brit Awards
  • 1977 - Best British male solo artist during the past 25 years
  • 1982 - Best British male solo artist
  • 1989 - Outstanding contribution to music
TV Times
  • 1980 - TV Times - Most Exciting Male Singer on TV
  • 1987 - TV Times - Best Male Singer
  • 1989 - TV Times - Favorite Singer
The Sun Readers
  • 1970 - The Sun Readers Poll - Top Male Pop Personality
  • 1971 - The Sun Readers Poll - Top Male Pop Personality
  • 1972 - The Sun Readers Poll - Top Male Pop Personality
NME
  • 1958 - NME Readers Poll - Best New Disc or TV Singer
  • 1959 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1959 - NME Readers Poll - Best Single - Living Doll
  • 1960 - NME Readers Poll - Best UK Single - Living Doll
  • 1961 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1962 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1963 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1963 - NME Readers Poll - Best World Male Singer
  • 1964 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1964 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1965 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1966 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1966 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1967 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1968 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1969 - NME Readers Poll - British Vocal Personality
  • 1970 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1970 - NME Readers Poll - UK Vocal Personality
  • 1970 - NME Readers Poll - World's Best Recording Artist of the 60's
  • 1971 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1971 - NME Readers Poll - British Vocal Personality
  • 1972 - NME Readers Poll - UK Male Singer
  • 1972 - NME Readers Poll - British Vocal Personality
Ivor Novello
  • 1968 - Ivor Novello - Most Performed Work - CONGRATULATIONS by Bill Martin & Phil Coulter
  • 1970 - Ivor Novello - Outstanding Services to Music
Melody Maker
  • 1959 - Melody Maker - Best Male Singer
  • 1960 - Melody Maker - Top British Male Singer
  • 1962 - Melody Maker - The Emen Award - Top male singer
  • 1962 - Melody Maker - Top British Male Singer
  • 1962 - Melody Maker - Top single of the year - The Young Ones
  • 1963 - Melody Maker - Best Male Singer
  • 1964 - Melody Maker - Best Male Singer
  • 1965 - Melody Maker - Best UK Male Singer
  • 1967 - Melody Maker - Top Male Singer
Disc & Music Echo
  • 1967 - Disc & Music Echo - Best Dressed Male
  • 1968 - Disc & Music Echo - Best Dressed Male
  • 1969 - Disc & Music Echo - Best Dressed Male
  • 1970 - Disc & Music Echo - Top British Male Singer
  • 1970 - Disc & Music Echo - Best Dressed Male
  • 1970 - Disc & Music Echo - Mr. Valentine
  • 1971 - Disc & Music Echo - Mr. Valentine
Bravo (Germany)
  • 1964 - BRAVO Magazine (Germany) - Best Male Singer - Gold
  • 1964 - BRAVO Magazine (Germany) - Year End Singles Charts - 1.SAG 'NO' ZU IMH (DON'T TALK TO HIM)
  • 1965 - BRAVO Magazine (Germany) - Best Male Singer - Gold
  • 1980 - BRAVO Magazine (Germany) - Top International Male Singer
Record Mirror
  • 1961 - Record Mirror Survey - Most successful chart records 1958 - 1961 No 1: Cliff Richard - Living Doll (Cliff had three of the top five records and a further two in the Top 50.)
  • 1964 - Record Mirror Poll - Best Dressed Singer in the World
1960s
  • 1961 - Royal Variety Club - Show Business Personality
  • 1961 - Weekend Magazine - Star of Stars
  • 1962 - Motion Picture Hearld Box-Office Survey Of 1962 - Most Popular Male Film Actor
  • 1963 - Motion Picture Hearld Box-Office Survey Of 1963 - Most Popular Male Film Actor
  • 1963 - 16 (US Magazine) - Most Promising Singer
  • 1964 - BILLBOARD MAGAZINE (US Magazine) - Best Recording Artist UK
  • 1969 - Valentine Magazine - Mr Valentine
1970s
  • 1970 - National Viewers & Listeners' Association - Outstanding Contribution to Religious Broadcasting and Light Entertainment
  • 1971 - Record Mirror - UK Male Singer
  • 1974 - Nordoff Robbins Music Therapy Committee - Silver Clef - Outstanding Services to the Music Industry
  • 1977 - The Songwriter's Guild Of Great Britain - Golden Badge Award
  • 1979 - MUSIC WEEK - Special Award for 21 years as successful recording artistes - Cliff Richard and The Shadows
  • 1979 - EMI Records - Gold Clock and Gold Key award - EMI celebrates 21 year partnership with Cliff
1980s
  • 1980 - Cliff receives O.B.E. from The Queen.
  • 1980 - BBC TV Multi-coloured Swapshop - Best UK Male Vocalist
  • 1980 - National Pop And Rock Awards - Best Family Entertainer
  • 1980 - NATIONWIDE, in conjunction with Radio 1 & the Daily Mirror - Best Family Entertainer
  • 1981 - Sunday Telegraph Readers Poll - Top Pop Star
  • 1981 - Daily Mirror Readers Award - Outstanding Music Personality Of The Year
  • 1989 - The Lifetime Achievement Diamond Award (Antwerp)
1990s
  • 1992 - Spectable Wearer Of The Year
  • 1995 - American Society Of Composers, Authors & Publishers - Pied Piper Award (Cliff became the first British recipient of Ascap's coveted Pied Piper Award, which recognises outstanding contributions to the songwriter and music community)
  • 1995 - The formal investiture of Cliff Richard as Knight Bachelor took place at 10.30 a.m. in Buckingham Palace on Wednesday 25 October.
  • 1998 - Dutch Edison - Lifetime Achievement Award
2000s
  • 2000 - South Bank Awards - Outstanding Achievement Award
  • 2003 - British Academy Of Composers And Songwriters - Gold Badge of merit
  • 2003 - Lawn Tennis Association - 20 Years of Service to Tennis Award
  • 2004 - Induction into UK Music Hall of Fame (Representing the 1950s - Cliff & The Shadows)
  • 2004 - Ultimate Pop Star (No. 1 singles recording artist in UK)
  • 2005 - Avenue of the Stars (Star on the Pavement London)
  • 2005 - Rose D'or Music Festival (Paris) - Golden Rose

Tours and concerts

Videography

  • 1978 - Thank You Very Much #?. (VHS/LD).
  • 1983 - The Video Connection #2. (VHS/LD)
  • 1984 - Together With Cliff & The Shadows #1 (4 weeks at #1). (VHS/Jap-LD).
  • 1985 - Rock In Australia #2. (VHS).
  • 1988 - Always Guaranteed #6. (VHS).
  • 1988 - Private Collection #1 (2 weeks at #1). (VHS).
  • 1989 - Live & Guaranteed '88 #3. (VHS).
  • 1989 - Thank You Very Much (Re-issue)#2. (VHS).
  • 1990 - From A Distance - The Event #2. (VHS).(DVD)
  • 1991 - Rock In Australia (Re-issue)#6. (VHS).
  • 1991 - Together With Cliff #2. (VHS).
  • 1992 - The Video Connection (Re-issue) #10. (VHS).
  • 1993 - Cliff When The Music Stops #2. (VHS).
  • 1993 - Access All Areas #1 (2 weeks at #1). (VHS).
  • 1993 - Oh Boy! (Re-issue) #19. (VHS).
  • 1993 - The Story So Far #3. (VHS).
  • 1994 - The Hit List #2 . (VHS).
  • 1994 - Christmas With Cliff Richard #22. (VHS).
  • 1995 - Live & Guaranteed (double-pack, video/cd) #17. (VHS).
  • 1995 - The Hit List-Live #3. (VHS).
  • 1996 - Cliff At The Movies #6. (VHS).
  • 1997 - Heathcliff #1 (8 weeks at #1). (VHS).
  • 1998 - The Making Of Heathcliff #2. (VHS)/(DVD).
  • 1998 - Cliff At The Movies (Re-issue) #13
  • 1998 - 40th Anniversary Concert #3. (DVD).
  • 1999 - Live In The Park #1 (1 week at #1). (DVD).
  • 2000 - An Audience With #1 (2 weeks at #1). (DVD).
  • 2000 - The Countdown Concert #2. (DVD).
  • 2001 - Unforgettable #4. (DVD).
  • 2002 - The Hits I Missed #3. (DVD).
  • 2003 - Cliff - World Tour 2003 #1 (2 weeks at #1). (DVD).
  • 2004 - Castles In The Air #1 (2 weeks at #1). (DVD).
  • 2005 - From A Distance - The Event (Re-issue) #3. (DVD).
  • 2005 - 40th Anniversary Concert (Re-issue) #8 . (DVD).
  • 2006 - Live In The Park (Re-issue) #12 . (DVD).
  • 2006 - The Cliff Richard Box #24 . (DVD).
  • 2006 - In The Beginning #26. (DVD).
  • 2006 - Here And Now - Live #3. (DVD).
  • 2008 - Time Machine Tour #1 (4 weeks at #1). (DVD).
  • 2009 - The Final Reunion Tour - Cliff Richard and The Shadows #1 (2 weeks at #1). (DVD).

All time Top 50 UK chart singles sales

In 2005 the Official UK Charts Company with Channel 4 TV published an all time top 50 UK singles chart based on career aggregate sales of both hits and misses of the top selling artists/groups of all time.

Cliff Richard came first, with aggregate sales of 21m. The Beatles-[a] came a very close 2nd with 20m. Prior to this chart's worldwide publication, it was widely anticipated that the Beatles with 1,000m sales would walk to the no.1 position in this chart with consummate ease based on their mega-successful career in all its many facets.

  • 1.Cliff Richard (20969006)
  • 2.The Beatles[a] (20799632)
  • 3.Elvis Presley (19293118)
  • 4.Madonna (14562856)
  • 5.Elton John (13475063)
  • 6.Michael Jackson (11310958)
  • 7.Queen (10334713)
  • 8.ABBA (10004039)
  • 9.Paul McCartney (9781603)
  • 10.David Bowie (9392410)
  • 11.Rod Stewart (9046492)
  • 12.Rolling Stones (8348470)
  • 13.Kylie Minogue (7999130)
  • 14.Stevie Wonder (7614227)
  • 15.Spice Girls (7507213)
  • 16.Shakin Stevens (7108330)
  • 17.Whitney Houston (6993105)
  • 18.Bee Gees (6943851)
  • 19.George Michael (6819419)
  • 20.Status Quo (6727822)
  • 21.Boney M (6587018)
  • 22.Slade (6520171)
  • 23.Olivia Newton John (6493006)
  • 24.Blondie (6456881)
  • 25.Boyzone (6435711)
  • 26.Oasis (6225785)
  • 27.UB40 (5997222)
  • 28.Tom Jones (5892220)
  • 29.Celine Dion (5683264)
  • 30.The Police (5617175)
  • 31.Madness (5564459)
  • 32.Diana Ross (5326780)
  • 33.Wham! (5298431)
  • 34.Adam Ant (5296965)
  • 35.The Jam (5094055)
  • 36.Frankie Goes To Hollywood (5008067)
  • 37.Robbie Williams (4973227)
  • 38.Pet Shop Boys (4913655)
  • 39.Phil Collins (4889059)
  • 40.Wet Wet Wet (4877328)
  • 41.Duran Duran (4846531)
  • 42.The Everly Brothers (4827957)
  • 43.The Shadows[b] (4793537)

Cliff Richard's former backing group, The Shadows-[b] with only 5m sales were 43rd in this chart but were not credited at all with any of their joint-collaboration 34 hit singles with Cliff Richard (qv "Cliff Richard and The Shadows" or "Cliff Richard and The Drifters"). These anomalies are 'corrected' in the later (e.g. 16th and onwards) editions of the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles & Albums published by Guinness Books, and several other well known UK chart-type books published in the UK follow the Guinness methodology.

In this chart, all other joint collaboration-singles were duly credited to both (qv 'and', 'feat(uring)', 'with', etc, on the label A side) parties. Groups and soloists in this top 50 chart that have had at least one or more joint-collaboration, either as the 1st or 2nd named artist on the label, singles include: Queen, Status Quo, Cliff Richard, Elton John, Diana Ross, David Bowie, Madonna, Paul McCartney, Michael Jackson, Rod Stewart, Stevie Wonder, George Michael, Whitney Houston, Olivia Newton-John, Phil Collins, Shakin' Stevens, Tom Jones, Celine Dion, Robbie Williams, etc.

An example is the hit DJM single "Slow Rivers" by Cliff Richard and Elton John which is double-counted in this chart. Elton John's, Cliff Richard's (post-"Cliff Richard and The Shadows" career) and Diana Ross's (solo; as an un-named member of The Supremes trio and as "Diana Ross and the Supremes") careers, to name but a few, heavily feature numerous duets with many famous other pop-stars.

TV appearances

include:

BBC shows
  • 1970: Cliff Richard Show featuring Marvin Welch and Farrar, Olivia Newton-John, Una Stubbs.
  • 1971: Cliff Richard Show featuring Marvin Welch and Farrar, Olivia Newton-John, Una Stubbs.
  • 1972: Cliff Richard Show featuring Marvin Welch and Farrar, Olivia Newton-John, Una Stubbs.
  • 2004: Top Gear (Star in a reasonably priced car) time: 1.50.

TV Appearances

Show Date Total Viewers Channel Weekly Ranking
TFI Friday
8 June 1998
2,730,000
16 (CH4)
Des O'Connor Tonight
23 July 1999
6,540,000
21 (ITV1)
An Audience With Cliff Richard
13 November 1999
10,730,000
21 (ITV1)
The Royal Variety Performance
4 December 1999
10,600,000
10 (ITV1)
The Cliff Richard Story
10 October 2000
8,460,000
21 (ITV1)
An Audience With Des O'Connor
21 January 2001
8,910,000
19 (ITV1)
Celebrity Ready Steady Cook
7 March 2001
2,050,000
17 (BBC2)
Frank Skinner Show
3 November 2001
6,210,000
21 (ITV1)
The Hits I Missed
17 November 2001
6,020,000
21 (ITV1)
The Way We Were
5 December 2001
5,980,000
22 (ITV1)
Des O'Connor Meets Cliff Richard
6 April 2002
5,700,000
20 (ITV1)
Party At The Palace
3 June 2002
12,540,000
1 (BBC1)
The Ultimate Popstar
22 February 2004
2,760,000
14 (CH4)
Parkinson
9 October 2004
5,880,000
24 (ITV1)
Richard And Judy
14 October 2004
2,040,000
11 (CH4)
Ant And Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway
16 October 2004
8,170,000
13 (ITV1)
Top Gear
5 December 2004
4,870,000
1 (BBC2)
The Royal Variety Performance
15 December 2004
6,600,000
10 (BBC1)
A Party To Remember
8 May 2005
5,850,000
9 (BBC1)
Avenue Of Stars
18 September 2005
5,250,000
22 (ITV1)
The Pride Of Britain Awards
11 October 2005
5,840,000
19 (ITV1)
The Royal Variety Performance
11 December 2005
9,820,000
7 (ITV1)
The Queen At 80
9 April 2006
6,000,000
11 (BBc1)
F-Word
28 June 2006
4,520,000
8 (CH4)
Stictly Come Dancing
3 December 2006
8,850,000
4 (BBC1)
Stictly Come Dancing
16 December 2006
9,450,000
3 (BBC1)
The Paul O'Grady Show
2006
3,280,000
10 (CH4)
The Paul O'Grady Show
5 December 2007
3,020,000
9 (CH4)
The One Show
7 December 2007
4,350,000
28 (BBC1)
Strictly Come Dancing
9 December 2007
10,450,000
2(BBC1)
Strictly Come Dancing It Takes Two
11 December 2007
2,730,000
6(BBC2)
The One Show
9 September 2008
4,360,000
14 (BBC1)
The Paul O'Grady Show
10 December 2008
2,710,000
3 (CH4)
The Paul O'Grady Show
30 September 2009
2,820,000
2 (CH4)
The One Show
20 September 2009
5,320,000
11 (BBC1)

Personnel

Producers
Engineers at EMI
  • Malcolm Addey
  • Peter Vince
Agent
  • 1958 George Ganjou
Manager
  • 1958 John Foster
  • 1959 Tito Burns
  • 1961 Peter Gormley
  • 1993 Cliff Richard Organisation
Promotion
  • 1958 Arthur Howes
  • 1959 Arthur Howes & Leslie Grade
Coordinator
  • David Bryce
Personal assistant
  • Len Saxon

Film appearances

Stage musicals

Eurovision song contests

Management

1958-61 Tito Burns
1961-93 Peter Gormley, Peter Gormley Mgt.
1993-2010 Cliff Richard Organisation, Esher, Surrey.
  • Bill Latham,Malcolm Smith,Gill Snow,Tania Hogan,Margaret Webb.

See also

Further reading

Cliff Richard (incomplete missing information...).
  • Driftin' with Cliff Richard, by Jet Harris, Royston Ellis & Cliff Richard. pub:????. No ISBN.
  • It's Great To Be Young, by Cliff Richard, pub: Coronet. No ISBN.
  • The Way I See It Now, by Cliff Richard, pub: Hodder & Stoughton, London. No ISBN.
  • Single-Minded, by Cliff Richard, pub: Hodder & Stoughton, London.
  • Cliff Richard-The Biography, Lion, Oxford.
  • The Complete Recording Sessions, 1958–90, by Peter Lewry and Nigel Goodall. ISBN 9780713722420.
  • The Complete Chronicle, by Mike Read, Nigel Goodall and Peter Lewry.
  • Which One's Cliff?, by Cliff Richard Coronet ISBN 0340271590.
  • You, Me and Jesus, by Cliff Richard with Bill Latham, pub: Hodder & Stoughton, London.
  • Cliff Richard—A Celebration, by...
  • The Biography, by Steve Turner. ISBN 9780745952796.
  • A 25 Year Journal 1958-83, by Tony Jasper.
  • Cliff—A Celebration, by Teresa Wassif.
  • Single Minded, by Cliff Richard.
  • CLIFF RICHARD the biography, by Steve Turner.
  • CLIFF RICHARD: quote unquote, by Carole Portland.
  • A 40th Celebration, by...
  • Cliff For The Record, by Steve Turner.
  • The Bachelor Boy, by S.Turner. ISBN 9781844420377.
  • My Life, My Way, by Cliff Richard with Penny Junor. ISBN
  • Book of the Stars (Top numbers), by ?
  • Meet Cliff Richard, by ?. No ISBN.
  • Cliff by Tim Ewbank and Stafford Hildred (Published by Virgin Books)
featuring Cliff Richard
  • Driftin' with Cliff Richard, by Jet Harris, Royston Ellis and Cliff Richard. Pub:????. No ISBN.
  • The Shadows by Themselves, by Royston Ellis with The Shadows. Consul Books. 1961. No ISBN.
  • The Story of the Shadows, by Mike Read. 1983. Elm Tree books. ISBN 0-241-10861-6.
  • That Sound (From Move It on, the story of the magic sound of The Shadows), by R.Pistolesi, M.Addey & M.Mazzini. Publ: Vanni Lisanti. June 2000. No ISBN.(private publication).
  • The Complete Rock Family Rock Trees, by Pete Frame. Omnibus. ISBN 0711968799.
  • Guinness World Records: British Hit Singles and Albums (19th Edn), David Roberts. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  • The Complete Book of the British Charts Singles and Albums, by Neil Warwick, Jon Kutner & Tony Brown, 3rd Edn. ISBN 978-1844490585.
  • Jet Harris — Survivor, by Dave Nicolson, ISBN 978-0-9562679-0-0, 31st Oct 2009.

References

  1. ^ Cliffennium, Volume 1, retrieved 2008-03-12.
  2. ^ Anon. "Tony Meehan". Spectropop remembers. http://www.spectropop.com/remembers/TMeehanobit.htm. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  3. ^ Top Hits from EveryHit
  4. ^ a b c d e Sir Cliff Richard calls on Church to bless gay marriage. The Times. Published 4 September 2008. Accessed 5, September 2008.
  5. ^ a b Stark, Herbert Alick. Hostages To India: OR The Life Story of the Anglo Indian Race. Third Edition. London: The Simon Wallenberg Press: Vol 2: Anglo Indian Heritage Books
  6. ^ Cliff Richard,Penny Junor (2008). My Life, My Way. Headline Publishing Group. ISBN 0-755-31588-X. 
  7. ^ http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=cliff+richard+cheshunt&sll=53.800651,-4.064941&sspn=7.50299,28.256836&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=Cliff+Richard+Court,+High+St,+Cheshunt,+Waltham+Cross,+Hertfordshire+EN8+0BE,+United+Kingdom&t=h&z=15
  8. ^ Cliff Richard himself stated that the latter theory is correct; interviewed for the first episode of the BBC Four programme, Pop Britannia, broadcast on 4 January 2008.
  9. ^ Two a Penny (1967) IMDB.com
  10. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. Richard says: Spain is the best of Eurovision Song Contest.
  11. ^ Reuters
  12. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/celebritynews/1926993/How-Franco-cheated-Cliff-of-victory-in-Eurovision.html Telegraph article
  13. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hiF3Ylj6oRM&feature=channel_page
  14. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  15. ^ London Gazette: no. 48318, p. 13397, 24 September 1980. Retrieved on 17 June 2009.
  16. ^ BBC News | Entertainment | Sir Cliff foils radio ban
  17. ^ Daily Mail
  18. ^ cliffrichard.org - And They Said It Wouldn't Last (My 50 Years In Music)
  19. ^ a b BBC
  20. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/news/sir-cliff-speaks-frankly-about-his-companion-the-expriest-920825.html
  21. ^ My Life, My Way, Cliff Richard with Penny Junor, Vox Rock Ltd., London, 2008, p. 39

External links

Preceded by
Sandie Shaw
with "Puppet on a String"
UK in the Eurovision Song Contest
1968
Succeeded by
Lulu
with "Boom Bang-a-Bang"
Preceded by
The New Seekers
with "Beg, Steal or Borrow"
UK in the Eurovision Song Contest
1973
Succeeded by
Olivia Newton-John
with "Long Live Love"







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