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Clinton, Massachusetts
—  Town  —
Clinton Town Hall
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°25′00″N 71°41′00″W / 42.4166667°N 71.6833333°W / 42.4166667; -71.6833333
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester County
Settled 1654
Incorporated 1850
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
 - Town
   Administrator
Michael J. Ward
 - Board of
   Selectmen
Steven Mendoza
Joseph P. Notaro, Jr.
Robert V. Pasquale, Jr.
Philip Bazydlo
Anthony M. Fiorentino
Area
 - Total 7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)
 - Land 5.7 sq mi (14.8 km2)
 - Water 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
Elevation 366 ft (112 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 13,435
 - Density 2,355.7/sq mi (909.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01510
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-14395
GNIS feature ID 0618360
Website www.clintonmass.com

Clinton is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,435 at the 2000 census.

For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Clinton, please see the article Clinton (CDP), Massachusetts.

Contents

History

Clinton was first settled in 1654 as a part of Lancaster. It was officially incorporated as a separate town on March 14, 1850,[1] and named after DeWitt Clinton.[2]

Clinton became a small industrialized mill town, using the Nashua River as a source for water power. Railroads came to the town to serve this industry, including the Boston, Clinton, Fitchburg and New Bedford Railroad (Fitchburg Branch of the Old Colony Railroad), the Central Massachusetts Railroad, and Worcester, Nashua and Rochester Railroad (the last two later merged into the Boston and Maine Corporation). By 1890, Clinton was noted for its manufacturing of carpets and woven wire.[2]

In 1897, construction began on the Wachusett Dam, culminating in the filling of the Wachusett Reservoir in 1908. This flooded a substantial portion of Clinton and neighboring towns, which had to be relocated. Part of the Central Massachusetts Railroad line abandoned in 1958 includes a tunnel near Clamshell Road.[3][4]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2), of which, 5.7 square miles (15 km2) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) of it (21.78%) is water. The Nashua River runs through the town, and the large Wachusett Reservoir lies to the south of the town center.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 13,435 people, 5,597 households, and 3,397 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,355.7 inhabitants per square mile (909.5 /km2). There were 5,844 housing units at an average density of 1,024.7 per square mile (395.6 /km2).

The racial makeup of the town was 88.20% White, 2.58% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.95% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 11.60% of the population. Ethnic heritages include Irish, German, Québécois, Arcadian, Swedish, Italian, Dominican, Puerto Rican, Greek, and Polish. Many emigrants from the Louisburgh area of Co. Mayo settled in the small town in the early 1900's, giving Clinton a mainly Irish population till this day. There were 5,597 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $44,740, and the median income for a family was $53,308. Males had a median income of $37,263 versus $30,035 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,764. About 4.9% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those ages 65 or over.

Government

County government: Worcester County
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus(D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)
Register of Probate: Stephen Abraham (D)
County Sheriff: Guy W. Glodis (D)
State government
State Representative(s): Harold P. Naughton, Jr (D)
State Senator(s): Harriette L. Chandler (D), Jennifer L. Flanagan (D)
Governor's Councilor(s): Thomas J. Foley (D)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James P. McGovern (D-3rd District),
U.S. Senators: John Kerry (D), Paul G. Kirk (D)


Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ History of the Origin of the Town of Clinton, Massachusetts, 1653-1865 by Andrew E. Ford
  2. ^ a b Nason and Varney's Massachusetts Gazetteer, 1890, pp. 241-242
  3. ^ http://newenglandoddities.com/2008/05/19/tunnel-vision/#more-62
  4. ^ http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM5290_Boston_and_Maine_Abandoned_Tunnel_Clinton_MA
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ a b Reichler, Joseph L., ed (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.  

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CLINTON, a township of Worcester county, Massachusetts, U.S.A., in the central part of the state, on the Nashua river, about 15 m. N.N.E. of Worcester. Pop. (1890) 10,424; (1900) 13,667, of whom 5504 were foreign-born; (1905, state census) 13,105. The township is traversed by the Boston & Maine, and New York, New Haven & Hartford railways. It contains 7 sq. m. of varied and picturesque hilly country on the E. slope of the highland water-parting between the Connecticut river and the Atlantic. There is charming scenery along the Nashua river, the chief stream. The S.W. corner of the township is now part of an immense water reservoir, the Wachusett dam and reservoir (excavated 1896-1905; circumference, 35.2 m.), on the S. branch of the Nashua, which will hold 63,000 million gallons of water for the supply of the metropolitan region around Boston. On this is situated the village of Clinton, which has large manufactories, among whose products are cotton and woollen fabrics, carpets, wire-cloth, iron and steel, and combs. The textile and carpet mills are among the most famous in the United States. In 1905 the total factory product of the township was valued at $5,457,865, the value of cotton goods, carpets and wire-work constituting about nine-tenths of the total. The prominence of the township as a manufacturing centre is due to Erastus Brigham Bigelow (1814-1879), one of the incorporators of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who devised power-looms for the weaving of a variety of figured fabrics, - coach-lace, counterpanes, ginghams, silkbrocatel, tapestry carpeting, ingrain and Brussels carpets, - and revolutionized their manufacture. In 1843 he and his brother Horatio N. Bigelow established in Clinton the Lancaster Mills for the manufacture of ginghams. From 1845 to 1851 he perfected his loom for the weaving of Brussels and Wilton carpets, the greatest of his inventions; and he established the Bigelow Carpet Mills here. He also invented the loom for the weaving of wire-cloth. It is claimed that the first production in the United States of finished cotton cloths under one roof and under the factory system was not at Waltham in 1816, but at Clinton in 1813; neither place was the first to spin by power, nor the first to produce finished cloths without the factory system. The comb industry dates from the eighteenth century. The first of the modern textile mills were established in 1838 for the manufacture of coach-lace. Clinton was a part of Lancaster, now a small farming township (pop. in 1905, 2406), until 1850, when it was set off as an independent township. The earliest settlement goes back to 1645.

See A. E. Ford, History of the Origin of the Town of Clinton, Massachusetts, 1653-1865 (Clinton, 1896).


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