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see also: Clinton Township, New Jersey
Clinton
—  Town  —
Town of Clinton
The Red Mill of Clinton
Map of Clinton in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Clinton, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°38′07″N 74°54′43″W / 40.63528°N 74.91194°W / 40.63528; -74.91194Coordinates: 40°38′07″N 74°54′43″W / 40.63528°N 74.91194°W / 40.63528; -74.91194
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated April 5, 1865
Government [1]
 - Type Town (New Jersey)
 - Mayor Christine Schaumburg (2011)
Area
 - Total 1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
 - Land 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation [2] 180 ft (55 m)
Population (2006)[3]
 - Total 2,605
 - Density 1,916.0/sq mi (739.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08809
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 34-13720[4][5]
GNIS feature ID 0885189[6]
Website http://www.clintonnj.gov

Clinton is a Town in Hunterdon County, New Jersey on the South Branch of the Raritan River. As of the United States 2000 Census, the town population was 2,632. When the Clinton post office was established in 1829 the town was named for DeWitt Clinton, Governor of New York and the primary impetus behind the then-newly completed Erie Canal.[7]

Clinton was incorporated as a town by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 5, 1865, within portions of Clinton, Franklin and Union Townships. Clinton gained full independence from its three parent townships in 1895.[8]

Clinton is considered a part of the New York City Metropolitan Area according to United States Census data. More specifically, Clinton is part of the Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area of Middlesex, Somerset and Hunterdon counties in New Jersey. Clinton serves as a "bedroom community" for many commuters working in and around Northern New Jersey and New York City.[9]

The town is perhaps best known for its Red Mill which sits on the banks of the south branch of the Raritan River and the Stone Mill which acts as an art museum.

Contents

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1930 21
1940 1,066 4,976.2%
1950 1,118 4.9%
1960 1,158 3.6%
1970 1,742 50.4%
1980 1,910 9.6%
1990 2,054 7.5%
2000 2,632 28.1%
Est. 2006 2,605 [3] −1.0%
Population 1930 - 1990.[10]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,632 people, 1,068 households, and 724 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,916.0 people per square mile (741.8/km2). There were 1,095 housing units at an average density of 797.1/sq mi (308.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.06% White, 1.33% African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 1.37% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.10% of the population.

There were 1,068 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $78,121, and the median income for a family was $88,671. Males had a median income of $61,442 versus $46,397 for females. The per capita income for the town was $37,463. About 0.4% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

The Town of Clinton is situated off of New Jersey State Highway Route 31, which is in turn off of Interstate 78 via Exit 17. Near immediate access to Interstate 78 allows Clinton a convenient route to and from New York City, New York. Interstate 78 also allows those living in Clinton easy access to the Lehigh Valley in Pennsylvania.

Public transportation is non-existent, save for one public bus service (The LINK) which services Hunterdon County, NJ. Fares range from about $2.00 to $10.00. Funding for operation of the Hunterdon County LINK System is provided by Hunterdon County, NJ TRANSIT and the Federal Transit Administration.[11]

Geography

Clinton is located at 40°38′10″N 74°54′40″W / 40.636142°N 74.911016°W / 40.636142; -74.911016 (40.636142, -74.911016).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.7 km2), of which, 1.4 square miles (3.5 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) of it (2.82%) is water.

Clinton borders Clinton Township, Franklin Township, and Union Township.

Climate

Weather data for Clinton, NJ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36.8
(3)
39.9
(4)
49.8
(10)
61.3
(16)
72.0
(22)
80.2
(27)
85.1
(29)
83.1
(28)
75.6
(24)
64.4
(18)
52.8
(12)
41.6
(5)
61.9
(17)
Average low °F (°C) 18.4
(-8)
20.0
(-7)
28.1
(-2)
37.0
(3)
46.9
(8)
56.0
(13)
61.7
(17)
59.9
(15)
52.0
(11)
40.0
(4)
32.2
(0)
24.0
(-4)
39.7
(4)
Source: <Flemington 5 NNW Weather Station= >FLEMINGTON 5 NNW Weather station (2009). "Clinton, NJ Weather". Clinton, NJ Weather Data. Open Publishing. http://www.idcide.com/weather/nj/clinton.htm. Retrieved 1 December 2009.   {{{accessdate}}}


Clinton falls under the 'Northern New Jersey' climate zone. According to the Office of the New Jersey State Climatologist at Rutgers University, the Northern climate zone covers about one-quarter of New Jersey and consists mainly of elevated highlands and valleys which are part of the Appalachian Uplands. Surrounded by land, this region can be characterized as having a continental climate with minimal influence from the Atlantic Ocean, except when the winds contain an easterly component. Prevailing winds are from the southwest in summer and from the northwest in winter. Being in the northernmost portion of the state, and with small mountains up to 1,800 feet in elevation, the Northern Zone normally exhibits a colder temperature regime than other climate regions of the State of New Jersey. This difference is most dramatic in winter when average temperatures in the Northern Zone can be more than ten degrees Fahrenheit cooler than in the Coastal Zone. Annual snowfall averages 40 to 50 inches in the northern zone as compared with an average of 10-15 inches in the extreme south.[13]

Government

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Local government

Clinton is governed under the Town form of government with a mayor and a six-member Town Council. The Mayor is directly elected by the voters to a four-year term of office. Members of the Town Council are elected to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[1] The primary responsibilities of the Council are to serve as the legislative body of the town, approve the annual budget presented by the Mayor, approve payment of bills and serve as Liaisons to several Boards and Committees.

The Mayor of Clinton Town is Christine Schaumburg, whose two-year term of office ends on December 31, 2011.[14] Members of the Clinton Town Council are Richard Duffy (2008), Laurie Insel (2009), Todd Pender (2010), Robert Ragozine (2008), Daniel Shea (2009) and Maria Valenta (2008).[15]

Federal, state and county representation

Clinton Town is in the Seventh Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 23rd Legislative District.[16]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District, covering portions of Hunterdon County, Middlesex County, Somerset County and Union County, is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

For the 2010-2011 Legislative Session, the 23rd District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Oxford Township). He was sworn in on November 23, 2009, after winning an election to fill the seat that had been vacated by Marcia A. Karrow, who had earlier been selected by a party convention to succeed Congressman Leonard Lance, who resigned from the Senate after his election to the U.S. House of Representatives.[17] The district is represented in the Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown), who was sworn in to replace Karrow on March 16, 2009, and by Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township), who was sworn in to replace Doherty on December 7, 2009.[18] The Governor of New Jersey is Jon Corzine (D, Hoboken).[19]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis. As of 2010, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director William Mennen (Tewksbury Township), Freeholder Deputy Director Matt Holt (Clinton Town), George B. Melick (Tewksbury Township), Ronald Sworen (Frenchtown), and Robert Walton (Hampton).[20]

Education

Clinton Public School is a K-8 school district in the Town of Clinton. The district currently serves students from the Town of Clinton and the Borough of Glen Gardner, who attend as part of a sending/receiving relationship, as well as other tuition-paying students.[21] As of the 2005-06 school year, the school had an enrollment of 539 students.[22] Richard S. Katz is principal.[23]

Students in public school for grades 9 through 12 attend North Hunterdon High School in Annandale as part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. North Hunterdon High School serves students from Bethlehem Township, Clinton, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township.[24]

Community organizations

Clinton Fire Department (Volunteer)

Clinton Fire Department (CFD) is located on the corner of New Street/Old Route 22 in Clinton. The department runs mutual aid calls with Annandale Hose Company, High Bridge Fire Department, Quakertown Fire Company, Lebanon Fire Company and Pattenburg Fire Company and other fire departments in Hunterdon Country. These mutual aid agreements have become an invaluable resource for large incidents. Average call volume is around 200 calls annually (2006). About 15% of the department's calls annually involve actual fire, while the rest of the CFD's calls are roughly broken down to 15% motor vehicle accidents, 15% hazardous conditions, 5% service calls, 25% good intent calls with no fire found and 25% alarm activations/false alarms. The department offers three types of membership namely Active firefighter, Junior firefighter and Associate membership to prospective members.

Tourism and Points of Interest

  • The Red Mill is located on the South Branch of the Raritan River in the town center of Clinton. Built in 1810, the Red Mill originally served as a woolen mill. Over the next 100 years, the Mill was used at different times to process grains, plaster, talc and graphite. The Mill was also used to produce peach baskets, as well as to generate electricity and pump water for the town. Every October, The mill is transformed into a haunted house given the title, the Haunted Mill. The Haunted Mill tends to attract visitors from all over the east coast to the small town. The Red Mill was featured on an episode of Ghost Hunters in 2008.[25]
  • Hunterdon Art Museum (7 Lower Center Street, Clinton, NJ, www.hunterdonartmuseum.org), a mill established in 1836, offers exhibitions of contemporary art, craft and design; docent tours; and over 200 education programs for adults and children.
  • The Landsdown Trail was once a spur line for the Lehigh Valley Railroad. Now a graded rail trail, the trail starts about two miles south of Clinton on Landsdown Road and enters Clinton town center near the lumber yard.
  • Spruce Run State Park Recreation Area (Van Syckel’s Road, Clinton, NJ): 1,961 acres, picnicking, boating, fishing and seasonal camping. Open year-round.
  • Round Valley Recreation Area (Lebanon-Stanton Road, Lebanon, NJ): wilderness camping, beaches, trails, fishing and boating.
  • The State of New Jersey's Edna Mahan Correctional Facility for Women is located near Clinton, next to the Hunterdon Developmental Center in Union Township.

Popular culture references

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Clinton include:

Photo Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 103.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Town of Clinton, Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Census data for Clinton town, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 17, 2007
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  7. ^ Town information from Hunterdon County web site. Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed April 6, 2007.
  8. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 154
  9. ^ [1]. Clinton, New Jersey. Accessed December 1, 2009.
  10. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007
  11. ^ LINK Hunterdon County Transportation, Hunterdon County Transportation. Accessed December 1, 2009.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  13. ^ ONJSC, Rutgers University. Accessed December 1, 2009.
  14. ^ Mayor Christine Schaumburg, Town of Clinton. Accessed June 30, 2008.
  15. ^ Clinton Town Council, Town of Clinton. Accessed June 30, 2008.
  16. ^ 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 56. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  17. ^ Wichert, Bill. "Michael Doherty sworn in as new state senator representing Warren, Hunterdon counties", Warren County News, November 23, 2009. Accessed November 24, 2009.
  18. ^ "Erik Peterson sworn in early to two-year term in New Jersey Assembly". The Express-Times. 2009-12-07. http://www.lehighvalleylive.com/hunterdon-county/express-times/index.ssf/2009/12/erik_peterson_sworn_in_early_t.html. Retrieved 2010-01-11.  
  19. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 6 June 2008.  
  20. ^ "Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders". http://www.co.hunterdon.nj.us/frholder/frehldrs.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-11.  
  21. ^ Clinton Townshp School 2006 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed January 30, 2008. "Clinton Public School is a kindergarten through grade eight elementary school located in the historic Town of Clinton in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. In addition to the 349 students who reside in Clinton, the Borough of Glen Gardener sends 201 pre K – 8 students on a tuition basis."
  22. ^ Clinton Public School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed January 30, 2008.
  23. ^ Clinton Public School. Accessed January 30, 2008.
  24. ^ About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed June 26, 2008. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township"
  25. ^ About the Museum Village, The Red Mill. Accessed December 2, 2006.
  26. ^ John Taylor Bird, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 17, 2007.

External links


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