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América
ClubAmericaLogo-1.png
Full name Club América
Nickname(s) Aguilas (The Eagles), Azulcremas (Blue Creams), Millonetas (Millionaires)
Founded October 12, 1916
Ground Estadio Azteca
(Capacity: 105,000)
Owner Mexico Emilio Azcarraga Jean
President Mexico Michel Bauer
Manager Mexico Jesús Ramírez
League Primera División
Apertura 2009 4th (league)
Home colours
Away colours
Third colours

Club América is a Mexican football soccer club based in Mexico City, competing in the Primera División. América is owned by Emilio Azcárraga, who owns Televisa, making it the richest club in Mexico, and the richest in the world outside Europe. América and rivals Chivas share the distinction of being the one the most successful teams in the Mexican first division. América has ten league championships, behind Chivas with eleven. Despite not being the oldest Mexican club, América has achieved more international glory. América has eight FIFA recognized international titles, tied with FC Bayern Munich, Étoile du Sahel, and Olimpia. They have the most titles of any team from Mexico and from the CONCACAF region. Two other Mexican clubs, Cruz Azul and Pachuca, follow with five each.

In the IFFHS's All-Time Club World Ranking, América is ranked 80th, the highest ranked team in Mexico and from the CONCACAF. They are tied with Sporting Lisboa of Portugal, and Fluminense FC of Brazil, and ahead of other top clubs such as CSKA Moscow and Tottenham Hotspur.

They play their home games in the Azteca Stadium, the largest stadium in Latin America, and the fifth largest in the world. It has been the host of many major sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup twice, in 1970 and 1986(the only stadium to host the finals for this event more than once), the Panamerican Games in 1975 and the Summer Olympics in 1968. This has also been the site for many music concerts, political events, and the appearance of Pope John Paul II in 1999.

América and Chivas share a long-standing rivalry. Their meetings, which have become known as Clásicos, are played at least twice a year and signal a national derby. Having never been relegated to the league's second division, they are the only two clubs to have been in the first division of the Mexican football league from the very beginning. The team mascot, as well as their nickname, is the eagle, or Águila. An eagle is flown around the stadium before games and during half-time for good luck.

Contents

Foundation

First badge 1916

By 1916, football was already a popular sport in Mexico, particularly amongst college students in Mexico City. College students from Colegio Mascarones and Colegio Marista De La Perpetua formed two football teams with the names Récord and Colón. On October 12, 1916, the two squads decided to join to make a more competitive squad. Many names were considered for this new squad, but finally, Pedro “Cheto” Quintanilla, one of the players, suggested América since they had formed the team on Columbus Day (Dia del descubrimiento de América). The players agreed and soon designed a crest which had the map of America with a 'C' for Club and an 'A' for América on each side. After they had created their logo, the players had to decide on their team colors. Rafael Garza Gutiérrez went to get some of his father’s navy blue trousers and a yellow shirt and it was decided amongst the group that those would be the club's colors.

Amateur Era

badge 1930s

In 1916, Club América had to prove itself in order to be accepted into the Mexican League, which primarily consisted of foreign players. At the time, América was the only team in Mexico City with an all-Mexican club. Necaxa, Atlante, Real España, Germania, and Asturias were already members of the Liga Mayor De La Ciudad. América's acceptance into the league depended on 3 games. In order to be accepted, América could not lose any of the three games. To the surprise of many, América won two games and tied the third. América was accepted as a result and formed part of the league.

In 1918, the team changed its name to Club Unión due to bad results with the original name. The new name didn’t fare too well either and was changed back to América in 1920.[1] From 1924 to 1928, América was crowned league champion and was able to attract impressive crowds. In 1926, América became the first Mexican club to play outside of Mexico.[1] Aside from broadening their horizons, Club América along with Atlante petitioned to reduce the number of foreign players in the league. Shortly after the Mexican Football Federation was formed in 1928, Rafael Garza Gutiérrez , América's founder, was designated as the National Team head coach. Most of the Mexican national team that participated in the 1928 Olympics and 1930 World Cup were players that played for América.

Professional Era

1940s Mexican League Beginnings

Up until 1942, every league in Mexico was considered a regional league even though the league in Mexico City was considered the strongest of them all. In 1942-43, the first National League was established and it was known as the Liga Mayor (Major League). Club América wasn't the team it had been during the 1920s on through the early 1930s. Aging players, lack of resources, and lack of interest took its toll on the club which led the team to become a bottom feeder for much of the beginning stages of the professional era7.

1950s-60s First League Title

In 1956, the club was sold to soft drink manufacturer Jarritos. The new owner was trying to build upon the club's National Cup titles in 1954 and 1955 against Guadalajara, their soon to be rival. To the dismay of many, the owner failed to build upon the previous success and onJuly 22, 1959, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo, owner of Telesistema Mexicano (Televisa), bought América from Isaac Bessudo.[2]

It is said in Mexico that the club was founded in 1916, but reborn in 1959, with the vision and values that were set forth by the son of Televisa's founder, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo. The vision he embarked upon was to convert football into a form of entertainment for the masses. Following the acquisition, Azcárraga told his players, "I do not know much about football, but I do know a lot about business, and this, gentlemen, will be a business7".

It was obvious to Emilio Azcárraga that football in Mexico needed an antagonist. The new owner strived to be the villain. Soon after, the club started to spend obscene amounts of money in acquiring foreign talents, which offended fans. Emilio Azcárraga hired the Mexican League's most successful football executive of that time, Guillermo Cañedo, as President. Ignacio Trelles was hired as head coach. It was then that Emilio Azcárraga revolutionized the game of fútbol in Mexico. He laid down a foundation for the club’s future by investing in scouting, player development, infrastructure, and merchandising7. He marketed his team both at the national and international level which allowed the club to enjoy financial growth. Under Azcárraga, the team has won 10 League championships, the first being the 1965-1966 season.

1977 First Copa Interamericana

In 1977, América participated in their first Copa Interamericana, playing against Boca Juniors. América would win the championship by a score of 2-1, with a last second free-kick goal by Chilean player Carlos Reinoso. That match would become one of the most famous in history for the club, the competition, and the Estadio Azteca. América would become the first team from México and from the CONCACAF region to win the competition.

1980s The Golden Age 1983-1991

During the 80s America was an unforgettable team. They were always considered a favorite to win the championship in any tournament they participated in. They won the league five times, including three consecutive titles: the 1983-84 season, the 1984-85 season, the Prode 1985, the 1987-88 and the 1988-89 season. They also won the Mexican Super Cup twice, in 1987-88 and 1988-89. And they won the 1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup. During this era America was nicknamed Super Águilas as they won 5 league championships including 3 of which were against their arch rivals (Chivas, Cruz Azul, and Pumas). Yet, after being Mexico's Team of the decade, it also became the most hated during this season. Fans who opposed Club America during the 1980s were clearly opposing the rules that were being bent favoring America. For instance, the 1985 season was the shortest in history due to the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. The terrible refereeing in the 1987-88 final against Pumas favored America even though Pumas won 1-0. The fans of América replied to this hatred by creating the slogan which in Spanish it became known as: "Odiame mas", which in English translates into "Hate Me Some More" or simply "Hate Me even More".

1990s A Decade to Forget

The '90s would be a decade to forget for fans of the yellow clad warriors, with nothing to show for except a CONCACAF Cup in 1990, an Interamericana Cup Championship in 1993, and a CONCACAF Cup Championship in 1992. Years came and went with Televisa spending exorbitant amounts of money on both Mexican and South American players. There were even a few European and African players, as well. This was done with a view to returning the club to its former glory. As it turned out, it was as nothing more than currency that was not well spent, to say the least. Internationally renowned coaches and executives were also brought to the team. This, too, produced no results which just added to the team's woes. The only bright spots of the decade were the appearance of new young stars who were developed in the club's youth squad. These included players like Cuauhtémoc Blanco and Germán Villa that would be instrumental to the team's success later on.

2000s A new century

América at the Club World Cup in a game against Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors.

The new millennium brought renewed hope for Club América's fans, who would be rewarded quickly, with a CONCACAF Giants cup in 2001, the first League championship in 13 years in the summer of 2002, and the team's tenth overall league title in 2005.

In 2006, América qualified for the FIFA Club World Cup. In this tournament, América won its first match against the Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (Korea). América went on to lose the next match against FC Barcelona (Spain). It ended its participation in the tournament, losing the 3rd place spot to Al-Ahly (Egypt). They finished 4th in the 2006 edition of the FIFA Club World Cup.

During 2008 the Clausura 2008 saw América end in last place in the general standings. This had not been seen since the mid 1950s. In the first 5 months of 2008, América was showered with 12 defeats, 2 draws and 3 victories, along with three straight championships without qualifying for the playoffs. The coach at the time was Ruben Omar Romano, who was one of the worst coaches the club has ever had. Ironically, after being replaced by Juan Antonio Luna, América got their third victory of the Clausura over Monterrey 1-0. Then América played well in the Copa Libertadores, beating Brazilian side Flamengo 3-0, thus advancing to the quarter-finals. They were later eliminated from the tournament in the semi-finals.

In the Apertura 2008, América saw a lot of changes to their coaching staff and squad. Guillermo Cañedo White was removed from presidency of the club, and Michel Bauer was named the new president. Bauer's first signing was the new coach, Ramon Diaz. There were also many signings of new players, such as Alfredo Moreno from San Luis, Enrique Vera from LDU Quito, and Juan Carlos Medina of Atlas. The recovery of an injured Federico Insua was also a good sign for the club. Although they have signed very talented players, the results were poor, finishing with only 21 points, and losing to arch-rival, Chivas.

2009

After failing to qualify for the playoffs for a third straight time, América once again spent a large amount of money for players. América's first competition of 2009 was the InterLiga, in which the winner qualified for the next Copa Libertadores. They started off the tournament against rival Chivas. The match ended in a 1-1 draw. Their next match would be against Tigres UANL. The match ended up 3-1, a victory for Las Aguilas. They would then have to beat Atlas to keep fighting for a spot at the South American tournament. They would eventually lose 4-1, despite a 1-0 lead. For not qualifying for the Libertadores, Ramon Diaz's job would be closley watched as the next matches América played in the up coming Clausura tournament would prove pivitol. Diaz would eventually be sacked as coach. The new coach was Jesus Ramirez. With a new coach, América saw a great improvment over the previous 3 tournaments but still failed to qualify for the playoffs for a fourth straight time due to the ridiculous group qualifying standards which were placed by the FMF, finishing 8th place in the general standings with 23 points.

For the Apertura 2009, América was in regulation controversy, but thanks to good results, they did not have to worry about such things. They finished second in their group, and fourth in the general standings. After qualifying for the playoffs, they were eliminated by an inspired CF Monterrey ,which proved to be their toughest game on their journey to the championship, on a 2-1 aggregate score.

Stadium

América in a match against Cruz Azul

América plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City. The stadium was designed by Mexican architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, and was inaugurated on May 29, 1966, with a match between América and Torino, which was tied 2-2. The Azteca is also the only stadium in history to host two World Cup finals. The first goal was scored was by Brazilian Arlindo Dos Santos Cruz and the second one by Brazilian José Alves "Zague". The opening game was between Club América and Torino F.C. on May 26, 1966, with seats for 120,000 spectators. Later the Italians tied the game and it ended 2-2. Gustavo Diaz Ordaz President of Mexico made the initial kick and Sir Stanley Rous, FIFA President, was the witness.

A modern lighting system was inaugurated on June 5, 1966 with the first night game between Valencia C.F. and Necaxa. The first goal of the game was scored by Honduran José Cardona. In this game, Roberto Martínez o Caña Brava scored the first goal made by the Mexican team. The final score was 3-1 in favor of Valencia C.F..

There is a Commemorative plaque with the names of the first goal scorer in the first daylight match and in the first night game.

Aztec Stadium is also the site in which Pelé, and Diego Maradona lifted the trophy for the last time. Pelé and Maradona are considered by many as the best football players of all time. This occurred during the 1970 and 1986 FIFA World Cup), the Jules Rimet Trophy and the current FIFA World Cup Trophy, respectively.

The stadium has also hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics, 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1975 Pan American Games, 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship, 1986 FIFA World Cup, and the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup. It has also hosted major international club tournaments such at the Copa InterAmericana and the Copa Libertadores de América.

Aztec Stadium has also been used for musical performances throughout its history. Michael Jackson (in 1993)[3], U2 (in 2006), , Elton John, Maná, Juan Gabriel,Luis Miguel, Gloria Estefan, Jaguares, Lenny Kravitz, Ana Gabriel, The Three Tenors all have become part of the stadium's spectacular history. The stadium has also been used for political events, including Mexican president Felipe Calderón's campaign closure in 2006, as well as religious events, like the appearance of Pope John Paul II in 1999.[4]

Popularity

According to the results of a January 2010 poll, América once again is the most popular football club in Mexico with 25.3%, closely trailed by C.D. Guadalajara with 20.2% of the following. The poll conducted by Consulta Mitofsky also shows that América is the most hated team with 40.8% and is once again followed by C.D. Guadalajara with 16.2%.[5].

Supporters

América have substantial Ultras fan support in the form of barras, the most popular of which is called La Monumental. This barra is unique in that it was not established or even organized by the fans, but rather was created by Nain Lopez, the club's president at the time, who wanted a more family-oriented barra.

Club records

  • First Mexican team to get to the second round of the Copa Libertadores de America in 1998.
  • First Mexican team to get a point in the Copa Libertadores de America outside México against Vasco da Gama, the ending score was 1-1.
  • Has participated in the most international competitions out of all Mexican teams, with 20.
  • Along with Guadalajara, they are the only club to have played all the matches in the Mexican First Division.
  • Historical Record of most games without losing in Mexican Football, 28. (Closing Apertura 2005 - Opening Clausura 2005). The former record was 24 games without losing, in 1971-1972.
  • Mexican team with most points in one short season, 43 (Apertura 2002).
  • First Mexican team to complete 1000 victories in the opening of the 2002 playing against Pumas UNAM.
  • First Mexican team and of the CONCACAF to win the Inter-American Cup, in 1977
  • Winner of most international matches in Mexico and CONCACAF.
  • Only team of the CONCACAF that has won the Inter-American Cup 2 times, in 1977 and 1991.
  • Winner of the most Champions Cup of CONCACAF, along with Cruz Azul and Pachuca, both with 5 titles each.
  • Only team of the CONCACAF that has won arguably the most important international matches in the region:
  • CONCACAF Champions Cup
  • Inter-American Cup
  • CONCACAF Giants Cup
  • Has participated in more Copa Libertadores than any other Mexican team.
  • First Mexican team in the top 10 of the Club World Ranking of the IFFHS (December 2007).[6]
  • First non-European and South American team in being World-wide Club of the month to win the award 2 times: August 2001 and May 2002.[7]
  • In the All-Time Club World Ranking, América is ranked 80th (First in Mexico and from the CONCACAF region).[8]

Honors

National

  • Mexican Primera División: (10) 1965-1966, 1970-1971, 1975-1976,1983-1984, 1984-1985, Prode 1985, 1987-1988, 1988-1989, Verano 2002, Clausura 2005
  • Copa México: (5) 1953-1954, 1954-1955, 1963-1964, 1964-1965, 1973-1974

International

Amateur

  • Campeón de Liga (League Championship): 4
    • 1924-1925, 1925-1926, 1926-1927, 1927-1928
  • Campeón de Copa (Mexican Cup): 1
    • 1937-1938

Friendly

  • Copa Independencia: 1966-67, 1974-75
  • Junta Española Covadonga: 1927
  • Copa Vizcaya: 1920
  • Copa Baltamar: 1922
  • Liga Excélsior: 1920
  • Copa Presidente Gustavo Díaz Ordaz: 1964-65
  • Copa Revolución Mexicana: 1980-81
  • Copa Pachuca: 1997
  • Copa Houston: 2003
  • Copa San José: 2006
  • Copa "El Mexicano": 2007[9]
  • World Football Challenge: 2009 (second place)

International Competitions

Copa Libertadores

Year PG W D L GF GA PTS GD Stage
1998 8 2 3 3 7 7 9 0 Round of 16
2000 12 8 1 3 28 18 25 10 Semifinals
2002 12 9 2 1 19 8 29 11 Semifinals
2004 8 4 2 2 13 8 14 5 Round of 16
2007 12 6 1 5 23 16 19 7 Quarterfinals
2008 12 5 2 5 18 16 16 2 Semifinals
Total 64 34 11 19 108 73 112 35

Copa Sudamericana

Year PG W D L GF GA PTS GD Stage
2005 4 1 1 2 7 8 4 -1 Quarterfinals
2007 8 5 0 3 15 10 15 5 Finalist
Total 12 6 1 5 22 18 19 4

FIFA Club World Cup

Year PG W D L GF GA PTS GD Stage
2006 3 1 0 2 2 6 3 -4 4th Place
Total 3 1 0 2 2 6 3 -4

Personnel

Technical Staff

Head Coach Mexico Jesús Ramírez
Assistant Coach Mexico Víctor Medina
Academy Director Mexico Alfredo Tena

Board of Directors

President Mexico Michel Bauer
Vice-President Mexico Yon de Luisa
Sport Director Mexico Jaime Ordiales

Current Squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Mexico GK Guillermo Ochoa
2 Mexico DF Ismael Rodríguez
3 Colombia DF Aquivaldo Mosquera
4 Mexico DF Óscar Rojas
5 Brazil MF Rosinei
6 Mexico DF Juan Carlos Valenzuela
7 Mexico FW Luis Alonso Sandoval
8 Mexico MF Israel Martínez
11 Argentina MF Daniel Montenegro
12 Mexico GK Armando Navarrete
13 Mexico MF Pável Pardo (Captain)
14 Mexico DF Jesús Armando Sánchez
15 Mexico DF Guillermo Cerda
16 Mexico MF Miguel Layún (on loan from Atalanta)
17 Mexico DF Alejandro García
No. Position Player
18 Mexico MF Ángel Reyna
19 Mexico MF Fernando López
20 Mexico FW Arnhold Rivas
21 Mexico FW Enrique Esqueda Injury
23 Mexico MF José Joaquín Martínez
24 Mexico FW Daniel Márquez
25 Mexico MF Renato Michell González
26 Mexico MF Juan Carlos Silva
27 Mexico MF Lampros Kontogiannis
28 Mexico MF Michel García
29 Chile MF Jean Beausejour
36 Mexico GK Alfonso Blanco
72 Mexico FW Antonio López
75 Mexico GK Hugo González
113 Mexico FW Luis Ernesto Olascoaga
  • Injury = Long-term injuries

Long-term injuries

No. Position Player
10 Paraguay FW Salvador Cabañas Injury

On loan

No. Position Player
Mexico MF Juan Carlos Mosqueda (loan to Necaxa)
United States DF Edgar Castillo (loan to UANL)
Mexico MF Alvin Mendoza (loan to Querétaro)
No. Position Player
Ecuador MF Luis Saritama (at Deportivo Quito)
Mexico DF Rodrigo Íñigo (loan to Querétaro)

Notable Players


Mexico:

Argentina:

Brazil:


Chile:

Uruguay:

Cameroon:

Colombia

Paraguay

Peru

Romania

Zambia:

Scotland:

Yugoslavia:

Croatia:

[10]

Top Goalscorers in a Season

Top Goalscorers

Champion Managers

Presidents

Name From To
Mexico Florencio Domínguez 1916 1920
Mexico Guillermo Gómez 1920 1930
Mexico Juan de Dios Bojórquez 1930 1932
Mexico Eric Herrera 1933 1933
Mexico Louis Martinez 1933 1934
Mexico Ernesto Sota 1934 1937
Mexico Germán Núñez 1937 1938
Mexico Salvador González 1938 1939
Mexico Francisco Bautista 1939 1940
Mexico Filiberto Zapata 1940 1940
Mexico César Martíno 1940 1945
Mexico Francisco Bautista 1945 1948
Mexico Antonio Hidalgo 1948 1949
Mexico Miguel Ramírez 1950 1954
Mexico Julián Rodríguez 1954 1956
Mexico Pedro Valdez 1956 1959
Mexico Darío Pastrana 1959 1961
Mexico Guillermo Cañedo 1961 1981
Mexico Emilio Díez Barroso 1981 1996
Mexico Pablo Cañedo 1996 1997
Mexico Alejandro Orvañános 1997 1998
Mexico Raúl Quintana 1998 1999
Mexico Javier Pérez Teuffer 1999 2004
Mexico Guillermo Cañedo White 2004 2008
Mexico Michel Bauer 2008-

References

Sources/External Links








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