Coahuila: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coahuila
Free and Sovereign State of
Coahuila de Zaragoza
—  State  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Municipalities of Coahuila
Country  Mexico
Capital Saltillo
Municipalities 38
Largest City Torreón
Government
 - Governor Humberto Moreira Valdés (PRI)
 - Federal Deputies PAN: 5
PRI: 2
 - Federal Senators PAN: 2
PRI: 1
Area
Ranked 3rd
 - Total 149,982 km2 (57,908.4 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Total 2,495,200 (Ranked 17th)
 - Demonym Coahulense
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.8356 - high
Ranked 4th
ISO 3166-2 MX-COA
Postal abbr. Coah.
Website Coahuila State Government

Coahuila, formally Coahuila de Zaragoza (Spanish pronunciation: [kwaˈwila ðe saɾaˈɣosa]), is one of Mexico's 31 component states. It is located in the north of the country.


Coahuila borders the Mexican states of Nuevo León to the east, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí to the south, and Durango and Chihuahua to the west. To the north, Coahuila accounts for a 512 kilometers (318 mi) stretch of the U.S. - Mexico border, adjacent to the United States state of Texas along the course of the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte). With an area of 151,571 square kilometers (58,521.9 sq mi), it is the nation's third-largest state. It comprises 38 municipalities (municipios). In 2005, Coahuila's population was 2,495,200 inhabitants.

The capital of Coahuila is Saltillo, and its largest city is Torreón. Coahuila also includes the cities of Monclova (a former state capital), Piedras Negras, and Ciudad Acuña.

Contents

History

The Spanish explored the north of Mexico some decades after their victory in the capital of the Aztecs. Such exploration was delayed because the northern climate was harsher and there was no gold. The first Spanish settlement in the region now called Coahuila was at Minas de la Trinidad (now Monclova) in 1577. And Saltillo was in 1586, when it formed part of the province of Nueva Vizcaya of the vice-royalty of New Spain. Later it became the province of Nueva Extremadura. Francisco Cano was one of the earliest Europeans to explore Nueva Extremadura.

Coahuila y Tejas ("Coahuila and Texas") was one of the constituent states of the newly independent United Mexican States under its 1824 Constitution, and included Texas, Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon. Later in the same year Nuevo Leon was detached, but Texas remained a part of the state until 1835, when it seceded to form the Republic of Texas. Monclova was the capital of the state from 1833 to 1835.

In 1840 Coahuila briefly became a member of the short lived Republic of the Rio Grande.

On February 19, 1856, Santiago Vidaurri annexed Coahuila to his state, Nuevo León, but it regained its separate status in 1868.

During the Mexican Revolution, Francisco Villa attacked the city of Torreón.

On April 4, 2004, the border city of Piedras Negras was flooded. More than 30 people died and more than 4000 lost their homes.

In 2007, Coahuila became the first state in Mexico to offer civil unions (Pacto Civil de Solidaridad) to same-sex couples.[1]

Geography

The Sierra Madre Oriental runs northwest to southeast through the state, and the higher elevations are home to the Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests.

East of the range, the land slopes gently toward the Rio Grande, and is drained by several rivers, including the Salado and its tributary the Sabinas. The Tamaulipan mezquital, a dry shrubland ecoregion, occupies the western portion of the state, and extends across the Rio Grande into southern Texas.

The portion of the state west of the Sierra Madre Oriental lies on the Mexican Plateau, and is part of the Chihuahuan Desert. The Bolsón de Mapimí is a large endorheic basin which covers much of the western portion of the state and extends into adjacent portions of Chihuahua, Durango, and Zacatecas. The Nazas River, which flows east from Durango, and the Aguanaval River, which flows north from Zacatecas, empty into lakes in the Bolsón. Torreón, the most populous city in the state, lies on the Nazas in the irrigated Laguna Region, the (Comarca Lagunera), which straddles the border of Coahuila and Durango.

The state contains two biosphere reserves. Maderas del Carmen lies on the northern border of the state, and includes sections of the Chihuahuan desert and sky islands of pine-oak forest in the Sierra del Carmen. The springs, lakes, and wetlands of Cuatro Ciénegas lie west of Monclova on the west slope of the Sierra Madre.

The state is largely arid or semi-arid, but the rivers of the state support extensive irrigated agriculture, particularly cotton. The Parras district in the southern part of the state produces wines and brandies. The pine-oak forests of the Sierra Madre produce timber.

Demography

The last population census run across Mexico in the year 2005, reports Coahuila de Zaragoza as having roughly 2,500,000 inhabitants, which, considering its size, means that the state has a very low density, in fact as low as only 15 persons per sq. kilometer.

Coahuila's population is comprised mainly of people of Criollo (European) extraction. History reveals how European colonizers destroyed the disperse and nomadic tribes which inhabited these territories, and as such less than 7,500 natives reside in Coahuila, or merely 0,3% of the total population. The rest of the population is composed of American, Canadian, and Japanese communities.

The rest of the demographic particulars in the state are very similar to national averages, such as a high life expectancy (reaching 75 years of age) and a Catholic majority.

Education

Coahuila residents have about of 8.5 years of education, comparable to the national average.

Institutions of higher education include:

Economy

About 95% of Mexico's coal reserves are found in Coahuila, which is the country's top mining state. Saltillo also has a growing automobile industry, hosting General Motors and Chrysler assembly plants.

As of 2005, Coahuila's economy represents 3.5% of Mexico's total gross domestic product or 22,874 million USD.[2] Coahuila's economy has a strong focus on export oriented manufacturing (i.e. maquiladora / INMEX). As of 2005, 221,273 people are employed in the manufacturing sector.[3] Foreign direct investment in Coahuila was 143.1 million USD for 2005. The average wage for an employee in Coahuila is approximately 190 pesos per day.

Municipalities

Coahuila is subdivided into five regions and 38 municipalities (municipios). For a full list with municipal seats, see: municipalities of Coahuila

Major communities

Arteaga mountain range.

List of governors

This list is incomplete

  • José María Garza Galán (?-1893)
  • José María Múzquiz (1894)
  • Miguel Cárdenas (1894-1909)
  • Jesús de Valle (1909-1911)
  • Venustiano Carranza (1911-1913)
  • Gustavo Espinoza Mireles (1917-1920)
  • Luis Gutiérrez Ortíz (1920-1921)
  • Arnulfo González (1921-1923)
  • Carlos Garza Castro (1923-1925)
  • Manuel Pérez Treviño (1925-1929)
  • Bruno Neira González (1929-1929)
  • Nazario Ortiz Garza (1929-1933)
  • Jesús Valdez Sánchez (1933-1937)
  • Pedro Rodríguez Triana (1937-1941)
  • Gabriel Cervera Riza (1941-1941)
  • Benecio López Padilla (1941-1945)
  • Ignacio Cepeda Dávila (1945-1947)
  • Ricardo Ainslie Rivera (1947-1948)
  • Paz Faz Risa (1948-1948)
  • Raúl López Sánchez (1948-1951)
  • Roman Cepeda Flores (1951-1957)
  • Raúl Madero González (1957-1963)
  • Braulio Fernández Aguirre (1963-1969)
  • Eulalio Gutiérrez Treviño (1969-1975)
  • Oscar Flores Tapia (1975-1981)
  • Francisco José Madero González (1981-1981)
  • José de las Fuentes Rodríguez (1981-1987)
  • Eliseo Mendoza Berrueto (1987-1993)
  • Rogelio Montemayor Seguy (1993-1999)
  • Enrique Martínez y Martínez (1999-2005)
  • Humberto Moreira Valdés (2005–)

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.gay.com/news/article.html?2007/01/12/1 "Mexican state moves to allow same-sex unions", Advocate News, Gay.com, January 11, 2007
  2. ^ Industrial Costs in Mexico - A Guide for Foreign Investors 2007. Mexico City: Bancomext. 2007. pp. 90.  
  3. ^ Industrial Costs in Mexico - A Guide for Foreign Investors 2007. Mexico City: Bancomext. 2007. pp. 92.  

External links

Coordinates: 27°18′08″N 102°02′41″W / 27.30222°N 102.04472°W / 27.30222; -102.04472

Advertisements

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Coahuila is a state in Northern Mexico.

  • Saltillo - State capital.
  • Ciudad Acuña - On the border.
  • Monclova - Third largest city in the state.
  • Parras de la Fuente - Site of wineries originally established by the old Spanish Dons.
  • Piedras Negras
  • Torreón
  • Sabinas
  • San Pedro de las Colonias
  • Candela - A nice town close the Candela Train Station.
  • The Sierra del Carmen--this is the largest wilderness area in Latin America north of Patagonia. Lies just across the rio from Big Bend NP.
  • Cuatro Cienegas -- a unique ecosystem, the spring-fed pools that fill the valley of Cuatro Cienegas are host to a number of plant and animal species found nowhere else on earth. Much of the valley is a protected natural reserve, though some of the larger pools (called pozas) are open to the public for snorkeling and swimming.
  • Asado de chile colorado - Pork with ancho and guajillo chilies and cumin.
  • Charro beans - Cowboy-style beans with bacon and chilies.
  • Coahuila Sausage - Made of pork seasoned with ancho chiles.
  • Enchiladas de olla - Ancho chili, tortillas, poblano and grated cheese.
  • Menudo norteño - Tripe soup with ancho and guajillo chilies.
  • Cajeta de membrillo - Carmelized milk candy flavored with quince.
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Map of Mexico highlighting Coahuila

Proper noun

Singular
Coahuila

Plural
-

Coahuila

  1. A state of Mexico.

Translations

Synonyms

  • Coahuila de Zaragoza

See also


Spanish

Proper noun

Coahuila f.

  1. A state of Mexico.

Related terms

See also

  • Wikipedia-logo.png Coahuila on the Spanish Wikipedia.es.Wikipedia

Simple English

State of Coahuila
File:Flag of
Flag
File:Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Country
Capital Saltillo
Municipalities 38
Largest City Saltillo
Government
 - Governor Humberto Moreira Valdés (PRI)
 - Federal Deputies PAN: 5
PRI: 2
 - Federal Senators PAN: 2
PRI: 1
Area
Ranked 3rd
 - Total 149,982 km2 (57,908.4 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Total 2,495,200 (Ranked 17th)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.8284 - high
Ranked 3rd
ISO 3166-2 MX-COA
Postal abbr. Coah.
Website Coahuila State Government

Coahuila is a state in north Mexico. About 2,500,000 people live there. Its capital is called Saltillo.


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message