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National Emblem of Greece
Coat of arms of Greece.svg
Details
Armiger Third Hellenic Republic
Adopted 1975
Escutcheon Azure, a cross throughout Argent
Other elements The escutcheon is wholly surrounded by two laurel leaves.

The National Emblem of Greece (Greek: Εθνόσημο της Ελλάδας, Ethnósimo tis Elládas), aka Coat of arms of Greece, consists of a blue escutcheon with a white cross totally surrounded by two laurel branches. The emblem is painted or woven, mainly on the hats, uniforms and buttons of the military, the security forces etc.

Contents

History

The first Greek national emblem was provided for by the Constitution of Epidauros of 1 January 1822 and was established by decree on 15 March of the same year. It was the shape of a blue and white circular cockade.

Since it was first established the emblem has undergone many changes in shape and in design, mainly due to changes of regime. The original Greek national emblem depicted the goddess Athena and the owl. At the time of Capodistrias, the first Prime Minister of modern Greece, the phoenix, the symbol of rebirth, was added. During the reign of the Bavarian King Otto, the royal coat of arms, with two crowned lions holding the shield with the royal crown, became the national emblem of the country. With the arrival of King George I, the coat of arms was replaced by the Danish-inspired version. After Greece became a republic in 1924 the national emblem consisted of a simple white cross on a blue escutcheon. The royal arms returned with the restoration of the monarchy in 1935 and were used until 1973, when the then-ruling military junta abolished the monarchy. The current design, by the artist Kostas Grammatopoulos, was adopted on 7 June 1975, by Law 48 (ΦΕΚ Α΄ 108/7.6.1975).

Historical evolution

See also

References

  • Law 48 (Gov. Gazette 108, issue A, dated 7.6.1975)
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