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Coat of arms of Latvia
Coat of Arms of Latvia.svg
Versions
Latvijas mazais papildinatais gerbonis.gif
Latvijas mazais gerbonis.gif
Details
Armiger The Government of Latvia
Adopted June 16, 1921

The Latvian National Coat of Arms was formed after the proclamation of an independent Republic of Latvia on November 18, 1918 and was officially adopted on June 16, 1921. It was especially created for its independent statehood. The national coat of arms combines symbols of Latvian national statehood as well as symbols of ancient historical districts.

The sun in the upper part of the coat of arms symbolizes Latvian national statehood. A stylized depiction of the sun was used as a symbol of distinction and national identity by the Imperial Russian Army's Latvian Riflemen during World War I. During the war the sun figure was fashioned with 17 rays that symbolized the 17 Latvian-inhabited districts. The three stars above the coat of arms embody the idea of the inclusion of historical districts (Vidzeme, Latgale and combined Courland-Semigalia (Kurzeme-Zemgale) into the united Latvia.

Culturally historical regions are also characterized by older heraldic figures, which already appeared in the 1600s. Courland and Semigalia (Western Latvia) are symbolized by a red lion, which appears as early as 1569 in the coat of arms of the former Duke of Courland and Semigalia. Vidzeme and Latgale (Eastern Latvia) are symbolized by the legendary winged silver creature with an eagle's head, a griffin. This symbol appeared in 1566, when the territories known today as Vidzeme and Latgale had come under Lithuanian control.

The Latvian national coat of arms was designed by the Latvian artist Rihards Zariņš.

The proper use of the Latvian coat of arms is firmly regulated. Three types of symbol are used - the large coat of arms, the small enhanced coat of arms and the small coat of arms.

  • The Small Enhanced Coat of Arms is used by the Parliament agencies, the Cabinet of Ministers and other institutions under direct or indirect supervision of the government ministries.
  • The Small Coat of Arms is used by other government institutions, municipal authorities and educational institutions on official documents.

During Soviet occupation, the Coat of arms of the Latvian SSR was used, this was replaced by the 1918 arms again in 1990.

Colours

  • Red - PANTONE 186C
  • Green - PANTONE 340C
  • Blue - PANTONE 286C
  • Yellow - PANTONE 124C
  • Golden - PANTONE 873C
  • Silver - PANTONE 877C
  • Grey - PANTONE 4C
  • Black - PANTONE Black

See also

External links

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