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The Arms of Manitoba
G manitoba.gif
Versions
Manitobacoaold.svg
The unofficial arms, in use until 1905
Details
Adopted 1905, augmented 1992
Crest Upon a helm in trian aspect Or mantled Gules doubled Argent and wreathed of these colours a beaver sejeant upholding with its back a representation of the Royal Crown proper its dexter forepaw raised holding a prairie crocus (Anemone patens) slipped also proper.[1]
Escutcheon Vert on a Rock a Buffalo statant proper, on a Chief Argent the cross of St. George.
Supporters Dexter a unicorn Argent armed crined and unguled Or gorged with a mural coronet Vert masoned and encircled with maple leaves Argent pendant therefrom the wheel of a Red River cart Vert sinister a horse Argent crined queued and unguled Or gorged with a collar of Prairie Indian beadwork proper pendant therefrom a cycle of life medallion Vert
Compartment A mound bearing seven prairie crocuses slipped proper between to the dexter a wheat field Or and to the sinister a forest of white spruce (Picea glauca) proper the whole rising above barry wavy Argent and Azure
Motto GLORIOSUS ET LIBER
Glorious and Free
Earlier versions Vert three garbs in fess Or, a chief per pale, dexter the Union Badge of 1707, sinister azure three fleurs-de-lis Or

The original Coat of Arms of Manitoba was granted to Manitoba by a Royal Warrant of King Edward VII on May 10, 1905.[1][2] The shield is also featured on the provincial flag.

Contents

History

The coat of arms was augmented on 23 October 1992 by a Vice-Regal Warrant of then-Governor General Ramon Hnatyshyn to include a crest, supporters, and motto.[1][2][3]

Symbolism

Crest

The helmet above the shield is gold and faces left, a symbol of Manitoba's co-sovereign status in Confederation. The mantling is in Canada's national colours. The crest is a beaver, Canada's national animal, holding a prairie crocus, Manitoba's provincial flower. The crest is surmounted by a crown, representing royal sovereignty.

Shield

On the white chief is the Cross of Saint George, a symbol of England. The buffalo is a symbolic reminder of the various buffalo that formerly roamed the province. The remainder of the Coat of Arms was granted in 1992.

Compartment

The compartment represents a diverse landscape.

Supporters

The beadwork and Red River wheel allude to Manitoba's past, while the maple leaf is the national emblem of Canada.

Motto

The motto is Gloriosus et Liber, "glorious and free," a line taken from the English lyrics to the Canadian national anthem "O Canada."[3]

See also

References

External links

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