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Cocaine Anonymous (CA) is a twelve-step program for people who seek recovery from drug addiction. CA is patterned very closely after Alcoholics Anonymous, although the two groups are unaffiliated. While many CA members have been addicted to cocaine, crack, speed or similar substances, identifying specifically as a cocaine addict is not required.[1]

CA uses the book Alcoholics Anonymous[2] as its basic text. Complementing this are the CA Storybook, Hope, Faith and Courage: Stories from the Fellowship of Cocaine Anonymous.[3] and the AA book Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions[4]

As of 2009, there are several thousand CA groups in the United States, Canada and 18 other countries. Online meetings exist as well.

CA was formed in Los Angeles in 1982 by a long-standing AA member. He worked in the film industry and saw a number of people who had difficulty finding help from anyone knowledgeable about the special difficulties presented by cocaine addiction. Co-Anon (formerly CocAnon) is a program for families of cocaine users, analogous to Al-Anon for the friends and family of alcoholics.[5]



Cocaine Anonymous was formed November 23rd 1982 and its founding members were Johnny S, Ray G and Gilbert M all of Los Angeles, CA. In or around August of 1982 Tom Kinney the owner of an entertainment industry sober living facility called Studio 12 recognized the need for a type of meeting where cocaine addicted people could share about their struggles and sobriety. Being that at the time neither Alcoholics Anonymous nor Narcotics Anonymous allowed this type of member to actively participate at the meeting level in their respective meetings, Tom Kinney arranged for a local AA meeting held at the Health and Welfare Office of the Directors Guild to allow the topic of that meeting to be about cocaine addiction. Several original members where at this meeting. Following the end of the meeting members ensued a controversial vote of group conscience to change the meeting from AA to CA and because of the AA traditions the vote was not passed. Several members who felt strongly about having their own meeting elected to rent the same room two days later and call it Cocaine Anonymous. Two days later on a Thursday the founding members of Cocaine Anonymous all met for the first time. "Welcome to the first meeting of Cocaine Anonymous, my name is ......are there any other addicts present?" were the first words spoken at this first meeting. As the meetings grew so did its fellowship. However, they needed organization and leaders, several men and women volunteered their time to help CA begin by forming Cocaine Anonymous Inc where those founding members signatures can be found on the original incorporation. Months would follow where these few where responsible for creating and implementing the infrastructure of what is now called Cocaine Anonymous World Services, Inc. This fellowship has a reported 707,000 members world wide and in 38 countries operating meetings at a global level. The one unique fact about cocaine anonymous unlike its two predecessors is that the founding members elected that there would be no founders which is why their personal names are no where to be found in any basic text or story book for the exception of the forward which retells this same story written by one of the co-founders Johnny S in the Hope, Faith & Courage Story Book 1. The idea was that Cocaine Anonymous was to grow on its own two legs, having founders made it seem like men started the program when they all believed it was created by a power greater than them all.

See also


  1. ^ Cocaine Anonymous (2007-11-13). "And All Other Mind-Altering Substances". Retrieved 2007-11-15.  
  2. ^ Alcoholics Anonymous (1976-06-01). Alcoholics Anonymous. Alcoholics Anonymous World Services. ISBN 0916856593. OCLC 32014950.  
  3. ^ Cocaine Anonymous (January 1993). Hope, Faith and Courage: Stories from the Fellowship of Cocaine Anonymous. Los Angeles, California: Cocaine Anonymous World Services. ISBN 0963819313. OCLC 32014453.  
  4. ^ Alcoholics Anonymous (2002-02-10). Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions. Hazelden. ISBN 0916856011. OCLC 13572433.  
  5. ^ Cohen, Sidney (1985). The Substance Abuse Problems. New York, New York: Haworth Press. ISBN 0866563687. OCLC 6666765.  

Further reading

  • Crits-Christoph, P., Gibbons, M. B. C., Barber, J. P., Gallop, R., Beck, A. T., Mercer, D., et al. (October 2003). "Mediators of outcome of psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 71 (5): 918–925. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.71.5.918.  
  • Maude-Griffin, P. M., Hohenstein, J. M., Humfleet, G. L., Reilly, P. M., Tusel, D. J., & Hall, S. M. (October 1998). "Superior efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for urban crack cocaine abusers: Main and matching effects". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 66 (5): 832–837. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.66.5.832.  
  • Weiss, R. D., Griffin, M. L., Gallop, R. J., Najavits, L. M., Frank, A., Crits-Christoph, P., et al. (Feb 2005). "The effect of 12-step self-help group attendance and participation on drug use outcomes among cocaine-dependent patients". Drug and Alcohol Dependence 77 (2): 177–184. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.08.012.  

External links

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