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Cockapoo
MaleandFemaleCockapoosOneYearOld.JPG
The appearance of Cockapoos may vary from tan to black to white and brown
Breeds Cocker Spaniel, Poodle
Other names Cockapoo, Cockerpoo, Spoodle(AU)

A cockapoo (also called a spoodle, cockerpoo, or cockadoodle) is a hybrid dog, bred for the first time in the United States, by crossing an American Cocker Spaniel or English Cocker Spaniel and a poodle (in most cases the miniature poodle or toy poodle), or by breeding cockapoo to cockapoo.

Contents

History

Cockapoos have been known in the United States since about 1950. The earliest known dictionary reference was a 1960 OED citation.[1] These days they can also be the result of breeding cockapoo to cockapoo rather than of a direct cross between a cocker spaniel and a poodle.

Cockapoos have also become very popular in other countries. In Australia they are usually called spoodles, and in Sweden they are called a cockerpoo. They can be the result of mating either the American Cocker Spaniel or English Cocker Spaniel with a poodle, or of breeding successive generations of spoodles.

Health

A Cockapoo at 12 weeks.

Both poodles and cocker spaniels can suffer from luxating patellas (loose knees). An OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) exam is required to check for this problem before dogs are bred. Poodles and cocker spaniels can also suffer from a number of eye disorders, including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)[2]. A CERF (Canine Eye Registration Foundation) exam and DNA test for PRA should be performed before breeding.[3]

Like many floppy-eared breeds, cockapoos can be subject to ear infections, and it's important to keep their ears clean and dry.

Although they can suffer from certain health problems, overall cockapoos are healthy, happy dogs. As with a lot of smaller dogs they tend to be quite long-lived, and it's not unusual for cockapoos to live for 15–20 years.

In fact, because cockapoos are a mixed breed, they may be less susceptible to genetic ailments than purebred dogs. Purebreds are more likely to share similar alleles, whereas mixed breeds such as the cockapoo have greater diversity in their genes and are less likely to inherit two copies of an undesirable recessive gene. Several studies suggest that mixed breed dogs are less prone to genetic illnesses.[4][5][6][7][8]

Characteristics

Cockapoos have become popular because they generally combine the outgoing, loving personality of the cocker spaniel with the low-shedding, low-dander qualities of the poodle, resulting in a loving, intelligent,very energetic and agile dog that sheds very little. [9] The poodle parent also contributes intelligence and a tendency to be very active. Cockapoos may jump on furniture or balance on the arms of chairs. They thrive when they can exercise regularly, either by having a yard to run around in or by having a human who will walk them and play with them.

Cockapoos are very people oriented and affectionate, with a clown like personality. Most cockapoos are easy to train and they work well as a children's dog. Overall, they are clever, mischievous dogs and resilient problem solvers.

Cockapoos are often active and agile.

Strictly speaking, the cockapoo cannot be described as a purebred because it does not 'breed true'. In breeders' terms, 'breeding true' means that the pups will have consistently predictable characteristics. Cockapoos, however, may inherit the characteristics of either or both their parent breeds. While some cockapoos appear more similar to cocker spaniels, others will exhibit more poodle traits, creating a variation in cockapoo appearance and temperament.

Cockapoos also vary in color. They may be:

  • Black
  • Tan or beige
  • Red, including auburn and apricot colors
  • Brown, varying from light to dark and tan
  • Sable, a brown color with tipping and shading in black
  • Cream
  • White
  • Silver
  • Mixtures of more than one color

Cockapoos can be one solid color or can have complex markings. They may be white, black or brown with patches of any other color, usually including colored ears. They also may have spots or freckles on the muzzle or legs. In addition, they may have patches over the eyes, on the cheeks, on the chest or under the tail. [10]

Cockapoos may also have Merle markings, producing a coat that contains various shades of the same color because some hairs are partially pigmented. [11] Black Merle and Chocolate Merle are two common Merle colorings.Quite a lot of cockapoos have soft and silky fur, which comes from the poodle originally.

The coat of the Cockapoo will vary from dog to dog. Some will have the sleeker coat of the spaniel, while others may have curlier, coarser fur like a Poodle. For many Cockapoos, their hair will be a mixture somewhere between the two. This means that regular brushing and trimming will be required in order to keep the hair healthy and mat-free.

Cockapoo size and weight are a function of what type of dogs the parents were. Breeders usually use a toy or miniature poodle as the poodle parent. The following table describes the weights[12][13][14], and heights[13][15][16] of toy poodles, miniature poodles, cocker spaniels and cockapoos, using AKC standards and other information.

Breed Average Height Average Weight
Toy Poodle 10 inches or less 7 to 10 pounds
Miniature Poodle 10 to 15 inches 15 to 17 pounds
Cocker Spaniel 14 to 17 inches 25 to 34 pounds
Cockapoo 10 to 15 inches 12 to 24 pounds

While this table provides averages for cockapoo height and weight, an individual dog may be larger or smaller depending upon the size of its parents.

There are currently three cockapoo clubs in America that are working towards developing the cockapoo by breeding successive generations, and establishing the cockapoo as a recognized breed.

Gallery

Cockapoos vary tremendously in size and appearance. These are some examples of cockapoos.

See also

References

  1. ^ JacketFlap.com
  2. ^ "NACR Information on Genetic Issues of Poodles and Cockers". http://www.cockapoos.com/generalcontent/nacrgeneticissues.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-22.  
  3. ^ "Choosing a Breeder for Designer Dogs". Dog Fancy. 2006-01-11. http://www.cockapooclub.com/ccapagesgen/DogFancy060111.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-22.  
  4. ^ R. Beythien, Tierarten- und Hunderassenverteilung, Erkrankungshäufigkeit und prophylaktische Maßnahmen bei den häufigsten Hunderassen am Beispiel einer Tierarztpraxis in Bielefeld in den Jahren 1983-1985 und 1990-1992, 1998, Diss., Tierärztl. Hochschule Hannover
  5. ^ A. Egenvall, B.N. Bonnett, P. Olson, Å. Hedhammar,Gender, age, breed and distribution of morbidity and mortality in insured dogs in Sweden during 1995 and 1996, The Veterinary Record, 29/4/2000, p. 519-57
  6. ^ B.N. Bonnett, A. Egenvall, P. Olson, Å. Hedhammar, Mortality in Swedish dogs: rates and causes of death in various breeds, The Veterinary Record, 12/7/1997, S. 40 - 44 “Mongrels were consistently in the low risk category” (S. 41)
  7. ^ G.J. Patronek, D.J. Walters, L.T. Glickman, Comparative Longevity of Pet Dogs and Humans: Implications for Gerontology Research, J. Geront., BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 1997, Vol 52A,No.3, B171-B178 quote (p. B173)
  8. ^ H.F. Proschofsky et al, Mortality of purebred and mixed-breed dogs in Denmark, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2003, 58, 53-74 "Higher average longevity of mixed-breed dogs (grouped together). Age at death mixed-breeds Q1 8, Q2 11, Q3 13, purebreds 6, 10, 12"
  9. ^ "Characteristics of the Cockapoo". Cockapoo Club of America. http://www.cockapooclub.com/. Retrieved 2008-01-22.  
  10. ^ "NACR Guide to Cockapoo Colors and Markings". North American Cockapoo Registry. http://www.cockapoos.com/generalcontent/nacrcockapoocolors.html. Retrieved 2009-05-15..  
  11. ^ "Cocker Spaniels With Merle Coat Pattern". Zim Family Cocker Spaniels. http://www.zimfamilycockers.com/merle.html. Retrieved 2009-06-07.  
  12. ^ "The Poodle". Pet Guardian Angels of America. http://www.pgaa.com/canine/general/poodle.html. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  
  13. ^ a b "English Cocker Spaniel". Dog Breed Info Center. http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/englishcocker.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  
  14. ^ "The Cocker Spaniel". Pet Guardian Angels of America. http://www.pgaa.com/canine/general/cocker.html. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  
  15. ^ "Poodle Breed Standard". American Kennel Club. http://www.akc.org/breeds/poodle/index.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  
  16. ^ "Cocker Spaniel Breed Standard". American Kennel Club. http://www.akc.org/breeds/cocker_spaniel/index.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01- 11.  

External links


Simple English

A Cockapoo (also called a Spoodle or Cockerpoo) is a hybrid dog. It is a mix of an American Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle (in most cases the Miniature Poodle or Toy Poodle), or by breeding a Cockapoo with another Cockapoo.









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