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Food safety
Food Safety 1.svg
Terms
Foodborne illness
HACCP
Critical control point
Critical factors
FAT TOM
pH
Water activity (Wa)
Pathogens
Clostridium botulinum
E. coli
Hepatitis A
Norovirus
Parasitic infections
Blastocystis
Cryptosporidiosis
Trichinosis

In the Austrian-Hungarian Empire between 1897 and 1911, a collection of standards and product descriptions for a wide variety of foods was developed as the Codex Alimentarius Austriacus.[1] The decision to establish it was made in Vienna in October 1891.[2]

Mainly the outcome of a voluntary effort on the part of experts in the food industry and universities, the Codex Alimentarius Austriacus was not, strictly speaking, a collection of legally enforceable food standards. It was, however, used by the courts to determine standards of identity for foods.[3]

Little known beyond the German-speaking countries of Europe, it was subsequently to lend its name to the present-day international Codex Alimentarius Commission, the current international food codex collaboratively worked out by the FAO and the WHO.[4]

Consisting of three volumes, the Codex was finished in 1910-1917 by O. Dafert but lacked actual integration in the Austrian law until 1975..

The idea of a Europe-wide Codex Alimentarius based on the Austrian model was actively pursued by Hans Frenzel of Austria between 1954 and 1958. Frenzel's work culminated in the creation of the Council of the Codex Alimentarius Europaeus in June 1958 under the joint sponsorship of the International Commission on Agricultural Industries and the International Bureau of Analytical Chemistry.[5]

In 1975, the committee for the Codex Alimentarius Austriacus was reorganised within the Austrian food law, which is still known as one of the strictest food laws in the world..

See also

References

  1. ^ Understanding The Codex Alimentarius (Third Edition) Published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization, 2006. Accessed 4 Jan 2008.
  2. ^ Opening Statement by Dr. B.P. Dutia Assistant Director-General Economic and Social Policy Department, FAO to the Nineteenth Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, 1 July 1991. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations website. Accessed 9 January 2009.
  3. ^ Codex Alimentarius: how it all began Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations website. Accessed 1 January 2009.
  4. ^ Codex Alimentarius: how it all began Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations website. Accessed 1 January 2009.
  5. ^ Codex Alimentarius: how it all began Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations website. Accessed 1 January 2009.

External links

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