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New Testament manuscripts
Uncial 048
Name Codex Vaticanus 2061
Text Acts, GE, Paul
Date 5th century
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 30 x 27 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category II

Codex Vaticanus 2061, usually known as Uncial 048 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 1070 (von Soden). Scrivener designated it by Hebrew letter ב. It is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament on parchment, dated palaeographically to the 5th century.[1] Formerly it was known also as the Codex Basilianus 100, earlier as Codex Patriniensis 27.[2]



The codex contains the text of the Acts of Apostles, General epistles, and Pauline epistles, in a fragmentary condition. Only 21 parchment leaves - from original 316 - have survived (30 cm by 27 cm).[1] Written in three columns per page, 40-41 lines per page, 12-15 letters per line.[2]

It is double palimpsest, the biblical text has been overwritten twice, in result it is very difficult to read.[2] The manuscript is one of the very few, and one of the three New Testament uncial manuscripts to be written with three columns per page. The other codices written in that way are Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, Uncial 053, and trilingual minuscule codex 460. The codex survived to the present day in poor condition.


The Greek text of this codex is not clearly identified, but the Alexandrian element is stronger than the Byzantine, with some the Western readings. Aland placed it in Category II.[1] Its text is close to the Codex Alexandrinus.[3]

The codex was cited in Novum Testamentum Graece of Nestle-Aland (27th edition) in text 1 Cor 15:7.


Formerly it was held in the monastery of St. Mary of Patrium, a suburb of Rossano in Calabria, whence it was taken about the end of the 17th century to the Vatican. Here it was rediscovered by Pierre Batiffol in 1887.[3]

The codex now is located in the Vatican Library (Gr. 2061).[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Kurt Aland, Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 118.
  2. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 104.  
  3. ^ a b Kenyon, Frederic G. (1912). Handbook to the Textual Criticism of the New Testament. London2. p. 122.  

Further reading

  • Pierre Batiffol, "L'Abbaye de Rossano" (Paris, 1891), pp. 62, 71-74.
  • D. Heath, "The Text of Manuscript Gregory 048" (Vatican Greek 2061), Taylor University 1965.
  • C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, pp. 104-105.

External links



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