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Codonopsis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Campanulaceae
Genus: Codonopsis
Wall. (1824)
Species

See text.

Codonopsis is a genus of flowering plant within the family Campanulaceae. It is allied to Campanumoea and Leptocodon, and some authors suggest that Codonopsis should include these genera. Without them, Codonopsis includes 55 species endemic to East Asia.

Contents

Synonym

In the horticultural trade, Codonopsis species are referred to as bonnet bellflowers.

Uses

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Medicinal uses

C. pilosula (Chinese: pinyin: dǎngshēn) is an important medicinal herb in traditional Chinese medicine.

Food uses

C. lanceolata (Korean: deodeok) is used as a food in Korean cuisine.

Species

  • Codonopsis affinis - (Chinese: 大叶党参)
  • Codonopsis alpina - (高山党参)
  • Codonopsis argentea - (银背叶党参)
  • Codonopsis benthamii
  • Codonopsis bhutanica
  • Codonopsis bicolor - (二色党参)
  • Codonopsis bulleyana - (管钟党参)
  • Codonopsis canescens - (灰毛党参)
  • Codonopsis cardiophylla - (光叶党参)
  • Codonopsis chimiliensis - (滇湎党参)
  • Codonopsis chlorocodon - (绿钟党参)
  • Codonopsis clematidea - (新疆党参)
  • Codonopsis convolvulacea - (鸡蛋参)
Deodeok muchim, a Korean salad made from C. lanceolata
    • Codonopsis convolvulacea var. efilamentosa - (心叶珠子参)
    • Codonopsis convolvulacea var. forrestii - (珠子参)
    • Codonopsis convolvulacea var. hirsuta - (毛叶鸡蛋参)
    • Codonopsis convolvulacea var. limprichtii - (直立鸡蛋参)
    • Codonopsis convolvulacea var. pinifolia - (松叶鸡蛋参)
    • Codonopsis convolvulacea var. vinciflora - (薄叶鸡蛋参)
  • Codonopsis cordifolioidea - (心叶党参)
  • Codonopsis deltoidea - (三角叶党参)
  • Codonopsis dicentrifolia - (珠峰党参)
  • Codonopsis farreri - (秃叶党参)
  • Codonopsis foetens - (臭党参)
  • Codonopsis forrestii
  • Codonopsis gombalana - (贡山党参)
  • Codonopsis gracilis
  • Codonopsis grey-wilsonii
  • Codonopsis henryi - (川鄂党参)
  • Codonopsis javanica
  • Codonopsis kawakamii - (台湾党参)
  • Codonopsis lanceolata - (羊乳)
  • Codonopsis lancifolia
  • Codonopsis levicalyx - (光萼党参)
    • Codonopsis levicalyx var. hirsuticalyx - (线党参)
  • Codonopsis longifolia - (长叶党参)
  • Codonopsis macrocalyx - (大萼党参)
  • Codonopsis meleagris - (珠鸡斑党参)
  • Codonopsis micrantha - (小花党参)
  • Codonopsis mollis
  • Codonopsis nepalensis
  • Codonopsis nervosa - (脉花党参)
  • Codonopsis nervosa var. macrantha - (大花党参)
  • Codonopsis obtusa
  • Codonopsis ovata
  • Codonopsis pilosula - (党参)
    • Codonopsis pilosula - var. handeliana (闪毛党参)
    • Codonopsis pilosula var. modesta - (素花党参)
    • Codonopsis pilosula var. volubilis - (缠绕党参)
  • Codonopsis pinifolia
  • Codonopsis purpurea - (紫花党参)
  • Codonopsis rosulata - (莲座状党参)
  • Codonopsis rotundifolia
  • Codonopsis subglobosa - (球花党参)
  • Codonopsis subscaposa - (抽葶党参)
  • Codonopsis subsimplex - (藏南党参)
  • Codonopsis tangshen - (川党参)
  • Codonopsis thalictrifolia - (唐松草党参)
    • Codonopsis thalictrifolia var. mollis - (长花党参)
  • Codonopsis tsinglingensis - (秦岭党参)
  • Codonopsis tubulosa - (管花党参)
  • Codonopsis ussuriensis - (雀斑党参)
  • Codonopsis vinciflora
  • Codonopsis viridiflora - (绿花党参)
  • Codonopsis viridis
  • Codonopsis volubilis
  • Codonopsis xizangensis - (西藏党参)

References

  1. K.E. Morris and T.G. Lammers (1997). "Circumscription of Codonopsis and the allied genera Campanumoea and Leptocodon (Campanulaceae: Campanuloideae). I. Palynological data". Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 277–284. http://ejournal.sinica.edu.tw/bbas/content/1997/4/bot384-10.html.  

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Codonopsis lanceolata

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Asterales
Familia: Campanulaceae
Subfamilia: Campanuloideae
Genus: Codonopsis
Species:

Name

Codonopsis Wall. (1824)

Vernacular names

Русский: Кодонопсис

References

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Category:Codonopsis on Wikimedia Commons.

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