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Codonopsis pilosula: Wikis

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Codonopsis
Codonopsis pilosula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Campanulaceae
Genus: Codonopsis
Species: C. pilosula
Binomial name
Codonopsis pilosula
Franch.

Codonopsis pilosula (Chinese: pinyin: dǎngshēn), also known as dang shen or poor man's ginseng, is a perennial species of flowering plant native to Northeast Asia and Korea and usually found growing around streambanks and forest openings under the shade of trees.

Contents

Growth

The plant is shrubby and dense and has a tendency to climb, producing heart shaped leaves, light green five pointed bell shaped flowers with prominent yellow or light purple veins. The plant can grow up to 8-10 feet in height with roots 1-3 cm thick.

Medicinal uses

Codonopsis pilosula leaves

The roots of C. pilosula (radix) are used in traditional Chinese medicine to lower blood pressure, increase red and white blood cell count, cure appetite loss, strengthen the immune system, and replenish qi. The roots are harvested from the plant during the third or fourth year of growth and dried prior to sale.

Dried Codonopsis pilosula root

The root is also used as a gentler and more economical substitute for Panax ginseng.

Varieties

  • Codonopsis pilosula var. handeliana - (Chinese: 闪毛党参)
  • Codonopsis pilosula var. modesta - (Chinese: 素花党参)
  • Codonopsis pilosula var. volubilis - (Chinese: 缠绕党参)

References

  1. Wang ZT, et al. "Immunomodulatory effect of a polysaccharide-enriched preparation of codonopsis pilosula roots." Gen Pharmacol Dec 1996;27(8):1347-50.

Further reading

  1. Winston, David & Maimes, Steven. “Adaptogens: Herbs for Strength, Stamina, and Stress Relief,” Healing Arts Press, 2007. Contains a monograph on Codonopsis pilosula (Dang shen)and health benefits.

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Translingual

Proper noun

Codonopsis pilosula

  1. (taxonomy) A taxonomic species within the genus Codonopsis — the dang shen or poor man's ginseng.

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