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.Cognition is the scientific term for "the process of thought" to knowing.^ This process is termed cognitive restructuring.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy - Definition, Purpose, Precautions, Description, Preparation, Results, Resources 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The term "cognition" is also used in a wider sense to mean the act of knowing or knowledge, and may be interpreted in a social or cultural sense to describe the emergent development of knowledge and concepts within a group that culminate in both thought and action..

^ Many cognitive processes are thought to involve sophisticated functions that may be unique to primates.
  • Cognition and emotion - Scholarpedia 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.scholarpedia.org [Source type: Academic]

.Usage of the term varies in different disciplines; for example in psychology and cognitive science, it usually refers to an information processing view of an individual's psychological functions.^ Distributed cognition uses the different views from sociology, cognitive science, and the psychology.
  • Distributed-cognition | My Notes From My Notebook 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.codedanger.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Thinking is a higher cognitive function and the analysis of thinking processes is part of cognitive psychology.

^ See also cognitive psychology , information processing .
  • thought -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other interpretations of the meaning of cognition link it to the development of concepts; individual minds, groups, and organizations.^ Concepts, kinds, and cognitive development.
  • Six Views of Embodied Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC philosophy.wisc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The cultural component contributes, among other things,the concepts used in thinking and acting, group validation of anindividual's interpretation of concepts, the "thought models" used inthe acquisition of knowledge, and standards used to evaluateindividual thought and behavior.
  • Patricia Hill Collins - Black Feminist Thought 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC media.pfeiffer.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If, on the other hand, we restrict the system to include only the cognitive architecture of the individual mind or brain, then we are dealing with a single, persisting, obligate system.
  • Six Views of Embodied Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC philosophy.wisc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning.^ Attention Reasoning and Decision Making Learning and Memory Intelligence and Creativity Social Cognition Embodied Cognition Sensory Perception Language and Communication From the Diagnosis Dictionary .

Contents

Introduction

.The term cognition (Latin: cognoscere, "to know", "to conceptualize" or "to recognize") refers to a faculty for the processing of information, applying knowledge, and changing preferences.^ As technologies are used in our cognitive processes, as they cognitize with us and for us, they influence and impact the very way we acquire information and think, and affect the very nature of cognition.

^ When one applies these principles to the observation of human activity, various distributions of cognitive processes become apparent.
  • SAP Design Guild -- Dissolving Boundaries with Distributed Cognition and xApps 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.sapdesignguild.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In general, the word “cognition” refers to all of the mental activities involved in receiving information, comprehending it, storing it, retrieving it, and using it.
  • Tutorial: Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.bianys.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cognition, or cognitive processes, can be natural or artificial, conscious or unconscious.^ Viewing brain processes as Critical State Transitions across levels of organization: Neural events in Cognition and Consciousness, and general principles Biosystems , Vol.
  • CiteULike: Tag cognition [more than 800 articles] 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.citeulike.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Cognition includes all processes of consciousness by which knowledge is accumulated, such as perceiving, recognizing, conceiving, and reasoning.
  • cognition -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It can be said that the mere-exposure effect and other behavioral findings shifted ongoing debates to focus on affect as being related to unconscious processing and subcortical activity, with cognition being related to conscious processing and cortical involvement.
  • Cognition and emotion - Scholarpedia 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.scholarpedia.org [Source type: Academic]

.These processes are analyzed from different perspectives within different contexts, notably in the fields of linguistics, anesthesia, neurology, psychology, philosophy, anthropology, systemics and computer science.^ Computational linguistics, cognitive psychology, etc.
  • CALT Encyclopedia - cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.calt.insead.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Research > Language and Cognition The Language and Cognition group works within the general approach of cognitive science, which brings the ideas and methods of cognitive psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and computer science to bear on the scientific investigation of mental processes and representations.
  • NU Psychology > Research > Language and Cognition Group 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psych.neu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Interdisciplinary effort to study and explain the processes of human thought as a system of symbol manipulation or computational rules.
  • Philosophical Dictionary: Clarke-Comte 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.philosophypages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Within psychology or philosophy, the concept of cognition is closely related to abstract concepts such as mind, reasoning, perception, intelligence, learning, and many others that describe capabilities of the mind and In psychology and in artificial intelligence, cognition is used to refer to the mental functions, mental processes (thoughts) and states of intelligent entities (humans, human organizations, highly autonomous machines).^ Many cognitive processes are thought to involve sophisticated functions that may be unique to primates.
  • Cognition and emotion - Scholarpedia 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.scholarpedia.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Fitting learning to human cognition .
  • Technology, cognition, and expertize 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.ecs.soton.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ See also cognitive psychology , information processing .
  • thought -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In particular, the field focuses toward the study of specific mental processes such as comprehension, inference, decision-making, planning and learning (see also cognitive science and cognitivism).^ Human learning, memory, and decision-making .
  • Illinois Psychology: Vis. Cog. Hum. Perf. Division 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psych.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ See also cognitive psychology , information processing .
  • thought -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cognition involves the mental processing of information.

.Recently, advanced cognitive research has been especially focused on the capacities of abstraction, generalization, concretization/specialization and meta-reasoning.^ First, completion of hands-on demonstrations provide concrete examples of the scientific method, particularly those methods favored by social cognition researchers.
  • Res.Meth.in Social Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.tulane.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Kevin Pelphreys research focuses on using neuroimaging and behavioral techniques to study the neurodevelopment of brain mechanisms underlying cognitive, perceptual, and social functioning in autism.
  • 35th Carnegie Symposium on Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psy.cmu.edu:16080 [Source type: Academic]

^ DECISION-MAKING AS COGNITION: Recent studies (5) have compared clinicians' reasoning with a decision analysis of the same problem.
  • Matrix Cognition in Medical Decision-Making 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC matrixcognition.com [Source type: Academic]

.This involves such concepts as beliefs, knowledge, desires, preferences and intentions of intelligent individuals, objects, agents or systems.^ The goal is to use knowledge of how genes control the development of embryonic structures to learn how these same genes were involved in the first appearance of such structures in past epochs.
  • Fred Heeren, Evolution and Cognition Journal 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.fredheeren.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This develops naturally from the belief that the group has the inside track on ultimate knowledge and as such, represents the only hope of humankind.
  • COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT IN THOUGHT REFORM 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC oak.cats.ohiou.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ When ESC shifted the focus of intelligent behavior from representation-rich to self-organizing agents, and indeed from abstract intelligent behavior to simpler, physical living behavior, some posited that concepts such as information, representation, and symbols were superfluous to understand cognition, and that the language of dynamical systems theory would be sufficient.

[1]

Psychology

.The sort of mental processes described as cognitive are largely influenced by research which has successfully used this paradigm in the past, likely starting with Thomas Aquinas, who divided the study of behavior into two broad categories: cognitive (how we know the world), and affect (feelings and emotions).^ Here is how to breakdown how cognition is triggered; how it is processed; and what affects it.
  • Cognition - Cognitive Input/Output Cycles Influence Your Thought Process 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.diserio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cognitive Development Discusses PiagetÌs study into cognitive processes and the stages of cognitive development.
  • Theoretical Resources 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.edb.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Cognitive processes influence learning.

.Consequently, this description tends to apply to processes such as memory, association, concept formation, language, attention, perception, action, problem solving and mental imagery.^ Visual perception, visual cognition, memory, and language.
  • Illinois Psychology: Vis. Cog. Hum. Perf. Division 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psych.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Visual cognition, perception, attention, and memory.
  • Illinois Psychology: Vis. Cog. Hum. Perf. Division 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psych.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ BIOGRAPHY: Still in progress 2005-2007 updates needed According to the dictionary, cognition is the mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment or that which comes to be known, as through perception, reasoning, or intuition; knowledge.
  • Cognition on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .Traditionally, emotion was not thought of as a cognitive process.^ Cognitive psychologists have traditionally downplayed the importance of emotions to the thought process.
  • cognition // Current 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many cognitive theorists believe that without these thought processes, we could have no emotions and no behavior and would therefore not function.
  • Cognitive Theory in Personality Synopsis at ALLPSYCH Online 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC allpsych.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Many cognitive processes are thought to involve sophisticated functions that may be unique to primates.
  • Cognition and emotion - Scholarpedia 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.scholarpedia.org [Source type: Academic]

.This division is now regarded as largely artificial, and much research is currently being undertaken to examine the cognitive psychology of emotion; research also includes one's awareness of strategies and methods of cognition, known as metacognition.^ First, completion of hands-on demonstrations provide concrete examples of the scientific method, particularly those methods favored by social cognition researchers.
  • Res.Meth.in Social Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.tulane.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Cognition - The conscious process of knowing or being aware of thoughts or perceptions, including understanding and reasoning.
  • Brain Injury Glossary C 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.waiting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We sometimes find the difference between analytic and synthetic cognition stated in the form that one proceeds from the known to the unknown, the other from the unknown to the known.
  • Book III of Hegel's Science of Logic, cont'd - The Idea 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

.Empirical research into cognition is usually scientific and quantitative, or involves creating models to describe or explain certain behaviors.^ First, completion of hands-on demonstrations provide concrete examples of the scientific method, particularly those methods favored by social cognition researchers.
  • Res.Meth.in Social Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.tulane.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Most of the arguments for LOTH derive their strength from their ability to explain certain empirical phenomena like productivity and systematicity of thought and thinking.
  • The Language of Thought Hypothesis (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No, that is a type of research which has been done for several decades (for example, studying epilepsy in dogs or Parkinson's Disease in rats) but it would not usually be categorized as "cognitive," just as neuroscience.
  • Self-Quiz on Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psywww.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While few people would deny that cognitive processes are a function of the brain, a cognitive theory will not necessarily make reference to the brain or other biological process (compare neurocognitive).^ Social cognition: Making sense of people.
  • Res.Meth.in Social Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.tulane.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Viewing brain processes as Critical State Transitions across levels of organization: Neural events in Cognition and Consciousness, and general principles Biosystems , Vol.
  • CiteULike: Tag cognition [more than 800 articles] 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.citeulike.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Many cognitive theorists believe that without these thought processes, we could have no emotions and no behavior and would therefore not function.
  • Cognitive Theory in Personality Synopsis at ALLPSYCH Online 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC allpsych.com [Source type: Academic]

.It may purely describe behaviour in terms of information flow or function.^ The information received in treatment may have served simply to clarify participants impressions of how the group functioned, resulting in a slightly less biased reflection of the group.
  • COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT IN THOUGHT REFORM 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC oak.cats.ohiou.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The aim of instruction, based on the information store and the environmental linking and organising principles is to accumulate knowledge in long-term memory that permits us to function.
  • Cognitive Load Theory - SciTopics 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.scitopics.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Theories like Distributed Cognition may help us understand user interactions and information flows on social web services.
  • Distributed Cognition and The Social Web 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: General]

.Relatively recent fields of study such as cognitive science and neuropsychology aim to bridge this gap, using cognitive paradigms to understand how the brain implements these information-processing functions (see also cognitive neuroscience), or how pure information-processing systems (e.g., computers) can simulate cognition (see also artificial intelligence).^ Cognitive processes are the focus of study.

^ How does Cognition secure its system?
  • Scantron | Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.scantron.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Astrophysics Computational neuroscience Computational intelligence Dynamical systems Physics For readers .
  • Cognition and emotion - Scholarpedia 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.scholarpedia.org [Source type: Academic]

.The branch of psychology that studies brain injury to infer normal cognitive function is called cognitive neuropsychology.^ This study seeks to explore the relationship between a dynamic of organizations commonly thought of as cults, thought reform and cognitive function of their members.
  • COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT IN THOUGHT REFORM 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC oak.cats.ohiou.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The so-called "sense organs" are nothing but the afferent appendages of the brain; the brain together with its various afferent inlets is the only sensorium or organ ultimately vested with the power of sense cognition.
  • Sense Cognition: Aristotle vs. Aquinas 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Clifford Geertz (1983) called for an "outdoor psychology," but cognitive anthropology was unable or unwilling to be that.
  • Cognition in the Wild 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC hci.ucsd.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The links of cognition to evolutionary demands are studied through the investigation of animal cognition.^ Investigating the Puzzle of Autism through the Study of .
  • 35th Carnegie Symposium on Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psy.cmu.edu:16080 [Source type: Academic]

^ One prevalent way to test theories of cognitive psychology is by studying patients (whether human or animal) with brain damage.
  • Cognition - Tag | Brain Blogger 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC brainblogger.com [Source type: General]

^ These genetic influences underscore individual differences in responses to training, and they may explain contradictory results in scientific studies investigating the links between arts training and cognition.
  • How Arts Training Improves Attention and Cognition - Dana Foundation 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.dana.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And conversely, evolutionary-based perspectives can inform hypotheses about cognitive functional systems evolutionary psychology.^ Several authors have recommended that social psychology use the dynamical systems perspective adopted at this site (e.g., Vallacher & Nowak, 1997; Watters, Ball & Carr , 1996).
  • Educational Psychology Interactive: Social Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC chiron.valdosta.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ We are now in a position to make a few observations about a cognitive system that is distributed across the situation.
  • Six Views of Embodied Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC philosophy.wisc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ How psychology and cognition can inform the creation of ontologies in semantic technologies.
  • Technology, cognition, and expertize 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.ecs.soton.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

.The theoretical school of thought derived from the cognitive approach is often called cognitivism.^ Areas of human cognition previously thought to be highly abstract now appear to be yielding to an embodied cognition approach.
  • Six Views of Embodied Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC philosophy.wisc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Purist Approach to Embodied Cognition is often characterized as the radical version of the embodied cognition thesis because researchers who adopt it argue that the classicist/cognitivist thesis is incorrect.
  • Embodied Cognition [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Embodied Cognition [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cognitive therapy is a psychosocial (both psychological and social) therapy that assumes that faulty thought patterns (called cognitive patterns) cause maladaptive behavior and emotional responses.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy - Definition, Purpose, Precautions, Description, Preparation, Results, Resources 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: Academic]

.The phenomenal success of the cognitive approach can be seen by its current dominance as the core model in contemporary psychology (usurping behaviorism in the late 1950s).^ A holistic-cognitive approach for success in technology .
  • Technology, cognition, and expertize 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.ecs.soton.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ Because cognitive-behavioral therapy is a collaborative effort between therapist and patient, a comfortable working relationship is critical to successful treatment.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy - Definition, Purpose, Precautions, Description, Preparation, Results, Resources 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.minddisorders.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The cognitive-behavioral approach is based on the theory that thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes determine emotion and behavior.
  • FCBDTI - Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy | FDJJ 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.djj.state.fl.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cognition as social process

.It has been observed since antiquity that language acquisition in human children fails to emerge unless the children are exposed to language.^ Finally, since symbols and language are an intricate part of the regularities in the social environment of human children, the embodied developmental process leads to intelligence unmatched in the known natural and artificial world.

Thus, language acquisition is an example of an emergent behavior. .In this case, the individual is made up of a set of mechanisms 'expecting' such input from the social world.^ This was a made-up language, with no country, which intellectuals said the whole world should adopt.

^ Instead, these schemas structure elements within the world in such a way that the individuals can understand their environment quickly.
  • Embodied Cognition [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Embodied Cognition [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We tried to use the same social mechanisms to explain unusual phenomena in the natural world,” he said.
  • Cognition | Wired Science | Wired.com 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In education, for instance, which has the explicit task in society of developing child cognition, choices are made regarding the environment and permitted action that lead to a formed experience.^ Social cognitive theory is rooted in a view of human agency in which individuals are agents proactively engaged in their own development and can make things happen by their actions.
  • Self-efficacy defined 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.des.emory.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cognition and emotion: Information processing theories differ in their handling of the emotional/affective aspects of experience and action.
  • Tutorial: Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.bianys.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Embodied Cognition is a growing research program in cognitive science that emphasizes the formative role the environment plays in the development of cognitive processes.
  • Embodied Cognition [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Embodied Cognition [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In social cognition, face perception in human babies emerges by the age of two months.^ Human agency in social cognitive theory.
  • Self-efficacy defined 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.des.emory.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social cognitive theory is rooted in a view of human agency in which individuals are agents proactively engaged in their own development and can make things happen by their actions.
  • Self-efficacy defined 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.des.emory.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hence, social cognitive theory posits that factors such as economic conditions, socioeconomic status, and educational and familial structures do not affect human behavior directly.
  • Self-efficacy defined 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.des.emory.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is in turn affected by the risk or cost of providing these, for instance, those associated with a playground or swimming pool or field trip.^ These theories include those associated with Lev Vygotsky, Alexander Luria, John Dewey, and others.
  • Tutorial: Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.bianys.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sustained focus can also produce stronger and more efficient attention networks, and these key networks in turn affect cognitive skills more generally.
  • How Arts Training Improves Attention and Cognition - Dana Foundation 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.dana.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of those firms that cited their thought leaders, little effort was made to promote these individuals as authorities in their field.
  • Illuminating the Future: : Thought Leadership w/o Thought Leaders? 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC www.brittonmanasco.com [Source type: General]

On the other hand, the macro-choices made by the teachers are extremely influential on the micro-choices made by children.
.In a large systemic perspective, cognition is considered closely related to the social and human organization functioning and constrains.^ First, a system is defined by its organization , that is, the functional relations among its elements.
  • Six Views of Embodied Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC philosophy.wisc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social cognitive theory: An agentive perspective.
  • Self-efficacy defined 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.des.emory.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Human agency in social cognitive theory.
  • Self-efficacy defined 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.des.emory.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Managerial decision making processes can be erroneous in politics, economy and industry for the reason of different reciprocally dependent socio-cognitive factors.^ It is pure reason- not feeling- that is the true hindrance to decision making.
  • cognition // Current 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similarly, social cognitive theory differs from theories of human functioning that overemphasize the influence of biological factors in human development and adaptation.
  • Self-efficacy defined 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.des.emory.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cognitive load dynamics in training of tactical decision making.
  • Tactical Cognition: Research into Cognitive Load Management in Supportof Tactical Decision Making. 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC tacticalcognition.com [Source type: Academic]

.This domain became the field of interest of emergent socio-cognitive engineering.^ I began that project, but after I became disillusioned with my field I lost interest in it.
  • Cognition in the Wild 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC hci.ucsd.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cognitive Systems Engineering Laboratory Articles and blog from David Woods, one of the leading researchers in the field.
  • Cognitive ergonomics by Bill Papantoniou - Interaction-Design.org: HCI, Usability, Information Architecture, User Experience, and more.. 12 September 2009 3:58 UTC www.interaction-design.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also






In addition to the topics below, see the List of thinking-related topics
Wikipedia portals

References

  1. ^ Piaget's Stage Theory of Cognition[1]
  2. ^ Sensation & Perception, 5th ed. 1999, Coren, Ward & Enns, p. 9

Further reading

  • Lycan, W.G., (ed.). (1999). .Mind and Cognition: An Anthology, 2nd Edition.^ Connectionism and the Mind: An Introduction to Parallel Processing in Networks , 2nd Edition, Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    • The Language of Thought Hypothesis (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Malden, Mass: Blackwell Publishers, Inc.
  • Coren, Stanley; Lawrence M. Ward, James T. Enns (1999).^ Philosophy and the Neurosciences , Blackwell Publishers, Malden, Massachusetts.

    ^ Art in Theory: 1900-1990 , Blackwell Publishers, Malden, Massachusetts.

    ^ Art in Theory: 1648-1815 , Blackwell Publishers, Malden, Massachusetts.

    Sensation and Perception. Harcourt Brace. pp. 9. ISBN 0-470-00226-3. 

External links


Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

Psi2.png .Subject classification: this is a psychology resource .^ Subject classification : this is a psychology resource .
  • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]

25%.svg .Completion status: this resource is ~25% complete.^ Completion status : this resource is ~25% complete.
  • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]

Brain, G Reisch.png

Contents

Introduction

Participants in this learning project are encouraged to explore:
  1. Processes of knowing, understanding, and reasoning that involve being aware of one's thoughts and perceptions.
  2. What is the physical substrate of cognition?
  3. Can man-made machines ever become cognitively active?
  4. What human brain processes generate cognitive experiences?

What is cognition?

.
  1. Cognition is a general term for all forms of knowing (e.g.^ Cognition is a general term for all forms of knowing (e.g.
    • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ We'll examine these issues and others by focusing on topics such as attention, perception, memory, thought, language, and problem solving -- all of which are forms of cognition.
    • Psyc 112 Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC home.wlu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In general, the word “cognition” refers to all of the mental activities involved in receiving information, comprehending it, storing it, retrieving it, and using it.
    • Tutorial: Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.bianys.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    attending, remembering, reasoning and understanding concepts, facts, propositions, and rules).
  2. Cognitive processes are how you manipulate your mental contents.
  3. Cognitive psychology is the study of cognition.
  4. Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary field that extends the principles of cognitive psychology to other systems that manipulate information.

Cognition and the brain

EEG
.Non-invasive brain scanning allows correlations to be made between human conscious experiences and patterns of brain activity.^ Studies of both visual [1] and auditory [2] perception allow distinctions to be made between brain regions that do and do not show activity patterns that correlate with conscious experiences.
  • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]

^ EEG Non-invasive brain scanning allows correlations to be made between human conscious experiences and patterns of brain activity.
  • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Cognition - Wikiversity 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC en.wikiversity.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Among them are those who focus on claims neuroscience makes about the preciseness of correlations between indirectly observed neural activity and different mental functions, states or experiences.
  • Thought | American Buddhist Net 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC americanbuddhist.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Studies of both visual[1] and auditory[2] perception allow distinctions to be made between brain regions that do and do not show activity patterns that correlate with conscious experiences.^ Visual perception in general involves areas on both sides of the brain.
  • Self-Quiz on Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psywww.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among them are those who focus on claims neuroscience makes about the preciseness of correlations between indirectly observed neural activity and different mental functions, states or experiences.
  • Thought | American Buddhist Net 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC americanbuddhist.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brain Sciences   While in the lab from 2002 to 2008, Jon made several discoveries related to object persistence and visual tracking -- often studying both human adults and nonhuman primates -- and he resuscitated studies of the 'tunnel effect'.
  • Yale Perception & Cognition Lab 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Results from study of brain lesions, application of drugs, and electromagnetic disruption of the function of specific brain regions can be interpreted in combination with results from brain scans.^ Neuropsychology — Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology and neurology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relate to specific ...

^ Kevin Pelphreys research focuses on using neuroimaging and behavioral techniques to study the neurodevelopment of brain mechanisms underlying cognitive, perceptual, and social functioning in autism.
  • 35th Carnegie Symposium on Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.psy.cmu.edu:16080 [Source type: Academic]

^ Using these experimental models, they can study the neural pathways of normal brains and uncover the effects of simulated structural damage on brain function and human performance.
  • Research in the CNBC 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.cnbc.cmu.edu [Source type: Academic]

Cognitive therapy

."It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it."^ Hannah Arendt It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.
  • Thought Quotations Collected by GIGA (Page 1) 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC www.giga-usa.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once you understand the Thought Criminal mind you'll want to latch on to the "tricks of guile" that any good thought criminal would learn and use without hesitation.

^ In the occurrent sense, it seems to mean something like consciously entertaining and accepting a thought (proposition) as true.
  • The Language of Thought Hypothesis (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2 February 2010 16:53 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Aristotle

Reading

References

  1. Neural correlates of the visual vertical meridian asymmetry by Taosheng Liu, David J. Heeger, and Marisa Carrasco in Journal of Vision (2007) Volume 6: 1294–1306.
  2. Hierarchical Processing of Auditory Objects in Humans by Sukhbinder Kumar, Klaas E Stephan, Jason D Warren, Karl J Friston and Timothy D Griffithsin in PLoS Comput Biol. (2007) Volume 3:e100.

See also

Wikibooks-logo-en.svg .Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Cognitive psychology.^ Thinking About Thought This on-line book discusses cognition, connectionism, consciousness, free will, emotions, ecological realism, quantum and relativity theory, and other topics.

^ Social Cognition Social Cognition Syllabus Psyc749 Prerequisites: Psyc700 Social Psychology Course Topic How do people make sense of themselves, of other people, and of the social world in general?
  • Social Cognition 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.tulane.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although few parents outside the world of professional linguistics, child development, cognitive sciences, or psychology will probably be interested enough in the topic to read a book written in this style, there are some important lessons for parents.
  • The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition by Michael Tomasello 10 February 2010 13:35 UTC www.2think.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Wikipedia-logo.png Run a search on Cognition at Wikipedia.

Wikiversity

Wikipedia

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

Cognition is the scientific word for the thought process. This process is the way we think. The word comes from the Latin word cognoscere, which means "to know" or "to recognize".



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Cognition, which are similar to those in the above article.








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