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Coimbatore
Kovai (கோவை)
View from Avinashi Road towards Eastern part of the City
Coimbatore
Location of Coimbatore
in Tamil Nadu and India
Coordinates 11°1′6″N 76°58′21″E / 11.01833°N 76.9725°E / 11.01833; 76.9725
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Coimbatore
Mayor R.Venkatachalam
Population
Density
930882 (2001)
17,779 /km2 (46,047 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
105.5 km2 (41 sq mi)
411.2 m (1,349 ft)

Coimbatore (Tamil: கோயம்புத்தூர்), also known as Kovai (Tamil: கோவை), is the third largest city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu next only to Chennai. It is the administrative headquarters of the Coimbatore District and a major textile and engineering hub of South India. It forms a part of the ancient Kongu Nadu region of South India, where its people were the first to establish territorial state. Coimbatore city including its suburban areas has a population of 2.4 million people.[1] In modern times the name is sometimes abbreviated as CBE based on the Indian Railways' station code.[2]

It is referred as "the Manchester of South India" in business circles, and has textile mills, factories, engineering firms, automobile parts manufacturers, health care facilities, and educational institutions. The hill stations of Ooty, Coonnor and Valparai are close to the city making it a good tourist attraction throughout the year. The city is situated on the banks of the Noyyal River and is close to the Siruvani Waterfalls.

Contents

Etymology

One etymology given for the city's name is from the name of a Kongu ruler called Kovan who ruled this region; hence the name Kovanpudur, which evolved and became Koyambuthur, Koyamuthur and was anglicized as Coimbatore.[citation needed] Another suggested etymology involves the Dravidian root āru 'river' (DED 4233).[3] Yet another theory is that it is named after the presiding deity of the town, Koniamman: Koniamman pudur turned into Coimbatore.[citation needed]

History

Information about the origins of Coimbatore is scarce. During the early period it was inhabited by only Irulas - forest dwellers. A second Chola empire arose in the mid-9th century, and gained the territory encompassing Coimbatore. They established a planned layout, with the Koniamman temple in the center. It is also found that in early days this area was ruled by tribals, Kosars tribe being the prominent one among them. They had their headquarters at Kosampathur, which probably later became the present Coimbatore.

The Sugarcane Breeding Institute at Coimbatore, 1927

Coimbatore was also the trading zone for the early visiting Romans[citation needed]. Vellalore near coimbatore is a trading hub. By the early 14th century, the region was ruled by the Muslim rulers of Madurai under the Delhi Sultanate[citation needed]. The Muslim rule in Madurai was ended in the late 14th century by the newly formed Vijayanagara Empire. The Vijayanagara reign brought new settlers from Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. In the 1550s, the military governors (Telugu -speaking Nayakars) of the Vijaynagara Empire took control of Madurai, with Coimbatore belonging to their territory. After the downfall of Vijayanagara Empire, the Madurai Nayaks established their state as an independent kingdom, with other Vijayanagar offshoots forming new kingdoms in Vellore, Tanjore, Gingee, Chandragiri and Mysore. The Nayaks introduced the Palayakkarars, who were military governors of their respective regions. By the 1700s, frequent fighting between Madurai and Mysore forces in the Coimbatore region resulted in the region being ruled by Mysore. At this time Coimbatore was still a village of around 3000 people.

In the 1760s, the Mysore throne was usurped in a coup by General Hyder Ali. Ali was hostile to the British, who were gaining a foothold in the area with the help of Arcot Nawab. A series of wars between the British and the Mysore forces continued till Tipu Sultan's death in 1799, when the Mysore throne was handed over to the earlier Mysore rulers. At that time the British annexed the Coimbatore region into the Madras Presidency. When Hyder Ali acquired Coimbatore, the population was around 3000. The village dwindled to 1500 by Tipu's death.

Coimbatore played a prominent role in the Second Poligar War against the British in 1801, when the first attack was done against the British Columns stationed in Coimbatore by the legendary Kongu Chieftain Dheeran Chinnamalai, one of the most famous Palayakkarar of Tamilnadu along with some Malabar and Mysore allied forces.

In 1804 Coimbatore was established as a capital for the newly formed Coimbatore district and in 1848, it was accorded the municipality status. Sir Robert Stanes, a British entrepreneur and philanthropist, became the first Chairman of the Coimbatore City Council and also founded the Stanes School in 1862, a major higher secondary school that is still a prominent educational institute of the district.

In 1981 Coimbatore became a corporation with annexation of the Singanallur municipality. The Tamil Nadu Agricultural University is located in Coimbatore. In 2005, the University celebrated its centenary with the opening of the Research Institute building.

Geography

The entrance of VOC Park in Coimbatore.
A water fountain in VOC Park.
Birds in the Zoo in VOC Park.

Coimbatore is situated in the extreme west of Tamil Nadu, near the state of Kerala. It is surrounded by mountains on the west, with reserve forests and the (Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve) on the northern side. The eastern side of the district, including the city is predominantly dry. The entire western and northern part of the district borders the Western Ghats with the Nilgiri biosphere as well as the Anaimalai and Munnar ranges. A western pass to Kerala, popularly referred to as the Palghat Gap provides its boundary. Because of its close proximity to the Western Ghats, the district is rich in fauna.

Many lakes and ponds were constructed near the river in ancient times. The city of Coimbatore has nine lakes (wetlands). Singanallur Lake, Kuruchi Lake, Valankulam Lake, Krishnampatti Lake, Muthannan Lake and Seevagasintamani Lake are some of them. In most of the urban ecosystems, these wetlands are the major life-supporting component with high concentrations of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrate species. The Coimbatore urban wetlands harbours more than 125 species of resident and migratory birds, with August – October being the peak season. Spot-billed Pelican, Painted Stork, Open Billed Stork, Ibis, Spot-billed Duck, Teal, Black Winged Stilt are some of the migratory birds that visit Coimbatore wetlands regularly.

Apart from the species common to the plains, wild elephants, wild boars leopards, tigers, bison, various species of deer, Nilgiri Tahr, sloth bear and black-headed Oriole can also be found. The Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary (88 km) in the Western Ghats at an altitude of 1,400 meters covers an area of 958 km². Among the region’s livestock animals are Kangeyam breed bulls (cross-bred by Mandradiar family in 17th century to suit the terrain). This breed, which helped the region gain a foothold in the dairy industry, are found only in Coimbatore and neighbouring districts[citation needed]. More than 20% of the district is classified as forest, lying in the west and north. The forests here are abundant in commercially significant trees such as teak, sandalwood, rosewood and bamboo. The Nilgiris slope of the Mettupalayam range is rich in sandalwood trees and bamboo. They vary from rich tropical evergreen forests of Punachi range to jungles of shrubs in southern ranges. Kovai Kuttralam, a water fall and a popular tourist destination, is situated about 30 km from the city.

Apart from the high altitude regions of Western Ghats, most of the forest area has come under Lantana invasion. The locals refer to it as Siriki Chedi. The city also has a number of parks including the VOC park (named after V .O. Chidambaram Pillai), the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University park, Race Course children's park and Bharathi park.

Climate

Coimbatore
Climate chart (explanation)
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average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Coimbatore district collectorate[4]

Coimbatore has a pleasant, salubrious climate, not reaching the high temperatures of other southern India cities. Situated in the Western part of the state of Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore is located at an elevation of about 398 meters. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures during summer and winter varies between 35°C to 18°C.[5] highest temperature ever recorded is 41 °C and lowest is 12 °C.[6]

Due to the presence of the mountain pass, major parts of the district benefit from the south-west monsoon in the months from June to August. After a warm, humid September, the regular monsoon starts from October lasting till early November. These monsoons are brought about by the retreating North-eastern monsoon. The average annual rainfall is around 700 mm with the North East and the South West monsoons contributing to 47% and 28% respectively to the total rainfall.[5] Although this rainfall is not enough to sustain the needs of the city for the entire year, small rivers like the Siruvani and Atthikadavu fulfil the city's water needs.

The soil is predominantly black, which is suitable for cotton cultivation, but it also has some red loamy soil. Coimbatore falls under the Class III/IV Seismic Zone, having experienced a 6.0 Richter scale earthquake in 1900.[7] The Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History is located at Anaikatty in Coimbatore district.

Demographics

As of the 2001 census,[8] Coimbatore had a population of 930,882 [9] in Municipal Corporation limits . More recent estimates peg the population of Coimbatore at some 15 lakhs (1.5 million)[1] people. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Coimbatore has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 81% and female literacy is 74% with 11% of the population under 6 years of age. The language spoken in the Coimbatore city is mainly Kongu Tamil, an ancient dialect and unique flavor of the Tamil language predominantly spoken in the Kongu region.

The city's population is predominantly Hindu, along with sizeable Muslim and Christian populations. Sikhs and Jains are also nowadays present in small numbers. The Kongu Vellalar Gounder are the major population in and around the city. The city has a significant number of Nayakars (Naidus) and Chettiars who migrated and settled during the Vijayanagar Empire. The city also has many Keralites mainly from Palakkad (once part of Kongu Nadu) and North Indians like Jains and Marwaris, who are engaged in trade and commerce. Nowadays people even from the North-Eastern states of India, like Manipur and Nagaland have also moved in for jobs and studies.

Culture

A Hindu temple in Coimbatore.

The Coimbatore city is a traditional, multi-cultural inclusive society with its people still retaining their roots to their native surrounding villages and its culture. The people of Coimbatore are known for their well-cultured manners, honesty and hospitality.

There are numerous temples in the city including the Perur Temple, the Konniamman temple and the Dhyanalinga Yogic Temple. The Mariamman festivals, at the city’s numerous Amman temples, are a major event in summer. A replica temple of Tirupathi is located in Valparai and another near Mettupalayam. A famous ISKCON temple is also located 9 km from the city. It is a famous temple dedicated for Lord Krishna. Marudamalai, a well known shrine to Murugan, is close to the city. Coimbatore has also been an abode for many siddhars or rishis, who were also experts in medicine, alchemy and astrology. The most prominent of them was Pambatti Siddhar who is said to have lived in Marudamalai. Many of his findings are recorded as poems.

The mosques on Oppanakara Street and Big Bazaar Street date back to the period of Hyder Ali. Christian missions date back to 1647 when permission was granted by the Nayak rulers to set up a small church in Karumathampatti (12 km). It was destroyed by Tipu Sultan’s army resulting in a new church in 1804. In 1886, Coimbatore was constituted as a diocese after bifurcating with Pondicherry. Sikh Gurudwaras and Jain Temples are also present in Coimbatore. Many locations in the city including Kottaimedu have Muslims and Hindus living together which is also considered very sensitive as these locations become the prime target of crime during communal riots as was witnessed years back in the city. However, Coimbatore nowadays is a much more tolerant city.

Coimbatore cuisine

Coimbatore cuisine is predominantly south Indian with rice as its base. However, the population of Coimbatore is multi-cultural due to the influx of migrant population from various regions of the country and this reflects in the food as well. The flavours are generally fairly mild, with variations to suit the local palette. Most locals still retain their rural flavour, with many restaurants serving food over a banana leaf. North Indian, Chinese and continental cuisines are also available. Mysorepa (a sweet made from lentil flour and ghee), idly, dosa, Halwa (a sweet made of different ingredients like milk, wheat, rice) and vada-sambar and biryani are popular among the locals. The recent influx of coffee shops and pizza shops has increased and serving as hangout locations for the youth.

Some very popular brands such as "Annapoorna", "Sri Krishna Sweets" and "Angannan" originated in Coimbatore. Some famous restaurants are " That's Y Food, Fodder Factory,Sri Lakshmi Unavagam, Anandhas, Annapoorna, Peking, Annalakshmi, Rayappas etc.,"

Administration

DB Road, RS Puram, Coimbatore

The city is a Municipal Corporation as well as the district Headquarters. The city has a Mayor, Deputy Mayor and several councillors elected by people representing administrative wards, as well as a corporation Commissioner to administer the city headed by the District Collector. The District court is the highest court of appeal in Coimbatore. Despite being the largest revenue earning district, insufficient state government funds have resulted in the city's basic infrastructure being underdeveloped.

Indira Gandhi's assassination in 1984 was followed by large scale arson and looting. During the 1980s crime increased, Hindu – Muslim riots were frequent in the late 80’s, reaching their peak in the 90’s when a massive riot occurred in the Townhall and west Coimbatore area. Recently, the crime rate has fallen, possibly as a result of increased police vigilance after the 1998 bomb blasts.[10] Post 2000 it has been a very safe city. Unlike other major cities, majority of shops and public transportation do not function after 11pm. Drunken driving and parking punishments are strictly enforced[citation needed].

Suburbs of Coimbatore

The following are the suburban towns of Coimbatore

Politics

The city has five Members of Legislative Assembly representing the Coimbatore East, Coimbatore West, Singanallur, Perur, Kaundampalayam constituencies, but about 20% of the city's territory is represented by the Nilgiris constituency which runs into the northern part of the city. Both Coimbatore East and Coimbatore West assembly constituencies are part of Coimbatore (Lok Sabha constituency). In the last Lok Sabha election held , Socialist party (CPI-M) won the Election . Also about 10 percent of city comes under Pollachi (Lok Sabha constituency)[11]

Transport

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Air

The city has an airport (Coimbatore Airport) at Peelamedu (11 km from the city) and an air-force base at Sulur (15 km). The Coimbatore airport caters to domestic flights to all the major Indian cities and international flights to Sharjah and Singapore. The Extended Runway is now ready at Coimbatore airport. It now runs to 9,760 feet (2,970 m) and is capable of handling wide-bodied and “fat-bellied” aircraft, such as are used for international flights. With the extended runway, airlines can operate aircraft types such as 747 SP, A 330, 747-300B, 747-300 ER, 747-400 and 747-200.[12]

Rail

Trains first began serving Coimbatore in 1872, upon construction of the Podanur (Coimbatore South) -Madras line connecting Kerala and the west coast with the rest of India[citation needed]. Broad gauge trains connect Coimbatore to all parts of India and Tamil Nadu. Meter gauge line existed between Podanur and Dindigul got closed on May 2009 and is under gauge conversion. The Coimbatore Junction is well connected to major Indian cities like Chennai, Bangalore, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, New Delhi and Mumbai, besides the neighbouring State of Kerala. It is second highest revenue yielding station in the Southern Railway division of Indian Railways The Coimbatore Junction comes under the Jurisdiction of the Salem Division and contributes 42.17% of its divisional income. The facilities and projects however, have to be improved. Coimbatore North Junction is another important railway junction in the city.

Road

Main thoroughfare in Coimbatore

The city has six major arterial roads and three National Highways,

A new bypass highway built by Larsen and Toubro completed in 1998 has helped reduce truck traffic in the city.

Coimbatore has major bus stands. They are:

The city has a very high vehicle-to-population ratio. Town buses started operations in 1921. Town bus services serve most parts of the city, as well as other towns and villages in the district. Buses also connect the district with all towns in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, South and West Karnataka, Pondicherry and Tirupathi (Andhra Pradesh). The number of mofussil routes operated by Coimbatore division is 119 with a fleet of 500 buses.[14] The number of town buses in the city is around 800 in 228 different routes.[15] The city is also served by auto rickshaws. However, rickshaw drivers have had a reputation for fleecing passengers, resulting in competition from call taxis.

Economy

The city's primary industries are engineering and textiles. Coimbatore is the highest revenue earning district in Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore is called the Manchester of South India due to its extensive textile industry, fed by the surrounding cotton fields. The district also houses the country's largest amount of hosiery and poultry industries[citation needed]. Most of the industries are run by entrepreneurs, often indigenous with family based or community financing. The city's industrial growth started in 1920’s and accelerated after independence, without any government assistance or the entry of external industrial houses. The city serves as the homeground for most of the well known industrialists from Tamil Nadu. Of late, information technology companies have started opening offshore development centres in the city.

Early industrial developments

Sir Robert Stanes.

When the British occupied Coimbatore, the territory connected the Malabar ports with the rest of India (apart from Konkan coast). The British later expanded their railway network in 1862, passing through Podanur to Cochin for quicker transit of raw materials required in England.

In 1888, Sir Robert Stanes founded the Coimbatore Spinning and Weaving Mills (also known as Stanes Mills) in the northern edge of the town after starting a coffee curing factory in Trichy road thus kick starting the industrial journey of Coimbatore. The Stanes textile mill he started is the forerunner to the huge textile industry of world repute which Coimbatore has today. Sir Robert Stanes would later assist several others in setting up their ventures.[16] He was to be awarded the Kaiser-I-Hind gold medal for services to Coimbatore and to education and was subsequently knighted in 1920 for his high sense of honour. Two more mills (Kalleeswara and Somasundra mills) were established in 1910. Lakshmi Mills Company commenced their operations in 1911 in Papanaickenpalayam. By the 1930s, several textile mills had been established around Coimbatore due to the cheap power offered by the Pykara power station.

In 1900, Swamikannu Vincent, a railway engineer, built the first cinema in South India, the "Variety Hall" (now Delite Theatres). His son Paul Vincent introduced talking motion pictures in South India. In 1922, Narayanaswamy Naidu started a workshop to repair cane crushers and cotton ginning machines. Two years later, he established the Dhandayuthapani Foundry.[17] Around the same time, G.D.Naidu started his unique bus service. He is also credited for manufacturing the first electric motor in India. In 1931, Pollachi Nachimuthu Gounder stated his transport business which grew into a multi-crore industrial and trading house. In the 1940s, a Sheffield University graduate, D. Balasundaram Naidu from Avarampalayam in Coimbatore, started his company Textool to manufacture textile machines of his design. In 1965 another Textile family of VLB Naidu group set up Mopeds India Ltd after a technical collaboration with Motobécane of France to manufacture their legendary Motobécane Mobylette 50 cc moped under the name Suvega, but, only the central office was in Coimbatore while the plant was set up in Tirupathi.

Coimbatore was also a major movie hub in 1930s and 1940s with two fully equipped studios, Central Studios and Pakshiraja Studios. Many latter-day Tamil movie stars started or spent their early career in these studios.

Industries today

A wind farm near Coimbatore.
CODISSIA Trade Fair Centre, Coimbatore.
Textiles

Coimbatore houses a large number of small and medium texitle mills. It also has central Textile research institutes. The neighbouring town of Tirupur is home to some of Asia’s largest garment manufacturing companies, exporting hosiery clothes worth more than Rs. 50,000 million.

Information technology

The city is the second largest software producer in Tamil nadu, next only to Chennai. The software development is set to take an upswing with the launch of TIDEL park and other planned IT parks around the city. The IT industry in Coimbatore is nascent compared to its textile and manufacturing industries, with Tata Consultancy Services, Cognizant Technology Solutions, Robert Bosch GmbH, KGISL and CSS Corp Pvt Ltd to name a few.

Coimbatore is also emerging as an IT and BPO city. Coimbatore is ranked at [18] 17th place among the global outsourcing cities.

Manufacturing

Research and Development Organisations like Tamil Nadu Agricultural University[6], South India Textile Research Association[www.sitra.org.in], contribute a lot to the city. Other industries like PSG, Sakthi group contribute a lot, and the now closed South India Viscose are one of the major employers in the city. Larsen and Toubro (L&T) has a 300-acre (1.2 km2) campus on the outskirts of Coimbatore, Eachanari bypass road, Malumichampatti. L&T also commissioned its Casting Manufacturing Unit (CMU) near Malumichampatti in December 2009. Some of the other major industries are Lakshmi Machine Works Ltd (LMW), Premier Instruments & Control Limited (PRICOL), ELGI Equipments, Shanti Gears, Roots Industries. Coimbatore is also called as the Pump City.

Auto components

Textool offered a prototype of Sten Guns to the Indian Government after independence. They developed the first in-house designed car in the 1960s, which never saw the light of day due to the license raj. They made several prototypes until the 1990s. They successfully manufactured India's first indigenously developed diesel engines in 1972 for cars and their own CNC lathes in 1982. Today their spin-off company, Jayem Automotives, offers R & D services to Mahindra, Tata Motors and Hindustan Motors.

Maruti Udyog and Tata Motors source up to 30% of their automotive components from Coimbatore. The city also houses numerous jewellers engaged in jewellery exports. Wind Energy major Suzlon has planned to set up a foundry & machine shop in Coimbatore. Along with it Hansen Transmission, a Belgian Company which manufactures gearboxes for windmills is setting up a plant here with an investment of Rs 940 cr.[19]

Wet grinders

Coimbatore has more than 700 wet grinder manufacturers with a monthly output As of March 2005 of 75,000 units.[20] The term "Coimbatore Wet Grinder" was given a Geographical indication for wet grinders manufactured in Coimbatore and Erode in 2006.[21] Coimbatore is also home to a common facility for the manufacturers of wet grinders.[22]

Pump manufacturing

It is also called as the pump city of India. The City houses large number of small scale engineering companies. The motor and pump industry supplies two thirds of India’s requirements, while its wet-grinder industry has a near monopoly. Agriculture is still the major occupation in the district as in any other part of the Country. General trade attracts people from all over the state including the neighbouring Kerala. The Major Pump industries Sharp Industries, CRI Pumps, Texmo Industries, Deccan Pumps & KSB Pumps are renowned world wide.

Coimbatore also has a 160,000 square feet (15,000 m2) trade fair ground, built in 1999. It was named COINTEC due to its hosting of INTEC (Small Industries Exhibition)[7]. The Trade Fair complex, one of the country's largest, was built in six months, and is owned by CODISSIA (Coimbatore District Small Industries Association)[8]. It is also the country's largest pillar-free hall, according to the Limca Book of Records.[23]

Environmental issues

Air pollution

Coimbatore's air quality is worsening, due to the city's heavy industrialisation, but it is still better than some other cities in India. In 1990s the State Government and pollution control board took major steps to re-locate the steel foundries out of the city. The foundries were established in 1950s and 1960s when there were no residential areas nearby, but expansion had to give way. The textile mills are all equipped with air treatment towers. The results of such an exercise are yet to be realized.

Waste management

The city has no proper underground drainage or sewage system. Garbage is collected by the Corporation (sometimes systems developed by the locals). The city's hospitals have no proper bio-waste management scheme. Drainage is pumped into the remaining tanks through streams. During the 80’s, corporation planned on closing the tanks due to encroachment by filling with waste. But as a result of outcries from associations, the tanks are being renovated by the city's environmental groups with their own fund-raising. From mid 90’s, corporation authorities are keeping public encroachments under check. And also the city and road planning is a thing to be highly improved even in the newly developing areas.

The bio-medical waste dumped in Podanur Vellalur road has sparked lot of angry demonstrations by the locals in Vellalur village, but the local government is yet to solve this issue.

Tanks revival

Siruthuli,[24] an environmental organisation founded by the city's industrial houses, has embarked in de-silting of tanks and cleaning of the Noyyal river. Citizen Voice Club is one of the most active clubs in raising civic issues.

Education

Educational institutions played a major role in the city's development. The year 1867 saw the first group of students appearing for the SSLC Examinations. The city today has more than a two dozen engineering colleges, two medical colleges, an air-force administrative college, a forest college, more than 75 arts and science colleges and 6 universities, churning out about 41,000 graduates every year. The earliest educational institutions were, C.S.I. Boys' High School (1831), Stanes High School (1862), St. Francis Anglo Indian Girls High School (1880), Sarvajana High School (1910) in Peelamedu, Suburban Higher Secondary School (1917) and SRNV at LN Palayam ( 1946 ).

The first college was the Government Arts College (1875–76). The first engineering college in the city was started by G.D. Naidu in the name Hope College (named after Sir Arthur Hope, then Governor of Madras Presidency), offering technical education in civil, mechanical, electronics, electrical, and automobile engineering in the year 1945. Later it became the Government College of Technology, Coimbatore. Later PSG College of Technology and CIT Coimbatore saw the light of the day in the 1950s and then Karunya University in 1986.

Coimbatore Medical College (1966) started functioning on land granted by some industrial families. On 12 August 1973, Kongunadu Arts and Science College was started. Tamilnadu College of Engineering, was established in 1984 and holds the distinction of being the First self-financing engineering college in Tamil Nadu. Later in 1987 PSG and Sons started PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University with seven constituent colleges, thirty two research stations and thirteen Krishi Vigyan Kendras, is counted among the best in its league in the world. The University is situated in the western part of the city, on Maruthamalai Road. The Government Law College (1978) started functioning in order to fulfil the long felt need for legal education in the district. The Karpagam Arts and Science college is situated near Eachanari temple. Coimbatore is well known for its Education institutions and Engineering industries.

Media and communication

The city has two major English dailies, The Hindu [9] and The New Indian Express [10]. Tamil language dailies include Dina Malar [11], Dina Thanthi [12], Dina Mani [13] and Dinakaran [14] with two other dailies Tamil Murasu[25] and Malar [15] published in the evening. Malayala Manoram and Mathrubhumi are the two malayalam newspapers which have considerable circulation here. A short wave radio station is operated by All India Radio, with most programmes in Tamil, English and Hindi. Five FM radio stations operate from Coimbatore, Rainbow FM by All India Radio and Suryan FM[26] by the Sun Network.[27] Radio Mirchi, Radio City, and Hello FM started their operations recently.[28][29][30] All these private radio stations air exclusively Tamil based programmes, including film music. The range of these stations cover Coimbatore, Erode and Ooty districts of Tamil Nadu; Palakkad and Wayanad districts of Kerala.

Television relay started in 1985 from Delhi Doordarshan. In 1986, after inception of a repeater tower at Kodaikanal, telecast from Madras Doordarshan commenced. The people of Coimbatore witnessed the 1980 Olympics and 1983 Cricket World Cup on a giant screen in VOC Park when the city-based UMS developed a dish antenna for satellite signal reception. Television reception is through DTH or by Cable, while "Doordarshan" reception is still available using an external antenna. In 2005, Doordarshan opened its studio in Coimbatore.[31]

Coimbatore has good communication infrastructure, with all major service providers involved. It is the headquarters for the Tamil Nadu circle of cellular service providers, with Aircel having its headquarters in Coimbatore. Services available are DOT landline, CDMA and GSM. Fiber optic cables were laid in 2001, improving Internet access which had begun with the establishment of a dial-up connection in 1996.

Temples

The city has several major temples: Marudamalai, Perur, Annur, Sidhapudur Ayyappan Kovvil, Karamadai, Kooniamman Temple, Bathrakali Amman Kovil and Arulmigu Vazhai Thottathu Ayyan Temple,Thandu mariamman kovil.

Marudamalai

Marudamalai Temple

The word "Marudhachalapathy" or "Maruthamalai Andavar" means Master of Hills, abounding in Marudha trees. The name has also a legendary origin. A Siddha, overcome by excessive thirst and exhaustion, sought shelter under the shade of a Marudha tree and prayed to the mercy of the Lord Muruga for a shower of water, which sprang at once as though by a miracle from beneath the tree. As water gushed out from the roots of the marudha tree, the Siddha leaped in joy, glorifying Muruga as the Lord of "Marudha" and "Jalam" (water) with the passage of time, "Marudhajalapathi" became "Marudhachalapathy".

In due course it became 'Marudamalai'. History has it that Pambatti Siddhar, was originally a snake charmer and was initiated into the world of philosophy by a Siddhar by name Sattai munivar. Pambatti Siddhar is said to have performed several miracles, and written extensively on herbal medicine. His songs are addressed to snakes.

Location of the temple: Sri Subramanyasami temple is located at Marudamalai, 13 km North - West of Coimbatore, Industrial city of Tamil Nadu, India.

Perur

The Garbagraha of this temple was built by Karikala Chola in the early Hindu era. It is a Shiva shrine with a Swayambumoorthy.

The Sthalapuranam (local folklore) states that when the calf of divine cow Kamadhenu was playing in the forest of arasu trees, its' legs plunged into a hard object from which blood gushed out. It was discovered that the object was nothing but a sacred Siva Lingam. This led a temple to be built here. It was built over the Moolasthanam and worshipped by the Saivaites. The place became a Vaipu Sthalam in Saivalore. It is one of the few temples in Kongunadu which figures in the Devaram by Saint Appar and Saint Sundarar. The temple is located in Perur, 6 km from Coimbatore on the Siruvani main road, on the banks of the Noyyal river.

Lord Nataraja and His Natya Sabha is worth seeing here. The statues in this mantapam are very beautiful. The veins of the dancers in the statues can be seen. Nataraja's festival, Arudhra Dharsanam, is one of the important festivals celebrated here. It occurs on the full moon day in the Tamil month of Marghazhi (Dec-Jan).

Sri Santhalinga Mutt, also known as Arulmigu Santhalingar Thirumadam, is one of the ancient Virasaiva mutts established by Sri Santhalinga Swamigal. The mutt now provides quality education, religious services and services to the poor and needy. It has done yeoman service for development of Tamil and use of Tamil in temple worship.

Annur

The Manneswara Temple is located here. This Temple of Shiva was built by a Chera King around 1000 years ago. It is believed that a hunter was digging the roots of a tapiaco tree to pull it down. He was surprised to see blood gushing out of the root. He later found a 'Lingam' beneath the tree. On hearing this, the King built a temple here. The uniqueness of this temple is that it faces was 'Markandeya', a staunch devotee worshipped the 'Linga' enshrined here, it is believed. And this Linga is 'Suyambu Linga' that means natural one.

Karamadai

Dedicated to Lord Ranganatha, this is the second oldest temple in Coimbatore. It was built by the Vijayanagara Kings. The Temple attracts a large concourse of people from throughout the land. The famous Ranganathar temple in karamadai is an easy destination for the people of Coimbatore, Tirupur, Annur, Ooty, Metupalayam etc.

The 'Thottiyars' clan of people lived at Karamadai. A cow of one of the thottiars failed to yield milk all of a sudden. He found out that the cow was shedding milk at a bush. Enraged, he started to cut it and heard an exploding sound and saw blood gushing from inside. On hearing this, the other people in the village came there and found a 'Suyambu Lingam' inside the bush. The same night God appeared in the dream of him and asked him to adorn the 'Lingam' with 'Chandana Kaapu'.and it is very near to periyanayakkan palayam.

Vellalore

Vellalore Has old and big temples such as Theneeswarar temple , Thiru Karavaratharaja perumal temple , Periya vinayagar temple e.t.c. This is the second largest Village in India.

Vana Bathrakali Amman Koil (Kali Temple)

This is one of the oldest temples in Coimbatore. It is on the banks of the Bhavani River. The goddess' name is "Vana Bhadrakali Amman".

This temple attracts lot of devotes on new moon days (amavasayai). Thousands of devotees gather here during these days.

Health care

The city has numerous hospitals. Apart from the Government hospital, several multi-facility hospitals function in the city. The district's health department is amongst the best in terms of implementing government-initiated health schemes. Also, several rare surgical procedures have taken place here. The polio eradication programme is heavily assisted by the city's Rotary Clubs, who also regularly donate ambulances for smaller hospitals. The city also has numerous homoeopathic clinics run by NGOs.

Fast pace of industrialisation, spiralling population and the increase in the health awareness have led to the growth of the healthcare industry in Coimbatore. Coimbatore stands second to Chennai in Tamil Nadu for highly affordable and quality healthcare deliveries of international standards.

Coimbatore is also the preferred healthcare destination to the floating population from nearby towns and districts and also nearby districts of Kerala. The growth of the hospitals in the city can be attributed to the vision of the industrialists here to bridge the gap between growing health needs and the existing services. Many of the private hospitals in the city are promoted by industrialists as an extension of their business portfolios and their services to the society.

The first healthcare centre started in 1909, later became the Coimbatore Medical College Hospital (CMCH) during 1960s.

Sports and recreation

A typical raceday scene at Kari Motor Speedway

Motor sports plays a large part in the city, with Coimbatore often referred to as the Motor sports Capital of India and the Backyard of Indian Motorsports.[32] Some wealthy industrialists, such as S.Karivardhan, who had a penchant for tinkering with machines and cars, plunged into motor racing, later making Coimbatore the country's motor racing hub. The city has a Formula 3 Category circuit, as well as three Go-Kart circuits. National Champion races for Formula racing (Cars), Motorcycle racing, Go-Kart racing are held in Kari Motor Speedway.[33] Super Speeds designs and constructs almost all Formula cars. Rallying is another major event with all teams based in Coimbatore. Rallies are conducted in closed roads around Coimbatore districts. Narain Karthikeyan is the city's most famous driver, being the first Indian to enter Formula One in 2005 with Jordan Grand Prix. Also he is the First & only Indian to win A1GP World Championship Race. Other famous motorsport personalities from Coimbatore are former Formula 3 driver J.Anand and seven time national rallying champions N. Leela Krishnan and V. R. Naren Kumar[citation needed].

The city is also known for its antique bikes, cars and jeeps. Many prominent industrialists own antique automobiles.

Nehru stadium, built originally for football, can also host athletic meets. Now Synthetic track is constructed and Korean grass in the centre.[34] Apart from the stadium, the city also has several sports clubs. The prominent tennis player Nirupama Vaidyanathan hails from Coimbatore.[35] The Coimbatore Golf Club[36] is home to a major 18-hole golf course. The Coimbatore Cosmopolitan Club, which is more than 100 years old,[37] was founded for Indian members only, in response to the English Coimbatore Club, which did not admit Indians until the 1950s. The Coimbatore Flying Club is located in the Coimbatore airport premises.[38] Current world chess champion Viswanathan Anand became India's first Grandmaster in 1987 by winning Shakti Finance International chess tournament held here in Coimbatore.[39]

Though there are a lot of entertainment centres mushrooming in the city, visiting the cinema still remains the city's most popular recreational activity.[40]

References

  1. ^ a b General information on Coimbatore. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  2. ^ E.g. India Rail Info: Coimbatore Junction/CBE
  3. ^ Kamil Zvelebil, The Iruḷa Language (Harrassowitz, 1982: ISBN 3447022477), p. 14.
  4. ^ "Temperature and Rainfall chart" (PDF). Coimbatore district collectorate. http://www.coimbatore.tn.nic.in/pdf/SHB002.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  5. ^ a b "Coimbatore Corporation - SHB002". Coimbatore Corporation. http://www.coimbatore.tn.nic.in/pdf/SHB002.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  6. ^ "Historical Weather for Coimbatore, India". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=12334&refer=&units=metric. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  7. ^ Dams and earthquakes, Frontline, Volume 16 - Issue 27, December 25, 1999 - 7 January 2000
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  9. ^ AREA, POPULATION, LITERATES, SC’S, ST’S – SEXWISE BY BLOCKS AND MUNICIPALITIES. Coimbatore District. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  10. ^ [www.rediff.com/news/1998/feb/14blast.htm] 1998 serial bomb blasts
  11. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. http://archive.eci.gov.in/se2001/background/S22/TN_ACPC.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  12. ^ "Front Page : Extended runway ready at Coimbatore Airport". The Hindu. 2008-04-20. http://www.thehindu.com/2008/04/20/stories/2008042057760100.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  13. ^ "Office n Home furniture dealer importer with photo gallery Tirupur Coimbatore". Bhuvanagroups.com. http://www.bhuvanagroups.com/cons.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  14. ^ Moffusil bus routes, TNSTC, CBE.
  15. ^ Town bus routes, TNSTC, CBE.
  16. ^ Remembering Coimbatore's pioneer, The Hindu
  17. ^ Coimbatore's wealth creators, The Hindu
  18. ^ "Indian cities among global outsourcing cities - retrieved on 16 April 2009". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/quickiearticleshow/3566253.cms. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  19. ^ Rs 940 cr investment in Coimbatore, The Hindu
  20. ^ "http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2005/03/24/stories/2005032401051700.htm". Business Line. 2005-03-24. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2005/03/24/stories/2005032401051700.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  21. ^ "Coimbatore wet grinder gets GI certification". The Hindu. 2006-03-28. http://www.hindu.com/2006/03/28/stories/2006032801840200.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  22. ^ "http://www.hindu.com/2007/08/05/stories/2007080559430300.htm". The Hindu. 2007-08-05. http://www.hindu.com/2007/08/05/stories/2007080559430300.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  23. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2007/08/20/stories/2007082053110600.htm First pillar free trade complex
  24. ^ Official website of Siruthuli, Siruthuli
  25. ^ "epaper". Dinakaran. http://www.dinakaran.co.in/epapertamilmurasu. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  26. ^ "Welcome To Sun Network". Suntv.in. http://www.suntv.in/suntvlimited/fm/default.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  27. ^ , [1], Radio Stations in Coimbatore,
  28. ^ , [2], Radio mirchi,
  29. ^ , [3], Hello Fm,
  30. ^ [4], Radio city
  31. ^ Coimbatore gets modern Doordarshan Studio Centre, The Hindu, 16 August 2005
  32. ^ "City of speed". The Hindu. 2006-04-24. http://www.hindu.com/mp/2006/04/24/stories/2006042401140400.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  33. ^ "The Hindu : To Kari, WITH LOVE". Hinduonnet.com. 2003-12-01. http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/12/01/stories/2003120102260100.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  34. ^ [5] Synthetic track works over
  35. ^ "Nirupama Vaidyanathan". Hinduonnet.com. 2001-01-13. http://www.hinduonnet.com/2001/01/13/stories/0713102h.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  36. ^ Location of golf club, Coimbatore Golf Club,
  37. ^ "100 year old club of Coimbatore". Hinduonnet.com. 2006-09-25. http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2006/09/25/stories/2006092500760100.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  38. ^ Flying club of Coimbatore
  39. ^ "Viswanathan Anand Page". Tnq.in. http://www.tnq.in/vishwa.html. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  40. ^ "kovaidreams - KovaiDreamsOne stop guide on Coimbatore. Home | History | Bus | Train | Air". Kovaidreams.googlepages.com. http://kovaidreams.googlepages.com/entertainment#cinema. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Coimbatore [1] is a major industrial city in Tamil Nadu, often likened to being the Manchester or Detroit of Southern India. It's famous for the manufacture of motor pump sets and varied engineering goods.

Understand

Coimbatore is known for its various industries, engineering goods, textile mills, educational institutions, health care facilities, pleasant weather, friendly culture and hospitality. There is a significant minority of people of North and West Indian origin in Coimbatore which gives it a cosmopolitan outlook. The Tamil spoken here is called Kongu Tamil. Other languages spoken include English, Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada. Very friendly & courteous people in South India. Except for early summer it otherwise has a very pleasant climate throughout the year, similar to a resort town. It's one of the upcoming Information Technology Hub with new initiatives from the State Govt. Coimbatore is an orthodox city. It has developed in terms of wealth, however the general populace is still down to earth. People here don't have a flashy lifestyle, they are generally very content. Most of all the Coimbatoreans are known for the respect displayed in language towards everyone.

Talk

Tamil is the mother tongue of the natives-picking up few word would be helpful.Telugu and Malayalam would qualify as the other languages.English is also spoken.

Get in

The city has six major arterial roads and three National Highways, NH-47 (Kanyakumari-Salem), NH-67 (Nagapattinam-Ooty) and NH-209 (Bangalore-Dindigul) passing through the city. The city has a civil airport at Peelamedu and an Airforce base at Sulur. Broad Gauge trains connect to all parts of India. A by-pass tollway was built recently to avoid unnecessary traffic into the city.

By plane

Coimbatore Airport is approximately 15 kilometers from the center of the city, connections are mainly done with Taxi's. The airport currently has one operational terminal (a second terminal is in construction). Modernisation of the existing terminal is in progress. Coimbatore airport has regular flights from many Indian cities, and Flydubai is planning to start operations from September 2009. Air Asia has also expressed interest in introducing flights between Coimbatore and Kuala Lumpur.

DOMESTIC

INTERNATIONAL

By train

Coimbatore Junction is well connected by trains from all major cities including Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Calicut, Cochin, Chennai, Gorakhpur, Hyderabad, Kanyakumari, Jammu, Mumbai, New Delhi and Trivandrum. Other nearby train stations include Podanur Junction and Coimbatore North Junction.

  • Southern Railway [12]
  • Indian Railway reservations [13]
  • Southern Railway

By bus

The State Transport Corporation and a lot of private buses operate from Coimbatore to major cities in Tamil Nadu and neighboring Kerala and Karnataka states.

Get around

Getting around Coimbatore is easy. There are public transport buses, auto rickshaws and plenty taxis available. Auto rickshaws can charge whatever they feel like, if they find that you are an outsider. Call taxis have a digital meter installed which will tell you the cost. Minimum charge is Rs. 35/- .There are many call taxi operators here, you can get the number from your hotel, the railway station or airport.

See

Temples

Temples in and around Coimbatore are: Dhyanalinga Yogic Temple[14], Eachanaari Vinayaga Temple in Pollachi road, Marudhamalai Hill Temple, Anubhavi Subramniar temple which has a natural spring that spurts water throughout the year, Perur Siva Temple which is more than 1000 years old with wonderful sculptures, Asia's biggest statue of Lord Ganesha temple in Puliakulam. Other temples are Ayappan Pooja Sangam in Ramnagar and Ayyappan temple in New Siddhapudur, Sringeri Saradha Koil, Shirdi Sai Baba temple in Saibaba colony, Koniamman temple and Ramar temple in Ramnagar near Gandhipuram bus stand. Isha Yoga Center's SHIVA TEMPLE - Worth visiting -20 km from city. The famous Palani temple devoted to Lord Muruga is 100 km from Coimbatore.

  • Anubhavi Subramaniar Temple:, Chinna Thadagam. This temple has a natural outflow, which spouts water all through the year. For this reason, the temple is quite popularly known and people never fail to make their visit. There must be 100s of steps to get to the temple, and no mechanical help available. This place is frequented by elephants and hence do not plan to visit the temple during evening hours. Don't forget to visit the Lalithambikai temple situated at its foothills.  edit
  • Marudhamalai Murugan Temple, Arulmigu Subramaniyaswamy Thirukoil (15 km north west of Coimbatore), 0422 2422490, [15]. A huge temple complex, at least 1200 years old, located on a picturesque hill, you should not miss it.  edit
  • Athar Jamad Masjid, (Located in Big bazaar street). A famous 100 years old Masjid  edit
  • There are three good water theme parks Black Thunder Near Ooty foot hills Kovai Kondattam enroute to Siruvani Dam and Maharaja Water Theme Park near Neelambur, Avinashi Road. The entry fees are 300 to 350 for adults , while children get a discount of Rs 50-100 per head.

Buy

There are no shopping malls at present in Coimbatore although atleast two are under construction.Shopping in Coimbatore is concentrated in the areas of RS Puram, Cross-Cut Road and the Town Hall Area(Oppanakara St, Big Bazaar St, Raja St).Coimbatore,known as the Manchester of South India,is famous for textiles.Visitors to Coimbatore must not miss the dazzling array of shops selling Kanchivaram, Benares and designer sarees at Cross-Cut Road. Coimbatore is also known for its numerous jewelry stores situated along Cross-Cut Road and Town Hall Area.Leading global brands like Lee,Arrow,United Colors of Benetton, Levi’s Reebok, Adidas, Puma, Crocodile etc.,have retail outlets in D.B.Road.There are several huge textile showrooms in the city (Chennai Silks, Ganapathy Silks,Shree Devi Textiles,Kalyan Silks ) that sell ethnic wear, catering to the needs of the entire family.Sri Krishna Sweets, that specializes in Indian sweets,is famous for its Mysurpa(a sweet made from lentil flour and ghee).

ATMs have of most major banks sprung up in most parts of the city with the major number concentrated in the commercial areas like R.S.Puram,Trichy Road and Avanashi Road.

Eat

When you vist Coimbatore don't forget to taste the Food & Siruvani Water. Coimbatore is an ideal stop if you want to take some rest while on the way to Ooty, Bangalore or Kerala. Don't forget to taste the best of South Indian Idlis, Dosas, Vada, Chutney and Vegetarian rice meal from the Annapoorna Chain of Restaurants and Non-vegetarian food from the Angannan's, Sampoorna, Rayappas and Thalappas restaurants. Try Krishna Sweets too, the sweets chain had their origins in this town. The strong influence of the west has prevailed and resulted in numerous coffee pubs and fast food outlets.Chains like Subway,Domino's pizza,Pizza Hut,Baskin Robbins Ice cream,Marry Brown,Barista,Cafe Coffee Day,Boomerang etc., have made their presence felt among the city's elite and emerging middle class.

  • Hari Bavan, RTO Road & Gandhipuram 4th Street. Serves excellent non-veg varieties. the lunch with 3 types of gravy (fish, mutton, and chicken) is famous.  edit

Drink

The Siruvani water supplied in Coimbatore is said to be one of the tasties waters in the world, infact the second tastiest. Don't you ever resort to buying mineral water bottles when in Coimbatore. If so, you are going to miss something really good.

Sleep

There are a lot of budget hotels near the railway station and bus stand with single room between 150-350/day.

  • Hotel City Tower, 56 Sivasamy Road, 0422 2230641, [16]. standard A/C double room Rs.1250/- deluxe A/C double Rs.1500/.  edit
  • Churches in Coimbatore are Infant Jesus Church in Kovaipudur, where devotees throng on Thursdays for attending the Noveena.St.Antony's Church in Puliakulam, where many devotees offered their prayers on every Tuesday, CSI Immanuel, Intouch Fellowship at the YWCA Hall. Other places of worship include Kottai Hidayathul Islam Safia Jamath Mosque in Kottaimedu

Stay safe

Watch out for pickpockets at Ukkadam bus stand. While travelling on bus, keep your valuables safe.

  • Coimbatore is surrounded by hill ranges and hence several picnic spots for one-day drive and back exist around Coimbatore. Some of them are: Kovai Kutrallam water falls(45 km), Monkey falls(75 km), Athikadavu stream(40km), Kallar river banks(55 km), Topslip town(90 km), Malampuzha dam(60 km),Thirumurthy waterfalls(90 km), Dhyanalinga Yogic temple [17]& Isha Yoga centre(35 km), Vellingiri hill temple(65 km), Marudhamali Hill Temple(20 km), Vydehi Water falls(35 km), Bhavani Sagar(55km), Kodiveri(75 km) etc.Most of them are not very well known to outsiders and if you go on a working day , the tranquility would be an added advantage. And most of these roads are good, compared to Indian standards.
  • See the tea plantations at Ooty or Munnar
  • Topslip
  • Waterfalls include Monkey falls on the way to Vaalpaarai hills, Kovai Kutralam near Siruvani. There are a few others on the way to Vaalpaarai and Ooty hills, and the Thirumoorthi falls near Udumalpet(65 Km)..
  • Hill stations are Ooty (80 km), Valparai near Pollachi having no of sight seeing and picnic spots, Kodaikanal (180 km).
  • Sanctuaries are Mudumalai Wild Life Sanctuary(150 km), Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary(100 km), Top Slip.
  • Crocodile Park in Amaravathi is near Udumalpet (65 km).
  • Botanical Garden which is situated opposite to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, which is situated on the way to Marudhamalai temple.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

COIMBATORE, a city and district of British India, in the Madras presidency. The city is situated on the left bank of the Noyil river, 305 m. from Madras by the Madras railway. In 1901 it had a population of 53,080, showing an increase of 14% in the decade. The city stands 1437 ft. above sea-level, is well laid out and healthy, and is rendered additionally attractive to European residents by its picturesque position on the slopes of the Nilgiri hills. It is an important industrial centre, carrying on cotton weaving and spinning, tanning, distilling, and the manufacture of coffee, sugar, manure and saltpetre. It has two second-grade colleges, a college of agriculture, and a school of forestry.

The District Of Coimbatore has an area of 7860 sq. M. It may be described as a flat, open country, hemmed in by mountains on the north, west and south, but opening eastwards on to the great plain of the Carnatic; the average height of the plain above sea-level is about 900 ft. The principal mountains are the Anamalai Hills, in the south of the district, rising at places to a height of between 8000 and 9000 ft. In the west the Palghat and Vallagiri Hills form a connecting link between the Anamalai range and the Nilgiris, with the exception of a remarkable gap known as the Palghat Pass. This gap, which completely intersects the Ghats, is about 20 m. wide. In the north is a range of primitive trap-hills known as the Cauvery chain, extending eastwards from the Nilgiris, and rising in places to a height of 4000 ft. The principal rivers are the Cauvery, Bhavani, Noyil, and Amravati. Numerous canals are cut from the rivers for the purpose of affording artificial irrigation, which has proved of immense benefit to the country. Well and tank water is also largely used for irrigation purposes. Coimbatore district was acquired by the British in 1799 at the close of the war which ended with the death of Tippoo. In 190r the population was 2,201,782, showing an increase of to% in the preceding decade. The principal crops are millet, rice, other food grains, pulse, oilseeds, cotton and tobacco, with a little coffee. Forests cover nearly r z million acres, yielding valuable timber (teak, sandalwood, &c.), and affording grazing-ground for cattle. There are several factories for pressing cotton, and for cleaning coffee, oilcake presses, tanneries and saltpetre refineries. Cereals, cotton, forest products, cattle, and hides, and brass and copper vessels are the chief exports from the district. The south-west line of the Madras railway runs through the district, and the South Indian railway (of metre gauge) joins this at Erode.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Coimbatore

  1. The second largest city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Synonyms

  • Kovai

Translations

  • Hindi: कोयंबतूर (koyan.batūr), कोयंबटूर (koyan.bat'ūr)
  • Japanese: コーヤンブットゥール
  • Newari: कोइम्बाटोर
  • Russian: Коямпуттур, Коимбату́р
  • Tamil: கோயம்பத்தூர, கோவை

Simple English

Coimbatore (Tamil: கோயம்புத்தூர்), also known as Kovai (Tamil: கோவை), is the third largest city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, next only to Chennai and Madurai. It is the administrative headquarters of the Coimbatore District and a major textile and engineering hub of South India. It forms a part of the ancient Kongu Nadu region of South India, where its people were the first to establish territorial state. Coimbatore city including its suburban areas has a population of 2.4 million people.

It is referred as Manchester of South India in business circles, and has textile mills, factories, engineering firms, automobile parts manufacturers, health care facilities, and educational institutions. The hill stations of Ooty, Coonnor and Valparai are close to the city making it a good tourist attraction throughout the year. The city is situated on the banks of the Noyyal River and is close to the Siruvani Waterfalls.


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