Coin: Wikis

  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Coin

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Claudius II coin (colourised).png
Numismatics
Terminology
Portal.svg Portal
Currency
Ancient currencies
Medieval currencies
Byzantine
Production
Exonumia
A coin is a piece of hard material that is standardized in weight, it is produced in large quantities in order to facilitate trade, and primarily and above all has the mark of the authority that produces it.
Coins are usually metal or a metallic material and sometimes made of synthetic materials, usually in the shape of a disc, and most often issued by a government. Coins are used as a form of money in transactions of various kinds, from the everyday circulation coins to the storage of large numbers of bullion coins. In the present day, coins and banknotes make up the cash forms of all modern money systems. .Coins made for paying bills and (general monetized use) are usually used for lower-valued units, and banknotes for the higher values; also, in most money systems, the highest value coin made for circulation is worth less than the lowest-value note.^ If value is less than 1, let it be 1.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ If the textarea element has a maximum allowed value length , then the element's children must be such that the code-point length of the value of the element's textContent IDL attribute is equal to or less than the element's maximum allowed value length .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ If an element has a maximum that is less than its minimum , then so long as the element has a value , it will either be suffering from an underflow or suffering from an overflow .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.The face value of circulation coins is usually higher than the gross value of the metal used in making them, but this is not generally the case with historical circulation coins made of precious metals.^ Authors may use any value in the class attribute, but are encouraged to use the values that describe the nature of the content, rather than values that describe the desired presentation of the content.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Overflow Returns true if the element's value is higher than the provided maximum; false otherwise.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Formats are generally given by MIME types , with some values special-cased for legacy reasons.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Exceptions to the rule of coin face-value being higher than content value, also occur for some "bullion coins" made of silver or gold (and, rarely, other metals, such as platinum or palladium), intended for collectors or investors in precious metals.^ If the element is a meta element The value is the value of the element's content attribute, if any, or the empty string if there is no such attribute.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The for content attribute allows an explicit relationship to be made between the result of a calculation and the elements that represent the values that went into the calculation or that otherwise influenced the calculation.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ If the textarea element has a maximum allowed value length , then the element's children must be such that the code-point length of the value of the element's textContent IDL attribute is equal to or less than the element's maximum allowed value length .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Examples of modern gold collector/investor coins include the American Gold Eagle minted by the United States, the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf minted by Canada, and the Krugerrand, minted by South Africa.^ This example shows an embedded image entitled My Pond , licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License and the MIT license simultaneously.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

The American Gold Eagle has a face value of US$50, and the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf coins also have nominal (purely symbolic) face values (e.g., C$50 for 1 oz.); but the Krugerrand does not.
.Historically, a great number of coinage metals (including alloys) and other materials have been used practically, artistically, and experimentally in the production of coins for circulation, collection, and metal investment, where bullion coins often serve as more convenient stores of assured metal quantity and purity than other bullion.^ User agents must not raise any other exceptions (other than binding-specific exceptions, such as for an incorrect number of arguments in an JavaScript implementation).
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Other values must first be converted to numbers using JavaScript's ToNumber algorithm, and if the result is a NaN value, then the value must be converted to zero.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Authors must not use elements, attributes, and attribute values for purposes other than their appropriate intended semantic purpose.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

[1]
Coins have long been linked to the concept of money, as reflected by the fact that in other languages the words "coin" and "currency" are synonymous. .Fictional currencies may also bear the name coin (as such, an item may be said to be worth 123 coin or 123 coins).^ A single property with the name postal-code may be present within the item that forms the value of an adr property of an item with the type vcard .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Any number of properties with the name rev may be present within each item with the type vcard .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Any number of properties with the name honorific-suffix may be present within the item that forms the value of the n property of an item with the type vcard .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Contents

The value of a coin

A selection of modern coins.
.In terms of its value as a collector's item, a coin is generally made more or less valuable by its condition, specific historical significance, rarity, quality/beauty of the design and general popularity with collectors.^ Within each item with the type vcard , there must be no more than one label property item with a type property whose value is pref .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Within each item with the type vcard , there must be no more than one adr property item with a type property whose value is pref .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The value must be either text or an item with one organization-name property and zero or more organization-unit properties.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

If a coin is greatly lacking in all of these, it is unlikely to be worth much. .Bullion coins are also valued based on these factors, but are largely valued based on the value of the gold or silver in them.^ These values are set by the showModalDialog() method in the algorithm above, when the browsing context is created, based on the arguments provided to the method.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Sometimes non-monetized bullion coins such as the Canadian Maple Leaf and the American Gold Eagle are minted with nominal face values less than the value of the metal in them, but as such coins are never intended for circulation, these value numbers are not market nor fiat values, and are never more than symbolic numbers.^ If value is less than 1, let it be 1.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ On setting, the given value must be converted to the shortest possible string representing the number as a valid non-negative integer and then that string must be used as the new content attribute value.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ If the string being parsed does not contain a U+0023 NUMBER SIGN character, or if the first such character in the string is the last character in the string, then return null and abort these steps.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Most coins presently are made of a base metal, and their value comes from their status as fiat money. This means that the value of the coin is decreed by government fiat (law), and thus is determined by the free market only as national currencies are subjected to arbitrage in international trade. .This causes such coins to be monetary tokens in the same sense that paper currency is, when the paper currency is not backed directly by metal, but rather by a government guarantee of international exchange of goods or services.^ A th element with ID id is said to be directly targeted by all td and th elements in the same table that have headers attributes whose values include as one of their tokens the ID id .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ This causes any occurrences of the token to be removed from the string, and any spaces that were surrounding the token to be collapsed to a single space, except at the start and end of the string, where such spaces are removed.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Some have suggested that such coins not be considered to be "true coins" (see below). .However, because fiat money is backed by government guarantee of a certain amount of goods and services, where the value of this is in turn determined by free market currency exchange rates, similar to the case for the international market exchange values which determines the value of metals which back commodity money, in practice there is very little economic difference between the two types of money (types of currencies).^ Otherwise, if the attribute's value is an ASCII case-insensitive match for the string " any ", then there is no allowed value step .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The link types are ASCII case-insensitive values , and must be compared as such .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Let type be the value of the first argument, if there is one, or " text/html " otherwise.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Coins may be minted that have fiat values lower than the value of their component metals, but this is never done intentionally and initially for circulation coins, and happens only in due course later in the history of coin production due to inflation, as market values for the metal overtake the fiat declared face value of the coin.^ The loudest setting may be lower than the system's loudest possible setting; for example the user could have set a maximum volume.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The element may have a span content attribute specified, whose value must be a valid non-negative integer greater than zero.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Authors may use any value in the class attribute, but are encouraged to use the values that describe the nature of the content, rather than values that describe the desired presentation of the content.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Examples of this phenomenon include the pre-1965 US dime, quarter, half dollar, and dollar, US nickel, and pre-1982 US penny. .As a result of the increase in the value of copper, the United States greatly reduced the amount of copper in each penny.^ Let value as string be the result of running the algorithm to convert a number to a string , as defined for the input element's type attribute's current state, on value .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Add an entry to result consisting of the number given by value and the unit given by unit .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In addition, if the resulting autocompletion state is off , values are reset when traversing the history .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Since mid-1982, United States pennies are made of 97.5% zinc, coated with 2.5% copper. .Extreme differences between fiat values and metal values of coins causes coins to be removed from circulation by illicit smelters interested in the value of their metal content.^ The for content attribute allows an explicit relationship to be made between the result of a calculation and the elements that represent the values that went into the calculation or that otherwise influenced the calculation.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ For each content attribute on the element whose first five characters are the string " data- ", add a name-value pair to list whose name is the attribute's name with the first five character removed and whose value is the attribute's value.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The default value is the minimum plus half the difference between the minimum and the maximum , unless the maximum is less than the minimum , in which case the default value is the minimum .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

In fact, the United States Mint, in anticipation of this practice, implemented new interim rules on December 14, 2006, subject to public comment for 30 days, which criminalized the melting and export of pennies and nickels.[2] Violators can be punished with a fine of up to $10,000 and/or imprisoned for a maximum of five years.

First coins

Lydian electrum coin (or badge) (one-third stater denomination) minted ca. 600 BC
Greek drachm of Aegina. Obverse: Land Chelone / Reverse: ΑΙΓ(INA) and dolphin. The oldest Aegina Chelone coins depicted sea turtles and were minted ca. 700-550 BC.
Indian coin showing Karttikeya and Lakshmi (Avanti, Ujjain, ca. 150–75 BC)
Aristotle states that possibly the first coins were struck by Demodike of Kyme who had married Midas, king of Pessinus, and had by him a son named Agamemnon [3]
.Herodotus states (I, 94) that the Lydians 'were the first to coin in gold and silver'. He clearly means that they first coined in the two precious metals separately.^ They each take four arguments; the first two give the x and y coordinates of the top left of the rectangle, and the second two give the width w and height h of the rectangle, respectively.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In the following example, the link spans half of the first paragraph, all of the heading separating the two paragraphs, and half of the second paragraph.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ For instance, if there are two link elements with rel="stylesheet" , they each count as a separate external resource, and each is affected by its own attributes independently.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Many people confuse his statement, as if it refers to coinage in electrum (a naturally occurring alloy of gold and silver).
Coins are considered by some numismatists to have originated ca. 550-600 BC in Anatolia, which corresponds to modern-day Turkey, in particular in Lydia.[4][5] Opponents of the Lydia scenario point to the indisputable fact that coins of that era have been totally absent from archeological finds in Sardis, capital of Lydia [6]. A coin, by definition, is an object used to facilitate commerce and exchanges. The proponents of the Lydian coins scenario admit the fact that they were likely not used in commerce or industry. Electrum coins were not standardized in weight and are considered by opponents as badges, medals or ceremonial objects issued by priests [7], rather than coins (actually the oldest of them have been discovered not in Lydia, but in the temple of Ephesos).
The oldest coins are considered by other numismatists to be the Aegina Chelone coins which were minted ca. 700-550 BC, either by the local Aegina people or by Pheidon king of Argos (who first set the standards of weights and measures). In the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, there is a unique electrum stater of Aegina. The date of this coin can hardly be much later than about B.C. 700 [8].
The Greeks adopted the Anatolia practice (or vice versa) and extended it to commerce and trade. Coinage followed Greek colonization and influence first around the eastern Mediterranean and soon after to North Africa (including Egypt), Syria, Persia, and the Balkans.
The first Lydian coins were made of electrum, a naturally occurring alloy of silver and gold that was further alloyed with added silver and copper.[9] .Many early Lydian coins were undoubtedly minted under the authority of private individuals and are thus more akin to tokens or badges than true coins, though because of their numbers it's evident that some were official state issues, with King Alyattes of Lydia being a frequently mentioned originator of coinage.^ There are many more text nodes in the DOM tree than one would initially expect, because the source contains a number of spaces (presented by "␣") and line breaks ("⏎") that all end up as text nodes in the DOM. The head element contains a title element, which itself contains a text node with the text "Sample page".
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ If index is equal to or greater than the number of tokens, then the method must return null.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ This might cause some script to execute, which might cause new characters to be inserted into the tokenizer , and might cause the tokenizer to output more tokens, resulting in a reentrant invocation of the parser .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

[10].
.Most of the early Lydian coins include no writing, called a "legend" or "inscription", only an image of a symbolic animal.^ The toDataURL() method must, when called with no arguments, return a data: URL containing a representation of the image as a PNG file.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ This ensures that, if the script is external, any document.write() calls in the script will execute in-line, instead of blowing the document away, as would happen in most other cases.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Therefore the dating of these coins relies primarily on archeological evidence, with the most commonly cited evidence coming from excavations at the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, also called the Ephesian Artemision (which would later evolve into one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world).^ Would make it potentially easier to expire server-held state when the server limitations come into play.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ This ensures that, if the script is external, any document.write() calls in the script will execute in-line, instead of blowing the document away, as would happen in most other cases.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ There are three buttons: one to submit the form, which requires both fields to be filled in; one to save the form so that the user can come back and fill it in later; and one to cancel the form altogether.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.The fact that the oldest lion head coins were discovered in that temple, and the fact that they were not used in commerce, strengths the scenario that they were actually badges or medals that were issued by the priests of the temple of Artemis, and the name of the person who received the badge or medal was inscribed on it.^ A person's name is not the title of a work — even if people call that person a piece of work — and the element must therefore not be used to mark up people's names.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ It is used to persist names of controls even when they change names.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Each color is given by an image, but for users who have configured their user agent not to display images, the color names are used instead: .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Artemis in Anatolia was named Potnia Theron, which is translated as "mistress of the animals", and her symbol was the lion and the tiger.
A small percentage of early Lydian coins have a legend [11].
A famous early electrum coin, the most ancient inscribed coin at present known, is from nearby Caria, Asia Minor. This coin has a Greek legend reading "Phaenos emi sema" [12] which can be translated either as "I am the badge of Phanes" or as "I am the sign of light" [13] or maybe "I am the tomb of light" or "I am the tomb of Phanes". The celebrated coins of Phanes are known to be amongst the earliest of Greek coins, a hemihekte of the issue was found in the famous foundation deposit of the temple of Artemis at Ephesos (this deposit is considered the oldest deposit of electum coins discovered). One assumption is that Phanes was a wealthy merchant, another that this coin is associated with Apollo-Phanes and, due to the Deer, with Artemis (twin sister of the god of light Apollo-Phaneos). .Although only seven Phanes type coins were discovered, it is also notable that 20% of all early electrum coins also have the Lion (symbol of Artemis-Potnia Theron) and the sun burst (symbol of Apollo-Phaneos).^ At this early stage, while the draft was already publicly available, and input was already being solicited from all sources, the specification was only under Opera Software's copyright.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Alternatively it is stated [14] that the inscribed Phanes maybe was the Halicarnassian mercenary of Amasis, mentioned by Herodotus [15], who escaped to the court of Cambyses, and became his guide in the invasion of Egypt in the year B.C. 527 or 525. This Phanes was probably buried alive by a sandstorm, together with 50000 Persian soldiers, while trying to conquer the temple of AmunZeus in Egypt [16]. This unbelievable rumor, only mentioned by Herodotus, was recently proved by excavations [17]. The fact that the Greek word "Phanes" also means light (or lamp), and the word "sema" also means tomb [18], makes this coin a famous and controversial one[19].
The first metal coins are regarded by some as being invented in China. The earliest known Chinese metal tokens were made ca. 900 BC, discovered in a tomb near Anyang.[20][21] .These were replicas in bronze of earlier Chinese money, cowrie shells, so they were named Bronze Shell.^ Element.tagName and Node.nodeName These attributes must return element names converted to ASCII uppercase , regardless of the case with which they were created.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

[22][23][24]
.Most numismatists, however, regard these as well as later Chinese bronzes that were replicas of knives, spades, and hoes as money but not as coins because they didn't at least initially carry a mark or marks certifying them to be of a definite exchange value.^ However, it is also possible to use the attributes to specify these values.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

[25]
Along with Anatolia and China, India also played a major part in the development of coinage. The first Indian coins were minted around the 6th century BC by the Mahajanapadas of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The coins of this period were punch marked coins called Puranas, Karshapanas or Pana..January 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The Mahajanapadas that minted their own coins included Gandhara,[26] Kuntala,[27] Kuru,[28] Panchala,[29] Shakya,[30] Surasena,[31] and Surashtra.^ In the algorithms below, the number of days in month month of year year is: 31 if month is 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, or 12; 30 if month is 4, 6, 9, or 11; 29 if month is 2 and year is a number divisible by 400, or if year is a number divisible by 4 but not by 100; and 28 otherwise.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

[32] Some argue that Indian coins were developed from Western prototypes, which the Indians came in contact with through Babylonian traders.[33]
The earliest coins made of pure gold and silver were made by King Croesus of Lydia, son of Alyattes. Shortly afterward in the same region gold "darics" and silver "sigloi" were issued by the Achaemenid Empire of the Persians.
The first European coins are regarded as having been minted ca. 550 BC in Aegina, an island in the Aegean Sea, with coins of Athens and Corinth soon following.[34] The first Roman coins, which were crude, heavy cast bronzes, were issued ca. 289 BC.[35] The first European coin to use Arabic numerals to date the year in which the coin was minted was the Swiss 1424 St. Gallen silver Plappart.[36]

Coin debasement

.Throughout history, governments have been known to create more coinage than their supply of precious metals would allow.^ Status: Last call for comments The multiple attribute is a boolean attribute that indicates whether the user is to be allowed to specify more than one value.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ URLs that differ from any URL that the networking model will allow access to, leaving orphan entries; or would allow resources to be stored under URLs different than their true URLs.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The term "JavaScript" is used to refer to ECMA262, rather than the official term ECMAScript, since the term JavaScript is more widely known.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.By replacing some fraction of a coin's precious metal content with a base metal (often copper or nickel), the intrinsic value of each individual coin was reduced (thereby "debasing" their money), allowing the coining authority to produce more coins than would otherwise be possible.^ If applying the rules for parsing non-negative integers to the attribute's value results in a number greater than zero, then the element's character height is that value; otherwise, it is 2.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Some elements, most notably area , can correspond to more than one distinct focusable area.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Within each item with the type vcard , there must be no more than one label property item with a type property whose value is pref .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Debasement sometimes occurs in order to make the coin harder and therefore less likely to be worn down as quickly. Debasement of money almost always leads to price inflation unless price controls are also instituted by the governing authority, in which case a black market will often arise.
.The United States is unusual in that it has only slightly modified its coinage system (except for the images and symbols on the coins, which have changed a number of times) to accommodate two centuries of inflation.^ If the shape attribute represents the rectangle state , and the second number in the list is numerically less than the fourth number in the list, then swap those two numbers around.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The input element's type attribute is in the Image Button state, and the src attribute is set or changed.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Gives the date and time at which the event information was last modified in a calendaring system.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.The one-cent coin has changed little since 1856 (though its composition was changed in 1982 to remove virtually all copper from the coin) and still remains in circulation, despite a greatly reduced purchasing power.^ The clearRedo() method must remove all entries in the undo transaction history after the undo position , be they DOM changes entries or undo object entries.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ When an element is moved from one document to another, if the two documents have different base URLs , then that element and all its descendants are affected by a base URL change .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ If list of tokens contains more than one instance of the token up , then remove all such tokens.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.On the other end of the spectrum, the largest coin in common circulation is 25 cents, a low value for the largest denomination coin compared to other countries.^ If the string contains any other characters in the range U+0030 DIGIT ZERO to U+0039 DIGIT NINE, but denominator was given a value in the step 6, return nothing and abort these steps.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Set the port part of the effective script origin tuple of the Document to "manual override" (a value that, for the purposes of comparing origins , is identical to "manual override" but not identical to any other value).
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Recent increases in the prices of copper, nickel, and zinc, mean that both the US one- and five-cent coins are now worth more for their raw metal content than their face (fiat) value.^ There must not be more than one number in the contents of the element.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The element may have a span content attribute specified, whose value must be a valid non-negative integer greater than zero.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Within each item with the type vcard , there must be no more than one label property item with a type property whose value is pref .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.In particular, copper one-cent pieces (those dated prior to 1982 and some 1982-dated coins) now contain about two cents worth of copper.^ If the browsing context 's session history contains only one Document , and that was the about:blank Document created when the browsing context was created, then the navigation must be done with replacement enabled .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In the following example, a picture representing a company logo for XYZ Corp has been split into two pieces, the first containing the letters "XYZ" and the second with the word "Corp".
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Those slots now have two cells overlapping.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Some denominations of circulating coins that were formerly minted in the United States are no longer made.^ The default action of these events should be the display of some sort of user interface indicating to the user that the application is no longer available for offline use.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ DOM state is no longer consistent with the changes represented in the entry), then the user agent must simply remove the DOM changes entry, without doing anything else.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.These include coins with a face value of half a cent, two cents, three cents,and twenty cents.^ The result of escaping the vCard text string part two A U+003B SEMICOLON character (;) The result of escaping the vCard text string part one Three U+003B SEMICOLON characters (;) Add a vCard line with the type " END " and the value " VCARD " to output .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The result of escaping the vCard text string part one A U+003B SEMICOLON character (;) The result of escaping the vCard text string part two Three U+003B SEMICOLON characters (;) Then, skip the remainder of these substeps.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ When it is set, the new value must be compared in an ASCII case-insensitive manner to these two values.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

(The Half Dollar and Dollar coins are still produced, but mostly for vending machines and collectors.) .The United States also used to coin the following denominations for circulation in gold: One dollar, $2.50, three dollars, five dollars, ten dollars, and twenty dollars.^ Implementations must act as if they used the following state machine to tokenize HTML. The state machine must start in the data state .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ A Document is always set to one of three modes: no quirks mode , the default; quirks mode , used typically for legacy documents; and limited quirks mode , also known as "almost standards" mode.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ A U+0054 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER T character followed by any one of the following, or the first and second of the following in that order, or the second and third of the following in that order, or all three of the following in this order: A valid non-negative integer followed by a U+0048 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER H character.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

In addition, cents were originally slightly larger than the modern quarter and weighed nearly half an ounce, while five cent coins were smaller than a dime and made of a silver alloy. Dollars were also much larger and weighed approximately an ounce. Half dollar and one dollar coins are still produced but rarely used. The U.S. also has bullion and commemorative coins with the following denominations: 50¢, $1, $5, $10, $25, $50, and $100.

Features of modern coins

A bronze coin of the Chinese Han Dynasty—circa 1st century BC. Some modern Japanese coins still have the characteristic hole in the coin.
An ancient Greek coin, struck under Roman rule, circa 268 AD.
British fifty pence coin
Hong Kong 2 dollars, 1975.
.Circulating coins commonly suffered from "shaving" or "clipping", by which unscrupulous persons would cut off small amounts of precious metal from their edges to form new coins[37].^ On the other hand, defining a new control that appears in a form's elements array would be in violation of the above requirement, as it would violate the definition of elements given in this specification.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Unmilled British sterling silver coins were sometimes reduced to almost half their minted weight. .This form of debasement in Tudor England was commented on by Sir Thomas Gresham, whose name was later attached to Gresham's Law.^ If the field element is a select element, then for each option element in the select element whose selectedness is true, append an entry in the form data set with the name as the name, the value of the option element as the value, and type as the type.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ An end tag whose tag name is "form" Let node be the element that the form element pointer is set to.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ A start tag whose tag name is "form" If the form element pointer is not null, then this is a parse error ; ignore the token.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

The monarch would have to periodically recall circulating coins, paying only bullion value of the silver, and reminting them. This, also known as recoinage, is a long and difficult process that was done only occasionally [38]. While master of the Royal Mint, Isaac Newton came up with the idea of milling lines on the edges of coins to make it easier to detect coin clipping and to help reduce recoining[39]. The milled, or reeded, edges are still found on many coins today.
.Traditionally, the side of a coin carrying a bust of a monarch or other authority, or a national emblem, is called the obverse, or colloquially, heads; see also List of people on coins.^ The user agent should obscure the value so that people other than the user cannot see it.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

The other side is called the reverse, or colloquially, tails. However, the rule is violated in some cases.[40] Another rule is that the side carrying the year of minting is the obverse, although some Chinese coins, most Canadian coins, the pre-2008 British 20p coin, and all Japanese coins, are exceptions.
In cases where a correctly oriented coin is flipped vertically to show the other side correctly oriented, the coin is said to have coin orientation. In cases where a coin is flipped horizontally to show the other side, it is said to have medallic orientation. The latter is found in British coins.
.Bi-metallic coins are sometimes used for higher values and for commemorative purposes.^ Sometimes, an image just consists of text, and the purpose of the image is not to highlight the actual typographic effects used to render the text, but just to convey the text itself.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Authors must not use elements, attributes, and attribute values for purposes other than their appropriate intended semantic purpose.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Whenever the CSS value currentColor is used as a color in this API, the "computed value of the 'color' property" for the purposes of determining the computed value of the currentColor keyword is the computed value of the 'color' property on the element in question at the time that the color is specified (e.g.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

In the 1990s, France used a tri-metallic coin. Common circulating examples include the €1, €2, British £2 and Canadian $2.
.The exergue is the space on a coin beneath the main design, often used to show the coin's date, although it is sometimes left blank or containing a mint mark, privy mark, or some other decorative or informative design feature.^ The World Wide Web's markup language has always been HTML. HTML was primarily designed as a language for semantically describing scientific documents, although its general design and adaptations over the years have enabled it to be used to describe a number of other types of documents.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The Document 's source file's last modification date and time must be derived from relevant features of the networking protocols used, e.g.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Here are some more examples showing the same picture used in different contexts, with different appropriate alternate texts each time.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Many coins do not have an exergue at all, especially those with few or no legends, such as the Victorian bun penny.^ For the purposes of the CSS table model, the colgroup element, if it contains no col element, is to be treated as if it had as many such children as its span attribute specifies .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ When such restrictions are defined, the tokens must all fit within those restrictions; other values are non-conforming.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In such cases, the XML parser must act as it would have if faced with a single string consisting of the concatenation of all those characters.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Not all coins are round. The Australian 50 cent coin, for example, has twelve flat sides. A twist on it is wavy edges, found in the two dollar and the twenty cent coins of Hong Kong and the 10 cent coins of Bahamas.
Some other coins, like the British Fifty pence coin, have an odd number of sides, with the edges rounded off. This way the coin has a constant diameter, recognisable by vending machines whichever direction it is inserted.
The triangular coin (produced to commemorate the 2007/2008 Tutankhamun exhibition at the The O2 Arena) was commissioned by the Isle of Man, became legal tender on 6 December 2007.[41] and has a value of 25p (a crown). Other triangular coins issued earlier include: Cabinda coin, Bermuda coin, 2 Dollar Cook Islands 1992 triangular coin, Uganda Millennium Coin and Polish Sterling-Silver 10-Zloty Coin.[42]
Guitar-shaped coins were once issued in Somalia, Poland once issued a fan-shaped 10 złoty coin, but perhaps the oddest coin ever was the 2002 $10 coin from Nauru, a Europe-shaped coin.[43]
.Some mediaeval coins, called bracteates, were so thin they were struck on only one side.^ A call to getElementsByClassName('ccc bbb') would only return one node, however, namely p3 .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ When a feature specifically only applies to one of the two languages, it is called out by explicitly stating that it does not apply to the other format, as in "for HTML, ...
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ There is only one CanvasRenderingContext2D object per canvas, so calling the getContext() method with the 2d argument a second time must return the same object.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

The Royal Canadian Mint is now able to produce holographic-effect gold and silver coinage.
.For a list of many pure metallic elements and their alloys which have been used in actual circulation coins and for trial experiments, see coinage metals.^ For example, a start tag will be closed by a end tag, and never by a end tag, even if the user agent is using the rules above to then generate an actual element in the DOM with the name aU00003AU00003A for that start tag.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The datalist element is hooked up to an input element using the list attribute on the input element.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In the following example, we see div elements used as a way to set the language of two paragraphs at once, instead of setting the language on the two paragraph elements separately: .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

[44]
.Coins are popularly used as a sort of two-sided die; in order to choose between two options with a random possibility, one choice will be labeled "heads" and the other "tails", and a coin will be flipped or "tossed" to see whether the heads or tails side comes up on top.^ However, due to the way implied paragraphs are defined, it is not possible to mark up the end of one paragraph and the start of the very next one using the same ins or del element.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ A start tag whose tag name is one of: "head", "noscript" Any other end tag Parse error .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ It contains two elements, head and body , as well as a text node between them.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

See Bernoulli trial; a fair coin is defined to have the probability of heads (in the parlance of Bernoulli trials, a "success") of exactly 0.5. See also coin flipping. Coins are sometimes falsified to make one side weigh more, in order to simulate a fair type of coin which is actually not fair. Such a coin is said to be "weighted".

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Comprehensive list of metals and their alloys which have been used at various times, in coins for all types of purposes.
  2. ^ The United States Mint Pressroom
  3. ^ http://www.metrum.org/gyges/homgyg.htm
  4. ^ M. Kroll, review of G. Le Rider's La naissance de la monnaie, Schwizerische Numismatische Rundschau 80 (2001), p. 526.
  5. ^ D. Sear, Greek Coins and Their Values Vol. 2, Seaby, London, 1979, p. 317.
  6. ^ G. Hanfmann, pp. 73, 77. R. Seaford, p. 128, points out, "The nearly total lack of ... coins in the excavated commercial-industrial areas of Sardis suggests that they were concentrated in the hands of the king and possibly wealthy merchants."
  7. ^ "THE TYPES OF GREEK COINS" AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL ESSAY BY PERCY GARDNER 1883 p.42 "Considering these and other facts it may be held to be probable, if not absolutely proved, that priests first issued stamped coin, and that the first mints were in temples." [1]
  8. ^ http://www.snible.org/coins/hn/aegina.html
  9. ^ http://rg.ancients.info/lion/article.html Accessed December 2009
  10. ^ A. Ramage, "Golden Sardis", King Croesus' Gold: Excavations at Sardis and the History of Gold Refining, edited by A. Ramage and P. Craddock, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 2000, p. 18.
  11. ^ http://www.snible.org/coins/hn/inscriptions.html
  12. ^ http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/cm/e/electrum_stater_inscribed_with.aspx
  13. ^ Newton (Num. Chron., 1870, p. 238
  14. ^ http://www.archive.org/stream/newnumismatic18royauoft/newnumismatic18royauoft_djvu.txt
  15. ^ Herodotus third book (ch. iv.)
  16. ^ Herodotus third book
  17. ^ http://heritage-key.com/blogs/sean-williams/cambyses-persians-lost-army-found-egyptian-desert
  18. ^ Iliad 2.814, 6.419
  19. ^ http://www.snible.org/coins/hn/ionia.html#571
  20. ^ http://www.big5.henan.gov.cn/hngk/system/2006/08/02/010000219.shtml (IN CHINESE ONLY)
  21. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=RGu62yiVF8wC&pg=PT186&dq=shang+coin&lr=#PPT187,M1
  22. ^ http://chinesechinese.net/HistoryofChina.html A snap shot view of The history of China by YK Kwan
  23. ^ http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/focus/currency.htm Shell Money before Qin Dynasty
  24. ^ http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_681500371_2/shang_dynasty.html Shang Dynasty Economy Encarta. Archived 2009-10-31.
  25. ^ G. Davies, A History of Money: From Ancient Times to the Present Day, University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1994, pp. 54-57, 62.
  26. ^ http://home.comcast.net/~pankajtandon/galleries-gandhara.html Accessed 3 May 2007
  27. ^ http://home.comcast.net/~pankajtandon/galleries-kuntala.html Accessed 3 May 2007
  28. ^ http://home.comcast.net/~pankajtandon/galleries-kuru.html Accessed 3 June 2007
  29. ^ http://home.comcast.net/~pankajtandon/galleries-panchala.html Accessed 3 June 2007
  30. ^ http://home.comcast.net/~pankajtandon/galleries-shakya.html, Accessed 3 June 2007
  31. ^ http://home.comcast.net/~pankajtandon/galleries-shurasena.html Accessed 3 June 2007.
  32. ^ http://home.comcast.net/~pankajtandon/galleries-surashtra.html Accessed 3 June 2007
  33. ^ M. Mitchiner, Ancient Trade and Early Coinage, Hawkins Publications, London, 2004, pp. 741-742.
  34. ^ C. Kraay, Archaic and Classical Greek Coins, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1976.
  35. ^ W. Sayles, Ancient Coin Collecting III: The Roman World–Politics and Propaganda, Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, 1997
  36. ^ Early Dated Coins, http://www.medievalcoinage.com/earlydated, Accessed December 2009.
  37. ^ Cooper, George (2008). The Origin of Financial Crises. New York: Random House. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-307-47345-5. 
  38. ^ Cooper G. 2008 p.47
  39. ^ Cooper G. 2008 p.46
  40. ^ The Euro Coin and the Inadequacy of our definition of "Obverse"
  41. ^ It is unlikely to be spent as it costs 15GBP to buy - article Pyramid coin a nightmare for pockets, article by Gary Cleland p13 of the Daily Telegraph issue number 47,434 dated December 6, 2007
  42. ^ Triangular Coins
  43. ^ Unusual coins 10/15/09
  44. ^ Metals Used in Coins and Medals

References

External links

.
  • ANA American Numismatics Association.
  • American Numismatic Society
  • Atlantic Provinces Numismatic Association providing news, events, latest releases from around the world, forums, and much more.
  • CoinFacts.com - The Internet Encyclopedia of US Coins Free information on United States Coins.^ The latest TWiT episode has been posted, in which we hear several tech news stories as well as learning much more about the iPhone.
    • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ If the storage mutex is now owned by the event loop , release it so that it is once again free.
    • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ The state attribute represents the context information for the event, or null, if the state represented is the initial state of the Document .
    • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

    Includes pricing, rarity, and historical information.
  • Coin catalog 19,214 coins cataloged with pictures.
  • The Coin Page Informational coin image database.
  • Silver Coins How to identify counterfeit silver coins.
  • NumisWiki

Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010
(Redirected to The Coin article)

From Wikisource

The Coin
by Sara Teasdale
Into my heart's treasury
     I slipped a coin
That time cannot take
     Nor a thief purloin, --
Oh better than the minting
     Of a gold-crowned king
Is the safe-kept memory
     Of a lovely thing.
PD-icon.svg This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.
The author died in 1933, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 75 years or less. .This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.^ The rules for when a script completes loading start applying (script execution is no longer managed by the parser).
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Otherwise, if the hyperlink element is an a or area element that has a target attribute, then the browsing context that is navigated must be chosen by applying the rules for choosing a browsing context given a browsing context name , using the value of the target attribute as the browsing context name.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Status: Working draft When an input element's type attribute is in the Color state, the rules in this section apply.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

COIN (older forms of the word are coyne, quoin and coign, all derived through the O. Fr. coing, and cuigne from Lat. cuneus, a wedge), properly the term for a wedge-shaped die used for stamping money, and so transferred to the money so stamped; hence a piece of money. The form "quoin" is used for the external angle of a building (see Quoins), and "coign," also a projecting angle, survives in the Shakespearean phrase "a coign of vantage."


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to coin article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Contents

English

Etymology

A coin.
From Old French coigne "wedge, cornerstone, die for stamping," from Latin cuneus "wedge." English quoin means "cornerstone."

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
coin
Plural
coins
coin (plural coins)
.
  1. (numismatics) A piece of currency, usually metallic and in the shape of a disc, but sometimes polygonal, or with a hole in the middle.^ Coins are of metal and are usually disc shaped.
    • Find an assortment of Ancient Silver Coins for sale. 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC ancientsilvercoins.net [Source type: General]

    ^ The Chinese coins were usually made out of base metals which had holes in them so that you could put the coins together to make a chain.

    ^ They usually update daily, but sometimes on weekends, or for less popular, rarely traded currencies it may take a couple days.
    • Calculator for United States Dollar (USD) Currency Exchange Rate Conversion 20 September 2009 12:14 UTC coinmill.com [Source type: General]

  2. A token used in a special establishment like a casino (also called a chip).
  3. One of the suits of minor arcana in tarot, or a card of that suit.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to coin
Third person singular
coins
Simple past
coined
Past participle
coined
Present participle
coining
to coin (third-person singular simple present coins, present participle coining, simple past and past participle coined)
  1. to create coins.
  2. to make up or invent, and establish
    Over the last century the advance in science has led to many new words being coined.

Translations

Anagrams


French

Etymology 1

.Latin cuneus (wedge).^ [Middle English, from Old French, die for stamping coins, wedge , from Latin cuneus , wedge .
  • Coin | Definition of Coin at Dictionary.com: 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pronunciation

Noun

coin m. (plural coins)
  1. wedge, cornerpiece
  2. corner
    L'église fait le coin. The church is just on the corner.
  3. area, part
    « Je suis le seul robot dans ce .coin. » "I am the only robot around here."^ MY POINT IS, not that the Navy is the only way, but I'm blessed and impressed to see that kind of advice being tossed around on here.
    • KRS DROPS A "CRIMINAL MINDED" VIDEO, CORY GUNZ RESURFACES! D | SOHH NYC | SOHH BLOG 20 September 2009 18:22 UTC blogs.sohh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Double Sided Coin Display Only $24.82 Click here for more .
    • Coin Display Case Company 6 February 2010 11:56 UTC www.usadisplay.net [Source type: General]

    ^ The type 2 coins offered here are produced by the United States Government for collectors and investors only.
    • BUY DOLLAR COINS Buy Dollar Coins in mint condition ~ Presidential + Sacagawea Dollars in holders 9 February 2010 14:35 UTC buydollarcoins.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Etymology 2

Imitative.

Interjection

coin !
  1. quack

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

Before the Exile the Jews had no regularly stamped money. .They made use of uncoined shekels or talents of silver, which they weighed out (Gen 23:16; Ex 38:24; 2 Sam 18:12).^ Authors should use titles that identify their documents even when they are used out of context, for example in a user's history or bookmarks, or in search results.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

.Probably the silver ingots used in the time of Abraham may have been of a fixed weight, which was in some way indicated on them.^ The following shows a hypothetical way of encoding an event using a variant on hCalendar that uses the time element: .
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Here are some more examples showing the same picture used in different contexts, with different appropriate alternate texts each time.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

^ For example, on some platforms for showing indeterminate progress there is an asynchronous progress indicator with square dimensions, which could be used when the element is square, and an indeterminate progress bar, which could be used when the element is wide.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

The "pieces of silver" paid by Abimelech to Abraham (Gen 20:16), and those also for which Joseph was sold (37:28), were proably in the form of rings.
.The shekel was the common standard of weight and value among the Hebrews down to the time of the Captivity.^ When the 'font-weight' component is set to the relative values 'bolder' and 'lighter', these must be interpreted relative to the computed value of the 'font-weight' property of the corresponding canvas element at the time that the attribute is set.
  • HTML5 25 September 2009 3:33 UTC dev.w3.org [Source type: Reference]

Only once is a shekel of gold mentioned (1Chr 21:25). The "six thousand of gold" mentioned in the transaction between Naaman and Gehazi (2Kg 5:5) were probably so many shekels of gold.
The "piece of money" mentioned in Job 42:11; Gen 33:19 (marg., "lambs") was the Hebrew kesitah, probably an uncoined piece of silver of a certain weight in the form of a sheep or lamb, or perhaps having on it such an impression. The same Hebrew word is used in Josh 24:32, which is rendered by Wickliffe "an hundred yonge scheep."
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)

Simple English

A coin is normally a round piece of metal that is used as currency. Coins have been made for about 2600 years; the first place to make coins was Lydia (modern Turkey).[1]

Contents

Appearance

Many coins have complex decorations; one side often has the picture of a head on it. Most people use coins as currency.

Uses

The different decorations on each side of a coin might be used to decide things randomly. This is called "tossing a coin". A person can throw the coin into the air and catch it. You then look at which picture is facing up. If the head is facing up it is called "heads", if the other picture is facing up it is called "tails". Before tossing the coin someone has to decide what each picture means.

Gambling

Tossing a coin can be a type of gambling, which is illegal (against the law) in some countries, but it depends, of course, if something is gambled upon with a price someone risks or if it's just merely to decide something, so it's hard to take a real gamble with coins.

Other views

Some people see coins as a sign as greed, such as some Communists and Puritans, who sometimes condemn over-hoarding of coins, and ascetics, who often keep little in the ways of money (coins), leading a "poor"-lifestyle.

Collecting

Because coins have been made for a very long time, some people collect old coins. They can be much cheaper than other old things, especially if they are made of cheap metals like copper. Older coins normally cost more than newer ones, but rarity matters more-some coins from the 1920s cost vast sums, while some Roman coins cost very little.

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Mafia, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message