Cologne–Aachen high-speed railway: Wikis

  

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Cologne–Aachen high-speed railway
Course of the Cologne-Aachen upgraded line
Course of the Cologne-Aachen upgraded line
Route number: 480
Line length: 70
Gauge: 1435
Voltage: 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
Maximum speed: 250
Legend
Bridge over water Bridge over water
Hohenzollernbrücke (from Köln Messe/Deutz)
Unknown route-map component "mKRZo" Unknown route-map component "mKRZo"
Cologne Stadtbahn
Unknown route-map component "SBHF" Station on track
0.0 Köln Hbf
Unknown route-map component "UTurmSBHFo" Unknown route-map component "mKRZo"
0.8 Köln Hansaring
Non-passenger station on track Straight track
0.8 Köln Hansaring Wendeanlage
Straight track Junction to left
1.4 To Köln Bbf
Straight track Junction to left
West Rhine Railway to Köln West
Junction to right Junction to right
West Lower Rhine Railway to Köln-Nippes
Unknown route-map component "ABZ3lg" Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Unknown route-map component "KRZo"
2.0 Köln-Nippes–Köln West freight line
Junction from left Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Unknown route-map component "KRZo"
Herkulesstraße junction from Köln West
Straight track Unknown route-map component "ÜWol" Unknown route-map component "ÜWur"
S-Bahn Flying junction
Straight track Unknown route-map component "ÜWu+l" Unknown route-map component "ÜWo+r"
Unknown route-map component "mKRZo" Unknown route-map component "mKRZo" Unknown route-map component "mKRZo"
3.2 Cologne Stadtbahn
Unknown route-map component "mKRZo" Unknown route-map component "UTurmBHFo" Unknown route-map component "UTurmSBHFo"
3.7 Köln-Ehrenfeld
Non-passenger station on track Straight track Straight track
Köln-Ehrenfeld freight station
Junction to right Straight track Straight track
To HGK freight railway
Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Unknown route-map component "KRZo"
Cologne–Frechen line (HGK)
Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "SHST"
5.9 Köln-Müngersdorf Technologiepark
Straight track Straight track Track change
5.9 Müngersdorf Technologiepark crossover
Junction to left Junction from right Unknown route-map component "SHST"
7.2 Köln-Ehrenfeld freight station west
Unknown route-map component "ABZ3rf" Junction to right Straight track
Line to Mönchengladbach
Non-passenger station on track Straight track
9.0 Old Lövenich station
Straight track Unknown route-map component "SHST"
9.7 Lövenich S-Bahn
Straight track Unknown route-map component "SHST"
11.1 Köln-Weiden West
Unknown route-map component "eBHF" Unknown route-map component "SHST"
13.8 Frechen-Königsdorf
Cutting start Cutting start
15.0 Start of cutting (formerly Königsdorf Tunnel)
Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Unknown route-map component "KRZu"
16.5 North-South Railway (RWE Power)
Cutting end Cutting end
16.6 Start of cutting (formerly Königsdorf Tunnel)
Unknown route-map component "ABZ3lg" Junction to right Straight track
18.5 Erft Railway to Neuss
Unknown route-map component "KBHFxe" Station on track Unknown route-map component "SBHF"
18.7 Horrem
Unknown route-map component "exSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "eKRZu" Unknown route-map component "eKRZu"
Former Erft Railway to Mödrath
Small bridge over water Small bridge over water
Erft
Straight track Track change
21.4 Sindorf crossover (start single line S-Bahn)
Straight track Stop on track
21.4 Sindorf
Unknown route-map component "eBHF" Straight track
22.4 Sindorf
Small non-passenger station on track Straight track
22.6 Sindorf siding
Non-passenger station on track Straight track
26.0 Dorsfeld (overtaking loop)
Straight track Track change
27.8 Buir crossover (start double line S-Bahn)
Unknown route-map component "eBHF" Unknown route-map component "SHST"
30.3 Buir
Straight track Unknown route-map component "SHST"
35.0 Merzenich
Unknown route-map component "eABZlg" Straight track
Former Erft Railway from Neuss
Straight track Track change
35.7 Merzenich crossover (start single line S-Bahn)
Non-passenger station on track Straight track
37.3 Düren Vorbf
Straight track Junction from left
39.0 Börde Railway from Euskirchen
Junction from right Straight track
39.1 Line from Jülich
Station on track Unknown route-map component "SBHF"
39.2 Düren
Junction from left Junction to right
Straight track Track turning left
39.8 Line to Heimbach
Bridge over water
Rur (Düren triangular truss bridge)
Non-passenger station on track
42.2 Hubertushof crossover, military siding
Non-passenger station on track
Derichsweiler (former overtaking loop)
Station on track
48.9 Langerwehe
Track turning from left Junction to right
(Connecting to Inde Valley Railway since 2009)
Enter and exit tunnel Straight track
Uhlhaus Tunnel 285 m
Junction from right Straight track
Inde Valley Railway from Jülich
Station on track Straight track
Eschweiler-Weisweiler (formerly Weisweiler)
Stop on track Straight track
Eschweiler-Nothberg
Straight track Unknown route-map component "eHST"
54.1 Nothberg (closed in December 2009)
Station on track Straight track
Eschweiler-Talbahnhof (Raiffeisenplatz)
Straight track Level crossing
Jägerspfad LC (last crossing)
Straight track Station on track
56.9 Eschweiler Hbf
Stop on track Straight track
Eschweiler-West
Straight track Enter and exit tunnel
57.0 Ichenberger Tunnel 95 m
Bridge over water Straight track
Inde
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Straight track
Eschweiler-Röhe
Straight track Bridge over water
57.9 Three arch bridge, Inde)
Track turning left Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Track turning from right
58.0 Three arch bridge (Inde Valley Railway)
Straight track Non-passenger station on track
Eschweiler-Aue
Non-passenger station on track Non-passenger station on track
59.8 Stolberg (Rheinl) freight station
Straight track Unknown route-map component "xABZlf"
60.3 Vennbahn to Stolberg-Altstadt
Station on track Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
60.3 Stolberg (Rheinl) Hbf
Junction to left Unknown route-map component "xABZlg"
(former line)
Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Track turning right
Line to Herzogenrath
Enter and exit short tunnel
Nirmer Tunnel 125 m
Enter and exit short tunnel
Eilendorfer Tunnel 357 m
Stop on track
64.9 Eilendorf
Unknown route-map component "KRZo" Track turning from right
Line from Aachen Nord
Straight track Small non-passenger station on track
Aachen-Rothe Erde Wertz (siding)
Junction from left Track turning right
Non-passenger station on track
67.4 Aachen Rothe Erde freight station
Station on track
68.2 Aachen-Rothe Erde
Large bridge
Burtscheid Viaduct 277 m
Station on track
70.2 Aachen Hbf
Junction to right
to Mönchengladbach
Non-passenger station on track
72.9 Aachen Süd
Enter and exit tunnel
Busch Tunnel 691 m
Restricted border on track
77.0 German/Belgian border
Straight track
Liege–Aachen Railway and HSL 3 to Liège

The Cologne–Aachen high-speed line is the German part of the Trans-European transport networks project high-speed line ParisBrusselsCologne. It is not a newly built railway line, but a project to upgrade the existing railway line which was opened in 1841 by the Rhenish Railway Company. When it was continued into Belgium in 1843, it became the world's first international railway line.[citation needed]

The line inside Germany has a length of about 70 kilometres (43 mi). The first 40 km (25 mi) from Cologne to Düren have been rebuilt. Since 2002 the line allows for speeds up to 250 km/h (160 mph). Separate tracks have been built parallel to the high-speed tracks for local S-Bahn traffic. The remaining line from Düren to Aachen allows speeds up to 160 km/h (99 mph) with some slower sections. Upgrades of Düren–Aachen are planned for the near future. In Belgium, the high-speed line is continued as HSL 3.

Regional Express services on the line are RE 1 (NRW Express) and RE 9 (Rhein-Sieg Express) with push-pull trains with five double-decker carriages. Long-distance trains are operated by Thalys between Paris and Cologne (six pairs of trains each day), three pairs of ICE 3M trains daily between Frankfurt and Brussels Monday to Saturday and a morning ICE 2 between Aachen and Berlin.

Contents

History

The line was built from 1839 to 1841 by the Rhenish Railway Company (German: Rheinische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft) built and when it was extended into Belgium in 1843 was the world's first cross-border railway. The most important single structure of the line was the 1623 m long Königsdorf Tunnel, which was demolished in 1954. The resulting cutting was widened in 2000 to accommodate four tracks.

Route

Horrem station
Düren station
Eschweiler station
Stolberg station

The upgrading of the line was first mentioned in the first Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan of 1973.[1] It was also included in the updated plan of 1985.[2]

Work began with a symbolic driving of a pile on 22 October 1997. The federal and state governments agreed to spend 1.1 billion D-Marks was spent on building two new tracks between Cologne and Düren for high-speed trains and develop the existing line for S-Bahn services.[3] Since 14 December 2003, trains have been able to operate on this section at up to 250 kph. Parts of the parallel S-Bahn line are only single track. All stations between Cologne and Düren were rebuilt as S-Bahn stations. Under a second stage, the section between Düren and Langerwehe is to be upgraded for speeds up to 200 km/h. The section from Eschweiler to Aachen, which currently has a speed limit of 110 km/h to 140 km/h, would be cleared for 160 km/h. The section from Aachen to Aachen-Süd (on the border with Belgium) would also be cleared for 160 km/h operations.[4]

The Busch Tunnel at the border is the oldest railway tunnel in Germany that is still in use with some parts dating back to 1838.[citation needed] When the line was electrified, the limited space inside the tunnel meant that the line had to be rebuilt as a single track. Because of the tunnel's poor conditions, speeds had to be limited to 40 km/h (25 mph). A second parallel single-line tunnel was built in between 2004 and 2007. The old tunnel is currently being rebuilt with a new lining and will be returned to service as a single track, with increased clearance.

References

  1. ^ Block, Rüdiger (1991). "Auf neuen Wegen. Die Neubaustrecken der Deutschen Bundesbahn (The new lines of the German Federal Railways)" (in German). Eisenbahn-Kurier (21): 30–35. 
  2. ^ Block, Rüdiger (1991). "ICE-Rennbahn: Die Neubaustrecken (ICE Racetrack: The new lines)" (in German). Eisenbahn-Kurier (21): 36–45. 
  3. ^ "Gemeinschaftsprojekt Köln – Aachen (Cologne - Aachen community project)". Eisenbahn-Revue International (12): 551. 1997. 
  4. ^ "Projekt Nr. 15 - ABS Köln - Aachen - Grenze D/B" (in German) (PDF). Federal Ministry of Transport, Construction and Urban Affairs. http://www.bmvbs.de/static/Schiene2006/L15.pdf. Retrieved 10 march 2010. 

See also

External links








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