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Columbia, New Hampshire
—  Town  —
Location in Coos County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 44°52′40″N 71°30′51″W / 44.87778°N 71.51417°W / 44.87778; -71.51417
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Coos
Incorporated 1797
Government
 - Board of Selectmen
Area
 - Total 60.9 sq mi (157.7 km2)
 - Land 60.8 sq mi (157.5 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)  0.10%
Elevation 1,024 ft (312 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 750
 - Density 12.3/sq mi (4.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 03576, 03590
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-13940
GNIS feature ID 0873568
Website http://www.columbianh.org/

Columbia is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 750 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Columbia was originally chartered in 1762 and named Preston, after Richard Graham, Viscount Preston of Scotland. Settlers failed to meet the terms of the original grant, so the town was regranted in 1770 with the name Cockburntown, after Sir James Cockburn of Scotland. The town was incorporated in 1797. In 1811, in the lead-up to the War of 1812, Governor John Langdon changed the name to Columbia.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.9 square miles (158 km2), of which 60.8 sq mi (157 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) is water, comprising 0.10% of the town. The highest point is the summit of Blue Mountain, at 3,720 feet (1,130 m) above sea level. Columbia lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[1]

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 750 people, 300 households, and 218 families residing in the town. The population density was 12.3 people per square mile (4.8/km²). There were 449 housing units at an average density of 7.4/sq mi (2.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.60% White, 0.13% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.27% Asian, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.

There were 300 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 113.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males.

Columbia Covered Bridge is a Howe truss structure built in 1912

The median income for a household in the town was $36,964, and the median income for a family was $42,143. Males had a median income of $27,604 versus $19,732 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,859. About 4.0% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. http://nh.water.usgs.gov/Publications/nh.intro.html.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

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