Columbia County, New York: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Columbia County, New York

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

There is also a Town of Columbia in New York.
Columbia County, New York
Seal of Columbia County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Columbia County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Seat Hudson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

648 sq mi (1,678 km²)
636 sq mi (1,647 km²)
13 sq mi (34 km²), 1.93%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

63,094
98/sq mi (38/km²)
Founded 1786
Website www.columbiacountyny.org

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 63,094. The county seat is Hudson. The name comes from the Latin feminine form of the name of Christopher Columbus, which was at the time of the formation of the county a popular proposal for the name of the United States of America. Columbia County is part of the Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam, NY Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

History

The first exploration of Columbia County was in 1609, when Henry Hudson, an explorer, sailed across the Atlantic, and up the Hudson River. An accident to his craft forced him to stop at what is now known as Columbia County, and search around for food and supplies.[1] The Americans that had lived there were the Mohican Indians. In 1612, a trade was established to colonize regions of the land. This led to the creation of Fort Orange (today Albany) and New Amsterdam (today the New York City). This allowed traders to stop along the shores of the Hudson, which led to the growth of small settlements that were intended to supply the trader's ships with supplies.[1]

In 1649, the region of land near Claverack was purchased and in 1667, more land was purchased.[2] This brought the settlement of the Dutch, which led to the development and growth of the regions. In 1664, the English took over New Netherland and renamed it the Province of New York. At this time, Fort Orange was renamed Albany.[2]

A significant settlement developed in 1710, when 1200 Germans were brought to Livingston Manor, which was located in what is now known as Dutchess County, and is now known as Germantown.[2] They were brought as indentured servants by England's Queen Anne and New York's Governor Hunter to make tar from the pine trees in the Catskill Mountains.[2]

Columbia County was formed in 1786 from portions of Albany County. In 1799, the southern boundary of Columbia County was moved soutward to include that portion of Livingston Manor located in Dutchess County.

Government and politics

Columbia County government is controlled politically by Republican elected officials as it has been for decades. But from 1996 - 2007 new voter registrations by Democrats have outpaced those by Republicans by a margin of 4 to 1.[3] This substantial shift in party affiliation is due in large part to an influx of people from New York and other cosmopolitan locales who now live either full or part-time in Columbia County. There have been efforts on the part of organizations such as "Vote Columbia" to have New York City residents, who live in a heavily Democrat-controlled area, re-register in Columbia County, thus changing the demographic in a lightly populated area.[2] The rise in the number of Democrats has resulted in there being a virtual tie in the numbers of Democrats, Republicans and those not registered in a political party in Columbia County. In 2006 Kirsten Gillibrand (D-Hudson) scored a major upset unseating three-term incumbent Republican Congressman, John Sweeney (R-Troy). In the 2007 election cycle, Democrats came within 2 seats of taking control of the Board of Supervisors. Many local residents have expressed dislike of this tactic, noting that many of these people only stayed in Columbia County on weekends, and are in rent-controlled apartments in New York City during the week. Vote Columbia, along with voter registration forms, has sent New York City residents letters insisting that they would not be putting their rent-control at risk by re-registering in Columbia County.[3]

The Board of Supervisors under the leadership of Supervisor Art Baer (R-Hillsdale) is functioning in a coalition government of sorts, with members in the minority having greater access to information and inclusion in process than was provided in most of the past decades. But the trend has been an increase in Democrats and decline in Republican voters, setting the stage for the Columbia County Democratic Committee to achieve a shift in power, perhaps as early as the 2009 elections. In the most recent Presidential elections Columbia County is considered a Democratic leaning county. John Kerry won 51% or a 5 point margin over George Bush in 2004 and Barack Obama won 53.8% over John McCain's 44.4% in 2008.

Geography

Columbia County is in the eastern part of New York State, southeast of Albany and immediately west of the Massachusetts border. The western border is the Hudson River.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 648 square miles (1,679 km²), of which, 636 square miles (1,647 km²) of it is land and 13 square miles (32 km²) of it (1.93%) is water.

The terrain is gentle, rolling hills, rising sharply into the Taconic and Berkshire Mountains along the state line.

The highest point is on the Massachusetts state line near the summit of Alander Mountain, at approximately 2,110 feet (643 m) above sea level, in the town of Copake. The lowest point is at or near sea level along the Hudson.

Advertisements

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 27,496
1800 35,322 28.5%
1810 32,390 −8.3%
1820 38,330 18.3%
1830 39,907 4.1%
1840 43,252 8.4%
1850 43,073 −0.4%
1860 47,172 9.5%
1870 47,044 −0.3%
1880 47,928 1.9%
1890 46,172 −3.7%
1900 43,211 −6.4%
1910 43,658 1.0%
1920 38,930 −10.8%
1930 41,617 6.9%
1940 41,464 −0.4%
1950 43,182 4.1%
1960 47,322 9.6%
1970 51,519 8.9%
1980 59,487 15.5%
1990 62,982 5.9%
2000 63,094 0.2%
Est. 2007[4] 62,363 −1.2%
Source[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 63,094 people, 24,796 households, and 16,588 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 30,207 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.09% White, 4.52% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. 2.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.2% were of German, 14.7% Italian, 14.5% Irish, 9.0% English, 6.3% Polish and 6.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 24,796 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,915, and the median income for a family was $49,357. Males had a median income of $34,702 versus $25,878 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,265. About 6.40% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, and villages

=> labels in parentheses indicate official political designation.
North: Rensselaer County
West: Hudson River
Greene and Ulster Counties
Columbia County East: Berkshire County, Massachusetts
South: Dutchess County

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Columbia County, NY.com. "History of Columbia County, New York". http://www.columbiacountyny.com/history.html. Retrieved 2008-02-11.  
  2. ^ a b c d Rootsweb. "History of Columbia County". http://www.rootsweb.com/~nycolumb/. Retrieved 2008-02-11.  
  3. ^ [1].|New York State - Board of Elections - Enrollment by County
  4. ^ Population Estimates as of July 1, 2007 by U.S. Census Bureau
  5. ^ New York State Department of Economic Development
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 42°15′N 73°38′W / 42.25°N 73.63°W / 42.25; -73.63


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
There is also a Town of Columbia in New York.
Columbia County, New York
Seal of Columbia County, New York
Map
File:Map of New York highlighting Columbia County.png
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1786
Seat Hudson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.93%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

63094
Website: www.columbiacountyny.org

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 63,094. The county seat is Hudson. The name comes from the Latin feminine form of the name of Christopher Columbus, which was at the time of the formation of the county a popular proposal for the name of the United States of America.

Contents

History

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Columbia County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. The other two were called Tryon County (later renamed Montgomery County) and Charlotte County (later renamed Washington County). From 1772 to 1786 Albany County included, besides the present territory of Albany County, all of the present Columbia County, as well as what are now Rensselaer, Saratoga, and Schenectady Counties, parts of the present Greene and Washington Counties, and a piece of what is now southwestern Vermont.

In 1786, Columbia County was split off from Albany County.

Geography

Columbia County is in the eastern part of New York State, southeast of Albany and immediately west of the Massachusetts border. The western border is the Hudson River.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,679 km² (648 sq mi). 1,647 km² (636 sq mi) of it is land and 32 km² (13 sq mi) of it (1.93%) is water.

The terrain is gentle, rolling hills, rising sharply into the Taconic and Berkshire Mountains along the state line.

The highest point is on the Massachusetts state line near the summit of Alander Mountain, at approximately 2,110 feet (643 m) above sea level, in the town of Copake. The lowest point is at or near sea level along the Hudson.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 63,094 people, 24,796 households, and 16,588 families residing in the county. The population density was 38/km² (99/sq mi). There were 30,207 housing units at an average density of 18/km² (48/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 92.09% White, 4.52% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. 2.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 24,796 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,915, and the median income for a family was $49,357. Males had a median income of $34,702 versus $25,878 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,265. About 6.40% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, and villages

=> labels in parentheses indicate official political designation.



North: Rensselaer County
West: Hudson River
Greene and Ulster Counties
Columbia County East: Berkshire County
South: Dutchess County

External links

Coordinates: 42°15′N 73°38′W / 42.25, -73.63


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Columbia County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Columbia County, New YorkRDF feed
County names Columbia County, New York  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New York  +
Short name Columbia County  +

This article uses material from the "Columbia County, New York" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message