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The French Navy commando unit Jaubert storms a naval vessel in a mock assault.

Contents

The term commando, in English, means a specific kind of individual soldier or military unit. In contemporary usage, commando usually means élite light infantry and/or special forces units, specialised in amphibious landings, parachuting, rappelling and similar techniques, to conduct and effect attacks. Originally “a commando” was a type of combat unit, as opposed to an individual in that unit. In other languages, commando and kommando denote a “command”, in the sense of a military unit.

In the militaries of most countries, commandos are distinctive in that they specialise in assault on conventional military targets. This is in contrast to other special forces units, which specialise in counter-terrorism, reconnaissance, and sabotage. However, the term commando is sometimes used in relation to units carrying out the latter tasks (including some civilian police units).

History

The word commando originated in the Portuguese language (Comando in Portuguese), in which it means simply "command". The modern sense of the word stems from the Dutch/Afrikaans kommando, which was derived from the Portuguese word, as a result of contact between Afrikaners and Portuguese settlers in Africa (and in Dutch and Afrikaans kommando still also means "command" including e.g. instructions given to computers).

After the Dutch Cape Colony was established in 1652, a system known as Commando Law was created. This compelled settlers, known as Free Burgers, who had been released from their indentures with the Dutch East India Company, to equip themselves with a horse and a firearm, in exchange for the right to a piece of agricultural land. When required, a mounted militia force known as a kommando would be formed, to defend the colony. As the European population at the Cape increased it was no longer practical to make every Burger comply with the Commando Law and a voluntary militia system was introduced.

In conflicts with southern African peoples (such as the Xhosa and the Zulu during and after the Great Trek), Boer communities and farmsteads formed self-equipped, mounted commandos among themselves.

In the final phase of the Second Boer War, 75,000 Boers occupied the attention of the 450,000-strong British Empire forces. Because of the numerical imbalance, the commandos (militias) adopted guerrilla or raiding tactics, to minimise their casualties and prolong the war. These tactics gave commando its modern sense of specialised raiding forces.

During and after WWII in Britain, unexplained newspaper and radio news references[citation needed] to the deeds of "the commandos" led to public misunderstanding[citation needed] about what the singular meant and thus to the modern common habit of using "a commando" to mean one member of such a unit, or one man engaged on a raiding-type operation.

World War II

Germany

In December 1939, following the success of German infiltration and sabotage operations in the Polish campaign, the German Office for Foreign and Counter-Intelligence (OKW Amt Ausland/Abwehr) formed the Brandenburger Regiment (known officially as the 800th Special Purpose Training and Construction Company). The Brandenburgers conducted a mixture of covert and conventional operations but became increasingly involved in ordinary infantry actions and were eventually converted to a Panzer-Grenadier Division, suffering heavy losses in Russia. Otto Skorzeny (most famed for his rescue of Benito Mussolini) conducted many special operations for Adolf Hitler. Skorzeny commanded Sonderlehrgang z.b.V. Oranienburg, Sonderverband z.b.V. Friedenthal, and SS-Jäger-Bataillon 502, all SS commando units.

A report written by Major-General Robert Laycock in 1947 said there was a German raid on a radar station on the Isle of Wight in 1941.[1][2]

Italy

Italy employed specialist trench raiding teams to break the stalemate of static fighting against Austria-Hungary, in the Alpine battles of World War I.

These teams were called "Arditi" (meaning "daring, brave ones"); they were almost always men under 25 in top physical condition and, possibly at first, bachelors (due to the fear of very high casualty rates). Actually the Arditi (who were led to the lines just a few hours prior to the assault, having been familiarised with the terrain via photo-reconaissance and trained on trench systems re-created ad hoc for them) suffered "fewer" casualties than regular line infantry and were highly successful in their tasks. Many of them volunteered for extreme right formations in the turbulent years after the war (the Fascist Party took pride in this and adopted the style and the mannerism of Arditi), but some of different political persuasions created the "Arditi del Popolo" (People's Arditi) and for some years held the fascist raids in check, defending Socialist and Communist Party sections, buildings, rallies and meeting points.

During the Liberation of Rome in 1944, US troops broke into the Italian Ministry of Defence building in the Italian capital and seized all the WWI materials and documents pertaining to Arditi units in the archives.[citation needed]

Italy's most renowned commando unit of World War II was Decima Flottiglia MAS ("10th Assault Vehicle Flotilla") which, from mid-1940, was responsible for the sinking and damage of a considerable tonnage of Allied ships in the Mediterranean.

After Italy surrendered in 1943, some of the Decima Flottiglia MAS were on the Allied side of the battle line and fought with the Allies, renaming themselves the Mariassalto. The others fought on the German side and kept their original name but did not operate at sea after 1943, being mostly employed against Italian partisans; some of its men were involved in atrocities against civilians.

In post-war years the Italian marine commandos were re-organised as the "Comsubin" (an abbreviation of 'Comando Subacqueo Incursori', or Underwater Raiders Command).

United Kingdom

In 1940, the British Army also formed "independent companies", later reformed as battalion sized "commandos", thereby reviving the word. It was intended that the British Army Commandos would be small, highly mobile surprise raiding and reconnaissance forces. They were not intended to remain in field operations for more than 36 hours and carried all they needed. Army Commandos were all volunteers selected from existing soldiers still in Britain.

During the war the British Army Commandos spawned several other famous British units such as the Special Air Service, the Special Boat Service and the Parachute Regiment. The British Army Commandos themselves were never regimented and were disbanded at the end of the war.

The British Special Operations Executive (SOE) also formed commando units from British and displaced European personnel eg. Cichociemni for the purpose of conducting raiding operations in occupied Europe. One example is Norwegian Independent Company 1, which was responsible for the destruction of heavy water facilities in Norway during 1941.

The Royal Navy also controlled Royal Navy Beach Parties, based on teams formed to control the evacuation of Dunkirk in 1940.[3] These were later known simply as RN Commandos, and they did not see action until they successfully fought for control of the landing beaches (as in the disastrous Dieppe Raid of 19 August 1942). The RN Commandos, including Commando "W" from the Royal Canadian Navy, saw action on D-Day.[4]

In 1942, the Royal Navy's nine Royal Marines infantry battalions were reorganized as Commandos, numbered from 40 to 48, joining the British Army Commandos in combined Commando Brigades. After the war the Army Commandos were disbanded. The Royal Marines form an enduring Brigade-strength capability as 3 Commando Brigade.[5]

The Royal Air Force also formed 15 commando units in 1942, each of which was 150 strong. These units consisted of trained technicians, armourers and maintainers who had volunteered to undertake the commando course. These RAF commandos accompanied the Allied invasion forces in all theatres; their main role was to to allow the forward operation of friendly fighters by servicing and arming them from captured air fields. However due to the forward position of these airfields, the RAF commandos were also trained to secure and make safe these airfields and to help defend them from enemy counter attack.[6]

United States

In mid-1942, the United States Army formed its Army Rangers in Northern Ireland under William O. (Bill) Darby. The Rangers were designed along the similar lines to the British Army commandos, who supervised their training. The first sizable Ranger action took place in August 1942 at the Dieppe Raid, where 50 Rangers were dispersed among the British Commandos. The first full Ranger action took place during the invasion of North West Africa in (Operation Torch) in November 1942.

During 1941, the United States Marine Corps formed commando battalions, inspired by both the British commandos and the tactics used by Chinese Communist forces, from whom they acquired the war cry "gung-ho". The USMC commandos were known collectively as Marine Raiders. On orders from President Franklin D. Roosevelt through a proposal from OSS Director Colonel William J. Donovan and the former Commander of the United States Marine Detachment Major Evans F Carlson, directed the formation of what would become The Marine Raiders. Initially this unit was to be called Marine Commandos and they were to be the counterpart to the British Commandos. The name Marine Commandos met with much controversy within the Marine Corps leading Commandant Thomas J. Holcomb to state, "the term 'Marine' is sufficient to indicate a man ready for duty at any time, and the injection of a special name, such as 'Commando,' would be undesirable and superfluous." President Roosevelt's son James Roosevelt served with The Marine Raiders. The Raiders initially saw action at the Battle of Tulagi and the Battle of Makin, as well as the Battle of Guadalcanal, the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, and other parts of the Pacific Ocean Areas. In February 1944 the four Raider battalions were converted to regular marine units.

Canada

A joint Canadian-American Commando unit, the 1st Special Service Force, nicknamed the Devil's Brigade, was formed in 1942 under the command of Colonel Robert Frederick. The unit initially saw service in the Pacific, in August 1943 at Kiska in the Aleutians campaign. However most of its operations occurred during the Italian campaign and in southern France. Its most famous raid, which was documented in the film Devil's Brigade, was the battle of Monte la Difensa. In 1945, the unit was disbanded; the Canadian members were sent to the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion as replacements, and the American members were sent to either the 101st Airborne Division or the 82nd Airborne Division as replacements.

Australia

Following the British example, the Australian Army formed commando units, known as Australian independent companies in the early stages of World War II. They first saw action in early 1942 during the Japanese assault on New Ireland, and in the Battle of Timor. Part of the 2/1st Independent Company was wiped out on New Ireland, but on Timor, the 2/2nd Independent Company formed the heart of an Allied force which engaged Japanese forces in a guerrilla campaign. The Japanese commander on the island drew parallels with the Boer War, and decided that it would take a numerical advantage of 10:1 in order to defeat the Allies. The campaign occupied the attention of an entire Japanese division for almost a year. The independent companies were later renamed commando squadrons, and they saw widespread action in the South West Pacific Area, especially in New Guinea and Borneo. In 1943, all the commando squadrons except the 2/2nd and 2/8th were grouped into the 2/6th, 2/7th and 2/9th Cavalry Commando Regiments.

Later in the war the Royal Australian Navy also formed commando units along the lines of the Royal Navy Commandos to go ashore with the first waves of major amphibious assaults, to signpost the beaches and carry out other naval tasks. These were known as RAN Commandos. Four were formed — lettered A, B, C and D like their British counterparts — and they took part in the Borneo campaign.

Z Force, an Australian-British-New Zealand military intelligence commando unit, formed by the Australian Services Reconnaissance Department, also carried out many raiding and reconnaissance operations in the South West Pacific theatre, most notably Operation Jaywick, in which they destroyed tonnes of Japanese shipping at Singapore Harbour. An attempt to replicate this success, with Operation Rimau, resulted in the death of almost all those involved. However, Z Force and other SRD units continued operations until the war's end.

Greece

The Sacred band (Greek: Ιερός Λόχος) was a Greek special forces unit formed in 1942 in the Middle East, composed entirely of Greek officers and officer cadets under the command of Col. Christodoulos Tsigantes. It fought alongside the SAS in the Libyan desert and with the SBS in the Aegean, as well as with General Leclerc's Free French Forces in Tunisia. It was disbanded in August 1945.

Japan

In 1944-45, Japanese Teishin Shudan ("Raiding Group") and Giretsu ("heroic") detachments made airborne assaults on Allied airfields in the Philippines, Marianas and Okinawa. The attacking forces varied in size from a few paratroopers to operations involving several companies. Due to the balance of forces concerned, these raids achieved little in the way of damage or casualties, and resulted in the destruction of the Japanese units concerned. Considering that there were no plans to extract these forces, and the reluctance to surrender by Japanese personnel during that era, they are often seen in the same light as kamikaze pilots of 1944-45.

After 1945

Weapons of the modern commando Jaubert are clearly visible

Australia

In Australia, the Army's commando squadrons were disbanded at the end of the war. However, in 1954, two Citizens Military Force (reserve) units, 1 and 2 Commando Companies, were raised.

1st Commando Regiment (1 Cdo Regt), a regimental structure for the reserve commando companies – and 126 Signal Squadron (Special Forces) – was formed during the 1980s. It adopted the green berets worn by its World War II predecessors.

In 1997, the Australian government ordered the conversion of 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (4RAR) into a permanent, non-reserve commando battalion, with instructors from 1st Commando Regiment and Australian Special Air Service Regiment (SASR). 126 Signal Squadron was reassigned to 4RAR and 301 Signal Squadron re-raised to join 1 Cdo Regt. In 2009, 4RAR was renamed 2nd Commando Regiment (2 Cdo Regt).

1 Cdo and 2 Cdo utilise identical selection and training courses. One company of 2 Cdo is responsible for counter-terrorism operations and response in eastern Australia and is officially known as Tactical Assault Group-East (TAG-E). This company mirrors its sister unit (the original Tactical Assault Group) in the West (TAG-W), which is part of the SASR.

Commandos from 1CDO and 2CDO have been deployed on peacekeeping and combat missions in several countries, including East Timor, the Solomon Islands, Iraq and Afghanistan.

Brazil

Brazil created its special operations forces in the 1950s. There are commando units in the Brazilian Army and in the navy. In Brazilian Army the main unit is the Brazilian Special Operations Brigade.Brazilian Navy have the COMANF Amphibious Commandos of Brazilian Marine Corps

Canada

Canadian commando forces were disbanded and recreated at various times in the post-war years, and in 1968 the Canadian Airborne Regiment was formed. It was divided into three Airborne Commandos each of company strength. This resulted in a ceiling of about 750 members in all ranks, organized into three smaller company-sized commandos. The three airborne commandos took shape around the three regimental affiliations: 1 Commando with the Royal 22e Régiment, 2 Commando with Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, and 3 Commando with The Royal Canadian Regiment. The Canadian Airborne Regiment was disbanded after the torture and murder of Shidane Arone, a Somalia civilian, in 1993, and other allegations of wrongdoing within the Regiment. Later, parliamentary investigations would question why such an elite commando unit was sent on a peacekeeping mission. (The Canadian Joint Task Force Two, or JTF2, is also sometimes referred to as a "commando" unit, but it is technically a specialist counter-terrorist unit.)

Germany

The German Army currently operates the Fernspähkompanie (Germany's elite long range reconnaissance company), and the Kommando Spezialkräfte (KSK). The KSK is stationed in Calw, in the Black forest area in southern Germany. It consists of about 1,100 soldiers, but only a nucleus of these are in fighting units. Exact numbers are not available, as this information is considered to be secret. The KSK is a part of the Special Operations Division (Div. Spezielle Operationen - DSO).

The fighting units are divided into four commando companies of about 100 men each and the special commando company with veteran members, taking supporting tasks. Each of the four commando companies has five specialised platoons:

  • 1st platoon: land insertions
  • 2nd platoon: airborne operations
  • 3rd platoon: amphibious operations
  • 4th platoon: operations in special geographic or meteorologic surroundings (e.g. mountains or polar-regions)
  • 5th platoon: reconnaissance, sniper and counter-sniper operations
  • Command Platoon

There are four commando squads in every platoon. Each of these groups consists of about four equally skilled soldiers. One of each group is specially trained as weapons expert, medic, combat engineer or communications expert respectively. Additionally a group can contain other specialists, e.g. heavy weapons or language experts.

Another special unit, the Kampfschwimmer (comparable to the U.S.N. SEALS) are operated by the German Navy.

India

In India, the term Commando is used liberally for almost any unit that has more training than their peers. This is especially true in the police forces. However, there are certain units that are trained to internationally acceptable standards. These units are some of the best trained in the world, with rich operational experience in various environments.

The Para Commandos are a special forces unit of the Indian Army. Formed in 1966, the Para Commandos are the largest and most important part of the Special Forces of India. They are highly-trained units of the Indian Army, meant to operate behind enemy lines.

The Garud Commando Force is the Special Forces unit of the Indian Air Force. The unit derives its name from Garuda, a divine bird-like creature of Hindu Mythology, but more commonly the word for eagle in Sanskrit. Garud is tasked with acting as quick response teams during attacks on critical Air Force bases and installations, search and rescue of downed pilots, forward air control and carry out strikes againsts enemy air defences and radar installations.[7]

MARCOS (marine commandos) is a commando unit of the Indian Navy designed to carry out operation on air, sea and land.

National Security Guard (NSG) personnel are popularly known as Black Cat Commandos. Their task is two fold. The Special Protection Group provides protection to the political elite of the nation. The NSG carries out hostage rescue and anti-terrorist operations.

Ghatak Force is a battalion level special unit in the Indian Army, with one in each battalion. They are used as elite infantry to spearhead attacks, carry out reconnaissance and further the objectives on the battalion in the battlefield.

The Force One is an elite commando force, which is a specialised counter terrorism unit to guard the Mumbai metropolitan area, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, formed by Government of Maharashtra on the lines of National Security Guards (NSG).[8].

Pakistan

Special Service Group (SSG) is an independent commando division of the Pakistan Army. It is an elite special operations force. Official numbers are put at 2,100 men, in 3 Battalions; however the actual strength is classified. Based out of Cherat and Attock, the SSG was created in 1956 with active support from U.S. Special Operations Forces. That year the 19th Battalion of the Baloch Regiment (19 Baloch) was selected for conversion to a Special Operation Force. The SSG also has a unit in the Pakistan Navy known as SSGN. The SSGN currently maintains headquarters in Karachi headed by Pakistan Navy Commander. The SSG in 2001 created a special forces unit for the Pakistan Air Force called the Special Service Wing otherwise known as SSW. This new component to the Special Forces of Pakistan is still being trained and built up. Recenly in 2006 SSGN create 2 new cdo groups as like PAK SEAL,s and vbss. the pak seal,s will opprate at a time sea , air and land.

Portugal

The Portuguese Army created the Comandos, during the Portuguese Colonial War to conduct special actions in Portuguese territory or abroad, to fight as assault infantry / shock troops and to provide the high political and military commands with a force able to conduct irregular operations. The first units were created in Northern Angola in 1962.

Beyond the Comandos, the Portuguese Armed and Security Forces used several other commando type forces in the Colonial War in Angola, Mozambique and Guinea, like the Caçadores Especiais (Special Hunters) of the Portuguese Army, the Caçadores Paraquedistas (Parachute Hunters) of the Portuguese Air Force, the Fuzileiros Especiais (Special Marines) of the Portuguese Navy, the Flechas (Arrows) of the International and State Defense Police and the Grupos Especiais (Special Groups) of the Government of Mozambique.

Presently, the Portuguese Armed Forces have the following commando type forces: the Special Operation Troops, the Comando Troops, the Parachute Troops, the Marines Special Actions Detachment and the Force Protection Force of the Air Force.

Rhodesia

During the Rhodesian Bush War of 1965-1980, the Rhodesian military increased its usage of commando type of operations in fighting a counter-insurgent war againt freedom-fighters (political dissidents seeking majority rule)until the formation of Zimbabwe.

United Kingdom

3 Commando Brigade, Royal Marines is under the command of the Royal Navy's Commander in Chief Fleet. All Royal Marines (other than the Royal Marines Band Service) are commando trained on entry to the Corps, with supporting units and individuals from the other services undertaking the All Arms Commando Course as required.

The Brigade is made up of the UK Landing Force Support Group (Headquarters Battalion), 40 Commando (home base: Taunton), 42 Commando (Bickleigh, Plymouth) and 45 Commando (Arbroath, Scotland), the Commando Logistic Regiment, 539 Assault Squadron Royal Marines, 29 Commando Regiment Royal Artillery, 24 Commando Regiment Royal Engineers and 1st battalion, The Rifles[9] .

Vietnam

NVA commando or sapper at work

The North Vietnamese produced some of the most effective commando units of the post WWII era. Called sappers, these units represented a force economy measure for the NVA (North Vietnamese Army) and the Viet Cong. With large scale conventional attacks increasingly untenable, small commando operations came into their own, particularly after the Tet Offensive, and at times inflicted severe damage to US and ARVN troops and bases.[10]

Sappers were originally supporting adjuncts to regular formations prior to 1967, but in time, independent formations were created throughout the Vietnam arena. Sappers could operate in support of a larger regular infantry formation, or as the main spearhead themselves, with regulars as backup. In the spearhead mode, they represented their most potent threat.[11] A typical raiding operation was divided into 4 elements: Assault, Fire-Support, Security and Reserves. Assault teams were generally broken down into three-five man cells. Fire-support was critical, as it forced defenders to keep their heads down, while infiltrating assault elements made their final penetrations. One of the most devastating attacks was against the US Firebase, FSB Maryann in 1971.[12] See chart for detailed breakdown of a typical sapper raiding party.

Typical sapper formation with 4 echelons: Assault, Security, Reserve, and Fire-support

While small in terms of total men deployed throughout the Vietnam theater, sapper attacks had a significant impact for the NLF/PAVN effort. As one US Army history puts it:[13]

From the beginning of 1968 until mid-1969, sappers were essential to the enemy's effort. Although they participated in only 4 percent of all assaults, these made up 12 percent of all significant assaults—those which inflicted serious damage. In 1969, the average raid inflicted more than $1,000,000 damage and accounted for more allied casualties.

See also

References

  1. ^ Commando Country, Stuart Allan, National Museums Scotland 2007, ISBN 9781905267149
  2. ^ Raids in the Late War and their Lessons, R. Laycock, Journal of the Royal United Service Institution November 1947 pp 534-535
  3. ^ TheHistoryNet | World War II | Royal Navy Commandos in World War II
  4. ^ "Beach Organisation for the Invasion of Normandy, 1944". http://www.rafbeachunits.info/html/beach_organisation.html. "The Royal Navy Beach Commandos controlled the arrival and departure of vessels that were landing their cargoes on the beaches. In each RN Beach Commando was a Principal Beachmaster (PBM), an Assistant Principal Beachmaster and two or three beach parties each consisting of a Beachmaster, two Assistant Beachmasters and about 20 seamen." 
  5. ^ Neillands, Robin. The Raiders - the Army Commandos 1940-46. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0297794264. 
  6. ^ http://www.raf.mod.uk/dday/scus.html
  7. ^ Press Information Bureau, Government of India (18 December 2003). "Constitution of Commando Force". Press release. http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=262. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  8. ^ "Eagles have landed". MiD DAY. 2009-11-09. http://www.mid-day.com/news/2009/nov/091109-anti-terror-commando-26-11-mumbai-terror-attack-Taj-Trident.htm. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ US Army Center for Military History, Vietnam Studies, "FIELD ARTILLERY, 1954-1973," by Major General David Ewing Ott, (DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY: WASHINGTON, D.C., 1975) p. 1-13
  11. ^ US Army, 'FIELD ARTILLERY" op. cit
  12. ^ Keith William Nolan, Sappers In the Wire: The Life and Death of Firebase Mary Ann, (Texas A&M University Press: 1995) pp. 23-119, 200-245
  13. ^ US Army Center for Military History, Vietnam Studies, "FIELD ARTILLERY, 1954-1973," op. cit

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Commando (film) article)

From Wikiquote

Commando (first released on October 4th, 1985) is a Hollywood action movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. It is still enjoyed today on video for its camp value, hillarious one-liners, and humorously over-the-top violence.

Contents

John Matrix

  • [Fighting Cooke] I eat green berets for breakfast and right now, I'm very hungry!
  • All that matters to me now is Jenny.
  • [Before fighting Bennett] C'mon, Bennett, let's party!
  • [After throwing a pipe through him with steam coming out of it] Let off some steam, Bennett.
  • [Cooke says, "Fuck you, asshole", but discovers his gun is empty] Fuck you, asshole.
  • You're a funny guy, Sully. I like you. That's why I'm going to kill you last.
  • [Dangling Sully over the cliff] Listen, loyalty is very touching but it is not the most important thing in your life right now. But what is important is GRAVITY!
  • [Dangling Sully over the cliff] And I got to remind you, Sully: This is my weak arm!
  • [Dangling Sully over the cliff] Remember, Sully, when I promised to kill you last? I lied. [drops Sully]
  • [After breaking the man's neck on the plane] ...And do me a favor - don't disturb my friend. He's dead tired.
  • [After killing Cooke] We'll take Cooke's car. He won't be needing it.
  • Como esta?

Bennett

  • [hearing explosions] Welcome back, John. So glad you could make it!
  • John, I'm not going to shoot you between the eyes, I'm going to shoot you between the balls!
  • They offered me a hundred grand. You want to know something? When I found out I could get my hands on you, I said I'd do it for nothing.
  • John, stick your head out, one shot, right between the eyes, I'll make it quick, just for old time sake.
  • Ever since you had me thrown out of your unit, I've waited to pay you back. Do you know what today is Matrix?... Pay day!
  • John!.. I'll be ready, John!
  • CATCH... YOU!!!
  • John, I feel good!
  • NO - Not daddy...
  • What does it feel like to be a dying man?... your a dead man John!
  • Tranquilizers... I wanted to use the real thing!!
  • You're getting old, John. You're getting old.

Jenny

  • Not nearly as nice as watching him smash your face in.
  • Got a warrant?
  • Daddy?
  • What is that Army helicopter doing here? You said you wouldn't go away again. You said you were done.
  • Dad, that is so old.
  • Is it bad?
  • (In response to "What's in this?", referring to a sandwhich) You don't wanna know.
  • (General Kirby asks her to let him talk to John in private) No way, Jose

Dialogue

Lawson: [carrying garbage] I was afraid you'd miss me...
Cooke: [drawing his gun] Don't worry. We won't.

Forrestal: Now that is American workmanship. You think the japanese invented that? Bullshit. We did. Oh, for a while there we lost it. But we got it back.
Cooke: I like Cadillacs.
Forrestal: You like Cadillacs, well come round around here, brother, and get into this Cadillac. You gonna love it. This is style and beauty... Comfy, right? Oh, I know what you gonna say, that's vinyl. Take it from me, you don't want leather, brother. Leather's hot. It's uncomfortable. It cracks. Nothing but trouble. Look at the headroom you've got in here. A guy like you is not gonna have any problem. Go ahead, start it up. Listen to that. That's power. That's performance.
Cooke: You know what I like best?
Forrestal: What's that?
Cooke: ... The price. [Cranks up the car and backs up]
Forrestal: Eh, wait a minute! You can't drive that car in here! Whoa! Whoa! [Cooke speeds up and runs over Forrestal]

Matrix: [Reading a magazine Why can't they just call him "Girl George"? It would get rid of all the confusion.
Jenny: Dad, that is so old.

Matrix: [To Jenny, referring to a sandwhich she made him] What's in this?
Jenny: (Jokingly) You don't wanna know.

Jenny: [After Kirby leaves] Is it bad?
Matrix: I'm not going away, if that's what you mean.
Jenny: The it can't be bad.

Diaz: Mellow out man. We can't talk business with you waving guns in people's faces... Your daughter is safe, Colonel. Now whether she stays that way is up to you. My people got some business with you. And if you want your kid back, then you gotta co-operate, right?
Matrix: WRONG! [shoots him between the eyes]

Bennett: Sully will make sure you get on the plane. Henrique is to stay with you, make sure you get off. If I don't hear of either one of them, she's dead.
Matrix: How much are they payin' you, Bennett?
Bennett: They offered me a hundred grand. You want to know something? When I found out I could get my hands on you, I said I'd do it for nothing...
Henrique: Hey, hold it! [grabs Matrix by the arm]
Matrix: I'll be back, Bennett!...
Bennett:... John, I'll be ready, John!

Sully: Have a nice trip, uh? Take care. Oh, here. Have some beers in Val Verde, Matrix. It'll give everyone a little more time with your daughter.
Henrique: Heh.
Matrix: You're a funny guy, Sully, I like you. That's why I'm going to kill you last...
Henrique: Move.
Sully:... Hasta luego, fellas.

Stewardess: Any carry-on luggage?
Matrix: [pointing to Henrique] Just him.
Henrique: [to Matrix] Open your mouth again and I'll nail it shut.

Stewardess: Sir! During takeoff you must remain seated.
Matrix: I'm air sick...

Arius: [To Jenny] Your father seems to be co-operating. You'll be together with him again soon. Won't that be nice?
Jenny: Not nearly as nice as watching him kick your ass. (Directors cut)

Sully: You know i've got something I'd really like to give you.
Cindy: I'm not interested!
Sully: Ohh, you don't know what you're missing
Cindy: Well from here it looks like a nightmare, will you please leave me alone!
Sully: ... You fucking whore

Police Officier: Attention all units, emergency on theater level, suspect six foot two, brown hair. He is one gigantic motherfucker...

Cindy: You steal my car, you rip the seat out, you kidnap me, you ask me to help you find your daughter which I very kindly do, and then you get me involved in a shoot out where people are dying and there's blood spurting all over the place, and then I watch you rip a phone booth out of a wall, swing from the ceiling like Tarzan, and then there's a cop that's going to shoot you and I save you and they start chasing me. Are you going to tell me what's going on or what?
Matrix: No.

Matrix: Where is she, Sully?
Sully: Kiss my ass...
Matrix: [pushes him] I can't hear you!
Sully: I'll say it a little louder: get fucked!
Matrix: Listen, your loyalty is very touching (carries him to the edge of a cliff) but it is not the most important thing in your life right now! But what is important is GRAVITY. And I have to remind you, Sully (Pats the arm he holds Sully with) this is my weak arm!
Sully: You can't kill me, Matrix! You need me to find your daughter!
Matrix: Where is she?
Sully: I don't know! But Cooke knows! I'll take you where I'm supposed to meet him!
Matrix: But you won't.
Sully: Why not?
Matrix: (Dangles key in front of Sully's face) Because I already know. (Sully whimpers) Remember, Sully, when I promised to kill you last?
Sully: That's right Matrix, you did!
Matrix: I lied. (Drops Sully)
Sully: UUUUHLLLUUUUAAAALLLLAAAALLLLAHHHHH!!!!...

[After Matrix dropped Sully of the cliff]
Cindy: What did you do with Sully?
Matrix: I let him go...

Cook: Scared, motherfucker? Well you should be, 'cos this Green Beret's going to kick your big ass!
Matrix: I eat Green Berets for breakfast and right now I am VERY hungry!
Cindy: I can't believe this macho bullshit!

Soldier: Slitting a little girl's throat is like a warm knife through butter.
Bennett: [to the soldier] Put the knife away, and shut your mouth.

Bennett: I love listening to your little piss ant soldiers trying to talk tough, they make me laugh. If Matrix was here, he'd laugh too.
Arius: My soldiers are patriots.
Bennett: Your soldiers are nothing, Matrix and I could kill every one of them, at the blink of an eye - you remember that.
Arius: Are you trying to frighten me Mr Bennett?
Bennett: I don't have to try. When Matrix finishes the job, he'll be back for his daughter - no matter whether she's dead or alive, it doesn't matter. Then he'll be after you, and the only thing between Matrix and you... is me.
Arius: I think it is you that is afraid Mr Bennett, you are afraid of Matrix.
Bennett: Of course, I'm smart. But I have an edge, I have his daughter...

John: [To Cindy] Don't break the silence until they've seen me.
Cindy: How will I know?
John: Because all fucking hell is gonna break loose.

Bennett: [after he shot Matrix] John! How's your arm John?
Matrix: [hidden behind a wall] Come over and find out!
Bennett: No thanks, I think I'll take a pass. John, stick your head out, one shot, right between the eyes, I'll make it quick, just for old time sake.
Matrix: Bennet, stop screwing around and let the girl go! It's me that you want! (Bennet laughs) I've only got one arm! You can beat me! (Gets out.) C'mon, Bennet. Throw away that chickenshit gun. Don't just pull the trigger. (Holds up a knife) You wanna put a knife in me. (Mysteriously)Look me in the eyes, and see what's going on in there when you turn it. That's what you want to do, right?
Bennet: (Nervous whisper) I can kill you, John.
Matrix: C'mon. Let the girl go. It's between you and me. Don't deprive yourself of some pleasure. C'mon, Bennet, let's party!
Bennet: I can beat you. I don't need the girl. (Pushes Jenny aside) I don't need the girl! I-- I don't need the gun, John. I can beat you! I DON'T NEED NO GUN! (Throws it down and takes out a knife) I KILL YOU NOW!!!!!

Bennett: [Punching him] John, I feel good! Just like old times... What does it feel like to be a dying man?... you're a dead man John!
Matrix: Bullshit! [Punches back]

Cast

External Links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

COMMANDO, a Portuguese word meaning "command," adopted by the Boers in South Africa through whom it has come into English use, for military and semi-military expeditions against the natives. More particularly a "commando" was the administrative and tactical unit of the forces of the former Boer republics, "commandeered" under the law of the constitutions. which made military service obligatory on all males between the ages of sixteen and sixty. Each "commando" was formed from the burghers of military age of an electoral district.


<< Commandery

Commemoration >>


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to commando article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA: /kəˈmæn.dəʊ/, SAMPA: /k@"m{n.d@U/

Noun

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
commando

Plural
commandos

commando (plural commandos)

  1. A small fighting force specially trained for making quick destructive raids against enemy-held areas
  2. A commando trooper
  3. (historical) An organized force of Boer troops in South Africa; a raid by such troops

Derived terms

Translations


Italian

Noun

commando m. (plural commandi)

  1. commando (troop)

Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

Commando
Box artwork for Commando.
Developer(s) Capcom
Publisher(s) Capcom
Japanese title 戦場の狼 (Senjou no Ookami)
Release date(s)
Genre(s) Shooter
System(s) Arcade, Amstrad CPC, Atari 2600, Atari 7800, Atari ST, Commodore 64/128, Commodore Amiga, Intellivision, MS-DOS, MSX, NES, Sinclair ZX Spectrum, Mobile
Players 1-2
Followed by Mercs
Commando marquee

Commando (known in Japan as Senjou no Ookami, translated as "Wolf of the battlefield") is a vertically scrolling shoot 'em up arcade game developed by Capcom, and released in 1985. Its influence can be seen in several later games in the genre such as Ikari Warriors. The player (Super Joe) starts by being dropped off in a jungle by a helicopter, and has to fight his way out singlehandedly, fending off a massive assault of enemy soldiers wearing German WWII-era uniforms.

Super Joe is armed with a sub-machine gun (which has unlimited ammunition) as well as a limited supply of hand grenades. While Joe can fire his gun in any of the eight directions that he faces, his grenades can only be thrown vertically towards the top of the screen, irrespective of the direction Joe is facing. Unlike his SMG bullets, grenades can be thrown to clear obstacles, and explosions from well placed grenades can kill several enemies at once.

At the end of each level, the screen stops, and the player must fight several soldiers streaming from a gate or fortress. They are ordered out by a cowardly officer, who immediately runs away, although shooting him in the back awards the player bonus points. Along the way, one can attempt to free prisoners of war as they are transported across the screen by the enemy.

It was released for several platforms, including the Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC, MSX, ZX Spectrum, Intellivision, Atari 2600, Atari 7800, Commodore Amiga, NES, Acorn Electron, BBC Micro and PC. Versions of the game also appear on Capcom Classics Collection for the PlayStation 2, Xbox, and PSP, and Activision Anthology for the Playstation 2. All versions of the game are very similar, with the same graphics (taking into account the various limitations of the platforms).

As the crack shot Commando, your mission is to move forward into enemy territory. You must destroy the enemy and their base by passing through the Iron Walls.

Table of Contents


Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Commando

Developer(s) Capcom
Publisher(s) Capcom
NES
Data East
Arcade
Activision
Atari 2600
INTV
Intellivision
Release date Arcade:
1985
Famicom:
September 27, 1986 (JP)
NES:
November 1986 (NA)
Intellivision:
1987 (NA)
Atari 2600:
1988 (NA)
Genre Run and Gun
Mode(s) Single player
Age rating(s) N/A
Arcade
Atari 2600
Intellivision
Platform(s) Arcade
Atari 2600
Intellivision
BBC Micro
Acorn Electron
Amiga
Amstrad CPC
Commodore 64
ZX Spectrum
Nintendo Entertainment System
Media Cartridge
NES
Input Atari 2600 Joystick
Intellivision Controller
NES Controller
Credits | Soundtrack | Codes | Walkthrough


Commando (Senjō no Ookami) is a game released in arcades and was later ported to many home consoles and computers.

Gameplay

The game is a vertical Run and Gun arcade game released in 1985. Its influence can be seen in several later games in the genre.

Levels

These are the levels of the arcade version:

  • Mission 1:
    • 1st Area: Jungle Drop Off, Barricade Territory.
    • 2nd Area: The Trench "No Mans Land", Cannon Turret Gauntlet.
    • 3rd Area: The Field Barracks, The Transit Zone.
    • 4th Area: Bridges to Airport, 1st Enemy Airport.
  • Mission 2:
    • 1st Area: 2nd Jungle Territory, The Marsh Lands.
    • 2nd Area: 2nd Cannon Turret Gauntlet, The Trench/Bridge Territory.
    • 3rd Area: The Enemy Main Barracks, "Bazooka Alley" Territory.
    • 4th Area: The Capital Outskirts, The International Airport.

Gallery

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This article uses material from the "Commando" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Commandos are military soldiers who have been highly trained in combat. In many armies, they are used to rescue hostages and board enemy ships.









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