Company · Business
Sole proprietorship Corporation
|S corporation · C corporation
LLC · LLLP · Series LLC
Massachusetts business trust
|UK / Ireland / Commonwealth|
Community interest company
|European Union / EEA|
|SE · SCE · SPE · EEIG|
|AB · AG · ANS · A/S · AS · GmbH
K.K. · N.V. · OY · S.A. · more
Limited liability · Ultra vires
Business judgment rule
Internal affairs doctrine Piercing the corporate veil
|Contract · Civil procedure|
Commercial law (sometimes known as business law) is the body of law that governs business and commercial transactions. It is often considered to be a branch of civil law and deals with issues of both private law and public law.
Commercial law includes within its compass such titles as principal and agent; carriage by land and sea; merchant shipping; guarantee; marine, fire, life, and accident insurance; bills of exchange and partnership. It can also be understood to regulate corporate contracts, hiring practices, and the manufacture and sales of consumer goods. Many countries have adopted civil codes that contain comprehensive statements of their commercial law. In the United States, commercial law is the province of both the United States Congress, under its power to regulate interstate commerce, and the states, under their police power. Efforts have been made to create a unified body of commercial law in the United States; the most successful of these attempts has resulted in the general adoption of the Uniform Commercial Code.
Various regulatory schemes control how commerce is conducted. Privacy laws, safety laws (e.g., the Occupational Safety and Health Act in the United States), and food and drug laws are some examples.