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Commerzbank-Arena
Waldstadion
Commerzbank-Arenalogo.jpg
Coba-arena-ffm004.jpg
Former names Waldstadion (1925-2005)
FIFA World Cup Stadium, Frankfurt (2006 FIFA World Cup)
Location Frankfurt, Hesse
Germany Germany
Built 1925
Opened May 21, 1925
Renovated 1937, 1953, 1974, 2005
Owner Waldstadion Frankfurt Gesellschaft für Projektentwicklung
Operator Stadion Frankfurt Management GmbH
Surface Grass
Construction cost 150 million[1]
Architect Gerkan, Marg & Partner[2]
Max Bögl[3]
Capacity Football: 52,300 (9,300 standing)
American football: 48,000
Concert: 55,000
Field dimensions 105 m x 68 m
Tenants
Eintracht Frankfurt (Bundesliga) 1925-present
Frankfurt Galaxy (NFL Europa) 1995-2007
SV Wehen Wiesbaden (2nd Bundesliga) 2007
FSV Frankfurt (2nd Bundesliga) 2008-2009
The Commerzbank-Arena viewed from Maintower.

The Commerzbank-Arena is a sports stadium in Frankfurt, Germany. Commonly known by its original name, Waldstadion, the stadium opened in 1925. The stadium has been upgraded several times since then, the most recent remodelling was before the 2006 FIFA World Cup from 2002 to 2005 redeveloped it as a pure football stadium in time for the [[2005 FIFA Confederations Cup]. With a capacity of 51,500 spectators, it is among the ten largest football stadiums in Germany.

The sports complex, which is owned by the city of Frankfurt, includes the actual stadium and other sports facilities, including a swimming pool, a tennis complex, a beach volleyball court and a winter sports hall. A previously existing cycling tracks, an ice rink and a mini golf facility is no longer available. The arena is connected to the train station Frankfurt stadium to the S7, S8 and S9 of the public train network.

Main users of the Commerzbank-Arena is a football Bundesliga club Eintracht Frankfurt. The office of the professionals who Eintracht Frankfurt Fußball AG, located in the West Stand of the arena.

Contents

History

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First Stadium

The original Waldstadion was designed by the horticultural director Max Bromme and after four years of construction it was opened on May 21, 1925. As a location we had selected the site of a former military shooting range, and outlined a sports park with grounds and integrated cycling and swimming pool. The stadium had inspired a capacity of 35,000 spectators who were in reinforced concrete grandstand running an ancient Greek theater. First national major event was the final of the German Soccer Championship on 7 June 1925. The 1st FC Nürnberg beat the home FSV Frankfurt 1-0. Other sporting highlights of the twenties were, among other things, the first workers' Olympics 1925 and football internationals against Italy and Switzerland as well as an athletics-international match, also against Switzerland. The targeted application to host the 1936 Olympic Games but had to be withdrawn in favor of the capital Berlin. In 1937, the spectator capacity through expansion of the back straight was increased to 55,000.

Under the Nazis was now a "sports field" designated Waldstadion in the thirties used for political events, especially parades and gatherings, with up to 150,000 participants. One of the latest sporting highlights before the Second World War was the world record over 400 m by Rudolf Harbig on 12 August 1939. August, 1939.

After the war, the Waldstadion was initially seized by American soldiers, "Victory Stadium, renamed and used for their own purposes. Already released in July 1946, the stadium was, however, again for German events. Sporting highlights of the postwar period were the German Athletics Championships 1946, FINEST-league local derby of harmony, FSV and the Kickers Offenbach, the comeback of Max Schmeling and his KO victory against Werner Vollmer, 28 September 1947 sowie das Deutsche Turnfest 1948. September 1947 and the German Gymnastics Festival in 1948.

The first modification and the introduction of the Bundesliga

A "Chaos Game" gave rise to the first major Complete installation. At the football game against Eintracht Frankfurt FC Kaiserslautern in May 1953, there were almost 70,000 tickets for the 55,000 spectators for major combat train designed have been sold, so it came to blows with more than 200 injured and forced more than thousands of fans sought admission. The city of Frankfurt decided that the first comprehensive modernization.

The renovated and enlarged Waldstadion was after 19 months of construction on 14 May 1955 be passed back to his sporting destination. Outstanding sports events of the fifties included the German Athletics Championships 1955, football matches in Germany against Switzerland and against Spain and the participation of concord in the final round for the German championship in 1959. In the game against FK Pirmasens a valid to this day attendance record was set. 81,000 people watched on 23 May the victory of the harmony that struck later in the final in Berlin, the archrival of Kickers Offenbach and the first time and until now the only time was German football champions.

In December 1960 the oval was opened within the velodrome an ice rink. Here are the ice hockey team of Eintracht Frankfurt until 1981, their games from wearing. Also in 1960 the stadium was given the international demands sufficient, then probably the most modern floodlights Germany. The Waldstadion experienced in the 1959/60 season, some memorable matches of the UEFA Cup against Eintracht Young Boys Berne, the Wiener Sport-Club and the Glasgow Rangers, who were defeated in the semifinals before 77,000 spectators with a 6-1 (second leg 6-3). Only in the finale, also in Glasgow, the Frankfurt defeated the then dominant in Europe team of Real Madrid with 3:7. The first Bundesliga game in the Waldstadion took place on 24 August 1963 statt. The meeting of the unity against 1 FC Kaiserslautern on the opening day of the newly established highest German soccer class ended 1:1.

Other sporting highlights of the sixties were the World Championships in track cycling in 1966 and the battle for the heavyweight boxing championship between Muhammad Ali and Karl Mildenberger, 10 September 1966, den Ali nach Abbruch in der 12. September 1966, Ali after the demolition in the 12th Win round before 22,000 spectators could.

Second Reconstruction

The second major renovation of the Waldstadion was needed for the 1974 FIFA World Cup. From May 1972 to January 1974, the stadium was rebuilt virtually from scratch to meet the requirements of the World Cup venues in comfort and safety to be. On 13 June 1974 took place in the Waldstadion the Opening Ceremony for the 1974 FIFA World Cup, in addition, five group games were played. Unforgettable especially the "water battle in Frankfurt on 3 July, defeated as the German team in the decisive game in the second final round of the opponents from Poland on a virtually unplayable place with 1-0, and moved into the final was in Munich with the victory over the Netherlands champion. The obvious need of drainage and a soil heating were installed in 1978.

Other highlights of the seventies were the DFB-Cup-final and the German Athletics Championships 1976 and the games in the UEFA Cup 1979-80, who after winning the UEFA Cup with a 1-0 at Eintracht Frankfurt in the final second leg against Borussia Moenchengladbach ended in May 21, 1980.

New events in the 1980s and 90s

Even in the eighties, it had attracted, first, the well-known sports that attract large audiences to the Waldstadion. Besides the German Gymnastics Festival in 1983, the German Athletics Championships 1988, the finals at the DFB Cup in 1982 and 1984 and the Super Cup in 1987 and 1988 are here, above all the matches of the UEFA Euro 1988 call to commemorate those modern video scoreboard installed and the first VIP facilities were built.

In addition, the German Evangelical Church Congress opened in 1987 and open-air viewers new layers, for example Supertramp 1983, Bruce Springsteen in 1985 and 1988, Madonna 1987, Prince (1988), the Rolling Stones and Tina Turner (1990). In the nineties, followed by performances by Marius Müller-Westernhagen, the Dire Straits, U2, Bon Jovi and Michael Jackson for his appearance, even the top match of the Bundesliga Eintracht Frankfurt against Bayern Munich was relocated.

As a new sports were mass events of 1992 to 1994 world championships in women's tennis, the Federation Cup, held at the new tennis courts of the Waldstadion. On the path of the main fighting American football was with the Frankfurt Galaxy for the first time on March 23, 1991 entry into the Waldstadion and could establish themselves for sixteen years in the Rhine-Main region. The then Waldstadion in 1998 and 2000, was the venue for the World Bowl, the final match of the NFL Europe.

The football in the Waldstadion was from the mid-1990s, however only several second-rate, as the home club Eintracht Frankfurt in 1996 for two years, again in 2001 for two years and in 2004 for one year each descended from the Bundesliga. Since the resurgence of the concord on 22 May 2005 in the then already almost finished the new arena include the Waldstadion but again permanently to the homes of the 1st Bundesliga.

The ladies were successful. On May 23, 2002 took place in the Waldstadion the first final held at the newly created soccer Europe Cup Women. The home team of the 1st FFC Frankfurt was by a 2-0 on the Swedish club Umea IK first title-makers.

Upon completion of the season started on 17 June 2002 the order or new construction of the Waldstadion with a symbolic Baggerbiss.

Today's arena

Construction and Architecture

In today's arena is already at the fourth stadium on the same site. It was designed in 2000 by the Hamburg architects office Gerkan, Marg and Partners in collaboration with the Stuttgart engineers Schlaich, Berger und Partner and built from 2002 to 2005 for the 2006 World Cup in Germany. When running Spielbetrieb the stadium section by section - to grandstand grandstand was rebuilt -. Officially, spoken by a modification, but in reality it is a new building at the same place.

The present Commerzbank-Arena is a football stadium in contrast to the previous building and has no athletic career. While were away in the old stadium, the audience capacity of up to 125 meters from the field, allowed the waiver of his career, bringing us closer to the grandstand court. So that no spectators is less than 60 meters from the board. The 51,500 spectators at the football pitches divided into two ranks, as well as a two-story "Zwischenband" in which 74 "are business-boxes located. During American football games as well as at international football matches, the standing area is usually converted into a seating area, resulting in a reduced capacity of 48.500 spectators. In the games of the 2006 World Cup was the official capacity, according to the FIFA 48,000 places. During concerts, see the Commerzbank Arena also up to 65,000 spectators. The slightly curved grandstands are embedded in the existing embankments. An integrated garage has 1800 parking spaces. The stadium is 210 meters long and 190 meters wide, has a gross floor area of approximately 110,000 m² and an enclosed space of approximately 480,000 cubic meters.

Striking feature is the 37,500 m² large tent, which is modeled on a rim with spokes. The roof load of 3,000 tons is supported by 44 main pillars derived by means of wire cables and an outer compression ring on the outer walls of the stadium. The Innendach covered with 9,000 square meters, the entire board, and after presentation of the arena operator, "the largest steel-cable-membrane Innendach" in the world. It can be completely folded in the centrally mounted, 30 tonne and 31 m³ huge video cube. The stadium is therefore also called "the biggest convertible in the world" means. [8] The process of closing and opening of the manufactured from Teflon-coated polyester fabric Innendachs takes you about 15 to 20 minutes. It must however be in bad weather and snowfall is not closed.

The lockable roof allows for heavy rain a weather running events, although there were initially some problems with the system: Sun gathered in June 2005 during the final of the Confederations Cup, the rain that fell up to seven liters per square meter from the sky due to a bad strain of Dachtragewerks in a hollow flowed off by an overflow valve in the corner flag and awoke memories of the "water battle" of the 1974 World Cup. The League failed in everyday life in October 2005, the opening mechanism due to a hydraulics failure. The rain water collected in the folds of the half-open roof and selectively streamed onto the lawn. Additional margins since then have been no more, but usually remains in the roof Bundesliga games open.

Current usage

The new Waldstadion is primarily designed as a football arena, but can be used for other turf sports like American football and major events. The grandstand offers rooms that are for meetings, conventions and other events in external markets.

The new arena was officially opened at the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup, the test run for the 2006 World Cup. In the new Waldstadion found both the opening match Germany v Australia (final score 4-3) and the final against Brazil rather than Argentina (final score 4:1).

During the South Korea vs Togo match the roof was closed over the stadium, despite the weather being dry and sunny, presumably to shade the whole pitch and avoid the effects of the shadow. This decision was criticised by some because it meant the stadium became very hot and humid on an already hot and humid day.

Naming Rights

As part of a naming sponsorship by Commerzbank AG, the Waldstadion on 1 May 2005 for ten years has been renamed the Commerzbank Arena. Commerzbank will pay for that right around 30 million euros to the city hosting company. Both the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 2006 World Cup, the stadium could not be officially known as the only FIFA World Cup Stadium Frankfurt, since FIFA names under sponsorship of these contests do not allow.

Since autumn 2006, the lettering of Commerzbank on the roof of the stadium is one of the largest neon signs in the world. The letters can reach almost the size of the famous Hollywood Signs.

The renaming of the Waldstadion is controversial and came especially for the football fans of Eintracht Frankfurt and other groups with incomprehension. Many continue to speak of "Waldstadion," which they show by fan chants against commercialization. Even Rolf Mueller, President of the Land Hesse Sports Organization, sees the loss of the historic name in a loss of sporting identity. In the media, the stadium is sometimes called the World Cup arena.

Miscellaneous

As with other modern stadiums with grandstands close and comprehensive roofing of spectator stands is also in the Commerzbank-Arena, the quality of the turf worse than in a large athletics stadium. More often than in the previous Waldstadion the court should even be replaced completely. In the autumn of 2007 was for this reason a lawn lighting system installed in the arena. The powerful lighting system of special lamps on days the lawn, which can then in cold and dark days are growing more and less completely to be discarded. A few days after a Madonna concert in September 2008 had the first time a league game at Commerzbank be-canceled arena because of the damaged lawn. While the turf was replaced after the concert, due to the lack Shut the turf in the subsoil, the risk of injury to players by the referee but was considered too great.

In January 2007 the church was consecrated in the arena. According to the chapels in Berlin's Olympic Stadium and the Veltins-Arena in Gelsenkirchen is the third prayer room in a German stadium. As an evangelical pastor is there, Freddie Green operates a well-known composers and lyricists of modern hymns. In November 2007, the concord museum in the Commerzbank-Arena was opened. At over 400 square meters of exhibition documented that more than one hundred year history of Eintracht Frankfurt.

2006 FIFA World Cup

The stadium was one of the venues for the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 2006:

Date Time (CET) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
10 June 2006
15.00
 England
1 – 0
 Paraguay
Group B
48,000
13 June 2006
15.00
 Korea Republic
2 – 1
 Togo
Group G
48,000
17 June 2006
15.00
 Portugal
2 – 0
 Iran
Group D
48,000
21 June 2006
21.00
 Netherlands
0 – 0
 Argentina
Group C
48,000
1 July 2006
21.00
 Brazil
0 – 1
 France
Quarter-finals
48,000

Other events

Following musicians played shows at the Waldstadion:

In August and September 2007, the Commerzbank-Arena temporarily served as the home ground of the newly promoted 2nd Bundesliga side SV Wehen Wiesbaden, because their new stadium, the Brita-Arena, was not ready to host matches until October. The club played four league matches in the stadium, staying undefeated as they won three times and drew once.

In 2008-09 the ground is also home ground of Bornheim based club FSV Frankfurt whose actual stadium Bornheimer Hang was not proved as suitable for the 2nd Bundesliga. Ironically the Bornheimer Hang was renovated for 3rd Liga's needs and now serves as home ground for Eintracht Frankfurt's reserve team, Eintracht Frankfurt U23.

The Commerzbank-Arena was also the home ground of NFL Europe's Frankfurt Galaxy, and hosted three World Bowls. It hosted its third and final World Bowl on June 23, 2007, when the Frankfurt Galaxy lost to the Hamburg Sea Devils in World Bowl XV.

Following bookings for the ground have already been confirmed:

Panoramic view of the stadium.

References

  1. ^ Commerzbank Arena in Frankfurt, architect: Max Bögl
  2. ^ . http://gmp-architekten.de/index.php?id=4&L=1&tx_mimpdb_pi1[showUid]=237&tx_mimpdb_pi1[alphabetically]=1&tx_mimpdb_pi1[filter_alphanumeric]=C&cHash=73726e15819425224270b80f0d7d82b4. 
  3. ^ Max Bögl partnering architect: Max Bögl

External links

Coordinates: 50°4′6.86″N 8°38′43.65″E / 50.0685722°N 8.6454583°E / 50.0685722; 8.6454583

Preceded by
Stade de France
Paris
FIFA Confederations Cup
Final Venue

2005
Succeeded by
Coca-Cola Park
Johannesburg
Preceded by
Hongkou Stadium
Shanghai
FIFA Women's World Cup
Final Venue

2011
Succeeded by
To Be Decided

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