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A commune is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, property, possessions, resources, work and income. In addition to the communal economy, consensus decision-making, non-hierarchical structures and ecological living have become important core principles for many communes. Andrew Jacobs of The New York Times wrote that, contrary to popular misconceptions, "most communes of the 90's are not free-love refuges for flower children, but well-ordered, financially solvent cooperatives where pragmatics, not psychedelics, rule the day."[1]
.Today most people are seeking to create a new type of community where the housing is more affordable and the people who are members are already known to each other.^ NEVER EVER BRING A PLANT INSIDE THAT HAS BEEN OUTSIDE. People who have done this have managed to kill nearly every plant in their house because they brought a plant indoors that had spider mites.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The three most common new types of indoor growing are SOG, ScrOG and Cabinet growing.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ie, people who want more government intervention in people's private lives.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

.July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] People who create and reside in the communities are seeking a return to a better way of life.^ A large number of people who resided in these tragic places were unable to escape alive from their own homegrown vengeful and merciless god.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People who add other drugs to cannabis are not doing the cannabis community a favor.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps you have been mislead by people who call entropy "chaos", as this is indeed a misleading way to define it.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed] There are many contemporary intentional communities all over the world, a list of which can be found at the Fellowship for Intentional Community's Online Communities Directory

Contents

Categorization of communities

Benjamin Zablocki categorized communities this way:[citation needed]
.Of course, many communal ventures encompass more than one of these categorizations.^ There are many things you can take with you on your trip to make you look more like somebody else other than a cannabis grower.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Prefect approved of course, naturally; first of all, it was not his interest to quarrel with the commune; secondly, he assented to these new rules without even .
  • Victorian Women Writers Project 15 September 2009 5:34 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Use more than one rap of mesh and make sure that you keep it tight.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some communes, such as the ashrams of the Vedanta Society or the Theosophical commune Lomaland, formed around spiritual leaders, while others formed around political ideologies.^ You also have some form of light reflection around your plants to help conserve your light.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of your offspring should be like the parents but other offspring will show different traits such as potency, color and taste.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For others, the "glue" is simply the desire for a more shared, sociable lifestyle. Moreover, some people find it is more economical to live communally.[citation needed]

Core principles of communes

The central characteristics of communes, and the definition of what a commune is, have changed over the years. In the 1960s, almost any counter-cultural, rural, intentional community was called a commune..July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] At the start of the 1970s, communes were regarded by Ron E. Roberts in his book, "The New Communes", as being a subclass of the larger category of Utopias.^ So you can imagine the life cycle of the cannabis plant being the foundation for the style and layout of this book.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fill up the spaces with new soil and use a stick to prop up your plant if needed.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Three main characteristics were listed: first, egalitarianism - communes specifically rejected hierarchy or graduations of social status as being necessary to social order.^ DEA also extended the effective date of its final ruling to July 1, 2009, leaving it three weeks to consider whether or not to grant our Motion to Reconsider.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In order to try to minimize and discredit it, DEA attorney Brian Bayly remarked first off that if we got another several hundred or so, the hearings wouldn't be necessary.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ July 2, 2009: Craker’s lawyers file second update with U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

Second, human scale - members of communes saw the scale of society as it was then organised as being too large. Third, communes were consciously anti-bureaucratic.[citation needed]
Twenty five years later, Dr. Bill Metcalf, in his book "Shared Visions, Shared Lives" defined communes as having the following core principles: the importance of the group as opposed to the nuclear family unit, a "common purse", a collective household, group decision making in general and intimate affairs..July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Sharing everyday life and facilities, a commune is an idealised form of family, being a new sort of "primary group" (generally with fewer than 20 people).^ Fill up the spaces with new soil and use a stick to prop up your plant if needed.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Commune members have emotional bonds to the whole group rather than to any sub-group, and the commune is experienced with emotions which go beyond just social collectivity.^ There is much more to it than just this and many other books that discuss the legal aspects of Marijuana go into great detail about the history of Marijuana.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]

Communes around the world

.With the simple definition of a commune as an intentional community with 100% income sharing, the online directory of the FIC lists 193 communes world wide (15th May 2009).^ August 15th, 2009 at 6:37 pm When was the last time you heard "because that will get you on Santa's naughty list" as an excuse for a law?
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On May 18, DEA filed an Interim Order requesting that Craker submit witness and document lists by June 5, 2009 .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ May 18, 2009: DEA filed an Interim Order requesting that Craker submit list of potential witness by June 5, 2009 .
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

[2] .Some of these are religious institutions such as abbeys and monasteries, others are anthroposophic Camphill villages.^ We will not discuss other methods used for mass production by some eastern countries as these are somewhat substandard to the home methods mentioned below.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These leaves are different from the last and may have some Marijuana characteristics such as the three-rounded finger shaped points.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of your offspring should be like the parents but other offspring will show different traits such as potency, color and taste.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many cultures naturally practice communal living, and wouldn't designate their way of life as a planned 'commune' per se, though their living situation may have many characteristics of a commune.^ This will also improve your communication with that seed-bank the next time you buy seeds (you may get discounts).
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As you can see Mother Nature has distributed this plant in many ways.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even though the contents of this book may show you how to acquire seeds and grow very potent plants, you are responsible for your own actions.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Germany

.In Germany, a large number of the intentional communities define themselves as communes and there is a network of political communes called Kommuja with about 30 member groups (May 2009).^ There are a lot of people who call themselves Christians, but do not behave very nicely.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They may be said to flourish especially here, because there are so many fraternities and endowments in which they can plant themselves as snugly as a scolytus in an elm tree.
  • Victorian Women Writers Project 15 September 2009 5:34 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

Germany has a long tradition of intentional communities going back to the groups inspired by the principles of Lebensreform in the 19th. century. Later, about 100 intentional communities were started in the Weimar Republic after World War I, many with a communal economy. .In the 1960s, there was a resurgence of communities calling themselves communes, starting with the Kommune 1 in Berlin, followed by Kommune 2 (also Berlin) and Kommune 3 in Wolfsburg.^ There are a lot of people who call themselves Christians, but do not behave very nicely.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

In the German commune book, Das KommuneBuch, communes are defined by Elisabeth Voß as communities which:[citation needed]
  • live and work together,
  • have a communal economy, i.e. common finances and common property (land, buildings, means of production),
  • have communal decision making - usually consensus decision making,
  • try to reduce hierarchy and hierarchical structures,
  • have communalisation of housework, childcare and other communal tasks,
  • have equality between women and men,
  • have low ecological footprints through sharing and saving resources.

Israel

Kibbutzim in Israel is an example of officially organized communes. Today, there are tens of urban communes in Israel, called often urban kibbutzim. The urban kibbutzim are smaller and more anarchist[3]. Most of the urban communes in Israel emphasize social change, education, and local involvement in the cities where they live. Some of the urban communes composed by graduates of zionist-socialist youth movements, like HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed, Hamahanot Haolim and Hashomer Hatsair[4].

Russia

In imperial Russia, the vast majority of Russian peasants held their land in communal ownership within a mir community, which acted as a village government and a cooperative.[citation needed]

United States

.Although communes are most frequently associated with the hippie movement-- the "back-to-the-land" ventures of the 1960s and 1970s-- there is a long history of communes in America.^ On its Web site, the DEA lists marijuana as the most frequently abused illicit drug in America.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

Andrew Jacobs of The New York Times wrote that "after decades of contraction, the American commune movement has been expanding since the mid-1990's, spurred by the growth of settlements that seek to marry the utopian-minded commune of the 1960's with the American predilection for privacy and capital appreciation."[5]
A few notable examples include:
  • Fruitlands was a commune founded in 1843 by Amos Bronson Alcott in Harvard, Massachusetts. .The tempo of life in this Transcendentalist community is recorded by Alcott's daughter, Louisa May Alcott, in her piece "Transcendental Wild Oats."
  • The Oneida Community was a commune that lasted from 1848 to 1881 in Oneida, New York.^ Stories in the New York Times , the Washington Post and the Associated Press reported on this statement and responses to it within and outside the medical community.
    • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

    Although this utopian experiment is better known today for its manufacture of Oneida silverware, it was one of the longest-running communes in American history.
  • The commune Modern Times was formed in 1851 in Long Island.
  • The anarchist Home Colony was formed in 1895 across the Puget Sound from Tacoma, Washington on Key Peninsula, and lasted until 1919.

See also

Bibliography

  • Curl, John (2007). Memories of Drop City, The First Hippie Commune of the 1960s and the Summer of Love, a memoir. iUniverse. .ISBN 0-595-42343-4. http://www.red-coral.net/DropCityIndex.html
  • Curl, John (2009) For All The People: Uncovering the Hidden History of Cooperation, Cooperative Movements, and Communalism in America, PM Press.^ Patrick Chester - August 15th, 2009 at 12:15 pm Similarly, many atheists, when pressed, use Doughboy logic to defend atheism.
    • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ August 15th, 2009 at 6:49 pm you mean like normal people do.
    • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Ryan - August 15th, 2009 at 3:34 pm I'm an atheist, but not an angry one and have no problem with religious people.
    • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 978-1-60486-072-6.
  • Fitzgerald, George R. (1971). Communes Their Goals, Hopes, Problems. .New York: Paulist Press.
  • Horrox, James.^ Stories in the New York Times , the Washington Post and the Associated Press reported on this statement and responses to it within and outside the medical community.
    • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ New York: Oxford University Press, 1942, pp.
    • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

    (2009). A Living Revolution: Anarchism in the Kibbutz Movement. Oakland: AK Press.
  • Margaret Hollenbach. .(2004)Lost and Found: My Life in a Group Marriage Commune.^ I'd like to say I've found it in my heart to pray for both groups, but I haven't.
    • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

    .University of New Mexico Press, ISBN 0-8263-3463-6.
  • Rosabeth Moss Kanter.^ New York: Oxford University Press, 1942, pp.
    • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

    (1972) Commitment and community: communes and utopias in sociological perspective. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-67414-575-5
  • Kanter, Rosabeth Moss. .(1973) Communes: creating and managing the collective life. New York, Harper & Row.^ Stories in the New York Times , the Washington Post and the Associated Press reported on this statement and responses to it within and outside the medical community.
    • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

    ISBN 0-06043-476-7
  • Lattin, Don. (2003, March 2) Twilight of Hippiedom. .The San Francisco Chronicle.^ The San Francisco Chronicle reports that "Medical Marijuana Advocates Likely to Get Break Under Kerry" .
    • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

    Retrieved March 16, 2008, from http://www.sfgate.com/
  • Lauber, John. (1963, June). Hawthorne’s Shaker Tales [Electronic version]. Nineteenth-Century Fiction, Vol. 18, 82-86.
  • Metcalf, Dr. Bill. (1996) Shared Visions, Shared Lives, Findhorn Press, Scotland.
  • Meunier, Rachel. (1994, December 17). Communal Living in the Late 60s and Early 70s. .Retrieved March 16, 2008, from http://www.thefarm.org/lifestyle/cmnl.html
  • Miller, Timothy.^ Originally appeared at: www.jointogether.org/news/features/2009/ama-says-marijuana-has.html November 19, 2009.
    • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

    (1997) "Assault on Eden: A Memoir of Communal Life in the Early '70s", Utopian Studies, Vol. 8, 1997.
  • Roberts, Ron E. (1971). The New Communes Coming Together in America. New Jersey: Prentice Hall inc.
  • Veysey, Laurence R. (1978)The Communal Experience: Anarchist and Mystical Communities in Twentieth Century America
  • Voß, Elisabeth (1996): Was ist eine Kommune? Pages 17 to 26, in, Das KommuneBuch, by Kollektiv KommuneBuch, Göttingen: Verlag Die Werkstatt, 1996. ISBN 3-89533-162-7
  • Wild, Paul H. (1966 March). Teaching Utopia [Electronic version]. The English Journal, Vol. 55, No. 3, 335-337+339.
  • Zablocki, Benjamin. .(1980, 1971) The Joyful Community: An Account of the Bruderhof: A Communal Movement Now in Its Third Generation (University of Chicago Press, 1971, reissued 1980), ISBN 0-226-97749-8. (The 1980 edition of the Whole Earth Catalog called this book "the best and most useful book on communes that's been written".)
  • Zablocki, Benjamin.^ These methods do not have to be soil based, one can use hydroponics instead but soil is generally the most widely used medium with these set-ups.
    • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ All strains are different but in general it is a white to red or a white to brown color change (It is best to use the breeder’s recommended flowering times for harvest guidelines though).
    • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is best to read up more on hormones before you use them, but most people have used hormones, with a good brand name, and have achieved larger bud quantities.
    • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (1980) Alienation and Charisma: A Study of Contemporary American Communes (The Free Press, 1980), ISBN 0-02-935780-2.

References

  1. ^ Jacobs, Andrew (1998-11-29). "Yes, It's a Commune. Yes, It's on Staten Island.". The New York Times (The New York Times Company): pp. 1. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/11/29/nyregion/yes-it-s-a-commune-yes-it-s-on-staten-island.html?scp=3&sq=twin%20oaks%20intentional%20community&st=cse. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  2. ^ FIC Directory
  3. ^ Horrox, James. "A Living Revolution: Anarchism in the Kibbutz Movement", pp.87-109
  4. ^ Horrox, James. "Rebuilding Israel's Utopia", Zeek: A Jewish Journal of Thought and Culture, October 2007
  5. ^ Jacobs, Andrew (2006-06-11). "Extreme Makeover, Commune Edition". The New York Times (The New York Times Company): pp. 1. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/11/weekinreview/11jacobs.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=twin%20oaks%20intentional%20community&st=cse. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

COMMUNE (Med. Lat. communia, Lat. .communis, common), in its most general sense, a group of persons acting together for purposes of self-government, especially in towns.^ It had been self-denying, generous, religious, in the highest sense of that word, and gentle and simple had been proud to be .
  • Victorian Women Writers Project 15 September 2009 5:34 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Optimum, Power Gro, Ionic, and General hydroponics Flora Series are the most common multi part nutrient solutions.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(See BOROUGH, and COMMUNE, MEDIEVAL, below.) "Commune" (Fr. commune, Ital. comune, Ger. Gemeinde, &c.) is now the term generally applied to the smallest administrative division in many European countries. (See the sections dealing with the administration of these countries under their several headings.) ."The Commune" is the name given to the period of the history of Paris from March 18 to May 28, 1871, during which the commune of Paris attempted to set up its authority against the National Assembly at Versailles.^ MONITORING RECYCLE SYSTEMS Depending on what set-up you are using, you may find that your solution goes through a system that uses the nutrients in the reservoir over and over.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within about a week, the DEA ALJ office will issue a timetable for the submission of prehearing statements, with DEA being given 3 weeks and Prof. Craker being given 6 weeks, ending about March 28 or so.
  • MAPS’ Medical Marijuana Research 28 January 2010 0:25 UTC www.maps.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Thinning: This really only applies to outdoor growers, but some indoor set-ups such as ScrOG, SOG and BOG may need to be thinned.
  • cannibus grow bible - Grasscity.com Forums 11 September 2009 17:20 UTC forum.grasscity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was a political movement, intended to replace the centralized national organization by one based on a federation of communes.^ Communism means one wishes to nationalize production AND destroy private ownership.
  • Big Hollywood » Blog Archive » Brad Pitt and Atheist Evangelism 11 September 2009 17:18 UTC bighollywood.breitbart.com [Source type: Original source]

Hence the "communists" were also called "federalists." It had nothing to do with the social theories of Communism. (See FRANCE: History.)


Simple English

A commune is a minor administrative subdivision corresponding to a urban or rural zone, or mixed. Is the equivalent to a municipality or a council or another instances of local administration.

Communes in the world

Many countries have adopted the name of commune (or similar) for the minor and basic administrative unit. Some countries are Germany (Gemeinde), Belgium (commune/gemeente), Chile (comuna), Colombia (Comuna), France (commune), Italy (comune), Luxemburg (commune), Holland (gemeente), Poland (gmina), Sweden (kommun) and Switzerland (Gemeinde/commune/comune), Dinamarca (kommune).


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 24, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Hemp, which are similar to those in the above article.








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