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A Commune is a fourth level administrative unit in Mali. Mali is divided into eight regions and one capitol district (Bamako). These subdivisions bear the name of their principal city. The regions are divided into 50 Cercles. The Cercles and the district are divided into 703 Communes, with 19 Urban Communes and 684 Rural Communes, while some larger Cercles still contain Arrondissements above the Commune level, there are organisational with no independent power or office. Rural Communes are subdivided in Villages, while Urban Communes are subdivided into Quatriers (wards or quarters). Communes usually bear the name of their principle town.

Not every built up area (which might be described as a town) is a Commune, and not every Commune (especial Rural Communes) contains a large town. In most cases where towns and Communes coincide, Commune borders extend beyond built up areas and are, like the Communes of France on which they were based during the colonial period, an administrative structure. Unlike French Communes, they are not the lowest level administrative structure of the nation.

Legally, the Commune structure was created by Law no 96- 059/AN- RM of 4 Novembere 1996. While now deprecated, the communes generally retain the same boundaries as the former arrondissements. , extending far beyond the town of Bafoulabé, its seat (chef-lieu). Bafoulabé is also the seat of the larger Rural Communes, are subdivided in villages, in contrast to the smaller Urban Commune, divided into urban Quarters. Commune affairs are directed by a Commune Council (conseil communal) of elected members and a Commune executive (bureau communal) of the elected Mayor and three adjutants. The executive is tasked with carrying out the directives voted by the Council. National policies are carried out by a Sub-Prefect (sous préfet), who also carries out certain of the Council's directives over the local arms or national bodies.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Presidency of the Republic of Mali, Project on Food Security. (French)Plan De Securite Alimentaire Commune Rurale De Bafoulabe 2007- 2011. Projet de Mobilisation des Initiatives en matière de Sécurité Alimentaire au Mali (PROMISAM), l'USAID/Mali (December 2006)
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