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Local administrative units of Romania

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A commune (comună in Romanian) is the lowest level of administrative subdivision in Romania. There are 2686 communes in Romania. The commune is the rural subdivision of a county (urban areas, such as towns and cities within a county, are given the status of city or municipality).

There is no clear restriction upon the population of a commune, even though when a commune becomes relatively urbanised and exceeds approximately 10,000 inhabitants, it is granted city-status (even though cities are on the same secondary administrative level as communes, they do have a more powerful form of local government). Some urban or semi-urban areas of less than 10,000 inhabitants have, however, also been given city status. Each commune is administered by a mayor (primar in Romanian). A commune is made up of one or more villages, even though villages do not have an administrative function (that is, they do not have any form of local administration but rather have a status similar to suburbs of towns in countries like the United Kingdom). Communes, like cities, correspond to the NUTS V-level subdivisions in the European Union.

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Simple English

A commune (comună in Romanian) is the second lowest level of division in Romania. There are 2,686 communes in Romania. There is no set limit to population in the communes, but once they exceed a population of 10,000 people, the commune gets the status of a city. The first lowest level of division in Romania is called "sat". "Satele" (pl.) are for the "comuna" just like the counties for the state.

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