Communications in Antarctica: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about telecommunications in Antarctica.

Contents

Telephone

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US Bases

Telephones - main lines in use: 0
(note: information for US bases only (2001))

Telephones - mobile cellular: NA; Iridium system in use

Telephone system:
general assessment: local systems at some research stations
domestic: NA
international: via satellite from some research stations

Australia and New Zealand Bases

Six locations (Casey Base (AU), Davis Base (AU), Macquarie Island (AU), Mawson (AU), McMurdo Station (US) and Scott Base (NZ)) all have telephone connections that enable direct dialing to and from the outside world. Argentinian and Chilean bases within their claims, which have families living at them, are also connected by direct dial connections.

Connection to Scott Base and the nearby United States base McMurdo Station is via the New Zealand Country calling code +64,see Communications in New Zealand.

Other

The website gsm.aq claims[1] to be providing Antarctic telecommunications with the following numbering scheme:

Prefix Type
+88234 2x xxx Mobile GSM/UMTS/Mobitex/WiFi
+88234 5xxx xx xx  Fix / VoIP
+88234 7xxx xx xx Mobile GSM/UMTS/Mobitex/WiFi
 +88234 85xxx xx xx Voice Mail Fix
+88234 87xxx xx xx Voice Mail Mobile

Television

Television broadcast stations: 1 (cable system with six channels; American Forces Antarctic Network-McMurdo)
(note: information for US bases only (2002))

Televisions: several hundred at McMurdo Station (U.S.)
(note: information for US bases only (2001))

Internet

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): a fiber cable on polar plateau planned to finish in 2009 [1]

Country code (Top level domain): AQ

Data access to the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station is provided by access via NASA's TDRS-F1, GOES & Iridium satellite constellation. Marisat F-2 provided data communications until it was retired in 2008. For the 2007-2008 season, the TDRS relay (named South Pole TDRSS Relay or SPTR) was upgraded to support a data return rate of 50 Mbit/s, which comprises over 90% of the South Pole's data capability, which is used primarily for scientific data return.[2] [3]

See Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station#Operations for more info.

Argentine bases in general: Marambio base has wireless internet and 2 mobile phones servers

Orbcomm satellites pass over Antarctica which can relay short messages to and from transceiver units to email or XML over HTTP.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.gsm.aq/numberplan.php
  2. ^ http://www.southpolestation.com/news/news.html
  3. ^ http://msp.gsfc.nasa.gov/SPTR/

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2002 edition".

External links

  • 'A' Net Station - Streaming MP3 commercial free web radio station in Antarctica featuring mostly acoustic artists.

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