Communist Party of Quebec: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Parti communiste du Québec
Leader Francis Gagnon-Bergmann
President Guy Roy
Founded 1921
Headquarters Casier postal 482 Succursale Place-d'Armes Montréal (Québec) H2Y 3H3
Ideology Communism,
Quebec sovereigntism
Official colours Red
Seats in the House of Commons 0
Politics of Canada
Political parties

The Parti communiste du Québec or PCQ (in English: Communist Party of Quebec) is a communist political party in Quebec. The PCQ was the Quebec branch of the Communist Party of Canada until 2005 when the PCQ split at convention with a majority opposing the CPC's stance on Quebec independence. The name "Parti communiste du Québec" is now officially authorized by the DGEQ as the name of a political party led by Francis Gagnon-Bergmann.

The PCQ has run candidates in Quebec general elections from 1936 to 1998. The party was banned in 1941, and henceforth ran candidates as the Parti ouvrier-progressiste (in English: Labour Progressive Party) until 1959. Sam Walsh was leader of the party from 1962 to 1990.

In 2002, the PCQ joined in a federation with the Rassemblement pour l'alternative progressiste and the Parti de la démocratie socialiste to form the Union des forces progressistes, which in turn merged with Option Citoyenne to form Québec Solidaire. The PCQ is now a collective in Quebec solidaire.


Origins of CP 1921-1965

1923: Albert Saint-Martin tries to establish a French-Canadian section of the nternational Communist latter refused his request, accepting a one-party country.

1927: The Club PC based on French-Canadian education in order to train cadres for the Party speaking. Evariste Dubé. president of the university workers, seeking dissolution of the latter and the membership of its members to the PC. St. Martin refused and Dube founded the first section communist French Canadian in the PC with the "old" Paquette. Leo Lebrun, Charles Ouimet, M. Simard and E. Galarneau and Belanger.

1928: Georges Dubois joined the Party and became the organizer of the French-Canadian group, Sidney and Michael Sarkin Buhay then ruling Party.

July 1930: E. Simard, blacksmith, is as Communist candidate in the federal election-Maisonneuve in Montreal. Its organizer Georges Dubois, was arrested by the police. The party organized a demonstration against the arrest: at Viger Square, the police brutally disperse the hundreds of protesting workers.

1934: Death of Paul Delisle, leader of the Canadian-French party. Funeral "red" in Montreal. Assembly of the League against War and Fascism in Montreal, 600 people hear Lilian Mendelssohn, J. S. Wallace, Fred Rose, Maurice Armstrong and Stanley Brehaut Ryerson. (November) Assembly cons section 98 of the Criminal Code 3 000 to 4 000 people gathered at Market St. Jacques to hear J. S. Wallace, John Boychuk, Becky Buhay, Paul and Tom McEwen.

1935: The Journal Clarity becomes a weekly will be published until 1939. Evariste Dube made it to Moscow. Norman Bethune joined the Communist Party hotel. Communist participation in the creation of clubs unemployed in Montreal. S. Larkin, J. Bedard, C. A. Perry, L. Dufour and Ms. Lebrun argue various clubs such as assembly workers United Lorimier Unemployed League St. Henri, etc..

Oct. 1935: (14) federal election: Fred Rose gets 3378 votes in Mtl-Cartier, CA Perry gets 1 012 in Saint-Denis.

1936: Stanley Brehaut Ryerson is appointed secretary of the PC in Quebec. Lucien Dufour President of the Front Populaire, reported that 56 organizations are part of Quebec. The central theme and organizing struggles of the unemployed. Established the first executive committee of the Quebec section of the PC: Evariste Dube (Chairman), S. B. Ryerson (secretary), Fred Rose, Emile Godin Alec Rosenberg, Samuel Emery. Alex Gauld, Mrs. Leo Lebrun, Willie Fortin. Jean Bourget Sarkin and Sydney are included.

August 1936: (27) Provincial Election: Fred Rose gets 578 votes in St. Louis, Evariste Dube 185 votes in Saint-Jacques and Emile Godin 288 votes in Sainte-Marie.

1937: The padlock law was created by the Quebec premier Maurice Duplessis.

June 1937: Demonstration of 300 to 400 women in the Champ de Mars organized by Solidarity Women: 5 women were arrested after the police charge (18) Norman Bethune returned to Montreal after a journey of several months in Spain . Thousands of people are waiting to come Bonaventure station and organize a parade in the streets of Montreal in his honor (20) Over 15 000 people gather at the Mount Royal Arena to hear Bethune tell what ' he seen in Spain and declared: "Spain can be the tomb of fascism" - Bethune continues with a tour of seven months the country to raise money for the Spanish Republic.

November 1937: The newspaper Clarity is prohibited by the Duplessis government.

May 1938: (1) Approximately 4 000 people attend a meeting of the PC unit and the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation in the arena Mont-Royal in Montreal: The main speakers are Eugene Forsey, CCF and Stanley B. Ryerson for P.C.

1941: Meeting in Montreal: Guy Caron, the PC and Jean-Charles Harvey. Le Jour newspaper, spoke to 6 000 people to support the war effort against the fascists.

August 1943: (9th) Fred Rose was elected MP for Montreal-Cartier during a federal by-election. He collected 5767 votes.

Nov. 1943: First Congress of the Progressive Labor Party of Quebec at Montreal, 172 delegates representing 40 clubs from the party.

Jan 1944 (26) Fred Rose Tait are coming to the House of Commons as MP for Montreal-Cartier.

August 1944: Provincial Election: the candidate POPs Mtl in Saint Louis, Michael Buhay gets 6 512 votes.

June 1945: Federal Election: Fred Rose is re-elected MP for Montreal-Cartier.

On March 14, 1946, Fred Rose is arrested and accused of spying for the Soviet Union in the wake of revelations of Igor Gouzenko. He was freed after six years in prison and deported to Poland where he will end his days. The Canadian government will never give the right to return.

1946: Guy Caron is appointed Chief Provincial POP

April 1946: Henri Gagnon and other Communist League mow Homeless Veterans: Gagnon is president. The League consists of squatters occupying homes that veterans can not afford, or unoccupied, for their return.

1948: Police conduct a seizure at the local newspaper Combat (founded 1946), under the padlock law.

1951: Release of Fred Rose after six years in prison. Continued harassment by the police he decided to leave Canada for Czechoslovakia and Poland.

Oct. 1956: (14) Public Meeting in Montreal following the XX Congress of the CPSU: Tim Buck and JB Salsberg, back in the USSR, reflecting the results of their talks with Soviet leaders (15) Dissatisfied with the explanations provided by Buck, Guy Caron resigned from the POP with five other members of the provincial committee: Ken Perry, Harry Gulkin, Norman Nerenberg, Frank Arnold and Pierre Gélinas.

February 1957: In an article published in Clarity, Henri Gagnon estimates that 200 members have left the party since the revelations of Khrushchev.

March 1957: The padlock law is declared unconstitutional.

History since 1965

In 1965, the Communist Party of Quebec was definitely established a political party under the laws of Quebec, under the chairmanship of Samuel Walsh.

1973: The DMP has published a pamphlet calling for the creation of a mass Federated Party in Quebec and require unions to take the lead in this process. Quebec then saw an unprecedented rise of struggles. We're after the big strike of 1972 in the public sector, which was then followed by the imprisonment of union leaders and the outbreak of unprecedented general strike in Quebec.

The idea received a more favorable reception in many unions, especially in Montreal. The project to create a mass party of workers from unions, thereby subject to close debate on the floor of Congress QFL in 1975. But the proposal was finally defeated. Elsewhere, particularly in the CSN and the CEQ, the same is the enthusiasm gives way slowly to the ground a certain selflessness. The problem lies in the fact that the support of the PQ are skyrocketing, including in unions, as people realize that the PQ could take power. It must be said that the PQ woos unions as ever he will do afterwards. We are on the eve of his victory in November 1976 where it will actually power for the first time.

Given the lack of enthusiasm on the part of unions to promote such a project, which is increasingly seen as being harmful to the chances of PQ to finally beat the Liberals, and to the difficulties within the groups Left can agree because of the extreme partisanship that exists then the idea will die a natural death.

1980: The PCQ gave its support to the YES Campaign, at the first referendum on Quebec sovereignty in 1980.

March 1983: The death of Fred Rose in Poland.

1991: The Communist Party through to turn a very serious crisis that will actually be his worst so far. It will virtually complete its liquidation. At the same time, the USSR imploded.

1998: In September 1998 a small group of activists, mostly of Greek origin, united in purpose with the members of the Communist Workers Group (ACG), resulting mostly from the former CPO, to put up a section of the CPC in Quebec. Two months later, the last member of the PCQ in turn meet these new activists united to suggest they can also join

We are then in November, one month before the PQ government would trigger the 1998 elections. This event marks the official return then DMP within the CCP. This unit will not last very long however, as already mentioned above, since 2005, the DMP is not at all associated with the Canadian PC.

Interestingly, although the PCQ has just departed on a new basis, it is already active in promoting the search for greater unity among the left forces. Beginning in September, members of the CPC in Quebec had in fact begun to meet some members of the Party of Social Democracy (PDS), particularly in the region of Quebec, to discuss possible cooperation.

In the elections of 1998, the Communist Party of Quebec is pursuing the approach and suggests (a little late to be sure) the PDS to an alliance to avoid too much pounding on the feet during the elections. The offer remains unanswered then the side of the PDS, but the steps are nevertheless useful.

A few months later, in a rather unexpected move, the SDP calls on the DMP effect coming as a special guest, to attend their next conference, in order to enforce its vision of the unity of left forces.

In 2002, the Communist Party of Quebec merged with the Party of Social Democracy (PDS) and the Rally for the progressive alternative (RAP) to form the Union of Progressive Forces (UFP) . The UFP in turn merged with the political movement Option citizen in 2006 to form the party Québec solidaire (QS).

2005 split

In 2005, the Parti communiste du Québec split into two rival groups, both of which claimed the name PCQ. The national committee (NC) of one group, led by André Parizeau, voted unanimously to expel four members of the (NC) from the PCQ in June 2005. The Communist Party of Canada had previously expelled Parizeau, and does not recognize the legality of his group or his motion, stating that Parizeau had first expelled the members who would not vote in favour of his motion. As a result, Parizeau labelled the opposing group the Gang Of Four (after the struggles in the Chinese Communist Party after Mao's death). This group stayed loyal the Communist Party of Canada and its Quebec section also calls itself the CPQ/CPC.

The split followed a lengthy dispute between Parizeau and the Central Executive Committee of the CPC. In November 2004, Parizeau introduced a series of amendments to the CPC program "Canada's Future is Socialism". According to a letter from Ontario leader Elizabeth Rowley, these amendments called on the party to expand its support for Quebec Independence.

Parizeau's amendments were rejected by the Central Executive Committee by a vote of 7-1; Parizeau himself was the only member to vote in favour. The National Executive Committee (NEC) of the Quebec Party also rejected Parizeau's amendments by a vote of 4-2.

In January 2005, Parizeau wrote a letter to PCQ members declaring that the party was in crisis. Describing the four NEC members who opposed his amendments as a Gang Of Four and a pro-federalist faction, he summarily dismissed them from office. In turn, Parizeau's opponents called for the CPC to suspend him from office pending an investigation into his activities.

This controversy came to a head at the PCQ convention of April 2005. After delegates voted 16-14 to expel one of the four suspended NEC members, Parizeau's opponents staged a mass walkout from the convention hall. The seventeen delegates who stayed voted to establish a new National Committee and Executive, consisting entirely of Parizeau's supporters.

On April 27, 2005, the Central Executive of the CPC voted to expel Parizeau for "factional activity and the pursuit of a right opportunist line", declared that the expulsions from the PCQ were illegal, and affirmed the authority of the previous National Executive Committee. This decision was confirmed by the party's Central Committee at a meeting held on June 18-19, 2005.

Parizeau's group published a letter of withdrawal from the CPC on June 15, 2005. In this letter, the CPC was accused of holding "des idées chauvines vis-à-vis du Québec". The CPC has rejected similar accusations from Parizeau in the past, and now holds the position that Parizeau's group has no legal authority to use the PCQ name.

The PCQ account of this situation is available online ([1]).


The official Directeur général des élections du Québec recognizes the existence of a Parti communiste du Québec with leader André Parizeau, authorized April 3, 2006. [2] This party did not run any candidates in the 2007 Quebec election.

2007 Provincial elections

In 2007 the Parti communiste du Québec decided not to run candidates in the provincial election and rather to support those of Quebec Solidaire. It should be specified that the PCQ was one of the party-founders of the UFP, interdependent ancestor of Quebec Solidaire. The party decided to remain active only in order to prevent that a new political formation takes its name, putting thus fine at the efforts to link the Quebec left. The president of the party, André Parizeau Francis Gagnon-Bergmann member of the Executive committee and Jocelyn Parent, were candidate for Quebec Solidaire in the district of Acadie Blainville and Mirabel. All the members of the PCQ are working in the Quebec Solidaire party.

2008 Provincial elections

The Communist Party of Quebec has decided not to run candidates in this election and instead support those of Québec solidaire as in the previous election. Four members of the PCQ were presented as candidates in elections under the banner of Quebec solidaire ; Francis Gagnon-Bergmann, Leader of the PCQ in Blainville, André Parizeau Spokesman PCQ in Acadie, Sabrina Perreault executive member in Terrebonne and Jean Nicolas Denis in Bellechasse. Now Quebec solidaire got about 8% of the popular votes.

Leaders list

See also

External links



Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address