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Politics and government of
the Comoros

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Presidential elections in the Comoros took place in two rounds on 16 April and 14 May 2006.



After a period of political instability that began in the late 1990's and saw the (unrecognized) secession of Anjouan and Mohéli, a new constitution was approved in a December 2001 referendum. It created a union of semi-autonomous islands, each with its own constitution, president, and assembly. The position of union president, who is the head of state and government, rotates between the three islands every four years.

A primary election is held on the island that will hold the union presidency. The three candidates who receive the most votes then stand in a nationwide election with a simple plurality needed to win.

2002 elections

The first union presidential elections held under the new constitution were conducted on 10 March and 14 April 2002.

In the 10 March primary held on the island of Grande Comore, Azali Assoumani finished first out of a field of nine candidates with 39.81% of the vote. Mahamoud Mradabi and Said Ali Kemal also qualified to participate in the second round, obtaining 15.69% and 10.68%, respectively.

Mradabi and Kemal alleged that irregularities had occurred during the primary and decided to boycott the 14 April poll. As a result, Azali Assoumani won approximately 80% of the vote.

2006 election

In the current election, it is the island of Anjouan's turn to hold the union presidency.



A total of fourteen candidates were cleared to participate in the primary by the country's constitutional court. One of the approved candidates, Antoy Abdou, withdrew prior to the poll. The remaining thirteen candidates were:


e • d  Summary of the 16 April and 14 May 2006 Comoros presidential election results
Candidates - Parties Votes in the
Anjouan Primary
% Votes in the Union %
Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi 14,568 23.70 99,112 58.02
Ibrahim Halidi - Movement for the Comoros (Mouvement pour les Comores)* 6,376 10.37 48,378 28.32
Mohamed Djaanfari 8,052 13.10 23,322 13.65
Caabi El-Yachroutu Mohamed 5,877 9.56 - -
Nourdine Midiladji 5,221 8.49 - -
Nassuf Ahmed Abdallah 3,276 5.33 - -
Seven others 18,097 29.44 - -
Total (Turnout 54.9% / 57.3%) 61,467 170,812
Source: African Elections Database
* Halidi was also supported by:

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